Duncans in Bedford Co. TN


Duncan research files of
Mary Ann (Duncan) Dobson
the Genealogy Bug

Last revised August 1, 2013

Formed 1807-8 from Rutherford
Franklin formed 1807 from Bedford, Warren
Lincoln formed 1809 from Bedford
Marshall formed 1836 from Bedford, Lincoln, Giles, Maury
Coffee formed 1836 from Franklin, Warren, Bedford
Moore formed 1871 from Bedford, Franklin
(See Rutherford Co. TN)


1820 Bedford Co. TN Census
        William Duncan        200100        - 00000

1830 Bedford Co. TN Census
Pg. 16  John Dunkin           1001          - 0001
    20  William Dunking       1100,001      - 2200,1
            (MAD: to ? Hopkins Co. KY?)
    29  Owen Duncan           1110,0001     - 0011,1001
    31  Owen Duncan           0010,0001     - 0102,0001
            (MAD: Owen from ? Anderson Co. SC 1800 ? deed witness)
    60  Benja. Duncan         1232,1010,01  - 2100,0101
   110  William Duncan        1000,1        - 1000,1
   113  Jane Duncan           111           - 0021,01
   122  John Duncem           2000,1        - 001
        William O. Duncem     1001,01       - 1100,1
   126  Jonathan Duncan       0100,01       - 2210,1

1840 Bedford Co. TN Census
Pg.100  Owen Duncan           0010,0000,001 - 0200,01

1850-1860 Bedford Co. TN Census
      No Duncan indexed

1860 Bedford Co. TN Census
Page numbers without parens are stamped page numbers, within parens are handwritten numbers
District 11
Pg.240 (152), #1137-1130?, J.C. ANDERSON (m) 26 TN farmer $3000?-$1000
                  M.J. (f) 36 TN
                  F.R. RAY (m) 16 TN (no occupation)
                  J.F. (m) 14 TN
                  (MAD: J.C. Anderson mar. Mary Duncan 10/19/1854 in Benton Co. TN)

1870 Bedford Co. TN Census
Civil District 23, P.O. Shelbyville
Pg.399, #102-102, DONKIN, George 46 TN BLACK farm laborer $0-$0
                  Jane 38 TN BLACK keeping house
                  Palor? (m) 6 TN BLACK at home
                  James 16 TN BLACK at home
                  McGILL, Anna 21 TN BLACK at home


Tennessee Land Grants Index (FHL film 1,002,730)
      Copied all Duncan, Dunkin, etc. (no Duncomb) through 1849; did not copy later index. Film consists of small index cards for each grant; some grants are repeated if they appear in two books.
      Name, Grant #, Acres, Date, County, Book & Page, District (Actual grant books are in series by District, then book volume & page)
      John Duncan, 13627, 50a, 7/25/1836, Bedford, 16-540, Middle

Bedford Co. TN Deeds (FHL film 476,342 Index)
      1808 - 1840 - no Duncan
      1840 - 1875 - KK-340, Wm. H. Duncan
      1866 - EEE-414, Jas. A. Duncan to Saml. Duncan (sic)
      KK-340: 21 May 1841, Joseph P. Stallard of Bedford Co. TN to William H. Duncan of Rutherford Co. TN, $1, lot in Shelbyville, deed of trust. (FHL film 476,360)
      EEE-414: 20 Nov. 1860, Jas. Allen Duncan to Samuel D. Morgan, house and lot, 1/10 interest, 2 lots corner Presbyterian church, being the lot on which C.J. Houston Junr. now resides, #26 and #27. This property was conveyed to Morgan and Co. of which firm I was a member by William F. Stamps. Deed registered in Barnwell District, SC., July, 1866. (FHL film 476,365) (MAD: see 1860 Davidson Co. TN, Joseph A. Duncan & family with Samuel D. Morgan)


Bedford Co. TN Wills (FHL film 850,671; from Vivian Biddle 2/1981)
      Pg.21 & 22, will of SARAH COBB: I Sarah Cobb of Bedford Co. TN, being of sound and deposing mind and memory, do make and constitute this my last will and Testament.
      First It is my will and desire that my funeral expenses and all my just debts be paid, out of any money which may first come into the hands of my Executor.
      Secondly I give and bequeath to my niece, Nancy Duncan wife of William Duncan, for her sole and separate use during her natural life, a negro woman by the name of Alay, and her two children George and Jo, together with the future increase of said Alay, and at the death of said Nancy Duncan to her children to be equally divided between them.
      Thirdly I give and bequeath to my Grand Niece Mary Powers, daughter of Benjamin Powers, a Negro girl named Lucy aged about four years.
      Fourthly I give and bequeath to my friend Daniel Hooser, a Negro boy named a Stephen, aged about nine years.
      Fifthly I give and bequeath to David Jenking Whiteside, infant Son of my friend Thos. C. Whiteside a negro boy by the name of Willis - aged about fourteen years.
      Sixthly I will and devise my tract of land, being the tract on which my sister Polly resided at the time of her death, to my Niece Polly Kimbro, wife of Allen Kimbro - for her sole and Seperate use, benefit and enjoyment during her natural life, and at her death, to her children, and their heirs &c.
      Seventhly It is my will and desire that all the Negroes & their increase, willed and bequeathed to me by my sister Polly Elking- Shall be sold by my Executors as soon after my death as they deem advisable- upon a credit of twelve months at Public Sale, and I will and direct that the proceeds of said Sale when collected, Shall be Equally divided between my brother Phillip Elkins- And the children of my brother William Elkins- and my sister Tabitha Elkins that is to say- Phillip Elkins shall receive one third part of said proceeds- and the children of my brother William one third part thereof and the children of my Sister Tabitha one third part thereof- It is However to be understood, and I so will, that the child or children of any of said children who have already died, or may hereafter die leaving children, shall receive the share of his, her, or their parent.
      Eighthly It is my will and desire that my faithful old Negro woman Sarah, and Ame, shall live with my niece Polly Kimbro upon the land devised to her, or shall have a right to live with any person they may select who will support and clothe them comfortably for their services.
      Ninthly It is my will and desire that all the balance of my property and effects of every description including the proceeds of the sale of any perishable, shall be applied in the first place to the payment of any debts, funeral expenses, or any other expenses incurred in the administration of my estate, and should there be any surplus remaining after the payment of the same, It shall be equally divided between my brother Phillip, and the families of my Brother Phillip, and the families of my brother William, and sister Tabitha- in the manner stated in the seventh item of this will.
      Lastly I constitute and appoint my friend Daniel Hooser, and Thomas C. Whiteside Executors of this Will.
      Witness my hand and seal this 29th of July 1852. Sarah (X her mark) Cobb (Seal) Executed in the presence of the Undersigned who have witnessed the same at the request of the Testatrix, and in her presence: Martin Eulisa, J.R. (X his mark) Thompson
      State of Tennessee I Joseph H. Thompson, Clerk, Bedford County of the county court of said county, do hereby certify that the foregoing is a full, true, and perfect copy of the original Will of Sarah Cobb, as proven, and admitted to record, at the term 18 of said court.


Bedford Co. TN Chancery Court 1846-1853 (FHL film 476,009; copy from Vivian Biddle 8/1988; see will of Sarah Cobb naming niece Nancy Duncan)
      Pg.265: 27 Aug. 1850, decree of court: that James H. Cobb died some years ago, and by will he devised to John W. Cobb a negro woman Liza and her children Amanda, Vina, Margaret, Strowder, Jacob & Eli, who are now in possession of John W. Cobb, and left the remainder to his widow Sarah Cobb; that Sarah Cobb disputed the will and prefers the provisions made by the laws of TN for her support instead of the bequests of the will; that the testator owned the following slaves Ned, John, Lewis, Willis, Stephen, George, Amy, Alcinda, Malinda, Ann, Alsey, and Lucy in addition to the others left to John W. Cobb which are now in possession of the administrator, of which the widow Sarah Cobb's share has been allotted to her; that John W. Cobb the admr. settled his estate with the court, that he has exhausted all the assets of his estate in payment of debts, that he is due $454.47 as admr., and that it is necessary to sell one of the slaves to pay the amount; order to sell one of the slaves.

Bedford Co. TN Court Records, typed by WPA (FHL film 850,669)
   Vol.2, 1846-1854:
      Pg.287-289: 24 Feb. 1851, Final Decree, John W. Cobb admr. of J.H. Cobb decd. Report of commissioners who valued the slaves remaining in the possession of Jno. W. Cobb, admr. of will of James H. Cobb; 20 slaves; allotted John, Willis, Steven, Amy, Ailsey, Lucy, and George to widow Sarah Cobb. She also bought Lewis at a sale of the slaves.


Maury Co. TN Deed (FHL film 549,244; SLC 5/7/2013)
      Q-122/123: 28 May 1831, William? (blotted) Davidson of Mecklenburgh Co. NC to Josiah Duncan of Maury Co. TN, for $728 paid, sell parcel of land in Maury and Bedford Co. TN on the waters of Rock Creek, being part of a 5000 acre tract granted by NC to John Nelson and by him conveyed to Thomas Davidson, and by descent and subsequent conveyances, conveyed to said William Davidson, containing 208 acres, being the same part heretofore contracted to be sold to said Josiah Duncan by D.W. McRee, and for the conveyance of which the said D.W. McRee as attorney for William Davidson executed a title bond 10 July 1814, beg. on an ash being the two mile tree on the east boundary line of said 5000 acre tract, and being also Richard Hills NE corner, then ... A. Tally's SE corner, then ... with Tally's & W. McGregor's S boundary ... Simeon Marsh's N boundary, then with said Marsh's & Richard Hill's N boundary line to the beginning, containing 208 acres, warrant title. /s/ William Davidson by his attorney in fact James K. Polk. Wit. Robt. Hill (blot), Peter Phiper. Proven Sept. term 1832 in open court by Robt. Hill. Registered 17 Dec. 1832. (FHL film 549,244)


Index to War of 1812 Pension Applications and Bounty Land Warrant Applications; National Archives Film (FHL film 840,458)
      Duncan, William; SO 4111, SC 3733; BL 5407-80-55, 24912-80-55; Private in Capt. Henry Welch's Co. VA Mil. 7/13/1814 to 1/28/1815; sol. res. 1850, 1855 Rutherford Co. TN, 1856 Bedford Co. TN, 1871 Rutherford Co. (PO Fosterville) TN.

Bounty Land Application SC 3733 of William Duncan, War of 1812 (copy of documents from Sara Blalock 5/1985)
      Bedford Co. TN, 4 Nov. 1850, appeared William Duncan, aged 56, resident of Rutherford Co. TN; he was a private in the company commanded by Capt. Henry Welch in 5th Reg. of VA Volunteer Militia commanded by Col. McLannahan, in War declared by US against Great Brittain in June 1812; that he volunteered at Harrisonburg, VA, on 14 July 1814 for 6 months; that he continued in actual service for 6 months and was honorably discharged at Norfolk, VA, 29 Jan. 1815; that he has lost his certificate of discharge but which time of service will appear from the muster rolls of said company & the pay rolls. /s/ Wm. Duncan.
      Bedford Co. TN, 29 March 1855, appeared William Duncan, aged 61, resident of Rutherford Co. who was a private in company commanded by Capt. Henry Welch, 5th Reg. VA Militia commanded by Col. McClanahan; volunteered in Rockingham Co. VA on or about 14 July 1814 for 6 months, discharged at Norfolk VA on 29 Jan. 1815; he received Warrant No. (blank) for 90 (80?) acres under act of 25 Sept. 1855 which was sold and transferred. Applies for additional bounty land under act 3 March 1855. /s/ Wm. Duncan; wit. David A? Evans, Augustus H. White, residents of Bedford Co. who know Wm. Duncan.
      Rutherford Co. TN, 23 March 1871, appeared William Duncan, age 76, resident near Fosterville, Rutherford Co. TN, not married; he served 60 days in military service of US in War of 1812; he enlisted in Capt. Henry Welsh's Co., Col. McLanahan 5th VA Regt., at Harrisonburg, Rockingham Co. VA, on 14 July 1814; discharged at Fort Nelson, VA, on 29 Jan. 1815; his time was spent in Fort Nelson in the Artilery Service; he never received any bounty land, was in the service about six months. /s/ William Duncan; wit. Wm. Witson/Mitson, F. Henry?. Form letter from Pension Office to request evidence of enlistment of Wm. Duncan, Claim No. 4101, in War of 1812.
      (MAD: NRR's books, pg. 347, 357: William H. Duncan, b. 15 Dec. 1794 Culpeper Co. VA, d. 8 March 1877 Fosterville, TN, son of William Duncan Sr. & Lucy Crowley; m. ca 1828 Nancy M. Landrum in VA.)

Pension Index Card File, alphabetical; of the Veterans Administrative Contact and Administration Services, Admin. Operations Services, 1861-1934; Duff to A-J Duncan (negative FHL film 540,888, some cards very faint); Joseph Duncan to Dunn (positive FHL film 540,889, some cards very dark)
      Cataloged under Civil War, 1861-1865, pensions, indexes; does not say if Confederate or Federal, but probably Federal. Negative film, some cards much too faint or dark to read, some cards blurred or faded, particularly the service unit and the dates of application. Most of the very faint or dark cards were in a slightly different format, with space for years enlisted and discharged which were sometimes filled in. Many of these were for service in later years, although one or two were for service ca 1866.
      Name of soldier, alias, name of dependent widow or minor, service (military unit or units), date of filing, class (invalid or widow or minor or other), Application #, Certificate #, state from which filed (sometimes blank), attorney (sometimes blank, MAD: did not usually copy), remarks. Sometimes the "Invalid" or "Widow" class had an "s" added to it before the application #; occasionally the area for the service information included a circled "S". The minor's name was frequently that of the guardian rather than the minor.
      The military unit was frequently the Company Letter, the Regiment Number, sometimes US Vet Vol Inf. (US Veteran Volunteer Infantry), L.A. (Light Artillery), H.A. (Heavy Artillery), US C Inf (US Colored? Infantry), Cav. (Cavalry), Mil. Guards, V.R.C. (?Volunteer Reserve Corps?), etc. Sometimes there were several service units given.
      Cards appear to be arranged by the last name, first name, middle initial if any, and state (including "US") of service.
      Duncan, Robert Y., widow Duncan, Fannie; F 5 KY Cav.; 1884 March 8, Invalid Appl. #507701, Cert. #701251, KY; 1903 Dec. 31, Widow Appl. #797140, Cert. #378933, KY. (MAD: mustered in at Shelbyville, Bedford Co. TN)

"Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kentucky" (Union Soldiers), 1861-1866, Vol.I (copy of pages from John A. Duncan 4/1995 & 7/1995; FHL film 1,463,599)
      Page, Company, Name, Rank, Date enrolled, When and where mustered in, period, when and where mustered out, remarks. Separate groups for Discharged, Transferred, Died, Deserted.
      Pg.124, Company F, 5th KY Volunteer Cavalry, organized at Camp Sandridge, Gallatin, [Sumner Co.] TN, raised in Southern Part of KY on the TN border: Robt. Y. Duncan, Private, enr. Sept. 28, 1861, mustered in June 16, 1862 at Shelbyville, [Bedford Co.] TN, for 3 years; Transferred to 3rd KY Cavalry April 9, 1865.

HISTORIES before 1923

1921 "History of AL and Dictionary of AL Biography" by Thomas M. Owen, Vol.III (pages 516-519 from Donna Little 1982; 4 vols. on FHL fiche 6,048,243 to 6,048,246)
      DUNCAN, GEORGE WEBSTER, teacher, author, and general agent University publishing company, was born October 12, 1866, at Rockwood, Franklin County; son of Thomas Alford and Margaret (Hargett) Duncan, the former a private in Company L., Fourth Alabama cavalry regiment, C.S. Army; grandson of Robert and Martha (Hargett) Duncan, the former a native of Tennessee, and of Richard and Elizabeth (Hartis) Hargett, all of Rockwood; great-grandson of William and Ruth (Gregory) Duncan, of Pendleton District, S.C., who removed to Warren Co. KY, later to Bedford Co. TN, and finally, in the first quarter of the 19th century located in North Alabama. The Scotch ancestor of the American branch of the Duncan family was the Rev. William Duncan of Dumfrieshire, Scotland, who was a martyr to the Presbyterian faith and who on January 2, 1665, at the age of fifty-two years lost his life on the sands of Dumfrieshire in the reign of Charles II. The original American emigrant of the Duncan family settled in Westmoreland Co. VA, January 23, 1722. Mr. Duncan was prepared for college in a private school at Russellville, taught by Prof. ....

1886 "Histories of Maury, Williamson, Rutherford, Wilson, Bedford and Marshall Cos. TN" by Goodspeed
      No Duncan biographical sketch.

1889 "Biographical & Historical Memoirs of Northwest AR" by Goodspeed (from Evelyn Sigler 9/1983)
      Pg.1018, Sebastian Co.: Capt. David Tucker Smith of Washington Co. AR, b. Henderson Co. TN, Nov. 7, 1824. His parents, natives of NC, were Meredith and Elizabeth (Tucker) Smith, who moved with their children to TN. The parents died in Bedford Co. TN; had eight children; the youngest was David Tucker Smith who married Elizabeth Trollinger of Bedford Co. TN. One daughter of David Tucker and Elizabeth (Trollinger) Smith was Rebecca Smith, b. July 13, 1847, who married William W. Duncan. (MAD: William Wiloby Duncan, b. 1851, mar. Washington Co. AR)

"The Boone Family" by Hazel A. Spraker, 1922 (Placerville Public Library, CA)
      Pg.472-473: William Boone, b. in NC 12 Dec. 1790, m. Sallie Howard. He lived and died in Flat Creek [Bedford Co.], TN. Children: (1) Howard Boone, b. 22 Dec. 1824; m. Elizabeth Floyd; children: (8) Rev. Walter Wallace Boone, m. Ella Duncan (no date).


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