Duncans in St. Clair Co. IL


Duncan research files of
Mary Ann (Duncan) Dobson
the Genealogy Bug

Last revised February 5, 2014

Formed 1790 from NW Territory
Randolph formed 1795 from NW Territory, St. Clair
Madison formed 1812 from St. Clair
Monroe formed 1816 from Randolph, St. Clair
Washington formed 1818 from St. Clair


1820 St. Clair Co. IL State Census
  (Males under 21; 21-45; over 45;
   Females under 18; 18-45; over 45)
# 499   Robert Duncan            111 - 110
  856   James Duncan             010 - 010

1820 St. Clair Co. IL Federal Census
Silver Creek
Pg.128  Robert Duncan            100101       - 10100
Turkey Hill
Pg.129  James Duncan             000100       - 00100

1830 St. Clair Co. IL Census
Pg.125  Robert Duncan            1201,001     - 1110,1
   140  Abriham Duncan           1001,1       - 1001,1
   144  Benjamin Duncan          1100,11      - 1200,1
          (MAD: ? 1840 Williamson Co. IL census)

1840 St. Clair Co. IL Census
Pg.265  James Duncan             1100,011     - 2020,1
          (MAD: one James Duncan mar. Joicy Jerome 5/5/1833;
            Joicy Duncan's obit in 5/12/1834 "National
            Banner & Nashville Daily Advertiser";
            James Duncan killed 7/14/1846 per obit in
            "National Intelligencer" Washington DC.)
Pg.299  Perry Duncan             free colored
Pg.308  Abraham Duncan           1000,01      - 1200,1
          (MAD: one Abraham Duncan mar. Jane McDonald 3/22/1832)
Pg.323  Wm. Duncan               1110,01      - 0000,1
          (MAD: one Wm. N/H. Duncan mar. Elizabeth Short 2/15/1831)
Pg.325  Robert? Duncan           0211,1001    - 2011,001
          (MAD: one Robert Duncan mar. Sarah Anderson 5/14/1837;
            or Robert Dunkin mar. Sally Anderson 3/28/1825,
            from Perrin Collection in IL State Archives; Robert
            Duncan decd. by 3/17/1848, minors Abraham Duncan,
            Sarah Duncan and Emma Duncan, guardian James
            Anderson, from Letters of Guardianship 1836-1849
            vol.B, in "St. Clair Co. IL Gen. Society Quarterly"
            Vol.6#2 1983)
Pg.327  Zachariah Duncan         0000,01      - 1000,01
          (MAD: one Zachariah Duncan mar. Malinda Sutton
            4/15/1840 Williamson Co. IL)
Pg.331  C.W. (E.W.?) Duncan      1000,1       - 0100,1
          (MAD: ?? see Elijah W. in 1850 Appanoose Co. IA census)

1850 St. Clair Co. IL Census
3rd Dist., taken 8/29/1850
Pg.284, #276, Alfred DUNCAN 27 KY farmer $0
                  Elenor 11, Pleasant (m) 11 TN
                  Greek (m) 6, Victoria 9 TN
                  (MAD: children in Polk Co. MO by 1856)
12 Mile, 8th Dist., taken 11/11/1850
Pg.367, #1596, Matthew DUNCAN 50 FRANCE farmer $0
                  Fanny 25 St.Clair Co. IL
                  Slathier (m) 13 St.Clair Co. IL
                  Sylvester 3 St.Clair Co. IL
                  Lucinda 17, Lucia 15 St.Clair Co. IL
                  Mahulda 11 St.Clair Co. IL
                  Mahalah (f) 9, Nancy 7 St.Clair Co. IL
Pg.367, #1597, Benjamin F. DUNCAN 54 FRANCE farmer $0
                  Lucinda 45 FRANCE
                  Spillard (m) 16, Claiborne 11 St.Clair Co. IL
                  Eli CONNER 21 St.Clair Co. IL laborer
                  (MAD: ?? 1840 Williamson Co. IL census)
Ridge Prairie Dist.
Pg.485, #387-386, Pinden MOORE 33 St.C. Co. far. $4320
                  Sarah A. 29 DC
                  Nancy M. 14 St.C. C.
                  Emaly A. 7 St.C. C.
                  Joseph P. DUCAN 14 VA ("Vin") (white)
Lebanon, taken 11/29/1850
Pg.501, #626, Larkin DUNCAN 19 IL MULATTO laborer $0
                  Mary 22 IL BLACK
                  (not mar/in/year; no children)
                  (MAD: Larkin Duncan mar. Marie Deshields 6/7/1849)

1860 St. Clair Co. IL Census
Twp.2S Range 7W, P.O. Freeburgh
Pg.155, #1129-1146, Abrah. DUNCAN 60 TN farmer $1600-$450
                  "Sane" (f) 40 IL
                  Mahela (f) 20, Nancy 17 IL
                  Sylvester 12, Mary 4 IL
                  Celetial (m) 22, Mary 19 IL
                  (MAD: 1850: Slathier (m) 13, Sylvester 3, Lucinda 17, Lucia 15, Mahulda (f) 11, Mahalah (f) 9, Nancy 7 IL w/Matthew & Fanny)
Pg.160, #1169-1186, Thos. DUNCAN 26 IL farmer $0-$200
                  Mary 26 IL
                  Jos. 6, Geo. 2 IL
Pg.160, #1170-1187, Thomas (DUNCAN) 9/12 IL
                  Alex. KALLMANN 27 GERM farmer $400-$75
                  Mary 22 IL
                  (MAD: Thomas Duncan mar. Mary Atchison 3/3/1853)
Twp.2N Range 10W
Pg.346, #407-410, John DUNCAN 33 KY vaquereau $0-$100
                  Mary A. 25 ENG
                  Sarah J. 4, Laura B. 9/12 MO
                  (MAD: 1870 Yolo Co. CA census, 1880 Monterey Co. CA census, parents born IN)
Twp.1N Range 8W
Pg.568, #2025-2036, "in Prison" written sideways, 7 men including
                  Wm. DUNKEN 18 GERM laborer

1870 St.Clair Co. IL Census
New Athens P.O., Twp.2S R7W
Pg.299, #57-57, DUNCAN, Abraham 68 KY farmer $0-$400
                  Jane 50 KY keeping house
                  Nancy 26 IL at home
                  Sylvester 22 IL farmer
Pg.300, #76-76, DUNCAN, Lafayette 32 IL (white) laborer $0-$0
                  Mary 31 IL keeping house
                  Francis (m) 10, Mahulda (f) 8 IL at home
                  Laura 6, Nancy 4, Edward 1 IL at home
Belleville P.O., Twp.1N R8W
Pg.339, #169-171, DUNCAN Thomas 26 IL laborer $0-$0 (white)
                  Lisette 21 IN keeping house
                  William 3 IL at home
                  Elisa 6/12 IL b.Feb. at home
East St.Louis P.O., Twp.1N R10W
Pg.649, #492-494, DUNCAN, Eliza 37 KY (white) farmer $5000-$700
                  Thomas 16 OH at home
                  Richard 15 KY at home
                  Ida (f) 14 MO
                  Ralla (m) 10 MO
                  John 5 MO
                  Isabella 5 IL (birthplace plain)
                  Andrew 3 IL
                  Laurenz (m) 1 MO

1880 St.Clair Co. IL Census (partial; HeritageQuest image 1/2007)
Twp.2S Range 7; S.D.7 E.D.61, pg.23
Pg.610B, #89-91, DUNKAN, Jane, w/f age 59 widowed keeping house IL NC NC
Sylvester, w/m age 28 widowed farm laborer IL NC NC
Henry, w/m 4 grandson single IL IL NC
(bottom of page)
Pg.611C, DANKAN, Abraham, w/m age 20 son single laborer IL IL NC
Pg.611C, #90-92 FERGUSON, Theodore, w/m 39 mar. carpenter & family
      (MAD: Sylvester Duncan age 53 in 1900 Shannon Co. MO census; Frank Abraham in 1900 Howell Co. MO)

1880 Census, Twp. 3S, Range 6W, Saint Clair County, Illinois (from Kathy Cawley 1/2009)
S.D.# 7, E.D.# 64, Page# 642C, Image# 3 of 37
Alexander, age 50, Head, laborer, SCO./SCO./SCO.
Mary C., age 42, Wife, keeping house, IL./IL./IL.
DUNCAN, Nancy L., age 12, Step-daughter, at home, IL./IL./IL.
Robinson, John T., age 6, Son, IL./SCO./IL.


St.Clair Co. IL Wills 1772-1800 (FHL film 1,688,977; SLC 2/2009)
      Originals, in date order, no name index

St.Clair Co. IL Will Books, 1794-1922; indexes in most volumes (SLC 2/2009)
      Vols. A-F (to p.54), 1794-1868 (FHL film 2,155,782)
      Vol.A - no index
      Vol.D - no Duncan
      Vol.E - no Duncan
      Vol.F - no Duncan


St.Clair Co. IL Deeds 1799-1813 (FHL film 1,689,031; SLC 2/2009)
      No index, did not go through page by page

St. Clair Co. IL deed index (from Sharon Koleber 11/2001; SK: grantee / grantor not copied unless a Duncan; from courthouse index)
      Date, Grantor, Grantee, Book and Page
      1 Aug 1825, Robert Duncan to -, E 309
      13 Dec 1831, Abra Duncan to -, F 493
      27 Oct 1835, Jno V. Duncan to -, H 236
      4 Dec 1835, Jos. Duncan to -, H 264
      6 Feb 1837, James Duncan to -, I 220
      7 Mar 1838, Jos. Duncan to -, J 192
      7 Mar 1838, Jos. Duncan to -, J 193
      7 Mar 1838, Jos. Duncan to -, J 194
      5 Apr 1838, Jos. Duncan to -, J 226
      19 May 1838, Wm. A. Duncan & wf to Toodor Schonebaum, J 280
      2 Jun 1838, Gov & C. Duncan to -, J 294
      27 Sep 1838, Gov & C. Duncan to -, J 416
      11 Jun 1839, James Duncan & wf to Abrah Duncan, K 302
      5 Feb 1840, Jos. Duncan & wf to -, L 48
      23 July 1840, Abrah Duncan & wf to -, L 230
      18 Dec 1840, Jos. G. Duncan to -, L 388
      22 Feb 1841, Abraham Duncan & wf to -, L 457
      26 Feb 1841, Jos. Duncan to -, L 462
      26 Mar 1841, James Duncan & wf to -, L 491
      24 May 1841, Elijah W. Duncan & wf to -, L 556
      5 Mar 1842, James Duncan to -, M 312
      13 Apr 1842, Jos Duncan to -, M 382
      24 Dec 1844, Thos O. Duncan et al to -, O 689
      18 Nov 1845, Abraham Duncan & wf to -, Q 8
      27 Aug 1825, - to Robt Duncan, E 313
      24 Nov 1831, - to Abra Duncan, F 492
      2 Mar 1835, - to Jas Duncan etal, H 56
      13 Apr 1835, - to Jas Duncan etal, H 89
      13 Apr 1835, - to Jas Duncan etal, H90
      29 Oct 1835, - to Jos. Duncan, H 237
      8 Oct 1838, Wm D. Smith (agent) to Wm. H. Duncan, J 432
      11 Jun 1839, Jas Duncan & wf to Abrah Duncan, K 302
      21 May 1840, - to Abrah Duncan, L 158
      25 Feb 1841, Wm. A. Duncan to Jas Duncan, L 460
      22 May 1841, Wm. D. Smith to Wm H. Duncan, L 555
      5 Mar 1842, - to Jas Duncan, M 310
      5 Apr 1845, - to Jno Duncan, P 255

St. Clair Co. IL Deeds (from Sharon Koleber 11/2001)
      Book J. page 432, St. Clair County, Deed dated 29 November 1837 between William D. Smith of the County of St. Clair and William H. Duncan of the same County. Smith sold to Duncan for $75.00 the NE qtr of SE qtr of S35 T1S R6W containing 40 acres. Signed by Wm. D. Smith and Leanny (?) Smith, her mark.
Below where the JP acknowledged, her name is spelled Leany. One witness - Jas Shields.
      Book J page 280, St. Clair County, Deed dated 19 May 1838. William A. Duncan and Dolley H. his wife, for $120.00, granted to Toodar Schonebaum. All parties of St. Clair County. SW qtr of SE qtr S4 T2S R6W containing 40 acres. Witnesses were Silas Gaskill, Justice of the Peace who also did the acknowledgment, and ???nard Schonebaum. Both William and Dolley signed their names.
      Book L page 460, St. Clair County, William A. Duncan of St. Clair County for $150 paid by James Duncan, "all my goods and chattels, as follows, one wagon at $35, one yoke of oxen at ?, two feather beds and ? at $20, one side saddle at $18, household and kitchen furniture at ?, one clock at $12, one? ? chain $3, two pair of drawing chains $2, one plow $? ??? two head of sheep at $?. Signed 24 Feb 1841. Joseph Scott, JP, acknowledged the bill of sale. (SK: The right side of this page was very bad at the courthouse, particularly the right side of the page.)
      (MAD & SK: James Duncan who mar. 1st Rebecca Herriman, mar. 2nd Huldah Jones 3/7/1833 Williamson Co. IL, of 1850 Davis Co. UT, was brother of William A. Duncan, wife Dolly H., who died at Winter Quarters, NE, 1846-1847, whose children went to Tulare Co. CA)

St. Clair Co. IL Patents (from Sharon Koleber 11/2001)
      Certificate No. 4332 dated 1 Aug 1838 to William A. Duncan. The SW qtr of the SE qtr of S4, T2S R6W containing 40 acres.
      Certificate No. 2036 dated 1 August 1838, to James Duncan of St. Clair County. The W half of the SW qtr of S36 T1S R6W containing 80 acres.
      Certificate No. 4510 dated 1 August 1838, to James Duncan of St. Clair County. The SE qtr of the SE qtr of S26 T1S R6W containing 40 acres.
      Certificate No. 4535 dated 10 Oct 1840 to James Duncan of St. Clair County. The SW fraction of the NW fractional qtr of S25 lying on the East side of Kaskaskia River, T1S R6W containing 44 and 44/100 acres.


Go to the St.Clair Co. IL Court Records


Madison Co. IL Deeds (SLC 12/12/2013)
      13-498/499: No.470. 7 April 1836, Moses Whitesides of Madison Co. IL for $2,000 paid by James Duncan of St.Clair Co. IL, sell messuage, tenement and tract of land in Madison Co. IL, SE 1/4 Sec.20 and NW 1/4 Sec.28 in Twp.3N Range 8W, one quarter containing 155 acres remaining and the other 160 excepting 26 acres and 16/100 of an acre out of SE 1/4 Sec.20 afsd which piece now belongs to Jacob Swiggart, the whole hereby conveyed amounting to 288 acres and 83/100 of an acre, with appurtenances, warrant title. /s/ Moses Whitesides. Wit. Stephen Johnson, Samuel Swigard. Ack. 8 April 1836 before Stephen Johnson, J.P., Madison Co. IL. Recorded 15 April 1836. (FHL film 484,055)
      13-499/500: No.471. 7 April 1836, Jacob Swigart and Esther Ann his wife of Madison Co. IL for $200 paid by James Duncan of St.Clair Co. IL, sell to said James Duncan a tract or parcel of land in Madison Co. IL, being a part of SE 1/4 Sec.20 Twp.3N Range 8W, commencing at SW corner of SE 1/4 Sec.20, then north 13 chains to a stake, then north 87 degrees east 20 chains and 86 links to a stake, then south 14 chains to south line of Sec.20, then west with said line 20 chains and 86 links to the beginning, being the same land mortgaged by Richard Morehead to Jacob Swigart and by said Swigart a permissive use and occupancy for life to Mrs. Morehead under restrictions and limitations containing 26 acres and 17/100 of an acre, with appurtenances, warrant title. /s/ Jacob (X) Swigart, Esther Ann (X) Swigart. Wit. Stephen Johnson, Samuel Swigard [as spelled]. Ack. 8 April 1836 before Stephen Johnson, J.P., Madison Co. IL. Recorded June 15, 1836. (FHL film 484,055)

Williamson Co. IL Deeds
      A-141/142: 15 March 1839, William H. Duncan and Elisabeth his wife of Franklin Co. IL to George M.C. Duncan of same, for $1500 paid, sell land in Franklin Co. IL, being NE 1/2 W 1/2 SE 1/4 Sec.9 Twp.9S Range 2E, also 80 acres of land in Sec.16 Twp.9 Range 2E known on map of lots No.2 and seven, also two 40 acre tracts the one in SE 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec.9 Twp.9S Range 2E, the second one known as SE 1/4 NW 1/4 Sec.9 Twp.9S Range 2E, also 40 acres in St.Clair Co. IL as follows NE 1/2 SE 1/4 Sec.35 Twp.1S Range 6W, together with appurtenances, warrant title. /s/ William H. Duncan, Elizabeth Duncan. Wit. F.F. Duncan. They appeared before Cyrus Campbell, J.P., 4 April 1839. Recorded Nov.22 (no year). (FHL film 965,436; Placerville FHC on loan 6/22/2011)


Old War Widow Co. 14, General Affidavit of Jane Duncan, widow of Abraham Duncan (from notebooks of Kay D. Hampton bef. 1970, loaned through Lu Durham 5/1988, now at Platte Co. MO Historical Society; typed page; indexed as Pension file WC-4128, MO 17 Jan. 1895, Black Hawk War Srvice in IL Mtd. Vols.)
      State of MO, County of Howell; in the Matter of Jane Duncan, widow of Abraham Duncan, Capt. Holmans Co. Illinois. On this 30 day of April A.D. 1895, personally appeared before a Notary Public in and for the aforesaid County, duly authorized to administer oaths, Jane Duncan, claimant aged 78 years, a resident of West Plains, County of Howell, State of MO, whose post office address is West Plains, Howell Co. MO, well-known and entitled to credit, and who, being duly sworn, declared in relation to aforesaid case as follows: I am the Claimant in the above claim and I am the widow of Abraham Duncan, a Private of Capt. Holemans Co. of the said War. I was married to my late husband some time in 1833. I cannot remember the Exact date and we lived together as man and wife until his death which occurred in March, 1876. I was not married prior to my marriage to my late husband. My late husband was previously married to Lucinda Murphy. My maiden name was Jane (McDonald) McDaniel. I was married in St. Clair Co. IL near Belville in 1832, by John Ward, J.P. My husband's first wife died in St. Clair Co. IL about the year 1831. There is no record of her death and no person living that remembers her death. My late husbands description as near as I can remember was at the time of our marriage was about 35 years, 5 ft. 9 inches, eyes gray, hair light, complexion light and at the time of our marriage a farmer by occupation. This affidavit was written by S.D. Powler (Powles) a Notary Public at my office in Howell Co. MO on the 30th day of April, 1895, in my present (person) and from my own oral statements and I was not aided or prompted by any one but from my own personal knowledge. /s/ Jane Duncan, Claimant. Wit. Mard? M. Bacon, Mrs. J.C. Powles.
      (MAD: NRR shows Abraham possibly son of John & Lydia Spillard of Franklin Co. IL)

Pension Index Card File, alphabetical; of the Veterans Administrative Contact and Administration Services, Admin. Operations Services, 1861-1934; Duff to A-J Duncan (negative FHL film 540,888, some cards very faint); Joseph Duncan to Dunn (positive FHL film 540,889, some cards very dark)
      Cataloged under Civil War, 1861-1865, pensions, indexes; does not say if Confederate or Federal, but probably Federal. Negative film, some cards much too faint or dark to read, some cards blurred or faded, particularly the service unit and the dates of application. Most of the very faint or dark cards were in a slightly different format, with space for years enlisted and discharged which were sometimes filled in. Many of these were for service in later years, although one or two were for service ca 1866.
      Name of soldier, alias, name of dependent widow or minor, service (military unit or units), date of filing, class (invalid or widow or minor or other), Application #, Certificate #, state from which filed (sometimes blank), attorney (sometimes blank, MAD: did not usually copy), remarks. Sometimes the "Invalid" or "Widow" class had an "s" added to it before the application #; occasionally the area for the service information included a circled "S". The minor's name was frequently that of the guardian rather than the minor.
      The military unit was frequently the Company Letter, the Regiment Number, sometimes US Vet Vol Inf. (US Veteran Volunteer Infantry), L.A. (Light Artillery), H.A. (Heavy Artillery), US C Inf (US Colored? Infantry), Cav. (Cavalry), Mil. Guards, V.R.C. (?Volunteer Reserve Corps?), etc. Sometimes there were several service units given.
      Cards appear to be arranged by the last name, first name, middle initial if any, and state (including "US") of service.
      Duncan, Joseph C., widow Duncan, Harriet E.; C 117 Ill. Inf.; 1882 May 19, Invalid Appl. #449791, Cert. #334135, NY; 1886 Aug. 23, Widow Appl. #343747, Cert. #230909, Ind. (MAD: of Summerfield [St. Clair Co.] IL per IL Civil War database IL; one Joseph Duncan mar. Harrett Cisney 12/5/1867)
      Duncan, Thomas, widow Sellers, Mary, minor Duncan, George W. et al; H 117 Ill. Inf.; 1866 Feb. 9, Invalid Appl. #101867, Cert. #984165; 1890 Sept. 29, Widow Appl. #470556, no cert, Mo? (Mi?); 1888 April 9, Minor Appl. #370442, no cert., Ill. (MAD: of St. Clair Co. IL per IL Civil War database IL; Thomas Duncan mar. Mary Atchison 3/3/1853, Mary Duncan mar. Otto Zeller 3/8/1867)
      Duncan, Thomas M., widow Duncan, Nancy; minor Brock, Silas, Gdn.; I 122 Ill. Inf.; 1877 Jan. 19, Invalid Appl. #230019, Cert. #520135; 1900 April 28, Widow Appl. #718001, Cert. #507982, KY; 1899 Sept. 28, Minor Appl. #705970, no cert., Ill. (MAD: enlisted Gillespie, Macoupin Co. IL; also Sylvester A. Duncan; 1850-1860 Macoupin Co. IL, b.1845-1847 IL; 1870 St.Clair Co. IL)


"The governors' letter-books, 1818-1834" by Elias K. Kane, Shadrach Bond; pub. Springfield, Ill.: Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, 1909, 353 pgs. (LH6189, HeritageQuest images 4/2007 and 7/2007)
      Pg.131: Governors' Letter-Books, October 25, 1827. Letter mentions Jos. Duncan at board of directors meetings of 22 October 1822 and 20 August 1823.
            Footnote 3. Joseph Duncan : born February 22, 1794, at Paris, Kentucky; (in the Territorial Records of Illinois, a Joseph Duncan was appointed September 30, 1814, lieutenant of the Second Regiment of St. Clair County; August 7, 1818, a justice of the peace of Madison County); 1818, settled at Fountain Bluff, Jackson County; 1823, commissioned major-general of the Illinois militia; 1824-26, state senator from Jackson County; 1827-34, congressional representative; 1828, married Elizabeth Caldwell Smith and moved to Jacksonville; 1831, appointed brigadier-general by Governor Reynolds; 1834-38, governor of Illinois; 1842, unsuccessful Whig candidate for governor; January 15, 1844, died at Jacksonville; in politics Duncan was first a Jacksonian Democrat and then a Whig. --Reynolds, John My Own Times, Illinois, 1855.

HISTORIES before 1923

1881 "History of St. Clair County, Illinois : with illustrations descriptive of its scenery and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers" pub. by Brink, McDonough & Co. (FHL book 977.389 D3h from Petie Schee 9/1986; from Sue Monaghan; FHL film 1,000,512)
      Pg.71: A list of voters in Belleville, St. Clair Co. IL, on Thursday, September 17, 1818, included: Marshal Duncan and Robert Duncan.
      Pg.84 and Pg.186: During a special term of the circuit court, March 8, 1819, the grand jurors included Marshal Duncan. Timothy Bennett was on trial for the murder of Alphonso C. Stewart. Bennett and Stewart were involved in what was supposed to be a mock duel; however, the pistols had both been loaded with ball, as well as powder. The duel consequently resulted in Stewart's death. Bennett and the seconds of both men were arrested.
      Pg.132: The War for the Union. Those killed and wounded in Battle of Shiloh: Enlisted men: Company F. Wounded: private James Duncan.
            Pg.146: 117th Inf., 3 years service, organized Sept. 1862; Regiment included Private Joseph Duncan, mustered out August 5, 1865, Company C; Private Thomas Duncan, mustered out Aug.5, 1865, Company H
            Pg.151: Alton Battalion, Capt. Curtis' Independent Co., Private James Duncan, mustered out Oct. 7, 1864.
      Pg.210: R(isdon) A. MOORE. ... 2nd in family of 9 children; son of William Moore, b. GA 1791, to IL 1812, m. 1814 Margaret Alexander. Risdon A. Moore raised Belleville, mar. (1) 26 Nov. 1835 to Ann Middlecoff, b. 6 Aug. 1818; settled Sec. 199, Twp 1N, Range 7W. Ann (Middlecoff) d. 25 Nov. 1843. In 1845, Risdon A. Moore joined Fremont on exploring expedition to CA; the winter after his return, that of 1847-8, he spent at Washington, where he was a witness in the trial by courtmartial of Gen. Fremont, against whom charges had been preferred by Gen. Kearney. While there, on 16 March 1848, his second marriage took place, to Sarah Ann Duncan, daughter of William Duncan. In the spring of 1848, he returned to his farm in St. Clair Co. His 2nd wife died 14 Feb. 1856. He mar. 3rd 30 Nov. 1856 to Sarah Ann Wilderman ... (MAD: Risdon A. Moore mar. Sarah A. Duncan 3/16/1848 in Washington, DC; one William Duncan decd. by 8/15/1855, Risdon A. Moore guardian of minor Joseph P. Duncan, from Letters of Guardianship 1850-1859, #357, in "St. Clair Co. IL Gen. Society Quarterly" Vol.6#2 1983; Sarah A. Duncan, wife of R.A. Moore, b. Washington City DC 5/16/1822, d. 2/14/1856, bur. Shiloh Cem., from Sharon Koleber))

"Historical encyclopedia of Illinois and history of St. Clair Co." ed. by Newton Bateman, Paul Selby; Hist. of St.Clair Co. ed. by A.S. Wilderman, A.A. Wilderman.; pub. Chicago: Munsell Pub. Co., 1907, 1284 pgs. (LH8178, HeritageQuest images 4/2007; FHL film 1,000,513 items 2-3 and v.2 on 825,603)
"Historical encyclopedia of Illinois and history of Boone Co." ed. by Newton Bateman, Paul Selby; Boone Co. hist. ed. by Richard V. Carpenter; pub. Chicago: Munsell Pub. Co., 1909, 1019 pgs. (LH4506, HeritageQuest images 4/2007; FHL fiche 6,334,303)
      Vol.I, pg.141: DUNCAN, JOSEPH, Congressman and Governor, was born at Paris, Ky., Feb. 22, 1794; emigrated to Illinois in 1818, having previously served with distinction in the War of 1812, and been presented with a sword, by vote of Congress, for gallant conduct in the defense of Fort Stephenson. He was commissioned Major-General of Illinois militia in 1823 and elected State Senator from Jackson County in 1824. He served in the lower house of Congress from 1827 to 1834, when he resigned his seat to occupy the gubernatorial chair, to which he was elected the latter year. He was the author of the first free-school law, adopted in 1825. His executive policy was conservative and consistent, and his administration successful. He erected the first frame building at Jacksonville, in 1834, and was a liberal friend of Illinois College at that place. In his personal character he was kindly, genial and unassuming, although fearless in the expression of his convictions. He was the Whig candidate for Governor in 1842, when he met with his first political defeat. Died, at Jacksonville, Jan. 15, 1844, mourned by men of all parties. (MAD: Paris, Bourbon Co. KY)
      Vol.I, pg.141: DUNCAN, THOMAS, soldier, was born in Kaskaskia, Ill., April 14, 1809; served as a private in the Illinois mounted volunteers during the Black Hawk War of 1832; also as First Lieutenant of cavalry in the regular army in the Mexican War (1846), and as Major and Lieutenant-Colonel during the War of the Rebellion, still later doing duty upon the frontier keeping the Indians in check. He was retired from active service in 1873, and died in Washington, Jan. 7, 1887. (MAD: Kaskaskia, Randolph Co. IL)
      (MAD: text is identical to both books, same page number)

1876 "History of the Early Settlers of Sangamon County, Illinois : centennial record" by John Carroll Power, pub. Springfield, IL: Edwin A. Wilson & Co. (Los Angeles Public Library book; FHL book 977.356 D3p and film 1,000,513 item 4; also from Carolyn Jensen, Sue Monaghan, Donald Neal Duncan)
      Pg.270: DUNCAN, RICE, was born Mar. 5, 1781, in NC. He was brother to Marshal and John. When young his father's family moved to Cumberland Co. KY. He was there married to Barbara Antle. They had four children, and Mrs. D. died. He married Luranah Rutherford. They brought one child from Kentucky to St. Clair Co., where they had five children, and moved to Morgan, and then to Sangamon Co., arriving Oct., 1837, in what is now Salisbury. Mrs. Luranah Duncan, died May 29, 1862, and Rice Duncan died Oct. 7, 1863, both in Salisbury township.
      Pg.378: WILLIAM HIGGINS, 1774-? married ca 1817 in St. Clair Co. IL to Rosanna Duncan, his third wife. They had 4 children and resided in the northern part of IL after 1823.
      Pg.523: MILLER, SOLOMON, was born about 1796, in Adair Co. KY. He was married there to Nancy A. ANTLE. They had four children in Kentucky, and moved to St. Clair Co. IL, and from there to Sangamon Co., arriving in the spring of 1820, at what is now Salisbury, where five children were born. Of their children -- Mrs. Nancy A. Miller died April, 1854, and Solomon Miller married Lucinda Gard. He died in 1858, near where he settled in 1820, at Salisbury, Illinois.

1891 "Portrait and biographical album of Sangamon County, Illinois : containing full page portraits and biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens; together with portraits and biographies of all the presidents of the United States, and governors of the state" pub. by Chapman Bros. (FHL book 977.356 D3ps and films 896,362 item 1 and 1,000,514 item 2; from Sue Monaghan and Vivian Biddle)
      Pg.251-2: NATHAN C. ANTLE. The mother of our subject was born in St. Clair Co., this State, January 25, 1820, and bore the maiden name of Nancy Duncan. She is a devoted member of the Christian Church and even at her advanced age finds ways in which to make herself useful. Her father, Rice Duncan, a native of South Carolina and a schoolteacher in his earlier years, was one of the early settlers in St. Clair Co., this State. Thence he removed to Morgan Co., where he farmed for some years, then located near Salisbury on the county line, where he improved and became the owner of one hundred and seventy acres. He was never idle, and having a wonderful constitution lived to be eighty-three years old, and during his entire life was probably unexcelled in industry. He reared a family of ten daughters and two sons, one of the latter, Sidney Duncan, having been Judge of Morgan County several years.

1905 "History of the state of California and biographical record of the San Joaquin Valley, California : an historical story of the state's marvelous growth from its earliest settlement to the present time, also containing biographies of well-known citizens of the past and present" by Prof. James Miller Guinn, pub. by Chapman Pub. Co. (CA State Library book qc979.4 G9Hc; FHL book 979.4 H2gj and film 468,761 and film 1,000,096)
      Pg.1636: O.H.P. DUNCAN ... was born in IL October 16, 1836, and when only sixteen years old started across the plains to California. Through a painful and severe accident -- the breaking of his thigh -- he was compelled to remain a year in Salt Lake City. The following year he came on to California and went to mining in Placerville. After four years of this life he came to Tulare county and engaged in the sheep business, and the following year (1858) he bought eighty acres of land on Deep creek. After his marriage, which occurred in December, 1860, he located on his wife's land, five miles east of Visalia, removing in 1866 to that city while he served as deputy sheriff. ... This (South Tule District) continued to be his home until his death, which occurred in June, 1889, .... Mr. Duncan's widow was in maidenhood Matilda Swanson, a native of Peru, La Salle county, Ill., where she was born February 20, 1843. Her father, John Swanson, ... in 1850 crossing the plains to California by means of ox teams. (More on Swanson family).

1878 "History of Jackson County, Illinois : with biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers" ed. by J.H. Brownlee and R. Allyn, pub. by Brink, McDonough & Co. (FHL book Q 977.3994 H2b and FHL film 962,314 item 1)
      Pg.81: Andrew D. Duff, 11th child of Philip Duff and Mary Duncan his wife, and only child living, born 24 Jan. 1820 in Bond Co. IL. Philip and Mary Duff were married in South Carolina in 1801, moved to territory of IL in 1809, and settled in St. Clair Co. and subsequently moved to Bond Co. where they resided a number of years, afterwards located in Franklin Co. IL until their deaths. (MAD: nothing more about the parents; see Greenville Co. SC query mention of Bond Co. IL; see James Duff in Pendleton/Anderson Co. SC 1795 deed with Robert Duncan of Greenville Co. SC; see Pike Co. IL)

1883 "The History of Henry and St. Clair Counties, Missouri : containing a history of these counties, their cities, towns ... biographical sketches ... statistics ..." pub. by National Historical Co. (FHL book 977.84 H2hh and films 908,587 item 2 and 1,000,291 item 3; from Ernie Perry 10/1999)
      Also see the Internet website https://sites.rootsweb.com/~mohenry/henryco.html
      and the biographies at:https://sites.rootsweb.com/~mohenry/biography/bioD3.html
      Pg.512: James Duncan, member of the firm of Duncan & Blatt, liverymen, native of Clinton Co. IL where he was born July 22, 1837. When he was 13, the family removed to St. Clair Co. IL where he was reared to manhood. He has made the stock business his occupation through life, especially horse and mule trading. In the fall of 1865 he came to Henry Co. MO, farmed until 1876, when with E. Curtis he embarked in the livery business. ... [Varying partners] Nov. 1882 Mr. Blatt became associated with him.
      (MAD: 1850 Clinton Co. IL census in household of Jackson Duncan 34 IL; not identified 1860; nothing said in article about a wife; 1880 Henry Co. MO census shows James Duncan 38 IL IL IL in JAQUITH household)


Clinton Co. IL Deeds (SLC 6/19/2008 & 6/20/2008)
      G-220: 17 Oct. 1844, Meradith Outhouse and wife Susan (X) of Clinton Co. IL to Jefferson Duncan of St.Clair Co. IL, $535, SE 1/4 NW 1/4 Sec.2 Twp.1S Range 5W and SW 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec.27 Twp.1N Range 5W in all 77.80 acres. Wit. Jacob Jones. (FHL film 1,007,047)

Gibson Co. IN Deed (FHL film 549,367)
      C-113: 12 Dec. 1820, James Duncan and wife Jane of Santelian (MAD: Saint Clair?) Co. IL to John Alexander of Gibson Co. IN, $350, 144 acres, SW 1/4 Sec. 36, Twp 1S, Range 11W, James and Jane being entitled to 1/4 part as heirs of William Alexander late of Gibson Co. IN, Jane being one of his daus. Wit. James Evans, J.P.


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