Introduction to Ancestor Charts

This Introduction applies to all of the following charts:

The Ancestors of Ruben Alexander Anderson and Helene Louise May
The Ancestors of Carl Henry Brehm and Alice Elizabeth Lambert
The Ancestors of Robert Monroe Bucher and Elizabeth Ann Matlack
The Ancestors of William George Fredendall and Evaline Franklin
The Ancestors of Lindon Robert Hilton and Beryl Edna Campbell

The Ancestors of Clarence King and Virginia Dieball
The Ancestors of John Everett Hale Johnson and Phyllis Marie Smith
The Ancestors of Charles Elmer Loucks and Caroline Adelaide Tull;
The Ancestors of John McKaig and Margaret Allan
The Ancestors of Raymond Leslie Merrill Jr. and Laura Davis

The Ancestors of Alvah Millard and Elsie Viola Joitel
The Ancestors of Charles Augustus Richardson and Emma Curtis Rand
The Ancestors of Scott Ryan and Eileen Thompson
The Ancestors of Howard Emery Shahan and Sharon Coward
The Ancestors of John Williams and Selina Brewster


Abbreviations;   Documentation;   Double Dating;   Duplicate Ancestors;   Format;   Lines in Common;   Links

b=born; bap=baptized; bur=buried; ch=christened; cf=confirmed; d=died; emig=emigrated; ma=married; mi=marriage intentions published; occ=occupation; prop=proprietor; res=resided


MB=Manitoba; ON=Ontario; SK=Saskatchewan


BDF=Bedfordshire; BKM=Buckinghamshire; BRK=Berkshire; CAM=Cambridgeshire; CHS=Cheshire; DBY=Derbyshire; DEV=Devonshire; DOR=Dorset; ESS=Essex; GLS=Gloucestershire; HAM=Hampshire; HRT=Hertfordshire; HUN=Huntingdonshire; KEN=Kent; LAN=Lancashire; LEI=Leicestershire; LIN=Lincolnshire; MDX=Middlesex; NFK=Norfolk; NTH=Northamptonshire; NTT=Nottinghamshire; OXF=Oxfordshire; SAL=Shropshire; SFK=Suffolk; SOM=Somerset; SRY=Surrey; SSX=Sussex; WAR=Warwickshire; WIL=Wiltshire; WOR=Worcestshire; YKS=Yorkshire







NDL=Nordland; TLM=Telemark


USA=United States

CT=Connecticut; DE=Delaware; ID=Idaho; IA=Iowa; IL= Illinois; MA=Massachusetts; MD=Maryland; ME=Maine; MI=Michigan; MO-Missouri; NC=North Carolina; NE=Nebraska; NH=New Hampshire; NJ=New Jersey; NY=New York; OH=Ohio; PA=Pennsylvania; RI=Rhode Island; VA=Virginia; VT=Vermont; WI=Wisconsin; WV=West Virginia



At this time, much of the information in the charts is from secondary sources.  I am in the process of seeking out primary sources.  I am also in the process of adding the documentation to the web page.  If there is an "N" in the first or second column, clicking on that letter will take you to the documentation.
Often you will see early years written in the form 1718/9.  The problem has to do, not with an uncertainty as to which year it should be, but with a change in the calendar from the Julian to the Gregorian.  In Britain and most of American colonies, this took place in 1752.  Whenever a date before 1752 falls between January 1 and March 24 it is recorded to reflect both calendars.

Under the Julian calendar, New Year's day fell on the 25th of March.  An event that is written as 22 Feb 1718/9 tells us that the year was actually 1718 but if the year had begun on January 1 as it now does, then it would have been 1719.

Duplicate Ancestors
As one might expect, some ancestors appear in the chart more than once.  To minimize errors, the detailed information about the ancestor is entered only once.

At the point where the duplication occurs, there are two possibilities:
1. A couple has more than one child who is in the chart.  In that case, both children will be listed below the couple.  There will be no duplicate entries.  Because the children may be in different generations, there are some unusual situations where one of the children is in the same or an earlier generation than the parents.  Be especially cautious when father and son have the same name. Use the links, rather than just scanning for someone with the same name.

2. Either the husband or the wife has more than one spouse, and has a child who is in the chart by each spouse.  In that case, the husband or wife will be listed twice, once with each spouse.  But the events for the husband or wife will only be listed once.  For these duplicate listings, the reader is referred back to that complete entry.  In the complete entry, the duplicate listing is identified as "also" and the other listing can be reached by clicking on that number.  In the duplicate listing, the location of the complete entry can be reached by clicking on the number given to see.

The format of these ancestor charts is an ahnentafel outline.

The word "ahnentafel" comes from the German, "ahnen" meaning ancestors and "tafel" meaning table.  As used today, it refers to a numbering system for the ancestors of a person.  The starting person is given the number 1.  His/her father is 2, and his/her mother is 3.  Number 2's father is 4 and his mother is 5.  Number 3's father is 6 and her mother is 7.

To generalize: Double any person's number to get his/her father's number and add one to get his/her mother's number.  Note that (after the first generation), all the men have even numbers, and all the women have odd numbers.  Ahnentafel numbers need not be consecutive - if an ancestor is unknown, his/her number is simply omitted from the list.
The Nippissing Voyageur, Vol. 18 No. 4 p.9.

In some charts, the ancestors of one of the people may have totally different origins than their spouse.  In this case, there are two separate sub-charts within the one chart.  Some examples;

The Ancestors of Ruben Alexander Anderson and Clara Helene Louise May - Ruben's ancestors are Norwegian and Clara's are German.
The Ancestors of Carl Henry Brehm and Alice Elizabeth Lambert - Carl's ancestors are White Russian and Alice's are early U.S.
The Ancestors of John Everett Hale Johnson and Phyllis Marie Smith - John's ancestors are Norwegian, Swedish, and Danish, and Phyllis's are early U.S.
The Ancestors of Alvah Millard and Elsie Viola Joitel Alvah's ancestors are early U.S. and Elsie's are Norwegian
The Ancestors of John Williams and Selina Brewster - John's ancestors are Canadian and Loyalist and Selina's are early U.S.

Many of the charts begin with a number other than 1 because of my policy of only including deceased people.

To move down the chart (from child to parent), if you click on the blue P in the first column next to the person's name, that will take you to the person's father.  Their mother (if known) will be the next person listed.  To move up the chart (from parent to child), if you click on the blue C next to the father's name, that will take you to their child.  (As you use them, the blue letters will change to green).

Lines in Common
As you glance through the charts, you will notice that some people appear on more than one.  To help you locate them, I have developed the following chart (Find them in the surname index):
Charts Lines in common
Richardson, Brewster, Johnson Avery, Miner, Palmer
Richardson, Brewster, Hilton, Loucks Cogan
Richardson, Brewster, Loucks Loomis, Partridge, Tracy
Richardson, Brewster Brewster, Harmon, Phelps, Sheldon, Warren
Richardson, Johnson Houghton, Prescott, Post
Richardson, Hilton Foster, Wimes, Dodge, Gater, Barker, Ackworth, Carter
Richardson, Hilton, Johnson Perkins
Richardson, Hilton, Johnson, Fredendall Kimball
Richardson, Hilton, Loucks Knight
Richardson, Loucks Hull, Kelsey, Whitcomb
Richardson, Fredendall Sherman

Brewster, Hilton Andrews, Howland
Brewster, Hilton, Loucks Jordan
Brewster, Loucks Newton, Pabodie, Woodbury
Fredendall, Johnson Peabody

Fredendall, Loucks Cutter, Towles

Hilton, Loucks Varney, Proctor, Heath

Hilton, Millard Sawtell

The charts offer various links to help you move around:

P=parent; C=child (see Format).

N=Notes - sources and comments regarding events.  Many sources are abbreviated.  If the source is highlighted, a link will take you to the full description of the source.  Use the "back" feature on your browser to return to the note.

T=Text - general background information about the person.

also #...; see #... - used within the chart when an ancestor is also a spouse of another ancestor, but they are not the parents of the person in this branch (they may be parents of a person in another branch on the same chart)

see [chart name] links the person to other charts.

First, ... Generation allows quick movement between generations if you are not following a particular line.

NOTE: The Richardson, Hilton, Johnson, Loucks, Shahan and Williams charts have been separated into several pages because of their size. The links will take you between pages as needed.

Home  |  Contact  |  Introduction to Ancestor Charts  |  Surname Index

© 1998 Shirley York Anderson