Duncans in St. Charles Co. MO


Duncan research files of
Mary Ann (Duncan) Dobson
the Genealogy Bug

Last revised October 29, 2014

Formed 1812, Original District
Howard formed 1816 from St. Charles, St. Louis
Lincoln, Montgomery, Pike formed 1818 from St. Charles


1830 St. Charles Co. MO Census
      No Duncan indexed

1840 St. Charles Co. MO Census
Pg.51  Warns. S. Duncan      1120,001  -  1100,01
            (MAD: indexed as Karman S. Duncan, but should be Warns. or Warms.; perhaps Warrenton S. Duncan, 1830 Franklin Co. IL census, 1850 Mahaska Co. IA census)

1850-1870 St. Charles Co. MO Census
      No Duncans indexed


St. Charles Co. MO Probate Index, 1852- (FHL film 967,515)
      No Duncan

St. Charles Co. MO Circuit Court 1808-1815 (FHL film 966,169)
      Reference on page 78, not to Richard or Elijah Duncan; not copied.

St. Charles Co. MO Deeds (index 1804-1852, Grantors on FHL film 968,514; Grantees on FHL film 968,515)
      I/J-52: 27 Oct. 1831, James Duncan of Lincoln Co. MO to Christopher S. Carter of same, $150, 60 acres in St. Charles Co. MO. No wit. (FHL film 967,563)


Mexican War Pension file, William B. Duncan (from Geraldine L. Whitter 5/1999, MAD's extract)
      William B. Duncan, Enlisted 1846, discharged 1847. Soldier's certificate No. 795056, William B. Duncan, Pvt., Co. F, Kans. Vol. Pd., Can No. 16456. Sept. 27, 1883, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington (477,310); returned to the Commissioner of Pension, William B. Duncan, a Private of Company F, 16th Regiment Kans. Cavy. Volunteers, was enrolled on 1 Jany. 1864 at Wyandotte, for 3 yrs, and is reported on the muster roll of said co. from enlistment to April 30 /64, present and reported to August 31 /64. Sept. & Oct. /64. Absent sick in Wyandotte Co. Kans. since Oct. 4 /64. ...
            Declaration for an Original Invalid Pension ... Madison Co. AR, 22 March 1883, appeared William B. Duncan age 59 who was enrolled on 1 Nov. 1863 in Co. F, 16 Reg. Kans. Cavl. commanded by Col. Davis and was discharged at Levenworth, Kans. 1 Dec. 1865; personal description age 59 years, height 6 feet no inches, complexion fair, hair dark, eyes blue; that in Wyandott, Kans, on or about 15 March 1865, then and there contracted kidney wound or injury; disease of kidney affected? rumatic bone scurvey?, treated at Julesburg, Col., and Leeavensworth, Kans.; since leaving service he has resided in Jackson and Leveler? in MO, here 12 years, occupation farmer .... /w/ William B. Duncan, Dutton PO, Madison Co. AR.
            Declaration of Survivor for Pension, Mexican War Pension, Act of Jan. 29, 1887: Madison Co. AR, on 11 March 1887, appeared William B. Duncan, resident of Dutton in Madison Co. AR, who served as Private under Capt. John G. Stevenson in Reg. of MO Cav. commanded by Col. John Donathan in War with Mexico; that I enlisted at Union, Franklin Co. MO, on or about June 1846 for one [year?] and was discharged at New Orleans, LA, on June 1847; service marched from Union, Franklin Co. MO, to and through Mexico War in the battles Braceto & Sacramento & marched back to New Orleans, La.; that I am 63 years of age, having been born at St. Charles Co. MO on 27 Aug. 1823; that I am married, the maiden name of my wife was Margaret J. Jones whom I married at Franklin Co. MO (blank day and month) 1828, that my wife is now living; service proved by: that on 29 Nov. 1847 I was allowed and received a Bounty Land Warrant or script, and affidavits of William A. Marrs and William Tweedy; since my discharge I have resided in the states of MO, KS and AR; /s/ William (X) B. Duncan; wit. W.C. Roberts, C.W. Kenerston.
            Affidavit of witness William A. Marrs, 11 March 1887, known William B. Duncan for 15 years, served in the company of Capt. John G. Stevenson in Reg. commanded by Col. John Donathan, knows William B. Duncan to have served in the war with Mexico from having heard others state and from his own statements that he served in the Mexican War and from having seen papers directed to him and in his possession sent him from J.L. Edwards Commissioner of Pensions dated Nov. 29th, 1847; that William B. Duncan was engaged in a battle in said war, in the battles of Bracita & Sacramento in 1846; that William B. Duncan is 62 years of age, having been born on or about 27 Aug. 1823 at St.Charles Co. MO. Affidvit of witness William Tweedy, 11 March 1887, known William B. Duncan 15 years, served in the company of capt. John G. Stevenson in Reg. commanded by Col. John Donathan, (same as statement by William A. Marrs).
      Declaration for Invalid Pension, Act of June 27, 1890, Madison Co. AR, 24 July 1890, appeared William B. Duncan, age 66 years, resident of Town of Dutton, Madison Co. AR, who was enrolled on 3 Jan. 1863 as Private Co. F, 16th Kansas Cav. Vol., discharged at Ft. Levensworth, KS, on 6 Dec. 1867, unable to earn a support by reason of disease of both feet?, back entirely disabled, gravul? & Kidney disease; that he is a pensioner under certificate No. 2552 (Mexican); /s/ William (X) B. Duncan, wit. M.U. Cowan, T.T. Cowan.
      Invalid Pension, June 23, 1892, questions: My wife is dead, name Margret J. Duncan, maiden name Margret J. Jones; married Frankling Co. MO April 23, 1848, recorded in the Clerks Office at Union, Frankling Co. MO; I have been married but once; I have 8 [children living], Joanna, born March 22nd /54, M.S. Aug. 4th /60, L.H.? Oct. 13th /64, U.S. born June 25th /56, A.P. May 3rd /62, J.B. Feb. 15th /68, C. Emma Jan. 5 /58, M.J. March 11th /63. Reply dated July 6th 1892, W.B. Duncan, P.O. Dutton, Madison Co. AR. (MAD: initials not easy to read).
      Pensioner dropped: Certificate No. 795056, William B. Duncan, ... Died 22 Jan. 1903. No other claims.

HISTORIES before 1923

1876 "A history of the pioneer families of Missouri, with numerous sketches, anecdotes, adventures, etc., relating to early days in Missouri : also the lives of Daniel Boone and the celebrated Indian Chief Black Hawk, with numerous biographies and histories of primitive institutions" by Wm. S. Bryan and Robert Rose (Los Angeles Public Library book 977.8 B915)
      Pg.162, St. Charles Co.: KEITHLEY. ... Children of Jacob Keithley, Sr. (died Warren Co. KY) ... William came to St. Charles Co. in 1812. He joined the rangers under Nathan Boone, and served with them one year, when he joined Capt. Callaway's company. He was married first to Charlotte Castlio, who died in 1857, and he then married the widow Duncan, who was a daughter of James Loyd. Mr. Keithley is still living, in his eighty-fourth year. He had eight children ...

1885 "History of St. Charles, Montgomery and Warren Counties, Missouri : written and compiled from the most authentic official and private sources, including a history of their townships, towns and villages, together with a condensed history of Missouri ..." orig. pub. by National Historical Co.; pub. by Paul V. Cochrane, 1969 (FHL book 977.83 H2hs and film 1,000,309 item 7; Los Angeles Public Library book 977.8 H6737 and from Louis Boone 3/1984)
      Pg.6-7: In 1804, Congress, by an act passed in April of the same year, divided Louisiana into two parts, the "Territory of Orleans," and the "District of Louisiana," known as "Upper Louisiana." This district included all that portion of the old province, north of "Hope Encampment," on the Lower Mississippi, and embraced the present State of Missouri, and all the western region of the country to the Pacific Ocean, and all below the forty-ninth degree of north latitude not claimed by Spain.
            As a matter of convenience, on March 26th, 1804, Missouri was placed within the jurisdiction of the government of the Territory of Indiana, and its government put in motion by Gen. William H. Harrison, then governor of Indiana. ... until the admission of the State into the Union, in 1821.
            The portions of Missouri which were settled, for the purposes of local government were divided into four districts.
                  Cape Girardeau was the first, and embraced the territory between Tywappity Bottom and Apple Creek [MAD: apparently southern portion; Apple Creek runs E-W north of town of Cape Girardeau].
                  Ste. Genevieve, the second, embraced the territory from Apple Creek to the Meramec River [MAD: apparently northwest wedge above Cape Girardeau; Meramec River runs NE-SW through Crawford Co.].
                  St. Louis, the third, embraced the territory between the Meramec and Missouri Rivers [MAD: north of Ste. Genevieve; Missouri River runs E-W from St. Louis to Kansas City, then due north].
                  St. Charles, the fourth, included the settled territory, between the Missiouri and Mississippi Rivers [MAD: apparently northern half of state.].
      Pg.24-25: Five years after the founding of St. Louis the first settlement made in Northern Missouri was made near St. Charles, in St. Charles County, in 1769. The name given to it, and which it retained till 1784, was Les Petities Cotes, signifying, Little Hills. The town site was located by Blanchette, a Frenchman, surnamed LeChasseur, who built the first fort in the town and established there a military post.
            Soon after the establishment of the military post at St. Charles, the old French village of Portage des Sioux, was located on the Mississippi, just below the mouth of the Illinois River, and at about the same time a Kickapoo village was commenced at Clear Weather Lake. The present town site of New Madrid, in New Madrid county, was settled in 1781, by French Canadians, it then being occupied by Delaware Indians. The place now known as Big River Mills, St. Francois county, was settled in 1796 ... In 1796, settlements were made in Perry county by emigrants from Kentucky and Pennsylvania ... Bird's Point, in Mississippi county, opposite Cairo, Illinois, was settled Aug. 6, 1800 ... Warren county was settled in 1801. ....
            In 1807, Nathan and Daniel M. Boone, sons of the great hunter and pioneer, in company with three others, went from St. Louis to "Boone's Lick," in Howard county, where they manufactured salt and formed the nucleus of a small settlement.
            Cote Sans Dessein, now called Bakersville, on the Missouri River, in Callaway county, was settled by the French in 1801. ... During the war of 1812, at this place many hard-fought battles occurred between the whites and Indians, ...
            In 1810, a colony of Kentuckians numbering one hundred and fifty families immigrated to Howard county, and settled on the Missouri River in Cooper's Bottom near the present town of Franklin and opposite Arrow Rock.

"Portrait and biographical record of St. Charles, Lincoln, and Warren Counties, Missouri : containing portraits and biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens of the counties, together with biographies and portraits of all the presidents of the United States." (anonymous); pub. Chicago: Chapman Pub. Co., 1895, 574 pgs. (LH10578, HeritageQuest images 5/2007; FHL film 1,000,301 item 2)
      Pg.465-466: JOSEPH CARTER GOODRICH, D.D.S., in Wentzville, dental practice, ... born in Amherst County, Virginia, April 14, 1825, son of Gideon C. and Elizabeth (Carter) Goodrich, ... father left Virginia in 1830 and moved to Callaway County, MO, for three years, later settled in Monroe Co. MO, resided there until his death in 1835. ... Dr. Goodrich to St. Charles Co. MO in 1859. In 1858 Dr. Goodrich married Miss Ann S. Frans, of St. Charles County, MO., whose father, William Frans was a native of Virginia. This lady died in 1875, after becoming the mother of five children, now living ... In 1879 occurred the marriage of Dr. Goodrich and Mrs. Julia M. Womack, of Wentzville, a daughter of Carey Duncan, of Moscow Mills, Mo. ... (MAD: Moscow, Lincoln Co. MO; Wentzville, St.Charles Co. MO)


Lincoln Co. MO Deeds (SLC 7/18/2014; have JPG images)
      L-12/14: In Lincoln Circuit Court, MO, among the records and proceedings of said Circuit Court made on 13 Oct. 1853 is the following, to wit: William C. Duncan v. George C. Bowen and Sarah J. his wife, James L., George K., Henry C., Susan Ann Duncan and John M. Dyke, heirs of John S. Duncan decd, In Partition. Came the parties by their attorney and Reason A. Shelton, James Reid and Allen Jameson, the Commissioners appointed by this court at the last May term thereof to make partition among said parties, having filed their report and no objection being made, the same is confirmed, ordered that the partition be firm and effectual forever. ... per order from said Court at May term 1853, to us to make partition among the heirs of John S. Duncan decd. of land belonging to estate of said deceased, we make our joint affidavit ... Marked No.1, then James Reid acting in capacity of surveyor, carefully examined all of the land described in said order ... our allotment and assignment is as follows:
        James L. Duncan, Lot No.1 consisting of 80 acres, W 1/2 of SW 1/4 Sec.5; and 80 acres, W 1/2 of NW 1/4 Sec.8; and 38.31 acres W 1/2 of S 1/2 SE 1/4 Sec.24, all Twp.48 Range 1W, making a total of 198.31 acres.
        Henry C. Duncan, Lot No.2 consisting of 40 acres, NE 1/4 SE 1/4; 40 acres SE 1/4 of SE 1/4 Sec.6; 80 acres E 1/2 of NE 1/4 Sec.7 Twp.48 Range 1W; and 40 acres N 1/2 of W 1/2 NE 1/4 Sec.31 Twp.48 Range 1E, making a total of 200 acres.
        William C. Duncan, Lot No.3 consisting of 160 acres, SE 1/4 Sec.7, 80 acres W 1/2 of NE 1/4 Sec.7 Twp.48 Range 1W, and 40 acres S 1/2 W 1/2 NE 1/4 Sec.31 Twp.48 Range 1E, making a total of 280 acres.
        Susan Ann Duncan, Lot No.4 consisting of 113.27 acres composed of W 1/2 of SE 1/4 Sec.19 and SE 1/4 SW 1/4 instead of SE 1/4 of SE 1/4 as described in the said order of said Sec.19 Twp.48 Range 1E; and 77.06 acres S 1/2 of NE 1/4 Sec.25; and 38.31 acres E 1/2 of S 1/2 SE 1/4 Sec.24 Twp.48 Range 1W, making a total of 228.64? acres.
        George C. Bowen and Sarah J. his wife, Lot No.5 consisting of 77.68 acres, E 1/2 SE 1/4; 77.68 acres W 1/2 of SE 1/4; and 38.(blot) acres, SW 1/4 of NE 1/4, all Sec.25 of Twp.48 Range 1W making a total of 193.89 acres, and Lots No.206 and 219 in town of Troy.
        George K. Duncan, Lot No.6 consisting of 100 acres off west end of NE 1/4 and 80 acres the E 1/2 of NW 1/4 Sec.36 Twp.48 Range 1W, making a total of 180 acres.
        John M. Dyke, Lot No.7 consisting of 60 acres all of the E end of NE 1/4 Sec.36 Twp.48 Range 1W; and 36.61 acres, the SW 1/4 NW 1/4 and 73.20 acres E 1/2 of NW 1/4 and 75.88 acres the W 1/2 of SW 1/4 Sec.31 Twp.48 Range 1E, making a total 245.69 acres.
        The foregoing allotments made by the legal subdivisions as they are or may be sold by authorities of general government except in NE 1/4 Sec.36 of which quarter we assign to Lot No.6, 100 acres of the west part and to Lot No.7 60 acres of the east part of said quarter where we made corners and lines agreeable to said partition. Said lands are all represented to be in Lincoln Co. MO, but we find that all land described in said order as being in Sec.31 in Twp.48 Range 1E are in the county of St.Charles and that the land called in said order to be the SE 1/4 of SE 1/4 of Sec.19 Twp.48 Range 1E by reference to deed to same is the SE 1/4 of SW 1/4 of said Sec.19, Twp.48 Range 1E. 27 Aug. 1853, /s/ Reason A. Shelton, James Reid, Allen Jameson. Ack. 3 Oct. 1853 before Thomas G. Hutt, Clerk of Lincoln Co. MO Circuit Court. Filed for record Oct. 31, 1853. (FHL film 973,671)
      M-102/103: William Keithly and Margaret Keithly his wife of St.Charles Co. MO for love and affection for the heirs of Cary Duncan decd. late of Lincoln Co. MO, relinquish all the right and title we may have been seized of by the death of the late Cary Duncan of said co. to any and all lands which he owned in said county, which land can be more fully described by reference to deeds now on record in Lincoln Co. 29 Sept. 1855. /s/ William (X) Keithly, Margaret Keithly. Ack. 29 Sept. 1855 before Alexander H. Martin, Clerk of Circuit Court of Lincoln Co. MO. Filed for record 22 Oct. 1855. (FHL film 973,672)

Orange Co. VA Deed
      35-183: 30 Sept. 1834, Thomas Martin of Orange Co. VA to James Duncan of Missouri (no county), $150, the interest of Thomas Martin to the estate of John Collins decd. late of St. Charles Co. MO which interest is in right of his wife Sarah Marten who was Sarah Collins, dau. of said John Collins decd, one child's part of estate. Wit. Richd. M. Chapman, John Woolfolk. (FHL film 33,026)

Richland Co. OH Will
      Nuncupative will of Mary Duncan, made 25 Aug. 1840, recorded 26 Feb. 1841. To son David, personality of testatrix now in David's possession; $70 due from James Fulton and Nancy Duncan of Cumberland Co. PA; land in St. Charles Co. MO; proceeds of certain bond held with son John A. for $35.00 paid annually to testatrix. Admr. David Duncan; wit. Margaret Woodrow, Samuel August. (pg.40, Vol.1, "Richland Co. OH Abstract of Wills 1813-1873" by Anne Lockwood Dallas Budd; Memphis Public Library book 929.3715 R531b5 V.1, from Evelyn Sigler 11/1984; FHL book 977.128 P2b)

Washington Co. MS Deed
      M-320: 3 July 1844, Sarah H. Evans of St. Charles Co. MO to James H. McCoy of Adams Co. MS, for $2,310, 1,840 acres in Washington Co. MS, undivided portion of 6 sections, 31, 32, in Twp.14 and 5, 6, 7, 8 in Twp. 13 all R3W; land was conveyed by Hugh H. Dunlap and wife to James Pepper, and then to Sarah; witnesses Geo. McCullough (signed in New Orleans) Jas. Pepper, W.C. Duncan. (pg.75, "Early MS Records, Washington Co. 1827-1880" Vol.III, 1984 by Katherine Branton & Alice Wade, from Georgie Cooper 10/1988)


Some early Duncans in St.Charles Co. MO:
      Samuel Duncan, 1797, worked in a grist and saw mill in St.Charles Co. MO. (from "Early Settlers in MO," from Vivian Ruegge 3/1989)
      Robert Duncan, 1802, a merchant in St.Charles MO; member of the court in 1825. (from "Early Settlers in MO," from Vivian Ruegge 3/1989)
      Elijah Duncan, 1817, on St.Charles Co. MO census in Dardenne Twp., two white males over 45, one white female over 14, one under 14. (from Vol.20 #2 "TX Footprints" from Lucille Mehrkam 1984; and "St.Charles Co. MO Tax List 1817" by Melvin B. Goe Sr., from Louis Boone and Kit Smith 1984, which gives one male over 45) (MAD: 1830 Franklin Co. MO census)
      Richard Duncan, 1817, on St.Charles Co. MO census in Dardenne Twp., one white male over 45, one 18 to 45, and one under 18, two white females over 14 and two under 14. (from Vol.20 #2 "TX Footprints" from Lucille Mehrkam 1984; and "St.Charles Co. MO Tax List 1817" by Melvin B. Goe Sr., from Louis Boone and Kit Smith 1984) (MAD: 1830 Franklin Co. MO census)
      John Duncan, 1817, on St.Charles Co. MO census in Femmeosage Twp., one white male 18 to 45. (from Vol.20 #2 "TX Footprints" from Lucille Mehrkam 1984; and "St.Charles Co. MO Tax List 1817" by Melvin B. Goe Sr., from Louis Boone and Kit Smith 1984)
      William Duncan, 1819, on Upper Cuiver enumeration with one white male 18-45 and one under 18, one white female over 14 and one under 14. (from "St. Charles Co. MO Territory Enumeration for 1817 and 1819" by Melvin B. Goe Sr., from Louis Boone 1984) (MAD: Northern forks of Cuivre River run into present Lincoln Co.)
      Lewis Duncan, 1 July 1820, had unclaimed letter in the Post Office, in list in "The Missourian", St.Charles Territory of MO. (pg.72, Vol.17, 12/1972, "MO Pioneers," FHL book 977.8 D2h, from Evelyn Sigler and Denzil Mauldin 1984)
      Mary Louisa Duncan, 11 Nov. 1845, of Lincoln Co., mar. Horace W. Dike of St.Charles Co., in Lincoln Co. MO Marriage Book B (pg.7, Vol.29, 12/1975, "MO Pioneers," FHL book 977.8 D2h, from Evelyn Sigler and Denzil Mauldin 1984)
      Harriet C. Duncan, 14 Nov. 1849, mar. William C. McClay in house of William Keithley.
      Mariah J. Duncan, 28 Feb. 1855, mar. Samuel J. Abbington.
      W. Bernard Dunkan, 14 Aug. 1871, mar. Elisa H.M. Ermeling.


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