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 History of Wasco County, Oregon
by Wm. H. McNeal

Chapter 12
(approximately 15 pages when printed)


     First Dalles men served in the Cayuse Indian War of 1847-48 and were classified as Mexican War vets. Orlando Humason, father of Wasco county, organized a Dalles company of volunteers during the Yakima Indian War of 1856 (page 433). During the Civil War of 1861-65 several companies were stationed at Ft. Dalles (pages 422 to 424) which engaged in "mopping up" Indians campaigns and road building. The Modoc Indian War of 1872 was the last trouble with the Indians in which Dalles men participated.

     In 1885 the J.W. Nesmith Post of Civil War veterans was organized in The Dalles and admitted to mem-bership all Indian war veterans. Some of those old veterans were Daniel W. Butler, Amos Underwood, W.C. Gray, F.H. Kinney, C.G. Johnson, James Varney, Robert Risk, Jacob Fritz, R.J. Marsh, Fred Espling, W.H. Steel, T.F. Crum, Ingram, Wilson Jeffers of Mexican War, Dan Fisher, Daniel J. Cooper, J.M. Patterson, Nicholas Hoffman, Henry Steers, G.W. Montague, Tom Elton, W.A. Madden, John Matlock, L.H. Nichols, Dan Daffron, W.G. Hubbard, Wm. E. McArthur, Dave Garrison, Earnest Hoague, Tom Gilmore, L.E. Fancy, L.B. Reed, A. Mowery, J.M. Both, Peter Kinney, Burt Thurston, Chas Hunt, J.F. Staniels, Issac P. Joles, P.J. Hansen, T.J. Bagley, J.R. Booth, Dan Hulburt, George Livingston, John Erhart, Stephen Garcorgne, T.J. Cartwright, F.F. Wickman, A.B. Mott, J.H. Larsen, James T. Hood, Frank Peabody, Joe Hill, Alexander Rogers, Cyrus A. Allen, Andy Allen, John L. Anderson, Samuel Ayles, Robert Butts, Capt. J.H. Baker, Heskiah Conklin, Dr. Polhemus Craig (Mexican), Anne E. Craig, wife Dr. Palhemus, was first nurse of The Dalles serving in Civil war, Milo M. Cushing, W.C. Condon, James Covington (Mexican War), Daniel Coon, L.A. Crosier, James H. Dunn, Florian Dehm, Michael Dimon, Jermiah Doherty, Wm. Doak, D.O. Davis, Issac Evans, Fred Esping, Maurice Fitzgerald, John Forkner, John Freeman, Col. N.H. Gates, John H. Gibson, John Gilhousen, Marshall Hill, Orlando Humason, Wm. M. Hand, Tom Hoyden, Joshua Hardy, Mrs. Hardy was also a Civil War nurse, James T. Hood, Wm. R. Hopkins, James R. Hall, Hans Hansen, John Hartle, Ernest Hoage, Jonathan Hammond, Lewis A. Johnson, Wm. D. Jones, John Judy, Jacob Juker (Mexican), Bernard Korten, J.T. Lucas, Henry Learned, James W. Lemison, A.J. Linnton, G.D. Martin, Leman L. McCartney (1870 Modoc War); John Plains, W.A. Maddron, John Mathews, John McNulty, Annanias McDaniel, J.W. Marquiss, Winslow S. Myers, Lewis Nichols, Peter Omeg, Mathew O'Connor, Nathan Olney (1847-1848-1856-1862-66) first citizen and merchant of The Dalles is buried in a forgotten grave in the old Masonic cemetery; B.F. Pike, S.B. Rose, Wesley Randall, Peter Ruffner, Royal Randall, Samuel L. Sayler, John F. Staniels, W.H. Steel, after whom the Steel road was named; Wm. E. Sylvester, John Y. Todd IOOF Cem. 3000 (see story under Todd); James Thomas, John S. Turner, Adolph Ultrich, General James A. Varney, Henry Vogeli, Henry Whitmore, Tom Wardell, Henry Whitaker, Arthur Walker, Loomis Wirt, J.A. Wilson, John Wood, George Wood, Andrew Nish, last Civil War veteran.

     During the Spanish-American War The Dalles Co. L. volunteers were: Don C. Allards, Max Bartell, Wm. Brown, Ernest Ballards, Alexander Bonner, Wm. Bonner, Henry Bolton, John Burris, Loren Chapman, Wm. Cooke, Avery John Cooper, son of D.J. (above) who made the army his career and was a WWI and WW2 veteran; George H. Dufur, Walter Dickey, Ora DeAtley, James Elton, Wm. (Billy) Fields after whom the Spanish War veterans' post at The Dalles vas named; Seneca Fouts who afterwards became a Portland attorney; Harry Fredden who went to Sacramento; Frank Friedley who now lives in Salem; Fred Hillert; Chas. F. Kennedy who now lives in The Dalles; C.S. Lowe, Wm. O. Lee, D.J. Kretzer who went to Spokane; Edgar Lemison rural mail carrier here who transferred to Fresno, Calif.; Wm. Lukinbeal; A.F. Martin blacksmith of Maupin; Wm. S. Norman, Fred Petzold of Portland; Walter Reavis lived in Portland; Canton Sanders went to Michigan; Guy Sanders, Tom Smiley went to Carson, Wash; Jesse Stilwell lives in Yakima; Arthur Stubling Dalles athletic coach; George Starr retired Dalles railroader; C.E. Tiernan, Ben. F. Ulrich of The Dalles; J.C. Uglow stayed in Manila; Chas. F. Wagner became a local railroader; Henry Zirks street-carred in Tacoma; Wm. Baker was a farmer of Mosier; Louis Chase, Issac Turney, Kenneth Warner, John Williams, Jacob Bins Dalles farmer; George Hackathorn, W.H. Hannon went to Madras; Ole Jensen with Co. M; Claude Plank with Co. K. James B. Kirk enlisted from Portland and served in the navy; Jay Saltzman, Nelson Van Orman, Chas. Wagner, Adolph Agidius, Wm. Blair, Ed. Kehrein, Ed. Maynard, Monroe Davis, Henry Gates and others we have no record of who lived in The Dalles. At Maupin was Jim Chalmers.

     During World War I the records of Wasco County Clerk's Office show 1025 men were drafted or served during that war period from April, 1917 to October 1910. This list being on file in Wasco county records. will not be duplicated on these pages except for war casualties.

     During World War 2 between the official war dates of December 7, 1941 and September 2, 1945 we know that approximately 2500 men and women served in the armed forces of the U.S. but there is no known re-cords available as to who those men and women were. In April 1952 we requested the local selective ser-vice board secretary to make inquiry of the Oregon state director of selective service Salem, whether a list of WW2 veterans of Wasco county was available or not? The reply was:

     "The information requested by W.H. McNeal of your city is of a type that is not available.

     "Data pertaining to WW2 veterans would have to be prepared in roster form and information for each individual entry would have to be obtained by searching each individual cover sheet of former Wasco county registrants under the selective service Act of 1940. The other source would be our entire State at large file and gathering this information would consume a considerable period of time which is not now available to the small clerical force now employed in the records depot." - Signed Lt. Wm. E. Detlefs.

     Korean War Veteran Data is not available for the reasons given in the above paragraph. An appropriation from the legislature would be necessary for a roster of Oregon veterans. About 1000 men have so far been taken for service in the Korean war which started in 1950 and will probably go on into WW3. The casualty list, as published in the press, is the only records kept. Service for war is no longer news to the press. The U.S. has participated in 176 campaigns, wars, incidents and insurrections since 1776!


AUSTRANDER,Amos; died in service during WWI.

AGATHA, Ernest; missing in naval action in Feb. 1915; wife Vearlie lived in The Dalles.

ANDERSON, Willard; Pvt. Co. E Inf. 2 Div; killed in action by artillery shell Oct. 7, 1917 was buried in France; son John L. of The Dalles. Willard Anderson Post, Veterans of Foreign Wars was named for him.

ADDINGTON, Floyd S. killed on U.S.S. Jarvis at Guadalcanal Aug. 8, 1942; from Maupin.

BARTHOLDI, Cyrl killed in Korea Sept. 26, 1950 son of John & Marie Bartholdi of Dalles.

BARNETT, Leland; died in naval hospital at Oakland, Cal. Apr. 27, 1945 of leukemia.

BAHMER, Lloyd died in army hospital at Modesto, Cal. in Apr. 1944 after 2 years overseas.

BRIGHTMAN, Gerald army Corp. killed in Holland Sept. 9, 1944; attended DHS; Mrs. Gorton, mother.

BLACKLEY, Wm. W. Lt. army killed Europe Sept. 7, 1944; father Wm. Blackley lives in Dalles.

BOBISED, John killed in naval auto accident Oct. 25, 1951 in Tenn. Grad DHS. Son Vit of Dalles.

BOHLENDER, Chester lost over Germany Mar. 3, 1945 as B-17 gunner with 8 Air Force.

BROOKHOUSE, Maurice Army Air force lost over Germany May 1945; graduate of St. Marys.

BROGAN, John T. army air killed at Brookdale, La. Sept. 11, 1944. Shock killed mother Sept. 12, 1944 leaving 9 children. From Antelope.

BUTLER, Shirley killed hunting in Germany 1946. Was only son of Ivan of The Dalles.

COOK, Wm. of Ridgeway died flu in WW1.

COOPER, Col. John vet of Spanish, WWI, WW2 died Oct. 23, 1944 at Los Angeles after 47 years service. Son of D.J. Fairbanks.

COOPER, Capt. Robert died a Jap prisoner on the Bataan Death March; son of John(above).

CONFORD, Russel army air cores killed Dec. 6, 1941 in Philippines. Mother Mrs. Geo. here.

CRABTREE, Dean killed in army plane crash Jan. 26, 1944 at Phoenix, Ariz. From Maupin.

CALKINS, Delbert died a Jap prisoner of war.

CREASON, Everett LeRoy killed in auto wreck near Marysville, Cal. July 15, 1952; attended DHS was German prisoner 3 years; in air corps.

CRAFT, Wm. H. killed on Italian front May 17, 1944. Mother Mrs. James Trott, Stockton, Cal.

DALYRIMPLE, John killed in France in 1918.

DAVIS, Norman P-51 pilot lost over Austria on April 2, 1914; grad. Of DHS; parents here.

DANIEL, Floyd naval air ensign killed in plane crash Feb. 7, 1943 in Florida; attended DHS; father Floyd at Hermiston.

DAVIES, Jerald M. Capt. 495 air squadron killed over Germany Sept. 10, 1945; grad. D.H.S. son of I.C. Davies Dalles druggist.

DURFEE, Warren E. killed in Europe Sept. 1912. Attended DHS. Parents in Dalles.

ERWIN, Ralph, Tail gunner on Darrel House Bessie from Basin St. a flying fortress riddled with bullets and fell into the English channel on June 14, 1943 burning and exploding.

ENDICOTT, Leslie army Lt. killed in France July 15, 1914; attended DHS; Union Oil employee.

FIELD, William died of disease in Philippines in 1898. Spanish War veteran post named for him.

FRALEY, John D. died at Ft. Louis in 1917 son of John and Lillie of The Dalles.

FRASER, Dan of Maupin killed in army in WW 1 in an air plane accident.

GALLAHER, Winston Sgt. marines killed at Baugain-ville Nov 2, 1942; attended DHS; son Blake on R.4.

GABLE, Leo Army Pvt. killed France July 23, 1944; wife was daughter of Joe Geigez; AAA clerk.

HADLEY, Hugh Navy Cmdr. Killed Guadalcanal Sept. 5, 1942; attended DHS; naval academy grad. 1918; WW1 & WW2 vet; family at Calif.

HAAS, Warren (Pud) Army Air Sgt. Killed on Luzon March 19, 1945; attended DHS; son Val of The Dalles.

HAYNES, Army Air Sgt. lost over Germany Feb. 23, '44.

HANGEN, Elvin of Dufur killed in WWI.

HERTZLER, LaMar; naval aviation killed in Florida in Jan. 1945 after 18 months overseas; grad. DHS 1942; mother Mrs. M.E. Hertzler lives in Portland.

HINES, Ray Army air corps; killed over Germany March 23, 1944; mother Lillian Wing lives in Dalles.

HOYLE, Jack Naval Sea, lost in Bataan Death March.

ISOM, Forest of Mosier died in France in 1919.

JUDAY, Ray, Army Pvt. killed in Korea July 27, 1952 by shrapnel; attended DHS; father Benj. of Dalles.

JENSEN, Dale marine Pvt. killed in Korea May 24, 1952; attended DHS; son Ellsworth Jensen of Dalles.

JONES, Terry of Wamic died pneumonia in WW1,France.

KILDUFF, Francis of Maupin drowned in army training in 1945, buried in Cal. info by Lottie Donaldson,

KIMBELL, John of Mosier killed in Okinawa invasion May 4,1945.

KAUFMAN, Loren army Sgt. killed in Korea March 1951; awarded Congressional medal for action in wiping out an enemy village single handed.

LEABO, Donald; Navy Tech. lost in typhoon Dec. 18, 1944 which sank Destroyer Hull in Philippine area; grad. DHS 1936; at Wake, Marshalls, Marianas, Attu, Kiska; son M.C. of Dalles & 8 Mile.

LUCAS, Robert Army Sgt. killed at Saipan Invasion.

LEGGETT, Henry of Dalles killed in WW1.

LOMBARD, Clyde died of flu in army in 1918.

MAY, Louis Army Lt. of Dufur killed France July 19, 1944; wife Zetta (Heisler) May; fa. James Payette, Ida.

MARTIN, Percy C. Jr. of Friend; marine Pvt. killed at Iwo Jima invasion Feb. 21, 1945; parents at Friend.

McGUINESS, Chas P. Army Pvt. killed at Okinawa in-vasion June 22, 1945; 1944 DHS paid; son of Chas.

McCAULEY, Vernon Army Lt. killed in plane crash on Mt. Marion (Cal) Dec. 18, 1940; grad. Dufur HS; son George.

MCEACHERN, Jack Lt. Dalles Co. H. 186 Inf. 41 Div. killed in New Guinea. Aug. 30, 1943; family in Dalles.

McKINNEY, Chas Wm. Navy Sea. killed in car accident enroute to father's funeral at Arlington, double funeral held Aug. 2, 1943; from The Dalles.

McNAB, Wm. Army Lt. Pilot B-17 lost over Germany in Dec. 1944; grad. St. Marys 1942.

MAJORS, Robert F. Marine Lt. of aviation killed in Philippines April 1945; grad. DHS; from Dalles.

MESSINGER, Geo. Wm. Naval Sea. killed Nov. 1942; left wife Juanita and mother Mrs. A.L. Messenger.

MILLER, Wm. E. Naval Lt. lost in action in 1944; son of Harry Miller of Dufur.

MULKINS, Wm. D. Lt. Air Corps lost in Korea May 1952; son of Herb & Alice Mulkins of Dufur and grad. of Dufur HS; awarded distinguished flying cross.

NELLOR, Robert Naval aviation, killed in Gilbert islands when ship Lipscombe Bay was torpedoed Nov. 24, 1943; grad. DHS; son Chas. of Bothell, Wash.

NELSON, Richard died in Army hospital in 1951.

NICHOLSON, John of Boyd killed in WW1;son Chas.

NICHOLS, Ross, army Pvt. hospital corps died at Attu April 1943; son Bertha; brother of John, Wasco Co. engineer; family given no reason for death; was buried at Anchorage, Alaska.

NITCHKI, Fred died in army in France in 1918,

OATS, George F. army Sgt. killed in Africa April 29, 1943; grad DHS 1923; son of Minnie Wyss.

O'FLAHERTY, Henry Pvt. Dalles Co. L. died on smallpox at Cavite in 1898.

OLNEY, Nathan was Cayuse, Yakima & Civil War vet. First resident and merchant of the Dalles was killed as army Indian scout in 1868 and is buried in the local Masonic cemetery.

OLIVER, Clifford Sam; army paratroops drowned in night plunge into Chattahoochee river near Ft. Benning, Ga. Sept. 1942; attended DHS.

PAQUET, Earnest of Wapinitia died pneumonia in WWI; family lived in Paquet Gulch.

PARKER, Herbert died of heart trouble in WWI.

PHILMLEE, Holly A.; army Pvt. Of Dalles Co. H. died pneumonia at Camp Lewis January 1941.

POLF, Chas; army Pvt. killed in Europe in May 1945; mother at Prosser, Wn.

PALMER, Elliott, army Pvt. killed in Italian invasion Nov. 19, 1943; first Wasco county Indian killed; mother lived at Spedis, Wn.

PILLARS, Don; naval elect. killed in Philippines Oct. 20, 1943; attended DHS; worked at Wasco Mill; wife Winifred (Hust) Pillars.

ROE, Dan; army Lt. killed in Belgium 1/4/1945.

REARDEN, Frank; army air Lt. killed over Formosa in April 1945; grad DHS; son of Frank.

RISEN, Jim; army Pvt. Killed in Germany Dec. 10, 1944; was from Maupin.

RUBARH, Chas. R. Pct. Dalles Co. L. was killed at Malbon in Philippines in 1898.

SCHERRER, Walter died in Navy during WWI; son of Marcus and had 6 brothers in WWI.

SANDERS, Geo. F. died in France in 1918; son of Dr. G.E. Sanders of The Dalles; brother of Art and Bob; buried in Arlington Ntl. Cem.

SELLECK, Lyle; naval aviation cadet; died of a sinus operation in naval hosp. Corpus Christi, Tex. Nov. 1942; grad DHS 1939; son of Howard.

STUDER, John W. died in South Pacific in Nov. of 1943; son of Grover Studer of The Dalles.

SMITH, George of Tygh died of pneumonia in WWI.

STEWART, Andrew; army Pct. Died on Italian campaign wounds in army hospital at Martinburg, W. Va. in Oct. 1944; worked at Pastime.

SWANTEES, Paul, killed in action on Guadalcanal in WW2; was from Mosier.

SCHMIDT, Gene; army Lt. air corps killed by flak over Germany Nov. 2, 1944; grad. DHS 1942.

SCHUNKE, Richard Wm. Jr.; killed in St. Paul ship explosion April 21, 1952 near Komo in Korean waters; grad. DHS.

STARKEY, Royal died a Jap prisoner in 1942 at Camp Cabanatun; son of Mrs. Lou Starkey R.4

SENSCH, Max; died in Army in WW2.

SWANSON, Capt. Tom; killed in France July 13, 1944; grad. DHS; son of C.R. Swanson of The Dalles.

STARK, S.F., naval Lt. lost on destroyer Monahan in Typhoon of Dec. 18, 1944 in Philippine area.

STRAHM, Clifford died in Alaska in WWI.

STONE, Kenneth; army Corp. died in The Dalles on furlough for disposing of drug business in 1942; grad. DHS andson of Dr. A.B. Stone.

TEETERS, Shelby; army Lt. with Dalles Co. H. 186 Inf. 41 Dic.; died of wounds on Biak island June 27, 1944; grad. DHS; son of Shelby Sr. of Dalles.

TILLMAN, Wes; army Pct. Killed on Okinawa May 4, 1945l raised by Lawrence Malcolm family R.4

WATTERSON, Tom; gunner on dive bomber killed at battle of Palau March 30, 1944; attended DHS and St. Marys; son of Marion of The Dalles.

WARD, Fred of Boyd died in navel hospital in WWI.

WRIGHT, Joe; army T4 killed on Italian front June 14, 1944; was in N. Africa, Bizerte, Carthage, Oran, Tunis and Casino campaigns; was bartender in the Horn before induction.

WINNETT, Leonard; army Sgt. killed on Palau in 1944; was son of Ira Winnett, of The Dalles.

YODER, Chas; naval seaman; killed in south Pacific in December 1944; employed by Arden creamery.

ZIRKA, Henry; Pvt. Dalles Co. L. and also a WWI veteran who died in France in 1918, was also buried in France.

     The above Veterans Memorial List contains the names of 105 men whose lives have been sacrificed to the God of War, from Wasco county since 1848, out of a total of approximately 5000 Wasco County men who have seen military service in our 100 years of history! This should be lesson enough to us that war is no solution to our problems.

1. What father, mother, wife or sweetheart would not give ALL their worldly possessions to have one of these dear ones back in their family once again?

2. Which one of these wars that took the these lives were actually justified?

3. What problem did any of these wars solve for us? In terms of the world Communist problem we face today?

4. What solution will WW 3 bring if we fight a 3rd World War? Will we be world policeman?

5. Will we ever become big enough to turn from thought and actions of war to thoughts and actions of peace, love, harmony as a solution for problem?

6. When, if ever, will we learn to put all our trust in our Supreme Creator, Heavenly Father and sustain-er of life and none in our guns of war?

7. When, if ever, will we be able to treat other human beings as brothers and sisters, sons of the Supreme Creator same as we an, instead of bombing them out of existence because they may have ideas different from ours.

8. How big is our budget for peace?

9. How large is our army for peace?

10. When will we offer Peace Scholarships in schools?

11. When will Peace Universities replace War colleges?

12. When will Congressional Metals be given for Peace Efforts?

13. When will a diplomat of Peace, he proclaimed by the ration like we proclaim our war lords?

14. When will newspapers, magazine, and radio give as much space to peace efforts as to war effort?

     A study of our history indicates we will have to go through another war to have Peace ideas "blasted into our heeds" with atomic weapons before 'we will he able to see the fallacy of war, as a nation.

     Selfishness has to be replaced by love. We teach and practice selfishness 5 to 6 days a weak in our schools and businesses and business transactions and go to church 2 hours a week thinking thoughts of love toward our follow man!

     Almost people prefer to wait for death before giving up their worldly possessions "for a better and higher life." They don't really want conditions on earth as they are in Heaven, despite their prayers!

     Selfishness is the root of all evil and is the factor that has lead to these wars and deaths.

Veteran Stories

     Nathan Olney first citizen and merchant of The Dalles as we stated on page 443, was a Cayuse Indian war veteran of 1849, a Yakima Indian War veteran of 1848 and a Civil War veteran scout, having organized one scouting company at The Dalles for service in the John Day country in 1864. Nathan Olney came from a good Rhode Island family and was a graduate of Yale University and came west with Joel Palmer and Samuel K. Barlow and helped open the Barlow road and according to the Times-Mountaineer of 1889 he had fallen in love at school and came west to make his fortune with the intention of returning to marry his sweetheart and "live happy ever after." However he waited a little too long and his sweetheart married another man! Nathan Olney never recovered from that blow. In his expeditions against the hostile Indians he was always out in front, sought out the redmen and carried the fight to them.

     On the Walla Walla campaign with Orlando Humpson's Dalles Co. B. Nathan Olney was the Indian Agent. On the roar between Wallula and Walla Walla they met a band of Indians who invited them to supper. Olney "smelled trouble" and halted the men for the night at a cold camp in the snow. The next morning they inspected the bluff above the trail to the Indian camp and found it lined with loose rocks for several miles, which the Indians had ready to roll down upon The Dalles men. Later that morning when they did come to the Indian camp there was no food; but The Dalles boys were known as "the 40 thieves from The Dalles" and they found the Indians had cached their food under their fire places, dug it up and had a fine breakfast! - and found enough wheat to feed their horses a good ration. They burned what they couldn't consume or take with them.

     In camp that night the Cayuse Indian Chief Pon Pon Mox Mox made a break for liberty but was caught and bound. Later the same night he made a second break for liberty and was shot to death The Dalles boys carving ears, fingers and toes for trophies. They fought a 2 day battle, with the "friendly Ind-ians" routing them and burned their main village of 500 houses (wig wams) leaving the Indians homeless in 15 inches of snow and 27 below zero weather. The Dalles boys went into winter quarters at the Walla Walla Whitman Mission. Nathan Olney was credited with saving the lives of The Dalles company and Amos Underwood, later of Underwood, Wash. who came to The Dalles in l852 from Cincinnati where he was born in 1834, was credited with being the hero of the Walla Walla 2 day battle.

     After Lathan Olney's sweetheart married another he shunned white women and took an Indian for his wife. He lived with his Indian wife at The Dalles until it became settled (1847-1865) and was legally married to her soon after Wasco county was formed in 1854. For a time after 1865 he moved with her to the Yakima Indian reservation. He was mortally wounded by an Indian arrow, according to Dr. T.E. Griff-ith, as a scout with the army in the coast campaign against the Indians in 1868 and is buried in the old Masonic Cemetery in Dry Hollow.

Billy Fields

     Wm. (Billy) Fields of Missouri (B1879) was The Dalles boy after whom the Billy Fields Camp of Spanish-American war veterans was named. He gave his life as a hospital orderly nursing the sick with The Dalles Co. L., in the Philippines in 1899. The family operated a dairy on Chenowith creek at the time Billy enlisted and later moved to Portland and back to Wild Horse creek near St. Louis. Billy was only 19 at the time he enlisted and became the bookkeeper for Co. L. and was later assigned to the hospital corps. He overworked himself, taking care of the sick and wounded and became so rundown that he was an easy victim of fever soon as his temperature reached 104 his body simply "burned up." The remains was sent back to the states and later buried on the Coleman Plantation on Wild Horse Creek near St. Louis, Mo. -- Lulu D. Crandall.

Ben Ulrich and His Dog Tip

     Ben Ulrich was another one of The Dalles boys who volunteered with Dalles Co. L. for service in the war in 1898 but Ben also took his little dog Tip along with him was "company mascot." He (Tip) served with Ben and The Dalles boys the full 4 years in the Philippines. Tip's outstanding ex-ploits was catching chickens for the ever hungry men and was a very dependable "watch dog" at night, never permitting a Spaniard or Philippino to "slip up" on any of The Dalles men. When the boys of Co. L came back home Tip became the most favorite dog in The Dalles and his photo was published sitting on the American flag. Tip seen service in all the battles and engagements and was listed as a "regular soldier" in the U.S. Army and received a discharge same as the other boys when they were mustered out, according to the Adjutant General's Order's at Salem.

     Ben Ulrich was born in Iowa (1872) son of Adolph and came to The Dalles with his parents in 1889 where he and his father and brothers Wm. And Julius engaged in the cigar making business for a time and then homesteaded on the north fork of Mill creek about 5 miles above the forks. Ben had a good cigar making business and made and sold the "mascot brand" the label of which carried the picture of Tip. It was a 10¢ cigar, equal to 25¢ cigars of today. The cigar factory was on Court between First and Second. The tobaccos used were imported Havana and Sumatra, soma Zinamer and Spanish. The cam-paigns in which he and Tip served were Cavite, capture of Manila, Pasig, Calcocan march, battle of Malabon, battle of Polo, fight at Block House No. 2 at Tondo, the Santa Maria campaign, the San Isidro campaign, the Monong campaign of 1898-1899. Ben's sisters were Emma, Clara and Urma.

Millard Anderson

     Willard Anderson, after whom the Willard Anderson Post No. 2471, Veterans of Foreign Wars of The Dalles was named, was the son of John L. Anderson (biography on page 380) Civil War veteran of The Dalles; and he enlisted March 29, 1917 at Yakima, Wn. as a private in Co. C 2nd Reg. Washington National Guard guarding bridges and coal mines until Aug. 17, 1917 when he was discharged from the guard and drafted in the U.S. army, was immediately transferred to Camp Mills, N.Y. for battle training and shipped to France in December 1917 with Co. E 141 Infantry 41 Division. In June 1918 he was transferred to Co. C of the 9th Infantry, 2nd Division, serving at Chateau Thierry until July 9 when they went into reserve. On July 16 they embarked in a French cannon train at dusk and by morning found themselves near Pierre Fonels at the Villers-Cottets forest, without rest or food except for hot coffee. Next morning they made a surprise attack at Chateau Thierry forcing the Germans to evacuate. On July 18 the artillery softened up the German lines for an attack which lasted till 9:30 when Vierzy was reached. A second attack was made that evening at 10 P.M. and on the 19th they were given their first hot meal in three days. The regiment was awarded the Croix de Guerra with a gold star for the offensive advancing about mile and took 2700 prisoners, 12 cannon and several hundred machine guns. They were moved to Rethemil for rest until July 25 then moved to Nancy to relieve the French 261st infantry at Marbache, a sector for training replacements they received and drilled until Sept. 1 when they went by truck to Bois de Minowville as reserves and went into the trenches on Sept. 11. The next morning at 5:30 the attack started. The objective was reached at 1:10 P.M. On the 15th they made another advance and on the 15th was relieved and want to Toul. On the 25th they entrained for Chalons district. The night of Oct. l they went "over the top" and by the third had taken their objective against heavy machine gun fire and held against heavy counter attacks and artillery fire. The fighting continued heavy.

     On October 7, 1918 Willard C. Anderson was killed by artillery fire, near the Champaign district northwest of Rheams. What remained was buried in grave 84, section 99, plot 2 in the Argonne American cemetery 1232 Romagna-Sous-Montefaucon Mewe, France. -- Data by Burt M. Anderson, Seattle, Wash.

Death of Jack McEachern

     Jack was a lieutenant in Dalles Co. H., Oregon National Guard during World War 2 with McArthur's long slow road back to Tokyo. In July 1943 Jack was attached to Co. M. as forward observer for artil-lery fire, directing by phone the artillery and mortar fire on the Japs and he had to be in a position to see the Japs, a dangerous mission. On August 18 a Jap mortar hit within 4 feet of him and exploded. Fragments struck him in the right arm and left shoulder blade. He was given instant medical attention and evacuated to the base hospital where his wounds were healing nicely and suddenly he died. It was found that a small chip of shrapnel was embedded in his heart and was not disclosed by X-Ray. The pump-ing action of the heart moved it to a vital spot. He was buried at Oro Bay, New Guinea. - Chronicle 1943.

Death of Winston Gallaher

     Winston Gallaher was serving with the 2nd Paratroop Battalion of the 1st Marine Paratroops in the New Guinea campaign and was in charge of a detail of 5 men to get a message to their Higgins boats, across a river and down the coast which had brought a raiding party on a Jap garrison of 3000 men. Winston crossed the river and reported the presence of Japs and signaled the boys to bring their guns and come on over. They had to go up stream about 4 miles to got across and by the time they got back to where Winston had given them the signal, the Japs had killed Winston. Their squad passed through the Jap camp and believed they killed Winston's killers and some more Japs besides, then beat a hasty retreat toward their boats where the company withdrew after successfully completing their mission. -- Chronicle January 7, 1944.

Leo Smith's Trip to Palestine

     Leo Smith was attached to the 62 Air Service Group, 58 Air Squadron stationed at Bengasi in Lybia, North Africa and flew to the Tel Aviv airport from which they took Red Cross busses for the Holy Land tour over the road to Jericho, through the mountains of Judea to Jerusalem. Just out of Jerusalem was the Garden of Gethsemane and the church of all nations. He says, "In the garden we saw the Tree of Agony where Christ wept over the fate of Jerusalem. Inside the church of All Nations is a rock upon which Christ is said to have been praying when he was betrayed to the Roman soldiers. There are 14 domes in this church each given by a different nation. At Bathany is the house of Mary and Martha. There are sections of the walls of Jericho which have been rh:g up. On the Dead Sea are many salvage plants to reclaim minerals from the waters which is 29% minerals. At Bethlehem we passed the well where the 3 Wise Men saw the star and saw the place where David slew Goliath. The Church of Nativity is the main church of Bethlehem with chapels for all creeds. In the Grotto there is a silver star over the spot where Jesus was born. A beautiful marble manger replaces the original manger. In the Catholic chapel we were stunned by the beauty of the statue of the Virgin Mary, carved from silver, studded with jewels. She looks as if she were about to speak! A doll in the chapel depicts the birth of Christ.

     "We were shown the spot, on the Road of Sorrows, where Christ was sentenced to wear the crown of thorns. We saw where Christ fell from the weight of the cross, saw where St. Veronica wiped the blood from his face, where Christ fell a second time and where Simon helped him carry the cross. The church of the Holy Sepulcher is something which surpasses ones wildest dreams of beauty. Here are the places of Christ's crucifixion, burial and resurrection. The first church was built therein 326 A.D. and destroyed in 614. The present church was built by Patriarch of Modestus and contains many graves of Crusaders. As one passes from room to room and up to the foot of the areas, we seen the marks of the crosses of the thieves. In a little alcove is a statue of the Virgin Mary. Gifts amounting to 12 million dollars are in a glass case with the statue.

     "We saw the place in the wall where the cross of Jesus is hidden. Everything is left as near as possible in its true state. We were ushered into a study where we had a chat with Reverend Guardian and Superior of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher and where each of us was presented with a certificate to show we had made the pilgrimage. We passed between pillars supporting the great dome under which is the tomb of Christ. This part of the structure was being strengthened against earthquakes which are common in that country."

     This 2000 mile trip (both ways) cost the boys less than $200 and would now cost about $2000 each. Leo Smith is the son of Karl Smith and Julia (Jackson) Smith who came to The Dalles from Missouri in 1917. Leo married Marie Thomas, daughter of Fred Thomas 5 Mile farmer and their children are Sharon, Daniel and Charlie. Leo Smith is a Dalles post office clerk.

     There are many other fine war veteran stories which we hope to see gathered and published in the local papers from time to time. The above are among the most interesting that have been called to our attention. Good factual stories like these are always in demand.

© Jeffrey L. Elmer All Rights Reserved