Duncans in Orangeburg Co. SC


Duncan research files of
Mary Ann (Duncan) Dobson
the Genealogy Bug

Last revised August 3, 2003

Formed 1769, Original District
Barnwell formed 1798 from Orangeburg
Lexington formed 1804 from Orangeburg
Aiken formed 1871 from Edgefield, Orangeburg, Barnwell, Lexington
Calhoun formed 1908 from Lexington, Orangeburg


1790 Orangeburg Dist. SC Census, North Part
(MAD: later Lexington Co. SC)
Pg. 94  Laboone, Peter        203xx
          (about 25 names from Rachel Duncan)
          (MAD: see Lincoln Co. NC, 1795 Pendleton Co. SC)
        Susannah Sea, Joseph Williams,
        Samuel Morris, John Bell,
        Rachel Duncan         032xx
        Jonathan Gilbert, Samuel Morris Junr,
        Elzy Linzay, Charles Conaway,  ...
        Abraham Adkins, George Sawyers,
        John Stedium, James Morehead,
        John Duncan           122xx
        Stephen Williams, William Holston Senr,
        Solomon Nobles ...
    97  James Knight, Aaron Arms, John Stricklin,
        William King, Jacob Senn,
        Isaac Gossett, Henry Rice, Jacob Chub,
        William Duncan        113xx
          (MAD: ? 1804 Lexington Co. SC)
        Barbarah Senn, Daniel Carter,
        Godfrey Eafler, Mathias Senn ...

1790 Orangeburg Dist. SC Census, South Part
(MAD: later Barnwell Co. SC)
Pg. 99  William Tomson, George Davis,
        John O'Bannon, Elisha Morris,
        Joseph Duncan         331x4
        Edward Nix, Anna Collins, Hannah Clark,
        Charles Nix, Lucey Wood ...
   100  Lewis Youngblood, Josiah Pemberton,
        John Hooker, Jesse Reader,
        Amos Duncan           152xx
          (MAD: ? d.1805 Newberry Co. SC)
        James Futch, Levi Peacock,
        Thomas Turner, Timothy Pucket ...

1800-1810 Orangeburg Co. SC Census
        No Duncan indexed

1820 Orangeburg Co. SC Census
St. Matthews Parish
Pg.200  Elizabeth Dunch    100000 - 00050  (NOT DUNCAN)

1830-1840 Orangeburg Co. SC Census
        No Duncan indexed

1850 Orangeburg Co. SC Census (and from Vivian Biddle 7/1983)
Pg.362, #542-843, W. DUNCAN (m) 32 SC farmer $100
                  Barbara 34 SC
                  Matilda 18, Algena (f) 5, John 2 SC

1860 Orangeburg Co. SC Census
      No Duncan indexed

1870 Orangeburg Co. SC Census
Amelia Twp.
Pg.148, #247-248, DUNCAN, John D. 47 SC BLACK farm laborer $0-$0
                  Maria 50 SC BLACK keeping house


Index to Land Plats 1784-1845 (FHL film 22,599)
      Name, location, No. of Acres, volume, page, date
      Duncan, Amos, Orangeburg, 462a, 24-155, 8 April 1789
      Duncan, Jos., Orangeburgh, 700a, 28-222, 4 May 1792
      Duncan, Jos., Orangeburgh, 83a, 28-206, 4 May 1792

SC Land Plats
      24-155: 8 April 1789, certify for Amos Dunkan, 462 acres surveyed for him 7 Dec. 1788 in Orangeburgh Dist. in the fork of Edisto River of Cedar Creek waters of said river, /s/ E. Bremar, Surv. Gen.; Wettenhall Warner, Dep. Survy; neighbors on plat: Thos. Pemberton's land across Cedar Creek, Matthew Brooks land, Joseph Scotts land. (FHL film 22,624)
      28-206: 4 May 1792, certified for Joseph Duncan, 83 acres surveyed for him 10 Jan. 1792 in Orangeburgh Dist. on waters of Great Salt Catchers, /s/ Wilson Cook, Dep. Surv; neighbors on plat: Joseph Duncan's land, Savages land, Nathl. Sanders, Jas. Morris's lands, Savages lands. (FHL film 22,624)
      28-222: 4 May 1792, certified for Joseph Duncan, 700 acres surveyed for him 11 Jan. 1792 in Orangeburg Dist. on Tobey's Creek waters of Great Salt Catchers, /s/ Wilson Cook Dep. Surveyor; neighbors on plat: Tobey's Creek, land surveyed for Jos. Burnett, Stround's lands, Walkers land, land surveyed for Harrison, land granted to Savage; Long Branch (Creek) runs through middle of tract. (FHL film 22,624)

SC Land Grants (from Mildred Hofer 5/1982; from SC State Archives and Columbiana Library)
      Grantee, District, Date
      Duncan, Amos, Orange, May 4, 1789
      Duncan, Amos, Orange, May 6, 1789
      Duncan, Joseph, Orange, May 7, 1792
      Duncan, Joseph, Orange, May 7, 1792
      Duncan, Joseph, Orange, June 1, 1798

SC Land Grants
      Land grants begin with Vol. 1 through 22; then apparently all or most were recorded in a second series, "Class 2" starting again with Vol. 1 and are identical in the 2nd series.
      CLASS 2 GRANTS (2nd set of volumes)
      26-187: 4 May 1789, to Amos Dunkan for £10.15.7, 462 acres surveyed for him 9 Dec. 1788 in Orangeburg Dist. in fork of Edisto River on Cedar Creek, waters of said river, and bounded by lines running SW by Joseph Scotts land and vacant land, NW by Mathew Brookes' land, NE by Thomas Pemberton and vacant land, SE by vacant land; plat certified 8 April 1789. (FHL film 22,554)
      29-567: 7 May 1792, Joseph Duncan, 700 acres surveyed for him 11 Jan. 1792 in Dist. of Orangeburg, Toby's Creek, waters of Great Saltcatcher, bounded SW on land grant to Savage, NW on land surveyed for Harrison, NE on land of Walker and Stroud, SE by land surveyed for Barnet. (FHL film 22,555)
      29-568: 7 May 1792, Joseph Duncan, 83 acres surveyed for him 10 Jan. 1792 in Dist. of Orangeburg on waters of Great Saltcatcher, bounded SE on James Morris land, NE and NW on Savage land, SW on Nathaniel Sanders land, NE on said Duncans land. (FHL film 22,555)
      76-291: 4 May 1789, to Amos Dunkan, £10.15.7, 462 acres surveyed 9 Dec. 1788 in Orangeburg Dist., fork of Edisto River, on Ceeder Creek, waters of said River, bounded by lines runing SW by Joseph Scotts land and vacant land, NW by Matthew Brooks' land, NE by Thomas Pembertons and vacant land, SE by vacant land; plat certified 8 April 1789. (FHL film 22,573)

Orangeburg Co. SC Deed Index, 1865-1902 (grantors on FHL film 358,382; grantees on FHL film 358,384)
      Duncan grantors start 1883
      6-437: 1870, R.R. Duncan et al, trustee St. Peter Church, from McManzie, Daniel
      (other grantees 1874-75, not copied)

Orangeburg Co. SC Commissioners Deeds 1824-1837 (FHL film 358,407)
      No index


Orangeburg Co. SC Probate Court, index to wills 1865-1947 (FHL film 358,416)
      No Duncan until ca 1930


Edgefield Co. SC Deeds
      29-189: 1 Feb? 1802, Mathew (X) Duncan, planter, to Joshua Dunkin, ten? dollars (tight binding), 130 acres on a branch called .... (tight binding) Creek South and waters of Saluda River, sd part of 2 tracts, one orig. granted to sd. Matthew 5 Jan. 1790. Wit. Jeremiah Williams, Samuel Dunkin; Cert. in Orangeburg Dist. by Samuel Dunkin who saw Mathew Duncan sign and deliver the deed to Joshua Duncan; examination of Mary (x) Duncan, wife of Matthew, in Orangeburg Co. SC. (FHL film 23,881)
      29-191: 11 Feb? 1802, Matthew Duncan to Samuel Dunkin, $10, 100 acres on Mary Prescot's line, Saluda River, orig. grant to Matthew Duncan 4 Jan. 1790. Wit. Jeremiah Williams, Joshua Dunkin. Reg. Orangeburg Dist. by Joshua Dunkin. Wife Mary examined in Orangeburg Dist. (FHL film 23,881)
      33-362: 29 Jan. 1802, Matthew Duncan to Peter Duncan, $10, 160 acres, part of grant to Matthew Duncan 4 Jan. 1790, description referred to in plat made by William Wright for William (sic) Duncan. Wit. Thomas Harrison. Wife Mary (X) Duncan examined in Orangeburg Dist. (FHL film 23,883)

Newberry Co. SC Wills; Books E-I, 1803-1825 (FHL film 24,264)
      E-118,119: 31 March 1805, will of Amos Dunkin, weak of body; that my wife Elizabeth be allowed a comfortable living for her and the small children out of my estate for life or widowhood, in case she marry a 2nd husband, to her one third part of my estate both real and personal. As my wife and children appear desirous to remove to the Western Country, all my land and such moveable property as can be spared without jufesing? my family be sold and the money due me for lands sold on Edisto River (MAD: Orangeburg Dist.) be laid out in lands somewhere in Ohio and equally divided; my ten children, namely, Sarah M. Taylor, Isaiah, Amos, William, George, John, Elizabeth, Eli, Joshua, and Hannah L. Dunkin; and my said wife be settled on some part of the land and the parties share the improvements for her, at her decease to my youngest dau. Hannah; the lands may be divided among my children at the request of any of my children (who does not want to move) and that child have their tenth part; exec. wife Elizabeth Dunkin and son Isaiah Dunkin; confirm this and no other as my last will and testament; 1st day of March 1805; /s/ Amos Duncan; signed sealed & acknowledged by said Amos Dunkin in presence of John Ellemore, Samuel Taylor, Joseph Furnas. Proved 5 Aug. 1805 by oath of Samuel Taylor.
            (MAD: wife Elizabeth Cooper and friend Amos Duncan were execs. of the Newberry Co. SC will of William Cooper dated 7 Dec. 1800, proven 4 Jan. 1801, recorded in Book C, pg.148, in Box 2, Pkg.32 of Probate Estate records; his will mentioned land 433 acres on Edisto River near head of Dean's Swamp, Orangeburg Dist.; from "Newberry Co. SC Probate Estate Abstracts, Boxes 1-10, 355, 356, 357, 361; Boxes 11-25" Vol.I & II, to early 1800's, by Glenda Bundrick & Andy Suber; FHL book 975.739 P2b)


According to Leonardo Andrea, SC genealogist, in his "Counties in SC" (FHL film 954,248, and from Louis Boone)
      Extinct counties after the Revolution included:
      Lewisburg County was formed in 1785 but after 1790 was united with Orangeburg County and all records were in Orangeburg. Sherman burned the records in 1865.
      Saxe-Gotha County was formed from old Orangeburg in 1785. The name was later changed to Lexington County. The records are at Lexington S.C. Sherman burned the C.H. in 1865. Some books from 1825 on were saved.

Some references to Duncans in Orangeburg Co. SC records have been published:
      "Loyalists in Southern Campaign of the Rev. War" by Murtie June Clark, Vol.1 (from Louis Boone 2/1984; FHL book 975 F2cm); includes Ensign James Duncan in Col. John Fisher's Reg. Orangeburg Militia, Capt. Joseph Noble's Company, 14 June to 14 Dec. 1780.
      "The Jury Lists of SC 1778-1779" compiled by Ge Lee Corley Hendrix and Morn McKoy Lindsay, 1975 (FHL book 975.7 P2h and film 1,597,906 item 5; from Dean Smith Cress and Brenda Furches); includes in the Parish of St.Stephens, Geo. Duncan, Jas. Duncan (MAD: present Orangeburg & Berkeley Cos., then Charleston)
      1898 "The history of Orangeburg County, South Carolina : from its first settlement to the close of the Revolutionary War" by A.S. Salley (FHL book 975.779 H2s); No Duncan biographical sketch.
      "Biographical Directory of the SC Senate, 1776-1985" Vol.I, Abbott-Hill, by N. Louise Bailey, Mary L. Morgan, Carolyn R. Taylor (FHL book 975.7 D3ba); includes a sketch of Samuel L. Duncan, who represented Orangeburg Co. in the House for the 50th (1872-1874) and 51st (1874-1876) General Assemblies; sources includes "Negro Senators and Representatives."
      "Orangeburg Dist. SC Returns in Partition from the Court of Equity 1824-1837" by Brent H. Holcomb (FHL book 975.779 P2h); One of the very few volumes to survive the 1865 fire; no Duncan.


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