"A Prospectus and Selected Bibliography* plus Appendix"

A PROSPECTUS

And so Alamance County reaches its one-hundredth anniversary. The echoes of the past still sound in our ears, and the light of the future shines through the veil ahead of us.

Here once the foot of red man trod. Time has not erased his footsteps. The winds of the forests still whisper legends about him; the earth still resounds from the beat of his drum; the night still glows with remembrance of his campfires.

Here once the creaking wagon of the white man made ruts in the sand. The sound of his axe broke the tranquillity of the wilderness; the rich earth bore the fruit of his crops; the great trees sheltered the walls of his cabin. The frontier was enlightened with the Word of his God and the knowledge of his teachers.

Here the bloodstains of ancient battles attest the courage of those who fought them. The thunder of their muskets, the clash of swords, the beat of horses hoofs are shrouded in pyramids of monumental stone. Time has given truth to the words of the prophetic patriots.

Here the iron horse made its track, and gave birth to a city, and brought life to slumbering villages. The wheels of frontier industry churned the currents of the river, and grew to monstrous smokestacks and humming looms and singing needles.

Here the green earth gave rich plenty and the pasture lands nourished the fattened herds. The smell of freshly ploughed fields and the goodness of cornbread made the farm life abundant.

Here the generations past and the generations present and the generations to come give thanks to God for His blessings.

And so—Alamance County reaches its one hundredth anniversary. What now? Tomorrow will bring the answer.

"That which is past is prologue . . . "

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY*

Anderson, Lucy. N. C. Women of the Confederacy; Fayetteville, 1926.

Arthur, J. P. Western North Carolina 1730-1913; Raleigh, 1914.

Ashe, Samuel A'Court. History of North Carolina; v. I, Greensboro, 1908; v. 2, Raleigh, 1925.

Biographical History of N. C., Raleigh, 1908.

Attmore, William. Journal of a Tour to North Carolina, 1787; reprinted, Chapel Hill, 1922.

Bartram, William. The Travels of William Bartram, Philadelphia, 1791.

Bernard, John. Retrospections of America; New York, 1887.

Boyd, Thomas. Lighthorse Harry Lee; New York, 1931.

Boyd, William K.. William Byrd's Histories of the Dividing Line; Raleigh, 1929.

Brickell, John. The Natural History of North Carolina, Dublin, 1773.

Brown, Cecil K. A State Movement in Railroad Development; Chapel Hill, 1928.

Caruthers, E. W. Revolutionary Incidents, Philadelphia, 1854.

Coon, Charles L. North Carolina Schools and Academies; Raleigh, 1915.

Fitch, William E. Some Neglected History of North Carolina; New York and Washington, 1905.

The Battle of Alamance; Burlington, 1939.

Foote, William H. Sketches of North Carolina; New York, 1846.

Fries, Adelaide L. Road to Salem; Chapel Hill, 1944.

Grissom, W. L. History of Methodism in North Carolina; Nashville and Dallas, 1905.

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CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF ALAMANCE COUNTY

 

Hamilton, J. G. Reconstruction in North Carolina, New York.

Lawson, John. History of North Carolina, Dublin, 1711; reprinted, Charlotte, 1903.

Lazenby, Mary E. Herman Husband, A Story of His Life; Washington, 1940.

Lederer, John. The Discoveries of John Lederer, London, 1672; reprinted, Charleston, 1891.

Moore, John W. History of North Carolina; Raleigh, 1880.

Paschal, G. W. History of North Carolina Baptists, v. 1, Raleigh, 1930.

Wheeler, John H. Historical Sketches of North Carolina; Philadelphia, 1851.

Welker, George W. Historic Sketch of the Reformed Church; Philadelphia, 1908.

SPECIAL COLLECTIONS

Annual Reports of the North Carolina Railroad; University of North Carolina Library, Chapel Hill.

Beecher, George. Science and Change in Alamance County Life; mimeographed manuscript in University of North Carolina Library; Elon College, 1938.

et. al. Investigation of Local Resources in Alamance County; mimeographed manuscript in University of North Carolina Library; Graham, 1939.

Colonial Records of North Carolina, edited by Saunders, W. L.

Ferguson, Clyde V. Educational Growth in Alamance County; graduate thesis, typewritten manuscript; University of North Carolina Library, Chapel Hill, 1933.

Harden, John. Alamance County. Economic and Social; University Extension Bulletin, Chapel Hill, 1928.

Holt, Edwin M. Occasional Diary; typewritten manuscript, University of North Carolina Library.

Mooney, James K. Siouan Tribes of the East; Smithsonian Institute bulletin, Washington, 1894.

257

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

State Records of North Carolina, edited by Clark, Walter.

Stockard, Sallie W. History of Alamance; graduate thesis, printed; Raleigh, 1900.

Swanton. Indians of the Southeastern United States; Smithsonian Institute bulletin, Washington, 1946.

NEWSPAPERS AND MAGAZINES

Alamance Gleaner files; Gleaner office in Graham or University of North Carolina Library, Chapel Hill. An excellent chronology of events in Alamance County since 1879.

Burlington Times-News files; Times-News office, Burlington. Complete from 1932 to the present date, this file contains the best account of events in the county during this period. Note also feature stories on county history.

Durham Morning Herald files; Herald office, Durham. Sunday editions frequently contain features on Alamance County.

Greensboro Daily News files; News office, Greensboro. Sunday editions contain features on Alamance County, and the weekday editions carry news stories on Alamance since the early part of this century.

Hillsboro Recorder files; University of North Carolina Library, Chapel Hill; a chronology of the early development of Alamance County from 1822.

Mebane Enterprise files; Enterprise office, Mebane. Contains material similar to that found in the Gleaner.

Raleigh News and Observer, Observer office, Raleigh. Special editions on the State, Industry, Agriculture, etc., have featured Alamance County. News stories on Alamance similar to those found in Greensboro News .

Raleigh Register files; University of North Carolina Library, Chapel Hill; occasional articles on events which took place in Orange and Alamance counties in the early years.

Source materials may also be found in the special historical editions of these newspapers, which are listed in the card catalog of the North Carolina Room, University Library, Chapel Hill.

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CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF ALAMANCE COUNTY

Excellent materials may be found in the fiftieth anniversary edition of the Burlington Times-News, July 1, 1937.

The University Library and the May Memorial Library at Burlington have magazine articles referred to in the footnotes of this work.

*The sources listed in this bibliography are the major ones used or consulted in the preparation of this book. The author hopes they will lead the student and the scholar to more intensive research. A number of personal manuscripts, including papers of Dr. Will S. Long, Jr., of Graham, Mr. Walter Sellars of Burlington; and materials in the office of the County Superintendent of Schools, the Archives of the State Historical Commission, Raleigh, the various libraries, and other places, have been used.

·

THE COVER

The volume you hold in your hands is bound in a fabric manufactured in Alamance county, by tradition, an area that has long been a leader in the production of textiles.

This particular fabric was made in the Plaid Mills Plant of Burlington Mills Corporation. It is produced for men's wear and has received wide utilization and acceptance for men's summer suits.

Burlington Mills began production of this particular fabric in May of 1947. It is known in the company as a plaid "apple-skin" finish fabric. This fabric is made from a continuous filament fast-dyed decorative stripe acetate yarn and an acetate and viscose rayon blend spun yarn for the ground or body weave. As it comes off the loom, the cloth is approximately 44 inches wide and has an average of 52 ends (threads) per inch warp-wise and 82 picks (threads) per inch filling-wise.

This material is a far cry from the original "Alamance plaids" for which this area was famous as far back as pre-Civil War days. It is a modern day version of the latest improved plaid fabric produced in Alamance county.

The material for the binding of this edition of the Alamance County Centennial History was contributed by Burlington Mills Corporation.

APPENDIX I

"We are presenting these facts about Burlington and. Alamance County at the end of 1948 with the hope that in the future those who are interested may compare the figures and tell the growth of our city and county."

GEORGE D. COLCLOUGH, MANAGER

Burlington Chamber of Commerce

AGRICULTURE

Estimated population of Alamance County—67,000

Total farm land—250,000 acres

Cultivated or cropped land—80,000 acres

Idle, no crops grown—28,200 acres

Pasture open plowable or improved—17,600 acres

Woodland salable wood or timber—94,000 acres

All other land—30,200 acres

All people living on farms—15,300

Corn for all purposes—19,600 acres

Cotton Harvested—235 acres

Tobacco Harvested—6,700 acres

Peanuts grown alone for all purposes—95 acres

Wheat combined or threshed—9,100 acres

Oats Combined or threshed—7,800 acres

Lespedeza harvested for seed—5,400 acres

Soybeans (grown with corn)—385 acres

(grown alone)—680 acres

Soybean and Cowpeas hay—2,470 acres

Hays Harvested:

small grain cut green for hay—1,510 acres

lespedeza hay—14,600 acres

all other hays—1,690 acres

Potatoes harvested: Irish—260 acres; Sweet—250 acres

Home Gardens (including tenant's)—2,940 acres

Vegetables grown for sale—350 acres

 

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CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF ALAMANCE COUNTY

Apple Trees of bearing age—17,900

Commercial Fertilizer reported used—11,200 tons

Livestock and Poultry:

cows and heifers (two years old and over for milk)—6,900

sows and gilts for spring farrowing—1,090

all hens and pullets—108,000.

Broilers and fryers reported raised during 1948—60,000

FACTS ABOUT ALAMANCE COUNTY

Marriage licenses issued, 765

White births, 1,360; colored births, 418

White deaths 257; colored deaths, 64.

COUNTY COMMISSIONERS

L. P. Best

M. C.Loy

Ralph Scott

Foster Hughes

Hobart Patterson

COUNTY BOARD OF EDUCATION

Henry Scott

Chairman

A. J. Ellington

T. E. Powell

J. C. Wilkins

Henry Dickson

 

COUNTY OFFICIALS

George Long

Judge of County Court

Eugene Gordon

County Solicitor

D. K. Muse

County Tax Collector

M. E. Yount

Superintendent of County Schools

J. G. Tingen

Register of Deeds

D. J. Walker, Jr

.Clerk of County Court

C. H. Moore

Sheriff

Joe Cole

County Manager

L. C. Allen

County Attorney

J. W. Bason

County Farm Agent

Miss Kathryn Millsaps

Home Demonstration Agent

Ken Davis

.Boy Scout Executive

Arelia T. Tomlinson

Girl Scout Executive

Mrs. William Lorimer

Head of Red Cross

Edith Bowden

Head of Tuberculosis Association

Harold Weekley

Head of Community Chest

261

APPENDIX I

FACTS ABOUT THE CITY OF BURLINGTON

Estimated population 27,000

Boman Sanders

Mayor

Total Deposits in Burlington, $71,420,864.09

Total Bank Resources, $75,681,556.75

Total Bank Debits for 1948— $248,15 8,170.66

Total Postal Receipts for 1948—$261,347.00

Increase in telephones in service during 1948 over 1947—2,296

Present number of telephones in service—10,996

Total Building permits for 1948—664

Total value for 1948—$2,414,329.50

Electrical connections, 21,822

Total Kilowatt hours, 71,053,808

Gas customers, 1,760

Total cubic feet of gas used, 24,769,000

 

MEMBERS OF CITY COUNCIL

Claude W. Burke

Jennings M. Bryan

J. 0. Bayliff

H. L. Galloway

W. H. Carper

City Manager

William Garrison

City Engineer

Raney Pope

City Treasurer

Paul Craig

City Tax Collector

D. D. Matthews

Chief of Police

Roma Fortune

Chief of Fire Department

Roney Cates

Head of City Recreation Department

C. C. Cates

Judge of City Court

W. D. Madry

City Attorney

Kenneth Young

City Solicitor

L. E. Spikes

Superintendent of City Schools

Ed Thomas

Superintendent of Water for City of Burlington

Walker Love

Superintendent of Streets for City of Burlington

 

BURLINGTON CITY SCHOOL BOARD

R. R. Isenhour, Chairman

J. D. Strader

H. V. Murray

C. M. Euliss

C. W. Gordon

J. A. Lowe

W. L. Shoffner

 

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CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF ALAMANCE COUNTY

OFFICERS OF BURLINGTON CHAMBER

OF COMMERCE

Clyde W. Gordon

President

Claude W. Long

First Vice-President

Herb Pease

Second Vice-President

Vance Beck

Treasurer

George D. Colclough

Manager

J. E. Baker

Counselor

DIRECTORS OF THE BURLINGTON CHAMBER

OF COMMERCE

J. E. Baker

Homer Andrews

A. V. Beck

George Carrington

W. C. Elder

George Fowler

Clyde W. Gordon

Everett Jordan

Wilton Lane

Claude Long

R. A. Maynard

Garland Newlin

H. R. Pease

Ralph Scott

C. G. Somers

Royall Spence, Sr.

 

OFFICERS OF THE BURLINGTON MERCHANTS ASSOCIATION, INC.

Wayne Morton

President

Allen Cammack

Vice President

Harvey Horne

Treasurer

George D. Colclough

.Manager

 

DIRECTORS OF THE BURLINGTON MERCHANTS

ASSOCIATION

Chas. M. Andrews

Phil Mast

John Baxter

Frank McCabe

Allen Cammack

Joe McIntyre

B. M. Currin

Sam Moorefield

George Harden

Wayne Morton

Joe Holmes

Ralph Scott

Harvey Home

Herman Truitt

 

PERSONNEL OF BURLINGTON CHAMBER OF

COMMERCE

George D. Colclough, Manager

J. C. Smith

Mrs. Frances Satterfield

Mrs. Clegg Foster

 

263

APPENDIX I

PERSONNEL OF BURLINGTON MERCHANTS ASSOCIATION

Mrs. Jean Dickinson

Mrs. Mary Helen Linens

Mrs. Frances Savini

CIVIC CLUBS

In Operation in the City of Burlington at the end of 1948:

American Business Club

Business & Professional Women's Club

Exchange Club

Junior Chamber of Commerce

Junior Woman's Club

Kiwanis Club

Lion's Club

Pilot Club

Rotary Club

Service League

Sphinx Club

American Association of University Women

Alamance County Home Economists

Credit Women's Breakfast Club

Spinsters' Club

Alamance Executive Club

National Secretaries Association

Civitan Club

Marine League

 

OFFICIALS OF ELON COLLEGE:

Dr. L. E. Smith

President

D. J. Bowden

Dean

A. L. Hook

Registrar

James Haynes

Business Manager

 

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CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF ALAMANCE COUNTY

POSTMASTERS

In Alamance County at the beginning of 1949:

Elon College

H. E. Whitesell

Glen Raven

Rudolph Guiton

Burlington

R. Homer Andrews

Graham

Ross Henderson

Haw River

W. G. Crutchfield

Mebane

W. S. Harris

Snow Camp

Lenard McPherson

Alarnance

Oscar Maness

Swepsonville

Mrs. Kate Phillips

Saxapahaw

H. M. Cates

Altamahaw

Mrs. Underwood

MAYORS

Of incorporated towns in Alamance County:

Elon College

J. Mark

Burlington

Boman Sanders

Graham

R.L. Hill

Mebane

W. H. VanLiere

OFFICIALS OF BURLINGTON TIMES-NEWS

Staley A. Cook

Managing Editor

Rudy Fonville

Advertising Manager

Howard White

City Editor

Richard Minor

Sports Editor

Peggy Trexler

Society Editor

W. A. Thomas

Circulation Manager

Howell Foust

Classification Manager

E. D. Joyner

Mechanical Superintendent

Harry Puckett

Mechanical Foreman

RADIO STATION MANAGERS

E. C. Qualls

WFNS & WFNS-FM

E. Z. Jones.

WBBB & WBBB-FM

PUBLIC UTILITIES

Duke Power Co.

C. E. Scott

Southern Bell Telephone Co

H. B. Weaver

MINISTERIAL ASSOCIATION:

Dr. H. A. Fesperman

President

 Content

Chapter 5

Chapter 10

Chapter 15

Chapter 20

Chapter 1

Chapter 6

Chapter 11

Chapter 16

Chapter 21

Chapter 2

Chapter 7

Chapter 12

Chapter 17

Book Index

Chapter 3

Chapter 8

Chapter 13

Chapter 18

Chapter 4

Chapter 9

Chapter 14

Chapter 19