Duncans in Mercer Co. IL


Duncan research files of
Mary Ann (Duncan) Dobson
the Genealogy Bug

Last revised February 4, 2014

Formed 1825 from Unorganized Territory, Pike
Jo Daviess formed 1827 from Henry, Mercer, Putnam


1830 Mercer Co. IL Census
        No Duncan indexed

1840 Mercer Co. IL Census
Twp.15N Range 1W
Pg.326  Charles Duncan      2000,1      - 1000,1
        Buford Duncan       0011,1001   - 0110,001
          (MAD: 1830 Union Co. IN census; from Giles Co. VA)

1850 Mercer Co. IL Census
Twp.14N Range 5W, taken 9/21/1850
Pg.369, #365, Aaron DUNGAN 26 OH farmer $0
                  Tamer (f) 32 PA
                  John P. 6 IL
Twp.15N Range 5W, taken 10/10/1850
Pg.387, #595, Aaron DUNGAN 26 OH farmer $0
                  Tamer (f) 32 PA
                  John P. 6 IL
Twp.15N Range 5W
Pg.393, #670, Nancy DUNGAN 45 PA $0
                  John 10 IL
Twp.15N Range 4W, taken 10/18/1850
Pg.395, #697, Charles DUNCAN 33 IN farmer $700
                  Mary 30 KY
                  William 14 IN
                  Eliza J. 13, Lewis 11 IL
                  Francis (m) 9, James 7 IL
                  Elizabeth 4, Tilman (m) 2/12 IL
                  William KIRK 28 OH laborer
                  (MAD: Charles Duncan mar. Mary Ann Kirk 9/28/1834 Union Co. IN; see 1854 McDonough Co. IL deed T-328; probably son of Buford Duncan who was son of Charles Duncan & Margaret Kirk from Giles Co. VA)
Pg.395, #698, Braxton DUNCAN 52 VA farmer $700
                  Aramenta 37 VA
                  Manetia (f) 10 VA
                  Oscar 9, Ann E. 7 IL
                  Granville B. 5, Josephine 3 IL
                  Virginia 1, Thomas K. 6/12 IL
                  Lewis KIRK 22, Granvill 19 VA laborers $0
                  (MAD: ?? 1860 Independence Co. AR census)
Pg.395, #703, James M. DUNCAN 25 VA farmer $0
                  Margaret 21 IN
                  Mary WIRY? 12 Maine
                  (MAD: James Duncan mar. Margaret Duncan 9/20/1846; buried ? McDonough Co. IL ?; Kirk Ransom info: he the son of Thornton DUNCAN, she the dau. of Buford DUNCAN)
Pg.395, #705, Buford DUNCAN 64 VA farmer $1200
                  Francis (f) 50 VA
Pg.395, #706, James DUNCAN 28 VA farmer $800
                  Mary E. 25 IL
                  Martha 6, Charles M. 4, Nancy E. 1 IL
                  John SUTHERN 35 VA laborer $0
                  (MAD: James Duncan mar. Mary E. Smith 1/25/1843; Kirk Ransom info: son of Buford DUNCAN)

1860 Mercer Co. IL Census
Pg.699, #383, Joseph ROBINSON 48 NY farmer $6000-$2000
                  Louisa 56 MA
                  Maria L. DUNCAN 20 NY domestic
                  John STREETER 12 NY
                  William ALEXANDER 25 OH laborer
Pg.706, #428, Jonathan DUNCAN 68 PA farmer $5000-$1200
                  Agnes L. 45 PA
                  William 29, Harper S. 21 PA
                  James K. 14, Jenet (f) 12 PA
                  Arnold (f) 8, Charles N. 7 PA
                  Frank C. 5, Ada May 3 IL
                  Melane COPELAND (f) 29 PA domestic
                  (MAD: 1850 Washington Co. PA census)
P.O. Aledo
Pg.806, #1266, William McCANDLESS 40 PA farmer $6000-$1000
                  Sarah A. 37 PA
                  Mary L. 13, Annat D. (m) 11 IL
                  Isa (f) 9, Harriet 6 IL
                  Thomas 4, William J. 1/12 IL
                  Thomas K. DUNCAN 23 PA laborer
                  James M. CONNELLY 28 PA teacher
                  (MAD: Thomas K. Duncan mar. Mary Ann Robbins 1/29/1861; ? 1870 Dallas Co. IA census)
Pg.1014, #2492, Andrew J. EPPERLY 26 IN farmer $2500-$500
                  Lovina 19 OH
                  Unknown (m) 4/12 IL
                  Stafford DUNCAN (m) 16 IL laborer
Pg.1015, #2500, Charles DUNCAN 46 VA farmer $2000-$700
                  Mary A. 42 KY
                  Frank 20 IN
                  James 17, Elizabeth 14 IL
                  Tilman (m) 10, Mary 7 IL
Pg.1015, #2503, Buford DUNCAN (m) 73 VA farmer $5000-1150
                  Frances (f) 63 VA
                  John 17, Josephine 15, Thomas 11 IL
Pg.1017, #2515, Anderson J. McGREW 35 OH farmer $3000-$1500
                  Abbie 29 OH
                  Mary 4/12 IL
                  James L. FARRINGTON 18 NJ laborer
                  Ann DUNCAN 18 IL domestic
                  Sarah J. MITCHELL 22 PA teacher
Pg.1023, #2551, Mary E. DUNCAN 34 IN -- $5000-$800
                  Martha J. 18, Charles 15 IL
                  James 9, Samantha 6, Edward 2 IL
Pg.1023, #2554, James M. DUNCAN 39 VA farmer $2000-$700
                  Margaret 29 IN
                  Riley 9, Virginia 10 IL
                  William EMMONS 20 IN laborer
Pg.1023, #2558, William DUNCAN 26 IN farmer $600-$100
                  Margaret 25 OH
                  Emma 5, Kate 3, Florence (f) 4/12 IL
                  (MAD: one William Duncan mar. Eliza Jane Duncan 12/9/1852; William F. Duncan mar Margaret Nealey 5/3/1855; 1870 Hardin Co. IA census)
Pg.1025, #2572, William DUNCAN 26 IL laborer 0-$80
                  Margaret 25 OH
                  Emily 5, Florence (f) 6/12, Kate 3 IL

1870 Mercer Co. IL Census
Duncan Twp.
Pg.170, #100-93, DUNCAN, C. (m) 24 IL farmer $0-$250
                  Margaret 17 IL keeping house
                  (MAD: Charles Duncan mar. Margaret Terry 10/19/1868)
Pg.170, #101-94, DUNN, Henry P. 39 OH farmer $5000-$2000
                  America 40 OH keeping house
                  Edward 18 IL assisting on farm
                  Caroline 16, Franklin 14 IL
                  Eli H. 11, Chester B. 8 IL
                  Clara 6, Navada (f) 1-7/12 IL
Pg.171, #108-101, DUNCAN, J.M. (m) 47 VA farmer $6400-$1225
                  Margaret 40 IN
                  Ira (m) 9, Thos. 7 IL
                  WELSH, M.L. (f) 12 IL at home
Eliza Twp.
Pg.178, #23-22, MULFORD, David 42 IN farmer $0-$500
                  Mary C. 41 IN keeping house
                  REYNOLDS, Jas. 24 OH farmer
                  DUNCAN, Riley (m) 18 IL laborer on farm
                  LEECH, William H. 49 VA farmer $6000-$2800
                  Eliza 42 SC keeping house
                  LAWLING?, Elvira (f) 9 IA ("Iowa") at home
Mercer Twp.
Pg.226, #12-12, DUNCAN, Jasper 24 IL laborer of farm $300-$0
                  Mary 21 OH keeping house
                  James 3, Ella? (Etta?) 1 IL
Pg.227, #21-22, CAMBELL?, Washington 40 PA farmer $7500-$1645
                  Martha? 39 PA keeping house
                  DUNCAN, William D. 21 MD farmer
                  Jane E. 17 MD at home
                  WATERS, Jesse (m) 75? (78?) NJ at home
                  HEADWELL, John 22 SWEDEN laborer on farm, parents of foreign birth
Millersburg Twp., Millersburg
Pg.263, #20-20, DUNCAN, Matthew 45 VA farmer $0-$150
                  Juliette 40 OH keeping house
                  Laura E. 16, William 13 IN
                  Clara 12, Adalaide 10 IN
                  Truman? (m) 8, John 4 IL
                  Talman (m) 2 IL
                  (MAD: listed as Madison Duncan in 1880 census)
Pg.265, #54-52, DUNCAN, Mary E. 44 IL keeping house $100-$0
                  Jas. M. 15 (m) IL laborer on farm
                  Samantha (f) 14, Edwin W. 11 IL
Ohio Grove Twp.
Pg.311, #114-112, DUNCAN, Jonethan 78 PA farmer $12,000-$5,000
                  Agnus 55 PA keeping house
                  William 38 PA farmer
                  Samuel H. 26 PA writing teacher
                  Netty (f) 22 PA
                  Arnolt L. 19, Charles 18 PA farmers
                  Franklin 16 IL farmer
                  Ida B. 10 IL
                  COPLANIN, Melvina (f) 38 PA
Pg.312, #131-129, DUNCAN, Andrew 54 PA farmer $7000-$1000
                  Nancy F. 50 PA keeping house
                  Robert M. 20 OH farmer
                  Ezemiah (f) 13, Isafena (f) 11 OH
                  Samuel S. 9, William 6 OH
Perryton Twp.
Pg.322, #63-65, DUNCAN, J.K.S. (m) 25 PA physician $4000-$550
                  Lizzy V. 19 IL keeping house
Preemption Twp.
Pg.343, #163-157, DUNCANS, James 27 IL farmer $0-$150, mother of foreign birth
                  Julia 27 IRE keeping house, parents of foreign birth
                  Rosanna 4, John 2 IL mother of foreign birth
                  Charles 6/12 IL b.Jan. mother of foreign birth
                  (MAD: James V. Duncan mar. Julia McLoon 5/25/1865)
Suez Twp.
Pg.390, #104-103, DUNCAN, John 70 IRE farm laborer $0-$0, parents of foreign birth
                  Elner (f) 70 IRE keeping house, parents of foreign birth
                  James 37 IRE farm laborer, parents of foreign birth
                  Moses 27 IRE farmer, parents of foreign birth
                  Nancy A. 29 IRE keeping house, parents of foreign birth
                  Elizabeth 6, Catharine 4, John 2 IRE, parents of foreign birth

1880 Mercer Co. IL Census (partial; birthplaces as given)
Duncan Twp
Pg.267A, #32-32, F. DUNCAN (m) 39 IL mar. (blank) IN IN
                  Phoeby 34 MO wife mar. KY IL
                  Elmer 14 IL son single MO IL
                  Maud 6 IA dau. single MO IL
                  William 4 IL son single MO IL
                  Frank 1 IL son single MO IL


CHARLES DUNCAN, Revolutionary War Pension Application W-22973 (FHL film 970,863)
      Applied 27 July 1819, age 59, in Giles Co. VA; enlisted for 3 years on 12 Jan. 1777 in Fauquier Co. VA under Capt. Wm. Blackwell, Col. Daniel Morgain, Gen. Woodford; served 3 years; witness John Kirk.
      Applied 30 May 1821, age 60?, in Giles Co. VA; old and infirm; wife and 5 children live with him; son Braxton b. 1 Feb. 1798 weak & sickly; dau. Peggy b. 10 July 1800; dau. Alsey b. 20 Nov. 1802; dau. Nancy b. 4 March 1806; dau. Judith b. 14 July 1808.
      Application by Peggy Duncan, age 72 years & upwards, res. Walker's Creek, Giles Co. VA, on 23 March 1840; m. Charles Duncan 7 Dec. 1786 in Fauquier Co. VA by clergyman James Craig; husband died 24 Oct. 1838 in Giles Co. VA; witness John Kirk Sr. not present at wedding as he lived in Montgomery now Giles Co. but during visit to his father's residence learned of marriage; the family record contained their marriage date and dates of birth of Charles and Peggy as well as "nine of their children".
      Application by Margaret Duncan, 10 March 1846 in Mercer Co. IL refers to her brother of Giles Co. VA if yet living as witness to Charles Duncan's Rev. War Service; first child b. 15 Sept. 1787.
      Declaration by Buford Duncan, age 59, on 1 March 1847 in Mercer Co. IL; his mother to Mercer Co. IL during 1842, Margaret d. 29 Aug. 1846 Mercer Co. IL; legal heirs Buford age 59, Braxton age 49, Elizabeth Lett age 56, Margaret Bolten age 47, Thornton age 54, Nancy Brooks age 40?, Judith Brown age 39. Letter in 1880 mentions the whereabouts of Judith Brown were unknown.
      Original Family Record in possession of Braxton Duncan: Charles Duncan b. 19 Jan. 1761, Margaret "Peggy" b. 3 Oct. 1767, m. 17 Dec. 1786, Charles d. 24 Oct. 1838, Margaret d. 30 Aug. 1846; Buford b. 15 Sept. 1787, John K. b. 26 Jan. 1789 d. 11 Dec. 1814, Elizabeth b. 20 Jan. 1791, Thornton b. 14 Jan. 1793, Ezekiel b. 12 June 1795, Braxton b. 1 Feb. 1798, Margaret "Peggy" b. 10 July 1800, Elsby b. 20 Nov. 1802, Nancy b. 4 March 1806, Judith b. 14 July 1808, Sarah b. 4 May 1811 d. 22 Sept. 1813; also contains records "of branches of said Family and others who had by permission ... free use ... for that purpose, by their children" ... Floyd Duncan b. 20 Nov. 1825; James Kebley b. 4 Jan. 1824; Araminta Kirk b. 15 Jan. 1815/45; Margaret Susannah Duncan b. 13 Aug. 1837.
      Click here for more from the pension application file.

Index to War of 1812 Pension Applications and Bounty Land Warrant Applications; National Archives Film; ... to Dunh.. (FHL film 840,458)
      DUNCAN, Jonathan, wife Agnes (Lerper) WC-35219, SO-14825 Rejected, mar. 29 June 1835 Washington Co. PA; soldier died 10 Sept. 1876 Waukeen IA, widow died about 1899; service in William Allison's PA Militia, lived Mercer & Warren Cos. IL

Pension Index Card File, alphabetical; of the Veterans Administrative Contact and Administration Services, Admin. Operations Services, 1861-1934; Duff to A-J Duncan (negative FHL film 540,888, some cards very faint); Joseph Duncan to Dunn (positive FHL film 540,889, some cards very dark)
      Cataloged under Civil War, 1861-1865, pensions, indexes; does not say if Confederate or Federal, but probably Federal. Negative film, some cards much too faint or dark to read, some cards blurred or faded, particularly the service unit and the dates of application. Most of the very faint or dark cards were in a slightly different format, with space for years enlisted and discharged which were sometimes filled in. Many of these were for service in later years, although one or two were for service ca 1866.
      Name of soldier, alias, name of dependent widow or minor, service (military unit or units), date of filing, class (invalid or widow or minor or other), Application #, Certificate #, state from which filed (sometimes blank), attorney (sometimes blank, MAD: did not usually copy), remarks. Sometimes the "Invalid" or "Widow" class had an "s" added to it before the application #; occasionally the area for the service information included a circled "S". The minor's name was frequently that of the guardian rather than the minor.
      The military unit was frequently the Company Letter, the Regiment Number, sometimes US Vet Vol Inf. (US Veteran Volunteer Infantry), L.A. (Light Artillery), H.A. (Heavy Artillery), US C Inf (US Colored? Infantry), Cav. (Cavalry), Mil. Guards, V.R.C. (?Volunteer Reserve Corps?), etc. Sometimes there were several service units given.
      Cards appear to be arranged by the last name, first name, middle initial if any, and state (including "US") of service.
      Duncan, Riley; E 152 Ill. Inf.; 1888 June 14, Invalid Appl. #659796, Cert. #487602, Ill. (MAD: Cartwright [?Mercer Co.] IL per IL Civil War database; ? 1850 Bond Co. IL; ? or Mercer Co. IL)


Adams Co. IL Deeds
      11-386/387: 13 Oct. 1839, Joseph Duncan and Elizabeth C. Duncan his wife of Morgan Co. IL to Robert Prout of State of Maryland, for $1760 paid, sell tract or parcel of land in Military Bounty District in state of IL, all that tract of land in Adams Co. in said state, SW 1/4 Sec.13?, Twp.2N, Range 6W; all those tracts of land in Putnam Co. said state, SE 1/4 Sec.29 Twp.13N Range 8E, SE 1/4 Sec.2 Twp.14N Range 7E, NE 1/4 Sec.17 Twp.15N Range 6E; all those tracts of land in Warren Co. said state, NE 1/4 Sec.30 Twp.11N Range 3W, SE 1/4 Sec.13 Twp.11N Range 4W; all that tract of land in Hancock Co. said state, NE 1/4 Sec.33 Twp.3N Range 6W; all those tracts of land in Mercer Co. said state, E 1/2 Sec.10 Twp.13N Range (line missing) 5W, NE 1/4 Sec.22 Twp.14N Range 4W; all that tract of land in Fulton Co. said state, NW 1/4 Sec.9 Twp.5N Range 2E, with appurtenances, warrant title. /s/ Joseph Duncan, Elizabeth C. Duncan. Wit. Ensley T. Goudy. Ack. 10 Oct. 1839 before Ensley T. Goudy, Notary Public for Morgan Co. IL. No.3028, Filed Oct. 26, 1851. (FHL film 967,552)

Stark Co. IL Deed; Typed Record Book A, includes grantor index (FHL film 1,401,978; SLC 9/14/2013)
      A-216/219: 10 Oct. 1839, Joseph Duncan and Elizabeth C. Duncan his wife of Morgan Co. IL to Robert Prout of state of MD, for $1760 paid, sell tracts or parcels of land in the Military Bounty Land tract in IL, all that tract of land in Adams Co., SW 1/4 Sec.13 Twp.2N Range 6W; all those tracts in Putnam Co., SE 1/4 Sec.29 Twp.13N Range 8E, SE 1/4 Sec.2 Twp.14N Range 7E, NE 1/4 Sec.14 Twp.15N Range 6E; all those tracts in Warren Co., NE 1/4 Sec.30 Twp.11N Range 3W, SE 1/4 Sec.13 Twp.11N Range 4W; all that tract in Hancock Co., NE 1/4 Sec.33 Twp.3N Range 6W; all those tracts in Mercer Co., half Sec.10 Twp.13N Range 5W, NE 1/4 Sec.22 Twp.14N Range 4W; all that tract in Fulton Co., NW 1/4 Sec.9 Twp.5N Range 5E; with appurtenances, warrant title. /s/ Joseph Duncan, Elizabeth C. Duncan. Wit. Ensley T. Goudy. Ack. 10 Oct. 1839 before Ensley T. Goudy, Notary Public for Morgan Co. IL. (FHL film 1,401,978)

HISTORIES before 1923

1882 "History of Mercer and Henderson counties [Illinois] : together with biographical matter, statistics, etc. gathered from matter furnished by the Mercer and Henderson County historical societies, interviews with old settlers, county, township and other records, and extracts from files of papers, pamphlets, and such other sources as have been available" pub. by H.H. Hill and Co. (FHL film 924,492 item 1 and 1,000,507 item 2)
      Pg.233: Millersburg Twp. Edward Griffith, b. Nov. 13, 1834, Hancock Co. IN, oldest child; to Mercer Co. 1839 w/parents Charles & Martha (Scott) Griffith; married March 24, 1859, to Miss Elizabeth Church, b. 25 March 1838, dau. of Thomas & Rachel Church. (MAD: looking for info re Patience Griffith, 2nd wife of Joel Duncan in McDonough Co. IL, mar. bef. 1829 White Co. TN)
      Pg.454-5, Oak Grove Township: JONATHAN DUNCAN (deceased) was born near Baltimore, MD, November 19, 1791, and was a son of Andrew and Ann (Smith) Duncan. He received a liberal education for his time, supplemented by healthy toil of the farm. He thus became vigorous in both mind and body. He became a carpenter by trade, and was the builder of the large hotel of fifty rooms at Mineral Springs, PA. He also became extensively engaged in the wool business. He was at one time a large stockholder in a number of stage lines in PA, owning a large farm where he fed his horses for the line. It was in 1815 when he moved to Washington Co. PA. He is familiarly known as Col. Duncan, having enlisted in the war of 1812, as lieutenant, and later, being promoted colonel. Very many of the colonel's best years were actively spent in PA. There he lived till the year 1854. He had made a trip to Illinois in 1853, purchasing 260 acres in sections 26 and 27, Ohio Grove township, Mercer Co. IL. In 1854 he moved his family via the river to Keithsburg and thence to his farm. Here he lived till 1874. He improved his farm and became a factor in the county's progress. He was on intimite terms with the lamented Judge William M. Hayes, and made many friends by his good nature and industry. In politics he was always democratic, but sought no political emolument. In religion he was of the United Presbyterian faith. He aided in building Sunbeam church. Mr. Duncan moved to Monmouth in 1874, to live in retirement. On September 10, 1876, while visiting his son, Dr. J.K. Duncan, at Des Moines, Iowa, death claimed him. He was buried at Monmouth, (Warren Co.) Illinois.
            Mr. Duncan was first married to Miss Letha Swearengen. She died, leaving four children. He was next married June 29, 1835, to Miss Agnes Leeper, daughter of Robert and Nancy Leeper, both of whom were born in York county, and died in Washington Co. PA. Mrs. Duncan was born in Washington Co. PA, June 10, 1815. She now resides with her son in Mercer county.
                  Mr. Duncan's first family are:
            William Duncan, of Mercer county;
            Thomas, of Des Moines, Iowa;
            Sarah, now Mrs. William McCanless, of Crescent, Iowa. Mr. McCanless was a prominent man of Mercer county, having owned the land on which Aledo is built; also, laid out the town. He was lieutenant in company A, 84th Ill. Vol., and was killed at the battle of Chattanooga.
            Dr. Bazil Duncan was army surgeon one year. He is now dead.
                  In the second family are:
            Robert, who served in the civil war in company F, 17th Ill. Vol., and was promoted second lieutenant;
            Dr. J.K. Duncan, who was in the naval service; he was captain of a gun on the gunboat "Fort Hyman;" seizing an enemy's hot shell, thrown on board and endangering the lives of his men, he threw it into the river, suffering his hands and arms to be severely burned by the operation. For this feat he was promoted captain of the gun-boat. He took sick and was sent to Pensacola hospital, Florida. Being there at the time of the yellow fever scourge, and having studied medicine, he was retained as surgeon and physician three years, on a salary of $2,000. He is now of Nebraska.
            The other children are: Isophena, James, Andrew (dead), Nettie, Arnett, Charles, Frank and Ida.
            Arnett was born in Washington Co. PA, January 28, 1850. He was married to Carrie, daughter of J.B. Gilmore. She was born near Oxford, Ohio. Arnett now owns 100 acres of the old homestead; also, 160 acres besides, well improved.

"Historical encyclopedia of Illinois and history of Mercer Co." by William A. Marsh; ed. by Newton Bateman & Paul Selby, Mercer Co. Hist. ed. by Wm. A. Lorimer; pub. Chicago: Munsell Pub. Co., 1903, 860 pgs. (LH5463, HeritageQuest images 4/2007; FHL fiche 6,078,640)
      Pg.660-661: DUNCAN TOWNSHIP was named in honor of Buford Duncan, the first settler. Camp creek, the principal stream, runs through the southeast portion, and Eliza creek on the northwest border of the township. ... Besides Buford Duncan, among the pioneers were James Vernon, William Epperly, Joseph King, Ebenezer Bunting, Joseph N. Elbridge, Tyler McWhorter and William S. Roe. ... article by the late Tyler McWhorter ... "The first settler of this township was Buford Duncan, who located on Section 16, in 1838. Mr. Duncan came from Indiana. He was a man characterized for plainness of manner and the strictest honesty. He was already somewhat advanced in life, and was the father of a considerable family of children, most of whom settled in the same neighborhood. Soon after Buford Duncan had located in the township, his brother, Braxton Duncan, located on Section 17. Braxton Duncan was of a slender constitution and only survived a few years. Subsequently several persons connected with the Duncan family located in the same neighborhood and formed a nucleus of what became known as the Duncan settlement. Among the early settlers of that neighborhood should be mentioned William Epperly and James Vernon. Buford Duncan has been dead many years." ... Mr. McWhorter died a number of years ago, and an extended biographical sketch of him appears elsewhere in this work. (MAD: his article contained information on other early families, not copied here)
      Pg.691-692: The "Seaton Independent" is another purely local paper, which is enjoying a good degree of prosperity. It is proving a potent factor in the upbuilding of the town where it is published. Mr. L.A. Duncan, editor and proprietor, is a ready writer. The paper has manifested much vigor and is independent in all things.
      Pg.723: DUNCAN SEATON (deceased), Seaton, Ill., born in Perthshire, Scotland, Oct. 27, 1823, son of John and Isabella (McDonald) Seaton. The family came to the United States in 1843 and settled in Pennsylvania, but two years later moved to Mercer Co. Illinois. In 1848 Duncan Seaton went overland to California, for two years, then returned to Mercer County and settled on a farm in Abington Township, where he devoted his time to farming and stockraising until 1892, when he removed to Seaton and lived retired until his death Aug. 11, 1895. Dec. 13, 1861, he married Martha E., daughter of Samuel and Rebecca (Bogle) Criswell, natives of Pennsylvania, who came to Mercer County in 1856. To Mr. and Mrs. Seaton twelve children were born, five of whom are deceased. Those living are: Mary, wife of A. Kinnamon; David; Margaret E.; Anna B., wife of Lee Duncan; Martha L., wife of Harry Rowley; Harry, and Angus. ...
      Pg.738: JAMES VERNON (deceased), one of the pioneers of Mercer County, emigrated from Indiana to New Boston Township in 1837. In 1838 with Buford Duncan, his father-in-law (after whom Duncan Township was named), they made the first improvements in the township, on December 16, and from that time were prominently identified with the settling of Mercer County. In 1836 he married Eliza, daughter of Buford and Fanny Duncan, and to them were born seven children, four of whom died in infancy, and three are still living: Mrs. S.F. Riddell, of Geneseo, Ill.; Thos. A. of Aledo, and Mrs. Viola V. Short, of Independence, Mo.
      Pg.742-743: CHARLES W. SOUTHERN, farmer, Green Township, Mercer County, was born in Giles County, Va., April 8, 1829, a son of John and Elizabeth (Duncan) Southern. In 1848 Mr. Southern located on a farm in Duncan Township, and, in 1852, moved to his present farm ... Enlisted in the Union Army ... On Jan. 16, 1848, he was married to Sarah Duncan, who died April 16, 1849, and Aug. 6, 1851, he was married to his present wife, Mrs. Ruth McManus, and of their children, Catherine E., Sarah E., and Marion L., are living, and two - William and Martha - are deceased. Republican, Commissioner of Highways for 21 years, member of the United Presbyterian church at Viola.
      Pg.755-756: ARNOT L. DUNCAN, farmer, Ohio Grove Township; was born in Washington County, Penn., Jan. 28, 1850, a son of Jonathan Duncan, a Colonel in the War of 1812 and who came to Mercer County in 1854 and engaged in farming in Ohio Grove Township until his death in 1876; his wife dying in 1898. The grandfather, another Jonathan Duncan, came to the United States from Scotland prior to the Revolutionary War. Arnot L. Duncan was educated in the public schools of Mercer County and in Monmouth College. He was married in 1870 to Carrie, a daughter of J.B. Gilmore, and they have the following children: Lee G., Mary (wife of William Keating), Fred, James, John, Frank and Harland. In 1892 Mr. Duncan established his lumber business at Seaton, and in 1899, bought the grain business of George Seaton, and now, in partnership with his son, Lee G., deals extensisvely in the above commodities. In 1895 he established a lumber and grain trade at Oakville, Iowa, which he conducts with the assistance of his two sons, James and John. Mr. Duncan is also an extensive farmer and cattle feeder. Politically a Republican; member of the United Presbyterian church.
      Pg.776: WILLIAM W. GILMORE, farmer and stock feeder, Ohio Grove Township; born in Preble County, Ohio, July 6, 1846, son of J.B. and Margaret (Brown) Gilmore. J.B. Gilmore came to Mercer County in 1856; moved to Aledo in 1879, where he died in 1896. Six children were born to Mr. and Mrs. J.B. Gilmore, viz.: Mrs. Carrie Duncan, Mrs. Mary Chandler, Margaret, William W., J.M. and Charles. ....

1906 "Historical & Biographical Sketch, One Branch of the Williamson Family, 1745-1906" by Rev. Robert Duncan Williamson (Library of Congress book CS71.W729 1906)
      Pg.14+: Chapter III. Mother's Ancestry and a Part of Her History. Catherine Duncan Williamson, our mother, was the youngest daughter but one of Andrew Duncan and Anne Smith. She was born in York Co. PA, July 11, 1788, about two miles from Cross Roads and three miles from the old Round Hill Presbyterian Church.
      Her grandfather and grandmother, James and Elizabeth Duncan, were natives of Ireland, of Scotch-Irish birth, and came to this country from the North of Ireland about the year 1748 or 1750, locating in the eastern part of PA in what was then known as Lancaster Co. They had four sons and two daughters, James, Robert, John and Andrew, and Mary and Elizabeth. (Smith parents not copied here.)
      Andrew Duncan, mother's father was born in York Co. PA March 10, 1750. He was the youngest son of James and Elizabeth Duncan of Chestnut Level, Lancaster Co. PA, near Piquea. James Duncan was no doubt the son of Andrew or William Duncan, who came into the country from Perthshire, Scotland, about 1722 or 1730. Andrew, William and Thomas were sons of William Duncan, and Margaret McMurdo of Dumfries, Scotland. William was a son of Rev. William of Perthshire, a martyr of 1690. The above seems to be our ancestry on mother's side of the house, and until disproved we accept it, and it is an ancestry of which we may well feel proud. Ann Smith, his wife, mother's mother, was born June 7, 1755, and died October 15, 1805, aged 50 years, 4 months and 8 days.
      Andrew Duncan and Anne Smith were married June 18, 1772. The first wife died October 15, 1805, when he was married the 2nd time to Elizabeth Andrews, June 27, 1809.
      The children of Andrew Duncan and Anne Smith ...
      7. Robert, born Jan. 24, 1787, married; he and younger brother Jonathan settled on farm in Washington Co. PA; three sons and two daus. Andrew, oldest, moved to Logan Co. OH, then Mercer, IL, then IA. At last accounts, one other brother and sister occupied the old home; nothing is known of the other two. Robert d. May 28, 1827; no record of wife's death.
      9. Jonathan, born November 14, 1791, m. first Aleatha Swearinger; had four boys and one dau: Sarah Anne m. William McCandlass who died in civil war; Bazel, physician in Pinehook, McDonough Co. IL; Thomas, living near Fort Des Moines, IA; 4 and 5 are dead. Jonathan m. 2nd Agnes Harper, had 7 or 8 children, 4 are physicians. One dau. m. and living in TX. Jonathan lived for years near Frankfort, PA, then in 1854 to Sunbeam, IL, about 16 miles north of Monmouth, where he died about 1880.
      MAD: This book contains much more on this family.

1888 "History of Seward County, Nebraska : together with a chapter of reminiscenses of the early settlement of Lancaster County" by William Wallace Cox, pub. by State Journal Co., Lincoln, NE (from Ann Coverstone Davis 1/1983; also SUTRO book F672 S5 C8, CA State Library, Sutro Branch; FHL film 1,000,192 item 4)
      Pg.232: DUNCAN. Miss Elizabeth Evans was born October 4, 1838, near Logansport, Ind. Was married to John F. Duncan in 1850 (sic), in Mercer Co. IL, where her parents had taken up their abode during her early childhood. Removed to Seward county and settled on a homestead in May, 1866. To her were born six children, only one, Mrs. Effie Manley, of Iowa, now survives. Three of the children were buried at Seward; a bright little girl (Mary) of eight years, a young son, Isaac, who bore sad affliction during his whole life, and a young infant. Her death occurred in the summer of 1872, and she was buried at Seward. Mrs. Duncan was a most noble woman ... She united with the Missionary Baptist church in her early life. .... She left a husband and two children to mourn her loss, one of which, the infant, soon followed her to the tomb.
      (MAD: John F. Duncan mar. Elizabeth "Emmons" 9/11/1851; 1860 Rock Island Co. IL census, he born 1823-1827 VA)

"History of Gage County, Nebraska : a narrative of the past, with special emphasis upon the pioneer period of the county's history, its social, commercial, educational, religious, and civic development from the early days to the present time" by Hugh J. Dobbs; pub. Lincoln, Neb.: Western Pub. and Engraving Co., 1918, 1102 pgs. (LH9151, HeritageQuest images 5/2007; FHL film 1,000,188 item 1)
      Pg.432,434-435: ARNOTT DUNCAN McCANDLESS, ... representative member of the bar ... in city of Wymore ... He was born on a farm six miles east of Macomb, McDonough county, Illinois, on the 27th of August 1849, and is a son of William Wallace McCandless and Sarah (Duncan) McCandless, both natives of Pennsylvania. ... Arnott D. McCandless was five years old when his parents removed from McDonough county, Illinois, and settled on a farm one-half mile southwest of Aledo, Mercer county [Illinois], and he was a lad of about thirteen years when his father ... soldier of the Union in the Civil War, was killed at the battle of Stone River, on the 31st of December, 1862 .... He had become the father of six children, and his widow and two of her married daughters eventually came to Nebraska and settled in Box Butte county. While visiting at the home of her son Arnott D., of this review, at Wymore, the widowed mother was summoned to eternal rest, her death having occurred in 1910, at which time she was 88 years of age. ... In 1873 Mr. McCandless wedded Miss Gertrude Cabeen, who was born at Keithsburg, Illinois, a daughter of Richard C. Cabeen, an early settler of Mercer county, that state. ... No children.


Family record (transcription and images from Kirk D. Ransom 10/2004)
      Kirk D. Ransom: This was a brittle piece of paper in Winifred Ransom's scrapbook. It appears to be addressed to Grandville Brainbridge Stafford Duncan. May have been written by his mother - Araminta Kirk Duncan (MAD: Araminta Kirk Duncan was the wife of Braxton Duncan of 1850 Mercer Co. IL; Winifred Ransom was the wife of John Richard Duncan Ransom, a grandson of Stafford's brother Thomas Kirk Duncan)
(KDR: these first two lines appear to be a post script - they are upside down; Nief or Nerf)
Mr. Nief got his leg broke in the
timber between his knee and fot
Stafford   I dont
remember whether you have
the family record or
not    I thought I would
drap (line through "drap")   draw one off and send it
to you   I have the old one
they are not very truly drawn
I noticed affter I commenced
that some of the older ones is
down with the younger ones
I rote this letter several
(torn left edge) and havent had a cha.nce.. (tear in right edge)
(torn left edge) .f yet so I have nor... (tear in right edge)
(torn left edge) this is monday
(one word missing) its been pretty cold since
Saturday night - so cold they cant
drill Benson x  w (KR: well ?) (torn right edge)
Nefs about dark and (right half of page missing at bottom)
her wating for him
Woolly shleep's at the for
cold to get into a
(KDR: back side with family history listed; there is some childs scribbling at top of page)
       family record
Manitia N Duncan was
born March the 9th A. D. 1839
Margaret S Duncan was
born August 13th  1837
Oscar J Duncan was
born December 25th  1841
Ann Eliza Duncan was
born May 28th  1843
Grandville B S Duncan was
born February 10th  18   (torn right edge)
Josephine E. Duncan
born May 18th    (torn right edge)
Addison G. Duncan was
born December 1st   1840
(torn bottom left corner)
-----ncan was
         15th   1847
---- Duncan was
----ber 5th    1847? (MAD: 1841? or 1849?)


"Family Records of Andrew Duncan, thought to be cousins of Thomas Duncan and his 6 sons, by Mrs. Smith" (original source unknown, included here for information only; from notebooks of Kay D. Hampton bef. 1970, loaned through Lu Durham 5/1988, now at Platte Co. MO Historical Society; typed page; MAD's extract)
      MAD: Compare dates & info with Gibson-Duncan genealogy. Have copied here only full dates, which appear to be from a Bible or family record; see Lancaster Co. PA
      ANDREW DUNCAN, b. 3-16-1759, d. 1-13-1828, m. Ann Smith 12-27-1776 who d. 9-10-1795; m. (2) Elizabeth Andrew, b. 6-24-1779, and were in Seaton, IL, ca 1928. Children:
      1. Elizabeth Duncan, b. 1-27-1775, d. 8-10-1777.
      2. William Duncan, b. 3-29-1778.
      3. James Duncan Jr., b. 4-2-1780.
      4. Andrew Duncan Jr., b. 5-23-1782.
      5. John Duncan, b. 8-1-1784.
      6. Robert Duncan, b. 7-13-1787. Robert Duncan d. 5-27-1827.
      7. Catherine Duncan, b. 7-11-1789.
      8. Jonathan Duncan, b. 11-14-1791, father of A.L. Duncan who mar. Agnes and were parents of S.H. Duncan of the Firm of A.L. Duncan & Sons of Seaton [Mercer Co.], IL, who wrote Mrs. Smith 2-18-1876 that mother requested him to inclose records from family Bible, (his mother) saying that they are of the same branch as the Thomas Duncan and his 6 sons family of Cumberland Co. PA; he knew the Carlisle Duncans and claimed them as cousins.
      Issue of 2nd wife Elizabeth Andrew, b. 6-24-1779:
      9. Washington Duncan Sr., b. 3-23-1810.
      10. Ann Duncan, b.9-23-1814.
      11. Sampson Duncan, b. 6-26-1817, d. 1-20-1820.
      12. Robert Duncan.


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