Duncans in Logan Co. WV


Duncan research files of
Mary Ann (Duncan) Dobson
the Genealogy Bug

Last revised January 6, 2004

Formed 1824 from Kanawha, Cabell, Giles
Fayette formed 1831 from Kanawha, Greenbrier, Logan
Boone formed 1847 from Kanawha, Cabell, Logan
Wyoming formed 1850 from Logan
Mingo formed 1895 from Logan


1830 Logan Co. VA Census (alphabetic)
Pg.274  Duncan, Mark        0000,1    - 0001

1840 Logan Co. VA Census
Pg. 81  Mark P. Duncan      1100,01   - 0000,1

1850 Logan Co. VA Census
Pg.156, #528, Mark P. DUNCAN 42 VA farmer $450
                  Ann 39 VA
                  Henderson 16, Anderson 15 VA
                  Lucretia 11, Sarah A. 2 VA
                  James M. STARR? 12 VA
                  (MAD: Mark P. Duncan mar. Anna Canady 11/2/1829 Pike Co. KY; definitely "Anderson 15" and "Lucretia 11")

1860 Logan Co. VA Census
P.O. Logan
Pg.247, #308-313, Madison DUNCAN 21 VA farmer $0-$50
                  Minerva 18 VA
                  Tolbert 1 VA
P.O. Warfield KY
Pg.270, #447-451, Henderson DUNCAN 26 KY farmer $0-$322
                  Nancy 24 KY
                  Wm. A.H?. 4, John 3 VA
                  Charlotte 1 VA
P.O. Mouth Pigeon
Pg.300, #651-650, Mark P. DUNCAN 53 VA farmer $2000-$825
                  Anna 50 KY
                  Synthea Ann (f) 16, Sarah 11 VA
                  James 9 VA
                  (MAD: James Duncan 18 VA in 1870 Pike Co. KY census)

1870 Logan Co. WV Census
Hardy Twp., P.O. Rich Creek
Pg.505, #86-86, DUNCAN, Anderson (m) 34 VA farming $0-$0
                  Mary 33 VA (blank) $500-$225
                  Anna 10 VA
                  Anderson 8 VA
Pg.505, #87-87, DUNCAN, Mark 63 VA farming $0-$0
                  Anna 58 KY (blank) $300-0
                  (MAD: Mark Duncan in 1880 Pike Co. KY census)
Pg.506, #99-99, DUNCAN, Henderson 36 VA farming $500-$175
                  Nancy 27 VA
                  Anderson 14 VA
                  John 12 VA
                  Solicia (f) 10 VA
                  Isom (m) 7 VA
                  Anna 3 WV
                  Floyd (m) 2 WV
Pg.508, #143-143, DUNCAN, Matthew 30 VA farmer $0-$90
                  Minnerva 29 VA
                  Tolbert (m) 11 VA
                  Albert 6 WV
                  John 3 WV


VA State Land Office Index to Surveys; Index #4, 1850-1875, D names (FHL film 29,543)
   Book G2, 1855, Part 1st
      G2-102: M.P. Duncan, 50a (MAD: see Logan Co. WV)
      G2-109: Mark P. Duncan, 70a
   Book H2, 1856
      H2-311: Anderson Duncan, 125a (MAD: see Logan Co. WV)

VA State Land Office Surveys
   Book W, 1841-1842 (FHL film 29,613)
      W-698: Surveyed for Mark P. Duncan, assignee of Anthony Lawson assee of Robert G. Scott assee of Israel Canfield who was assee of John Hopkins, 31 acres in Logan Co. on Farley's Trace Fork of Pigeon Creek waters of Sandy River, agreeable to an entry made in surveyors office of said county on 6 May 1840, by virtue of part of an Exchange Land Office Treasury Warrant #2763 for 2000 acres dated 9 March 1840. Completed 16 Sept. 1840. M. Cartright, M. Duncan, chainmen. Rec. 7 Feb. 1842, Grant issd. 30 Aug. 1842.
   Book B2, 1848-1850 (FHL film 29,618)
      B2-34: Surveyed for Mark P. Duncan assee (of) Anthony Lawson, 22 acres in Logan Co. on Farley Trace fork of the Trace Fork of Pigeon Creek, agreeable to an entry made 13 April 1846 by virtue of Land Office Treasury Warrant #10013 for 1033 acres dated 31 March 1840. Completed 29 April 1847. Anderson Duncan, Mark P. Duncan, chainmen. Rec. 30 March 1848, Grant issd. 30 Sept. 1848.
   Book G2, 1855, Part 1st (FHL film 29,623)
      G2(1)-102: Surveyed for Mark P. Duncan, 50 acres in Logan Co. on upper side of double lick branch of Marrowbone Creek agreeable to an entry made in Surveyor's office of said county on 19 Feb. 1854, by part of Land Office Treasury Warrants, 25 acres by part of Warrant #21038 for 2,000 acres dated March 16, 1853, and 25 acres by part of Warrant #21948 for 2,000 acres dated Jany. 16, 1853, both issued to A. Lawson, opposite mouth of Swelled Hickory Gap branch adj. survey made for Stephen Meper; completed 21 Feb. 1854. Chainmen Jno. W. Evans, Stephen Hensley; rec. 10 July 1854, Grant issd. 1 Feb. 1855.
      G2(1)-109: Surveyed for Mark P. Duncan, 70 acres in Logan Co. on lower side of Swelled Hickory Gap branch of Morrowbone Creek agreeable to an entry made 19 (no month) 1854 by part of Land Office Treasury Warrant, 30 acres by part of Warrant #21038 for 2,000 acres March 14, 1853, and 40 acres by part of Warrant #21948 for 2,000 acres Jan. 16, 1854, both issued to A. Lawson, adj. the line of a survey made for Stephen Meper, corner to survey made for Wm. Chaffin, near mouth of half way branch; completed 21 Feb. 1854; chainmen Jno. W. Evans, Stephen Hensly. Rec. 10 July 1854, grant issued 1 Feb. 1855.
   Book H2, 1856 (FHL film 29,625)
      H2-311: Surveyed for Anderson Duncan, 125 acres in Logan Co. on road branch of Farley Trace Fork of Trace Fork of Pigeon Creek, by virtue of two entries, 50 acres entered July 18, 1855, by part of a Land Office Treasury Warrant #22,910 for 5,000 acres, March 21, 1855, issued to Allen and Ward, and 75 acres entered Oct. 1, 1855, by part of Land Office Treasury Warrant (no number) adj. where the road starts up the mountain, corner to survey made for Mark P. Duncan, the Bear Pen gap in the ridge; completed Oct. 4, 1855; chainmen Mark P. Duncan, Henderson Duncan; reg. 7 April 1856, grant issued Nov. 1, 1856.

WV Land Grants (from Charles Gordon 8/1983 with permission to share with others)
      Aug. 30, 1842, Mark P. Duncan, Logan Co., Pigeon Creek of Sandy River.
      Nov. 1, 1856, Andrew Duncan, Logan Co., Fork of Pigeon River.

(W)VA State Land Grants (index on FHL film 29,317)
      93-231: Aug. 30, 1842, Mark P. Duncan, Logan Co., 31 acres on Farley's Trace fork of Pigeon Creek waters of Sandy River.
      110-834: Feb. 1, 1855, Mark P. Duncan, Logan Co., 70 acres on lower side of Lovellee Hickory Gap branch of Marrowbone.
      110-853: Feb. 1, 1855, Mark P. Duncan, Logan Co., 50 acres Upper side Double Lick branch of Marrowbone.
      113-226: Nov. 1, 1856, Anderson Duncan, Logan Co., 125 acres on Road Branch of Farley Trace fork of Town Fork of Pigeon Creek. (MAD: not Andrew Duncan)

Logan Co. WV Surveyors Index A, B, C and surveys (FHL film 571,999)
      A-322: Mark P. Duncan, 9/15/1840, 31a Trace Fork Pigeon
      A-613: Mark P. Duncan 7/3/1847, 100a Pigeon Creek Trace Fork
      B-(page # in binding): Mark P. Duncan, 6/9/1850, 55a
            Mark P. Duncan, 2/2/1854, 70a Marrowbone Creek
            Mark P. Duncan, 2/2/1854, 50a Marrowbone Creek
      A-322: Surveyed for Mark P. Duncan, assignee of G. Scott assignee of Israel Canfield who was assignee of John Hopkins, 31 acres on Farley's Trace of Pigeon Creek, waters of Sandy River, agreeable to Entry 6 May 1840 by virtue of part of an Exchange Office Treasury Warrant #2763 for 2000 acres 9 March 1840, beg. on a hill side etc., completed 10 Sept. 1840. W. Cartright, M. Duncan chain carriers; James Lawson surveyor.
      A-613: Surveyed for Mark P. Duncan, 32 acres on Farley Trace and head branch of same, etc.; two entries made in surveyor's office, one of 25 acres entered 13 April 1846 by part of a Land Office Treasury Warrant #16013 for 1038 acres on 31 March 1846 issued to Anthony (tight binding, cannot read last name), and one for 7 acres entered 1 July 1847, part of warrant #16619 for 1000 acres 21 June (tight binding) issued to Anthony Lawson Jr., completed 3 July 1847. Chain carriers: Anderson Duncan, Mark P. Duncan.
      Did not look through Volume B for surveys

Logan Co. WV Deed indexes 1835-1968
   Grantor index (pg.61, FHL film 571,267)
      E-35: Mark P. Dunken to Anderson Dunken, 1866, 200a Farley Trace Pigeon Creek
   Grantee index (pg.69, FHL film 571,272)
      B-169: Mark P. Duncan from Moses Pasley (Farley?), 1839, 25a Farley's Branch Trace Fork Pigeon Creek
      C-199: Mark P. Duncan from Stephen Messer, 1850, 107a Marrowbone Creek
      C-199: Mark P. Duncan from Elijah Cartright et al, 1850, 4-1/2a Pigeon Creek

Logan Co. WV Deeds from index
      B-169: (blank) day of (blank) 1839, Moses Pasley and his wife (neither named nor signed) to Mark P. Duncan, all Logan Co. VA, $100, 25 acres on Farley's Branch of Trace Fork of Pigeon Creek on waters of Sandy? River, adj. Alexander Runyon, the road. Rec. March 1839. (FHL film 571,251)
      C-199: 29 Oct. 1849, Stephen (X) Messer to Mark P. Duncan, $103, 107 acres on Marrowbone Creek where Messner now lives. Wit. Isaac Brewer, M. Dempsey, Richard Evans, James Evans, -aris Evans. (FHL film 571,253) (MAD: Deed Book C was typed, very dark binding, apparently original was not easily readable)
      C-199 (2nd): 30 Nov. 1849, Elijah (X) Cartright and wife Mary (X) to Mark P. Duncan, $15, 4-1/2 acres on waters of Pigeon in a gap of a ridge. Wit. -llen Shepherd, Henderson (X) Duncan, Levi Stove, William C. Runyon, George (X) Shepherd, ---son S. Duncan. (FHL film 571,253)
   Following from index only:
      E-35: 1866, Mark P. Dunken to Anderson Dunken, 200a Farley Trace, Trace Fk., Pigeon Creek
      E-205: 1869, Mark P. Duncan to John Messer, 50a Marrowbone Creek
      E-246, 1870, Mark P. Duncan to G.R.C. Floyd, 125a Rockhouse Fk. Pigeon Creek, 25a Farleys Trace (MAD: these localities may be mixed)
      E-255: 1870, Anderson and Mary Duncan to Geo. Shepherd, 250a Farleys Trace, Trace Fk. Pigeon Creek
      E-258: 1870, Anderson Duncan to Mark P. Duncan, 125a Farleys Trace, Trace Fk. Pigeon Creek
      E-261: 1870, Benj. Williamson et al to Andrew Duncan, Tug.Riv.
      E-263: 1870, Geo. R.C. Floyd et al to Annie Duncan, (blank location)
      E-268: 1870, Mark P. Duncan to Nancy Duncan, Sev. tracts, Hickory Gap Br. Marrowbone Cr.
      E-271: 1870, Andrew Duncan to James Taylor, Sandy Riv. Nr. Mo Big Cr
      E-272: 1870, James Tayler or Taylor to Mary Duncan, Sandy Riv. Nr. Mouth Big Cr.
      E-443: 1872, Henderson and Nancy Duncan to James Mead, 295a Marrowbone Cr.
      E-515: 1872, Anderson and Mary and J.M. Duncan by Spl. Comr. to James Starr, Farleys Trace, Trace Fk. Pigeon Cr.
      F-118: 1875, Benj. Williamson Sr. et al to Andrew Duncan, 100a Tug Fk
      I-87: 1885, Indicy Taylor to Mary Duncan et al, Int. in 400a Tug Riv.
      I-89: 1887, Anderson and Mary Duncan et al to Alexander Taylor et al, 400a Tug. Riv.
      I-96: 1885, Daniel Muncy et al to Mary Duncan, 70a Tug Riv.
      I-98: 1885, Anderson and Mary Duncan et al to Alpha Slater, 50a Tug. Riv.
      J-64: 1887, Alexander Taylor to Mary Duncan, Tug Riv
      K-33: 1887, Anderson Duncan et al to B.A. Duncan et al, contract


"Reports of cases argued and determined in the Court of Appeals, and in the General Court, of Virginia" by Benjamin Watkins Leigh, Vol. VI; Virginia Reports Vol.33, pgs.585-587; July, 1835; Court of Appeals of Virginia (from Jim Dempsey and from CA State Law Library 10/2003)
      GOARE v. BEUHRING; Supreme Court of Virginia; 33 Va. 585; 6 Leigh 585; July, 1835
      Sometime prior to the 21st January 1808, John Lane sold a parcel of 70 acres of land lying in the county of Logan, then part of the county of Giles, to Absalom Stewart, for 300 dollars; and Stewart paid the purchase money, and received possession. On the 21st January 1808, Stewart sold the land to Mark Duncan, for 300 dollars, of which Duncan, paid 200 dollars, and gave Stewart his bond for 100 dollars, payable the first January 1810; whereupon Stewart gave possession to Duncan, and executed a bond to him, with condition to convey him a good title in fee on or before the 25th December 1808. In December 1812, Stewart obtained from his vendor Lane, a written promise to convey the title whenever he should be required; but no conveyance of the title was ever made by Lane, and none was ever made by Stewart to his vendee Duncan. In March 1810, Duncan sold the land to Thomas Christian, gave him possession of it, and assigned to him Stewart's bond to convey the title; and, in November 1823, Christian sold the land to Joseph Goare, and, in like manner, gave him possession, and assigned him Stewart's title bond. Duncan's bond to Stewart, for 100 dollars of the purchase money payable the 1st January 1810, remained still unpaid; and of this Goare, at the time of his purchase of the land from Christian, had notice. And, in July 1824, Stewart assigned Duncan's bond for 100 dollars, and all his Stewart's claim upon the land, to Frederick Beuhring.
      Beuhring filed a bill in chancery, in the county court of Logan, against Goare, Duncan, the infant heirs of Lane who was now dead, and Stewart who was a nonresident, -- stating the facts, charging that Duncan was insolvent, and praying that the land in the hands of Goare, might be subjected to the payment of the 100 dollars with interest, due from Duncan to Stewart on account of the purchase money which Duncan contracted to pay for the land, and assigned by Stewart to the plaintiff. The proceedings in the county court were irregular; and that court made a decree for the plaintiff which was erroneous in its details. The defendant appealed to the superiour court of chancery of Greenbrier, which reversed the decree, and retained the cause; and it was afterwards transferred to the circuit superiour court of Logan, where it was regularly matured for hearing as to all the parties, and the facts of the case, as above stated, were clearly proved.
      At May term 1833, the circuit superiour court decreed, that, unless the defendant Duncan or Goare should pay to a commissioner specially appointed by the court to receive the payment, the debt of 100 dollars with interest from the 21st January 1810, the land should be sold by a commissioner appointed for the purpose, after due advertisement &c. on a credit of six and twelve months, taking bonds with surety for the purchase money; and that the commissioner should report his proceedings under this decree, in order to a final decree. From this decree, this court, upon the petition of the defendant Goare, allowed an appeal.
      [Opinion] That the decree was erroneous in this, that the court ought to have directed a conveyance in fee simple of the land in the proceedings mentioned, to have been executed to the defendant Goare by a commissioner, for and on behalf of the infant heirs of Lane, with special warranty, and for and on behalf of the absent defendant Stewart, with like warranty; and that a sale of the premises should not have been directed before the execution of such deed; this court being of opinion, that, as a general rule, the sales of mere equitable titles, ought not to be decreed, since such sales lead to sacrifices, as bidders must purchase in a state of doubt and uncertainty, altogether unpropitious to a fair and advantageous sale. And that, therefore, the decree should be reversed with costs, and the cause remanded to the circuit superiour court, to be there proceeded in according to the principles above declared.


Pension Index Card File, alphabetical; of the Veterans Administrative Contact and Administration Services, Admin. Operations Services, 1861-1934; Duff to A-J Duncan (negative FHL film 540,888, some cards very faint); Joseph Duncan to Dunn (positive FHL film 540,889, some cards very dark)
      Cataloged under Civil War, 1861-1865, pensions, indexes; does not say if Confederate or Federal, but probably Federal. Negative film, some cards much too faint or dark to read, some cards blurred or faded, particularly the service unit and the dates of application. Most of the very faint or dark cards were in a slightly different format, with space for years enlisted and discharged which were sometimes filled in. Many of these were for service in later years, although one or two were for service ca 1866.
      Name of soldier, alias, name of dependent widow or minor, service (military unit or units), date of filing, class (invalid or widow or minor or other), Application #, Certificate #, state from which filed (sometimes blank), attorney (sometimes blank, MAD: did not usually copy), remarks. Sometimes the "Invalid" or "Widow" class had an "s" added to it before the application #; occasionally the area for the service information included a circled "S". The minor's name was frequently that of the guardian rather than the minor.
      The military unit was frequently the Company Letter, the Regiment Number, sometimes US Vet Vol Inf. (US Veteran Volunteer Infantry), L.A. (Light Artillery), H.A. (Heavy Artillery), US C Inf (US Colored? Infantry), Cav. (Cavalry), Mil. Guards, V.R.C. (?Volunteer Reserve Corps?), etc. Sometimes there were several service units given.
      Cards appear to be arranged by the last name, first name, middle initial if any, and state (including "US") of service.
      Duncan, Thomas, father Duncan, Henderson; E 27 US Vol. Inf.; 1901 April 15, Invalid(S) Appl. #1265962, no cert., W.VA; 1903 Jan. 2, Father(S) Appl. #775810, no cert., W.VA. (MAD: ?? see Logan Co. WV)


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