Duncans in Caldwell Co. TX


Duncan research files of
Mary Ann (Duncan) Dobson
the Genealogy Bug

Last revised July 7, 2009

Formed 1848 from Gonzales


1850 Caldwell Co. TX Census (and from Lucille Mehrkam 1983)
Pg.455, #16-16, George FRANCIS 56 IRE farmer $1000
                  Margaret A. 46 TN
                  John 26 AL laborer
                  Pendleton (m) 21 AL
                  George 17? AL student
                  Joseph 15, Edward 13 AL
                  Armadilla (f) 9, Wesley (m) 7 AL
                  Arabella 3 AL
                  Joseph MARTIN 40 RI -- $470
                  Mary DUNCAN 23 AL
Pg.456, #24-24, John DUNCAN 48 SC farmer $170
                  Mary Ann 42 SC
                  William P. 25 AL farmer
                  Robert K. 22 MS farmer
                  Louisa 20, Elizabeth 15 MS
                  John F. 12, Andrew J. 10, Samuel 6 MS
                  Nancy C. 3, Thomas W. 2 MS
                  John R. DUNCAN 28 AL farmer $0
                  Robert N. 25, William P. 24 AL farmers $0
                  (MAD: ? 1830-1840 Lowndes Co. MS census, 1870 San Saba Co. TX census; John Duncan mar. Mary Ann Dowdle 3/10/1825 Tuscaloosa Co. AL, to Monroe Co. MS; William P. Duncan b. 1824 son of William Duncan & Jane Dowdle, 1860 San Saba Co. TX census, to CA 1886)
Pg.472, #136-136, John B. DUNCAN 26 AL herdsman $0
                  Penelope 50 VA
                  Rebecca E. 22 AL
                  (MAD: John Bruce or Bruce Duncan; Penelope (Wells) the widow of George W. Duncan, 1827 Lincoln Co. TN, perhaps 1824 Jefferson Co. AL; 1860 Llano Co. TX census; John Bruce Duncan, 4/22/1822 - 4/6/1901, and Penelope Duncan, 9/20/1788 - 7/1/1862, on monument in Pecan Cemetery, Travis Co. TX)
Pg.473-474, #147-147, George W. DUNCAN 36 TN blacksmith
                  Judith 34? (39?) IL (age written over)
                  John R. 11, Mary J. 8, Arminda 6 TX
                  Sarah J. 4, William M. 4 TX
                  Rebecca C. 5/12 TX
                  (MAD: wife said to be Judith Dameron; 1860 Jack Co. TX census)

1860 Caldwell Co. TX Census (and from Jean Walker 7/1984)
P.O. Lockhart, 21 July 1860
Pg.214, #470-452, R.J. DUNCAN 32 MS farmer $150-$190
                  Mary 56 SC
                  John 65 farmer SC $1000-$772
                  W.P. (m) 35 AL farmer $0-$220
                  John F. 21 MS farmer
                  A.J. (m) 19 MS (blank)
                  Saml. A. 17 MS farmer
                  Thos. W. 12 MS
                  Nancy E. 14 MS
                  (MAD: John Duncan in 1870 San Saba Co. TX census; R.J. Duncan & wife & ch. in 1870 Bell Co. TX census)

1870 Caldwell Co. TX Census
P.O. Lockport
Pg.286, #149-150, GREENWOOD, Nichols 30 GA BLACK laborer $0-$0
                  Esther J. 28 GA BLACK keeping house
                  JACKSON, Nancy 50 GA BLACK at home
                  FULLER, Martin 20 TX BLACK laborer
                  JACKSON, Hariette (f) 29 GA BLACK at home
                  Mary 18, Mandy (f) 16 GA BLACK at home
                  DUNCAN, Henry 12 GA BLACK at home
                  JACKSON, Louisa 10 GA BLACK at home
Pg.332, #762-769, NEW, Arminia (f) 29 MS keeping house $0-$0
                  DUNCAN, Epsey (f) 7 MS
                  NEW, Wm. 25 MS farmer $0-$0
                  Mary 21 MS at home
                  Frances (f) 19, James R. 14 MS at home
                  Nancy 26 AR keeping house


Gonzales Co. TX Deeds (SLC 6/2009; not all copied or looked for)
      M2-378/381: Gonzales Co. TX, 16 Feb. 1867. We, J.G. Bouldin and Amanda Bouldin who was Amanda Duncan and daughter of the late Benjamin Duncan decd of Caldwell Co. state afsd, Robert Brodnax and Bettie Brodnax who was Bettie Duncan and daughter of the said Benjamin Duncan decd of Gonzales Co. afsd, and Benjamin Duncan son of the said Benjamin Duncan decd of Medina Co., for $20, paid by Thomas Wilson and Rebecca Wilson who was Rebecca Duncan and also a daughter of said Benjamin Duncan decd, sell land in Gonzales Co. TX, beg. at upper corner of homestead of the late Benjamin Duncan decd at the river San Maresy, (meets & bounds not copied), to the river, then with the river to the beginning, being the upper third part of the homestead tract and containing 385 acres. /s/ Robt. Brodnax, Betty Brodnax, Ben Duncan, J.G. Bouldin, Amanda Bouldin. Robert and Betty Brodnax and Benjamin Duncan appeared in Gonzales Co. TX on 16 Feb. 1867. J.G. and Amanda Bouldin appeared in Caldwell Co. TX 18 Feb. 1867. Filed March 15, 1888; recorded March 17, 1888. (FHL film 1,994,300)


Pension Index Card File, alphabetical; of the Veterans Administrative Contact and Administration Services, Admin. Operations Services, 1861-1934; Duff to A-J Duncan (negative FHL film 540,888, some cards very faint); Joseph Duncan to Dunn (positive FHL film 540,889, some cards very dark)
      Cataloged under Civil War, 1861-1865, pensions, indexes; does not say if Confederate or Federal, but probably Federal. Negative film, some cards much too faint or dark to read, some cards blurred or faded, particularly the service unit and the dates of application. Most of the very faint or dark cards were in a slightly different format, with space for years enlisted and discharged which were sometimes filled in. Many of these were for service in later years, although one or two were for service ca 1866.
      Name of soldier, alias, name of dependent widow or minor, service (military unit or units), date of filing, class (invalid or widow or minor or other), Application #, Certificate #, state from which filed (sometimes blank), attorney (sometimes blank, MAD: did not usually copy), remarks. Sometimes the "Invalid" or "Widow" class had an "s" added to it before the application #; occasionally the area for the service information included a circled "S". The minor's name was frequently that of the guardian rather than the minor.
      The military unit was frequently the Company Letter, the Regiment Number, sometimes US Vet Vol Inf. (US Veteran Volunteer Infantry), L.A. (Light Artillery), H.A. (Heavy Artillery), US C Inf (US Colored? Infantry), Cav. (Cavalry), Mil. Guards, V.R.C. (?Volunteer Reserve Corps?), etc. Sometimes there were several service units given.
      Cards appear to be arranged by the last name, first name, middle initial if any, and state (including "US") of service.
      Duncan, Robert J., widow Duncan, Lavina A.; Indian Wars 1873-1874, Co. N San Saba County TX Minute Men; 1921 Dec. 20, Ind. Wid. Appl. #15256, Cert. #9974, Act of March 4, 1917, Texas; remarks XC2659571, died April 29, 1917, Richland Springs, Texas. (MAD: 1850 Caldwell Co. TX census)
      Duncan, William P., widow Duncan, Elizabeth J.; Indian Wars 1872-1873, Co. N. San Saba Co. Texas Minute Men; 1920 Nov. 23, Ind. Wid. Appl. #15219, Cert. #10084, Act of March 4, 1917, Calif. (MAD: 1850 Caldwell Co. TX census; 1860 San Saba Co. TX census; to Los Angeles Co. CA)

Index to TX Confederate Pension Records (from Lucille Mehrkam 10/1983)
      Application, Name, County, Book
      20754, Duncan, Julia Ann, Caldwell, 2

HISTORIES before 1923

1907 "A history of California and an extended history of its southern coast counties : also containing biographies of well-known citizens of the past and present" by Prof. James Miller Guinn, pub. by Historic Record (book qc979.4 G9, Vol.2, CA State Library; and FHL book 979.4 H2g and film 468,759 and film 1,000,099)
      Pg.1507: DUNCAN, William P., known throughout Compton [Los Angeles Co.], died 15 April 1899 on his home farm. Native of MS, born 23 Feb. 1826 Lowndes Co. MS, about three miles from city of Columbus where his father William Duncan, an extensive cotton raiser, had large mercantile interests; William was born in NC and his wife Jane Dowdle was a native of MS & life-long resident of that state. William P. to Texas 1851, stock business upwards of quarter of century; to New Mexico 1878 for about five years, then disposed of stock and moved to Kansas City, MO; 4 years later to CA 1886, resided in Los Angeles for a few months, then bought land near Compton. Mrs. Duncan also owns 160 acres wheat land in Riverside Co. in the Alamos school district. Mr. Duncan married 1859 in Texas to Elizabeth J. Hall, born TN, daughter of John M. and Elizabeth (Moore) Hall, also natives of TN. Mr. Hall, a stock-raiser & dealer, moved from TN to TX after the death of his wife, and there spent his last years, Mason 12 years before he died, he & wife in Baptist Church. Mr. & Mrs. Duncan had six children: John W. married Dollie Conner & has one son; James E. died age 41; Mary P. died age 39; Robert M. of Arizona; and David P. and Harry H. living at home. Democrat, as was Mr. Hall, four of his sons served in Civil war on Confederate side. (MAD: 1850 Caldwell Co. TX census; 1860 San Saba Co. TX census)


Some early Duncans in Caldwell Co. TX:
      B. Duncan, 16 Dec. 1847, signed petition for creation of county (pg.19, Vol.1#1 Fall 1983 "Plum Creek Almanac" by Caldwell Co. TX Gen. & Hist. Society; from Jean Walker 6/1984)
      Louisa Duncan, 26 Jan. 1852, mar. Levi Young. (MAD: from Monroe Co. MS; dau. of John Duncan & Mary Ann Dowdle)
      John Duncan, 15 June 1861, Private in Capt. Jonathan Nix's Co. of Infantry (pg.25-27, Vol.1#1 Fall 1983 "Plum Creek Almanac" by Caldwell Co. TX Gen. & Hist. Society; from Jean Walker 6/1984)
      A.J. Duncan, 15 June 1861, Private in Capt. Jonathan Nix's Co. of Infantry (pg.25-27, Vol.1#1 Fall 1983 "Plum Creek Almanac" by Caldwell Co. TX Gen. & Hist. Society; from Jean Walker 6/1984)
      Andrew Duncan, ca 1864, died in CSA service, left indigent family (pg.39, Vol.1#1 Fall 1983 "Plum Creek Almanac" by Caldwell Co. TX Gen. & Hist. Society; from Jean Walker 6/1984)
      John P. Duncan, 1867, on voter registration list (pg.55, Vol.1#1 Fall 1983 "Plum Creek Almanac" by Caldwell Co. TX Gen. & Hist. Society; from Jean Walker 6/1984)

"History of Grimes County [TX] : land of heritage and progress" by Grimes Co. Historical Commission, 1982 (Clayton, TX, Library book 976.4243 H673 GRIMES; from Lucille Mehrkam 2/1984)
      Pg.283 of this book contains the STEVE D. DUNCAN Family; he a descendant of Hiram Duncan (2/3/1852 - 12/16/1932) who was a son of George Washington Duncan II (2/12/1814 - 1868) who was a son of George Washington Duncan (ca 1778 - 2/29/1848) and Penelope Wells, of Llano Co. TX.


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