Duncan research files of
1840-1850 Chattooga Co. GA Census
No Duncan indexed
1860 Chattooga Co. GA Census (part also from Denzil Mauldin 1/1987)
Pg.571, #302, Mildred DUNCAN 60 VA (blank) $0-$2500
W.S. GREEN (m) 20 GA farmer $0-$75
Elizabeth 17 GA
(MAD: 1850 Greene Co. GA census; Mildred Duncan in 1880 Howard Co. AR census with William Bowles & family)
Pg.610, #572, John DUNCAN 55 SC farmer $0-$0
Elizabeth 35 GA
Rhoda 22 GA
Wm. 12, James 11, John 10, Sarah 8 GA
Margaret 6, Joseph 3, Martha A. 3/12 GA
(MAD: ?? mar. Elizabeth Turner 4/29/1827 Henry Co. GA; 1870 Floyd Co. GA census)
1870 Chattooga Co. GA Census
District 942, P.O. Dirt Town
Pg.121, #46-46, DUNKIN, Elijah (m) 25 GA (white) farmer $0-$0
Caroline 30 GA keeping house
Jane 1 GA
(MAD: indexed Elizah Dunkin; 1860 Cherokee Co. GA census)
District 1028, P.O. Melville
Pg.160, #30-30, BOWLS, William 54 GA (white) farmer $800-$400
Martha 49 GA keeping house
Martha A. 29, Samantha (f) 23 GA no occupation
William C. 20, Hillier (m) 18 GA farm laborer
Emily 15, Georgia (f) 12 GA at school
Texie A. (f) 7 GA at school
DUNCAN, Mild. (f) 72 VA (white) no occupation
1900 Chattooga Co. GA Census (partial; from Alta Sue Duncan 2/1988)
Sheet 11, Town Militia Dist. #940, Sup. Dist. 1, Enum. Dist. 25, taken by John M. Alexander
Pg.275B, #194-194, DUNCAN, Elijuh, head WM Dec 1847 52 mar. 32, farmer GA SC SC
Coraline, wife WF July 1846 53 mar. 32 5 ch 5 ch GA NC GA
Emma, dau WF Apr 1874 26 sing GA GA GA
Charly, son WM July 1878 21 sing GA GA GA farm laborer
Walter, son WM Sep 1883 17 sing GA GA GA farm laborer
Effie, dau WF July 1887 12 sing GA GA GA
Deforest, son WM Dec 1889 10 sing GA GA GA
BAKER, Rhody, WF Oct 1810 89 wid 1 ch 1 ch GA NC SC
(MAD: 1860 Cherokee Co. GA census, son of Ivy Duncan)
Chattooga Co. GA Marriages 1839-1939 (FHL film 337,200)
Groom index 1839-1860
No Duncan groom indexed, no Duncan bride spotted
William S. Green to Elizabeth A. Candle, mar. 3 Feb. 1859, pg.367 (MAD: Mildred Duncan 60 VA lived with them in 1860)
Cleveland Candle mar. Sarah Ann Hammond, 2 March 1845, pg.63
William J. Green mar. Jane Ann Wooten 27 Nov. 1851, pg.189
Chattooga Co. GA Deeds & Mortgages (Indexes A-Z 1839-1937; direct on FHL film 337,232; reverse on FHL film 337,233)
No earlier Duncan grantee
F-618: 23 Dec. 1874, mortgage, W.A. Smith to E.B. Duncan
G-307: 6 Dec. 1876, mortgage, E.B. Duncan to G.T. Scogin
H-234: 24 Oct. 1873, Deed, Milly Duncan to Solomon R. Lowry, rec. 1879
H-234: Chattooga Co. GA, 24 Oct. 1873, Milly (X) Duncan of afsd to Solomon R. Lowry of Bartow Co. GA, $425, W part lot #159 and 2 acres more or less off lot #160, both parts containing 80 acres more or less by survey, in 14th Dist. 4th Sec. originally Cherokee now Chattooga Co.; wit. Russel J. Lowry, J.M. McCollum, W.P. (X) Bowles; reg. 1 Sept. 1879 by oath of wit. (FHL film 337,237)
Chattooga Co. GA Estate records index 1839-1939 (FHL film 337,202)
Duncans start 1916
Chattooga Co. GA Will records 1856-1924 (FHL film 337,203)
No Duncan indexed
"Reports of cases in law and equity, argued and determined in the Supreme Court of the state of Georgia; from Americus term to Milledgeville term, 1848" ("Georgia Reports") Vol.5, by James M. Kelly and Thos. R.R. Cobb, pgs.482 to 486, Gainesville, September term 1848 (California State Law Library, Sacramento, 12/2003; MAD's extract)
Charles W. CHRISTIAN, plaintiff in error vs. William PENN, defendant; No. 55, Supreme Court of Georgia; 5 Ga. 482; September, 1848, Decided.
Case in Chattooga Superior Court, April Term, 1848.
The plaintiff filed his petition against the defendant in the Superior Court of Chattooga county, as follows: "Georgia, Chattooga, County. To the Honorable Superior Court, for the county and State aforesaid. Petition of Charles W. Christian humbly sheweth, that William Penn, of said county hath injured, and damaged your petitioner one thousand dollars. For that, whereas, the said defendant heretofore, to-wit: On the 1st day of January, 1839, having, or pretending to have a demand or debt owing to him, the said defendant, for the sum of four hundred dollars, by one William P. Christian, of Elbert county, in the State of Georgia, and which the said William Penn, the defendant, stated was to be paid by the said William P. Christian, when the estate of one Maxwell, the father-in-law of the said William P. was distributed. And the said defendant, intending to deceive and defraud your petitioner, wrongfully and deceitfully persuaded one Nathaniel Duncan, the then co-partner of your petitioner, to sign the partnership name of your petitioner, for the said William P. Christian's benefit, payable to him, the said defendant, for the sum of four hundred dollars; and by falsely, deceitfully and fraudulently representing to the said Nathaniel, the co-partner of your petitioner, that the said William P. Christian was abundantly able to pay the said note, and that your petitioner should never be called on for payment thereof, but should be saved harmless from all liability on account of said note, and that the said defendant would never look to your petitioner for payment of the same, caused and procured the said Nathaniel to sign the partnership name of your petitioner to the said note of band without the knowledge of your petitioner, and fraudulently accepted the same, whereby your petitioner became bound to pay the said note, when in truth and in fact, the said defendant, at the time of making such representations, well knew the said William P. Christian was not safely to be trusted, but was insolvent and unable to pay said note, and so your petitioner says the defendant fraudulently deceived your petitioner, by representations made by him, and that by means thereof, he hath been compelled to pay the said note, and the interest and costs, amounting in the whole to the sum of money aforesaid."
There were several other counts in the declaration, alleging substantially the same facts and transactions contained in the first count.
The plaintiff subsequently filed an amendment to his petition, as follows: "And for that, whereas, also your petitioner, and one Nathaniel Duncan, being partners in trade, and carrying on business in co-partnership as merchants, and dealers in goods and were as a firm in the business aforesaid, to wit: on and before the 11th day of March, 1838, and being such merchants and copartners in the business of goods. wares and merchandise only, the said Nathaniel, fraudulently and without the knowledge or consent of your petitioner, executed and issued a certain promissory note, for the sum of four hundred dollars, payable to the said defendant, as and in consideration of a tract or tracts of land of little value, sold and conveyed to the said Nathaniel Duncan by the said defendant, and the said defendant, fraudulently, and without the knowledge or consent of your petitioner, accepted the said promissory note so issued and executed, in the name of the said mercantile firm of your petitioner, and the said Nathaniel Duncan, by the style of Duncan and Christian, and received the said note so executed as aforesaid, in payment of and for the said tract of land so sold and conveyed to the said Nathaniel Duncan as aforesaid, of and from the said Nathaniel, fraudulently and without the knowledge or consent of your petitioner, and the said defendant fraudulently and injuriously combining with the said Nathaniel, kept your petitioner in ignorance that your petitioner's name had been thus unauthorizedly used by the said Nathaniel, or that the said partnership name had been so used as aforesaid, and after the said note having been so executed as aforesaid, your petitioner hath been compelled to pay the said note to the said defendant, amounting to the sum of six hundred dollars and forty cents, which he, your petitioner, hath paid, and been compelled and held liable to pay, upon the said note so executed and accepted as aforesaid, the said Nathaniel Duncan being and having become insolvent and unable to pay the said sum of money in said note specified, which said note was executed in the said partnership name by the said Nathaniel, and received by the said defendant fraudulently and without the knowledge or consent of your petitioner."
The amendment contained two other counts; setting forth substantially the same cause of action, with the first count of the amendment.
The defendant pleaded the general issue -- the Statute of Limitations and a former adjudication and recovery on the same note, between the same parties, in the Superior Court of Elbert county.
On the trial on the appeal, at April term, 1848, counsel for the defendant moved to reject the amendments, on the ground that they contained a new cause of action, and could not be allowed; which motion was granted by the Court, and to this decision, plaintiff by his counsel excepted, and alleges the same to be erroneous.
(opinion) The error assigned here, to the decision of the Court below, is, the rejection of the amendment offered to the plaintiff's declaration.
We think the amendment ought to have been allowed, under the rule as it existed at Common Law, and more especially, under the provisions of our Statute. By the Common Law rule, when a declaration shows a title or cause of action defectively set forth, it is amendable.
The cause of action set forth in the plaintiff's original declaration, was the fraudulent procuring one of the co-partners to execute a note to the defendant, for the sum of four hundred dollars, whereby the plaintiff, as one of the partners, was compelled to pay it. Fraud on the part of the defendant, in procuring the signature of the copartnership name to the note, and damage resulting therefrom to the plaintiff as one of the partners, constitutes the cause of action, as set forth in the original counts of the declaration.
The original declaration furnished a cause of action by which to amend.
The amendment does not, as was supposed by the Court below, introduce a new cause of action, but alleges the fraud on the part of the defendant, in procuring the co-partnership signature to the note of four hundred dollars, for a different object, and in a different manner, so as to meet the proof on the trial, and avoid a variance between the allegata et probata.
The fraud in procuring the signature of the co-partnership name of Duncan and Christian to the note for four hundred dollars, whereby the plaintiff, as one of the partners, was compelled to pay it, is, substantially, the cause of action, in both the original and amended counts of the declaration.
The first section of the Act of 1818, declares "that in every case where there is a good and legal cause of action, plainly and distinctly set forth in the petition, and there is in substance a copy served on the defendant or defendants, or left at their most notorious place of abode, every other objection shall be on motion amended, without delay or additional costs." The second section of the Act declares, "that no non-suit shall be awarded, when the cause of action is substantially set forth in the declaration, for any formal variance between the allegation and proof."
When a non-suit is prohibited, for any formal variance between the allegation and proof, the reason for allowing amendments, so as to make the record complete, and a protection to the rights of parties, would seem to operate with increased force. Indeed, we are of the opinion, the Act of 1818 has not, in the general practice of our Courts, received that liberal construction in regard to amendments, which the Legislature intended. Our rules of practice were doubtless intended to prevent surprise or injustice, in making amendments to either declarations or answers, by requiring notice thereof, to the adverse party, or his attorney; and with this restriction, we think the Courts should be liberal in allowing amendments whenever there is a cause of action to amend by, as it facilitates the ends of justice, prevents delay and costs.
Let the judgment of the Court below be reversed, and the cause reinstated, and the amendments offered be allowed.
"Reports of cases in law and equity, argued and determined in the Supreme Court of the state of Georgia; from Hawkinsville term to Milledgeville term, 1849" ("Georgia Reports") Vol.7, by James M. Kelly and Thos. R.R. Cobb, pgs.434 to 435, Gainesville, September term 1849 (California State Law Library, Sacramento, 12/2003; MAD's extract)
CHARLES W. CHRISTIAN, plaintiff in error, vs. WILLIAM PENN, defendant in error; No. 72, Supreme Court of Georgia; 7 Ga. 434; September, 1849, Decided. (Reporter: This cause, upon another question, was before the Supreme Court, and their decision is reported in 5 Ga. Rep 482)
Case of deceit, in Chattooga Superior Court. Tried before Judge WRIGHT, April Term, 1849.
Charles W. Christian brought an action on the case for deceit against William Penn, alleging that plaintiff and one Nathaniel Duncan, being copartners in the business of merchandize, on 19th March, 1838, Penn fraudulently procured Duncan to sign the firm name to a promissory note for four hundred dollars, the consideration for a tract of land sold to Duncan individually, without the knowledge or consent of plaintiff, which note plaintiff had been compelled to pay -- Duncan being insolvent. Other counts charged substantially the same deceit. To this, defendant pleaded the general issue and a former recovery.
On the trial, there was in evidence an exemplification of the proceedings in a suit by William Penn vs. Duncan & Christian, in Elbert Superior Court, on the note referred to in the declaration. By this it appeared that, to that suit Christian pleaded-- 1st. Non est factum. 2d. That the note sued on was made by Duncan in a transaction unconnected with any of the partnership business, which was well known by Penn at the time.
The presiding Judge held, that the plea of former recovery was sustained by the record produced, and was a bar to the present action, and awarded a nonsuit. To this decision Christian excepted.
(Opinion:) We are compelled to reverse the judgment of the Circuit Court, believing, as we do, that the plea of former recovery is not sustained by the record from Elbert county. It is conclusive as far as it goes; but there is a new element in this case, which was not involved in the issue there, to wit: that of fraud. Whether a new trial can avail the plaintiff any thing with the opinion of this Court, upon the force and effect of the former proceeding between these parties, it is for the plaintiff, and not for us, to determine. We shall remand the cause with the following instructions: that is--
1. It is the opinion of this Court, and it so adjudges, that the record from Elbert Superior Court is not an absolute bar to the present action.
2. That the former recovery in Elbert county, establishes conclusively, 1st, that Duncan & Christian were partners at the time the note there sued on was given; and 2d, that the said note was given in a transaction connected with the partnership of Duncan & Christian, and in a matter in which Duncan had a right to bind Christian, and that no evidence is admissible which goes to contradict or gainsay this finding.
3. If the plaintiff can show fraud in the conduct of Penn, aside from the foregoing facts, and that he has been injured thereby, he will be entitled to recover to the extent of the damage he has sustained.
Pension Index Card File, alphabetical; of the Veterans Administrative Contact and Administration Services, Admin. Operations Services, 1861-1934; Duff to A-J Duncan (negative FHL film 540,888, some cards very faint); Joseph Duncan to Dunn (positive FHL film 540,889, some cards very dark)
Cataloged under Civil War, 1861-1865, pensions, indexes; does not say if Confederate or Federal, but probably Federal. Negative film, some cards much too faint or dark to read, some cards blurred or faded, particularly the service unit and the dates of application. Most of the very faint or dark cards were in a slightly different format, with space for years enlisted and discharged which were sometimes filled in. Many of these were for service in later years, although one or two were for service ca 1866.
Name of soldier, alias, name of dependent widow or minor, service (military unit or units), date of filing, class (invalid or widow or minor or other), Application #, Certificate #, state from which filed (sometimes blank), attorney (sometimes blank, MAD: did not usually copy), remarks. Sometimes the "Invalid" or "Widow" class had an "s" added to it before the application #; occasionally the area for the service information included a circled "S". The minor's name was frequently that of the guardian rather than the minor.
The military unit was frequently the Company Letter, the Regiment Number, sometimes US Vet Vol Inf. (US Veteran Volunteer Infantry), L.A. (Light Artillery), H.A. (Heavy Artillery), US C Inf (US Colored? Infantry), Cav. (Cavalry), Mil. Guards, V.R.C. (?Volunteer Reserve Corps?), etc. Sometimes there were several service units given.
Cards appear to be arranged by the last name, first name, middle initial if any, and state (including "US") of service.
Duncum, Benjamin F., Summerville, GA; R-31138. [MAD: Chattooga Co.]
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