Duncans in Jefferson Co. IL


Duncan research files of
Mary Ann (Duncan) Dobson
the Genealogy Bug

Last revised September 21, 2007

Formed 1819 from Edwards, White
Fayette formed 1821 from Bond, Wayne, Clark, Jefferson
Marion formed 1823 from Fayette, Jefferson
Massac formed 1843 from Pope, Jefferson


1820 Jefferson Co. IL Census
Northern Township
Pg.71  William Ulbert     000100 - 10100
         (MAD: William Albert on state census)
       Jacob Ulbert       100100 - 10100
         (MAD: Jacob Albert on state census)
       Samuel Young       001101 - 00000
       Robert Snodgrass   100010 - 00010
       James Young        300010 - 10100
       Malichi Ware       001101 - 23001
         (MAD: see Malachi Ware/Wear in Marion Co. IL)
       Isaac fan Sherp    120010 - 10010
       Tully, Fulfer, Wallin, Lee, etc. (quit)

1830 Jefferson Co. IL Census
Pg.215  Person (Lerson?) Duncan      01?10,0000,1  -  1011,0001
            (MAD: 1840 Jackson Co. IL census)

1840 Jefferson Co. IL Census
      No Duncan indexed

1850 Jefferson Co. IL Census
Taken 8/17/1850 (MAD: see pg.392)
Pg.362, #808, Martin S. DUNCAN 59 VA farmer $0
                  Anna 40 VA (MAD: not "Ga.")
                  Mary A. 13 VA
                  Ruth 12 TN
                  (MAD: ? see Martin Duncan, d. Apr. 8, 1866, age 79y 11m 3d; buried Scott Cem., McDonough Co. IL; Mary Ann Duncan mar. James Flint 6/19/1855)
Pg.373, #966, Hiram DUNCAN 41 TN farmer $1000
                  Nancy 31 TN
                  Barbara A. "16" IL
                  Sarah J. 3, Lydia 4/12 IL
                  William H. HUMPHREY 7 IL
                  (MAD: son of William Duncan of Washington Co. TN; per Joan Sowards 5/2007, Nancy was born 12 Feb 1818 in Rhea Co. Tennessee, died 28 Aug 1889 in Jefferson Co. IL, daughter of William Melvin Lisenby b.1792 Washington Co. TN, and his wife Isabel Young Lisenby, and widow of William Humphrey.)
Pg.379, #1063, James F. DUNCAN 33 IN ("Ia.") merchant $0
                  Rosalie 33 IN ("do")
                  Melissa 12, Sarah 10, Elizabeth 9 IN
                  Green B. 8, Emeline 6 IN
                  Zacariah 4 IL
                  John S. LUCAS 25 IN ("Ia") tanner
                  (MAD: 1840 Gibson Co. IN census; 1860 Logan Co. IL census)
Pg.391, #1236, Sarah DUNCAN 39 MO (blank) $0
                  Joseph D. 2 IL
                  Mary WILLIAM 15 IL
                  James H. 9, William A. 6 IL
                  (MAD: one William Duncan 40 TN d. Nov. 1850 of Pneumonia, per 1850 Mortality Schedule)
Taken 9/28/1850 (MAD: see pg.362)
Pg.392, #1240, Martin S. DUNCAN 35 GA farmer $0
                  Ann 41 GA
                  Mary A. 15, Ruth 13 TN
                  (MAD: birthplaces as given, Ann not born "Ia" or "Va")

1860 Jefferson Co. IL Census (also from Denzil Mauldin 1/1987)
Twp.2S Range 3E
Pg.829, #273-274, Hiram DUNCAN 50 TN farmer $4000-$1360
                  Nancy 40 TN
                  William HUMPHRY 17 IL
                  Barbary A. DUNCAN 15, Sarah J. 13 IL
                  Lydia 11, Isaac S. 8 IL
                  Isabel LIZENBAY 74 TN
Twp.3S Range 4E
Pg.914, #921-866, Sarah DUNCAN 48 MO farmer $0-$160
                  James W. 20, William A. 17 IL
                  Joseph D. 12 IL
Twp.4S Range 3E
Pg.953, #1207-1138, Martin S. DUNCAN 49 VA farmer $400-$105
                  Anna 30 VA
                  Ruth A. FLINT 2 IL

1870 Jefferson Co. IL Census (page by page; pg.555 also from Deone Penquite 2/1989, her line)
Twp.2S Range 3E
Pg.517, #123-123, DUNCAN, Russell 52 TN farmer $0-$175
                  Mary L. 46 TN housekeeper
                  Mary S. 25, Charles P. 23, John A. 22 TN
                  Vesta E. (f) 18, Hiram H. 14, Sarah M. 12 TN
                  William A. 9, Adaline S. 8, Ellen E. 5 TN
Pg.517, #124-124, DUNCAN, Hiram 61 TN farmer $0-$1200
                  Nancy 51 TN
                  Barbara 25, Lydia 20, Isaac S. 17 IL
                  (MAD: Russell & Hiram were sons of William, and grandsons of Charles Duncan of Knob Creek, Washington Co. TN)
Twp.3 Range 3E
Pg.552, #157-160, DUNCAN, Stephen 53 OH farmer $0-$0
                  Mary A. 45 OH housekeeping
                  Oscar 18 IL workman Larn?
                  Araminta (f) 16, Haphare (f) 14 IL
                  Walter 12, Charles 10 IL
Twp.4 Range 3E, Spring Garden Twp.
Pg.555, #2-#2, DUNCAN, James 43 OH farmer $1400-$1600
                  Mary 39 OH housekeeping
                  Mary E. 14, Temperance 12, Nancy 10 IL
                  Thomas 8, James 2 IL
Pg.563, #115-116, DUNCAN, Martin 60 VA farmer $0-$0
                  Ann 62 VA
                  FLINT, Ruth A. 12 IL domestic servant
Twp.4 Range 4E
Pg.625, #205-208, DUNCAN, William 33 AL farmer $0-$0
                  Minerva 24 IL keeps house
                  STRINGER, Mary 15 IL domestic
                  (MAD: one William Duncan mar. Maranda J. Sanders 11/19/1865; 1880 Custer Co. CO census)


Jefferson Co. IL Marriages 1820-1861 (FHL film 1,004,738)
      Typed; names in semi-alphabetic order; no bride index; did not go through page by page.
      Duncan, Hiram to Humphrey, Nancy, Sept. 12, 1844 by John R. Satterfield, JP.
      Duncan, John R. to Bundy, Lucinda, Dec. 14, 1852 by Samuel W. Carpenter JP
      Duncan, Benjamin F. to Baugh, Sarah H., Sept. 27, 1861 by Presley Cummings JP.
      No Polk groom (looking for Mr. Polk to Martha J. ----, she later mar. Marion Co. IL)

Jefferson Co. IL Index and Marriage Register 1819-1891 (FHL film 1,004,738; SLC 9/13/2007; handwritten original register pages, did not check all marriages)
      Pg.187: William Duncan to Maranda J. Sanders, license 14 Nov. 1865, married Nov. 19, 1865 by W. Adams, J.P., return 25 Nov. 1865. (MAD: "Minerva" on census, but "Maranda" in marriage register)

Jefferson Co. IL Death Records, 1877-1915 (FHL film 1,004,737; each volume indexed separately)
      1-59: Stephen Duncan. #765, report June 3, 1882, Stephen Duncan, male, white, age 65, farming, died May 15, 1882, married, born TN, resided IL about 30 years, died Dodds Twp, Jefferson Co. IL, of pneumonia, burial near Tamarsa, Perry Co. IL, undertaker Jos. F. Carroll. (MAD: 1850 Perry Co. IL census, b. OH)
      No Hiram Duncan 1887, Nancy Duncan 1889; deaths recorded by year; quit.

Death Certificate of Thadeus Duncan, Jefferson Co. IL (from Deone Penquite 2/2002)
      Thadeus Duncan, male, white, age 84y 11m 6d, born Knox Co. OH, lived in IL 72 years, farming, married, died 24 March 1910 at about 4 A.M., died Spring Garden Twp., burial Thurmond Cemet., March 25, 1910, died of old age. Filed for record 28 May 1910.
      (photo of tombstone: Thaddeus Duncan, 1826 - 1910; Elizabeth M., his wife, 1839 - 1917.)
      (Deone Penquite note 2/1989: Thadeus Duncan, brother to James Duncan b. 1827 OH, son of James Duncan and Elizabeth Hather)


Jefferson Co. IL Deeds 1822-1860 (grantor index FHL film 1,003,250; grantee index FHL film 1,003,253)
      No Ware to 1855
      A-196: 13 Dec. 1831, James M. Duncan and wife Margaret T. of Vanachas? in Fayette Co. IL to Samuel? Atcheson of Jefferson Co. IL, $80, 80 acres, W 1/2 SW 1/4 Sec. 5, Twp 3S Range 4E, sold at auction to Duncan by William Lee, admr. of estate of James Kelly decd, Sept. 1837; court decree. No wit. (FHL film 1,003,257)
      B-305: 10 Aug. 1843, Meredith Stricklin and wife Nancy to Hiram Duncan, both Jefferson Co. IL, $275, 40 acres Stricklin now lives on, NE (blank) SE 1/4 Sec. 13, Twp 2S, R3E. Wit. David Summers, Mary A. Summers. (FHL film 1,003,257)
      D-109: 20 Oct. 1847, John Rahin and wife Ellen L. to Hiram Duncan, both Jefferson Co. IL, $100, 40 acres, S 1/4 SE 1/4 Sec. 21, T2S, R3E. Wit. William J. Thomas, Delilah Stephnon (sic). (FHL film 1,003,258)
      D-129: 3 July 1847, Michael Fitzgerald to James F. Duncan and John L. Lucas, pt SW corner NE 1/4 Sec.22 T4S R3E 10 acres, rec. 17 Feb. 1848 (from index only)
      D-179: 20 Jan. 1848, Overton (+) Harlow and wife Manerva (+) to Hiram Duncan, all Jefferson Co. IL, $200, 79.72 acres, W 1/2 NE 1/4 Sec. 2, T2S, R3E. Wit. John C. Summers?, Wm. H. Summers?. (FHL film 1,003,258)
      D-453: (blank) Dec. 1850, James F. Duncan and wife Roaselia and John S. Lucas of town of Spring Garden, Jefferson Co. IL, to James E. Cox of same, $15, lot #9 in Spring Garden. Wit. M.B. Lynch, Joseph Land. (FHL film 1,003,258) (MAD: from Gibson Co. IN)
      E-192: 9 Feb. 1850, George (X) Casner and wife Mary (X) to Asa Duncan, $25, 20 acres, SW 1/4 NW 1/4 Sec. 29, T2S, R1E. Wit. Taabers? Gray, Maney? Casner. (FHL film 1,003,259)
      E-327: 11 Feb. 1850, J.F. Duncan and wife Rosila to Charles Hull, both Jefferson Co. IL, $300, 80 acres, S 1/2 SW 1/4 Sec. 9, T4S, R3E. Wit. Samuel (X) Hawkins. (FHL film 1,003,259)
      E-490: 13 Feb. 1850, Michael Fitzgerald and wife Mary to J.F. Duncan and J.S. Lucas, all Jefferson Co. IL, $120, 30 acres, the unsold remaining part of SW 1/4 NE 1/4 Sec. 22, T4S, R3E. (FHL film 1,003,259; indexed: NW 1/4 NW 1/4 Sec.25 T31S? R1E 40 acres and part SW 1/4 NE 1/4 Sec.22 T4S R3E 30 acres)
      F-358: 10 March 1851, Hiram Duncan and wife Nancy (X) to Meredith Hawkins, both Jefferson Co. IL, $120, S 1/4 SE 1/4 Sec. 21, T2S, R3E. Wit. Marcus D. Bruce. (FHL film 1,003,259)
      G-296: 25 Feb. 1854, Thomas Sofley and wife Eleanor (X) to James F. Duncan, all Jefferson Co., $30, part of lot #10 in Spring Garden. (FHL film 1,003,260)
      G-301: 31 Oct. 1851, Charles Hull and wife Matilda to James F. Duncan, all Jefferson Co. IL, $300, undivided interest in town property in Spring Garden and balance of SW 1/4 NE 1/4 Sec. 22, T4S, R3E, 30 acres. (FHL film 1,003,260)
      G-329: 31 Oct. 1854, James F. Duncan and wife Rosely to James R. Combs, all Jefferson Co. IL, $265, part of Secs. 22, T4S, R3E, and lots 4 and 5 in Spring Garden. (FHL film 1,003,260)
      H-324: 1 Jan. 1856, J.F. Duncan and wife Rosila of Logan Co. IL to Henry Williams and Joseph Williams of Jefferson Co. IL, $100, NW 1/4 NE 1/2 Sec. 26, T4S, R3E. Wit. C.H. Goodrich. (FHL film 1,003,261)
      H-325: 25 Feb. 1856, same to same, $300, Lot #1 in Spring Garden. (FHL film 1,003,261)
      H-351: 14 March 1856, Hiram Duncan and wife Nancy (+) to Willis Duff Green, both Jefferson Co. IL, $300, 80 acres, N 1/2 NW 1/4 Sec. 16, T2S, R3E. Wit. J.H. Watson, A.F. Taylor. (FHL film 1,003,261)
      H-779: 12 Sept. 1856, James F. Duncan and wife Rosila of Logan Co. IL to Wiley Prigmore? of Jefferson Co. IL, $100, part of SW 1/4 NE 1/4 Sec. 22, T4S, R3E, north of Lot 1 in town of Spring Garden. (FHL film 1,003,261)
      I-116: 7 Jan. 1857, Asa Duncan and wife Nancy of Vermilion Co. IL to Samuel Allen of Jefferson Co. IL, $700, 100 acres, NW 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec. 29; NE 1/4 SE 1/4 Sec. 30; S 1/2 SW 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec. 20, Twp 2S, R1E. (FHL film 1,003,262)
      I-295: 31 Oct. 1854, James F. Duncan and wife Rosily of Jefferson Co. IL to James M. Williams of Jefferson Co. IL, $110, part of SW 1/4 NE 1/4 Sec. 22, T4S, R3E, 5 acres. (FHL film 1,003,262)
      I-338: 29 April 1857, Martin S. Duncan and wife Ann (X) of Jefferson Co. IL to Henry M. Williams of same, $165, E 1/2 SE 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec. 5 and NW 1/4 NE 1/4 Sec. 8, except 5 acres, being 55 acres. (FHL film 1,003,262)
      I-509: 29 April 1857, James Flint and wife Mary Ann to Martin S. Duncan, both Jefferson Co. IL, $280, S 1/2 lot #7 in Spring Garden. (FHL film 1,l003,262; indexed: in Sofley addition to Spring Garden)
      No other Duncan through 1860, grantor Vol. K, grantee Vol. L.


Pension Index Card File, alphabetical; of the Veterans Administrative Contact and Administration Services, Admin. Operations Services, 1861-1934; Duff to A-J Duncan (negative FHL film 540,888, some cards very faint); Joseph Duncan to Dunn (positive FHL film 540,889, some cards very dark)
      Cataloged under Civil War, 1861-1865, pensions, indexes; does not say if Confederate or Federal, but probably Federal. Negative film, some cards much too faint or dark to read, some cards blurred or faded, particularly the service unit and the dates of application. Most of the very faint or dark cards were in a slightly different format, with space for years enlisted and discharged which were sometimes filled in. Many of these were for service in later years, although one or two were for service ca 1866.
      Name of soldier, alias, name of dependent widow or minor, service (military unit or units), date of filing, class (invalid or widow or minor or other), Application #, Certificate #, state from which filed (sometimes blank), attorney (sometimes blank, MAD: did not usually copy), remarks. Sometimes the "Invalid" or "Widow" class had an "s" added to it before the application #; occasionally the area for the service information included a circled "S". The minor's name was frequently that of the guardian rather than the minor.
      The military unit was frequently the Company Letter, the Regiment Number, sometimes US Vet Vol Inf. (US Veteran Volunteer Infantry), L.A. (Light Artillery), H.A. (Heavy Artillery), US C Inf (US Colored? Infantry), Cav. (Cavalry), Mil. Guards, V.R.C. (?Volunteer Reserve Corps?), etc. Sometimes there were several service units given.
      Cards appear to be arranged by the last name, first name, middle initial if any, and state (including "US") of service.
      Duncan, Charles P., widow Duncan, Nancy J.; B 6 Tenn. Mtd. Inf.; 1890 Aug. 4, Invalid Appl. #988052, Cert. #796700, IL; 1915 April 16, Widow App. #1045432, Cert. #794485, IL. (MAD: Hamilton Co. TN; Rhea Co. TN & Pope Co. IL)
      Duncan, Francis M.; F 5 Tenn. Inf.; 1884 June 9, Invalid Appl. #514949, Cert. #370392, Ill. (MAD: organized at Knox Co. KY; Rhea Co. TN, Pope Co. IL)
      Duncan, John A.; B 6 Tenn. Mtd. Inf.; 1891 Sept. 22, Invalid Appl. #1059998, Cert. #811738, Ill. (MAD: Hamilton Co. TN; Rhea Co. TN & Jefferson Co. IL)
      Duncan, Landon R., father Duncan, Russell; I 2 Tenn. Inf.; 1890 July 30, Father Appl. #480757, Cert. #372255, Ill. (MAD: Hamilton Co. TN; see Rhea Co. TN & Pope Co. IL)

HISTORIES before 1923

"History of Jefferson County, Illinois" ed. by William Henry Perrin; pub. Chicago: Globe Pub. Co., 1883, 550 pgs. (LH5438, HeritageQuest images 4/2007; FHL film 825,579 and 934,988 item 2)
      Pg.138-139: Elk Prairie Township. J.H. CROSNO, farmer, born McClellan Twp, Jefferson Co., November 16, 1832, a son of R.S. and Mary (Wells) Crosno. The father was a native of Smith Co. TN, ... moved in 1865 to Washington Territory where he died 1867. Mother was native of Giles Co. TN. ... Mr. Crosno was married, June 29, 1854, to Lorinda Howard, daughter of Charles and Jane Howard, early settlers of McClellan Township, coming from TN to this county. This union rsulted in the following children, all of whom are living ... Peoria K. (wife of O.P. Duncan of McClellan Township), ....
      Pg.305: ... in 1839, ... Simeon Walker entered in Section 1; Hiram Duncan in 2; O. Harlow in 10; H. Duncan and Mary Ann Summers in 11; M.A. Summers in 12; ...
      Pg.320: Baptist Church in Salem ... Thus it remained till last year, when a new house was begun on a lot bought from Hiram Duncan, November 1, 1882.
      Pg.371: Village of Spring Garden is one of the old towns of Jefferson Co. It was surveyed and laid out by L.F. Casey for James F. Duncan and John S. Lucas, October 24, 1848 .... In the winter of 1850-51 ... about this time Duncan sold out and left, ....

1894 "Portrait and Biographical Record of Clinton, Washington, Marion and Jefferson Cos. IL" pub. by Chapman Bros. Pub. (FHL book 977.3 D3; Los Angeles Public Library book 977.3 P8525; good index)
      Pg.406-9: WILLIAM P. HUDSON owns 200 acres of fine land on sections 29 and 30, Bald Hill Township, Jefferson Co., ... Our subject was born in Franklin County, this state, November 12, 1841, and is one of a family of six children born to his parents, John and Mary (Duncan) Hudson. The father was born in Robinson County, TN, in 1809, and came to the Prairie State when it was a territory. He here followed farming and stock-raising until the time of his death, which occurred in 1882. The Duncans went to TN from NC and thence to IL, where Mrs. Hudson died in 1844. ...

1893 "The Biographical review of Johnson, Massac, Pope and Hardin counties, Illinois : containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens" pub. by Biographical Publ. Co. (FHL book 977.39 D3b and film 982,028 item 2; and CA State Library, Sutro Branch, on film)
      Pg.479: FRANCIS M. DUNCAN ... Pope Co, who resides in township 11, range 6, and was born in Rhea Co. TN in 1842. His father, Russell Duncan, was born in Washington Co. TN in 1817 and is a son of William Duncan, of the same county. The latter was a farmer, as was also his father, Charles Duncan, of North Carolina, who was also a mechanic. Both Charles Duncan and his son William died in Washington Co. TN at quite an advanced age.
      The mother of our subject was Mary T. Rector, of East TN, who after she married Russell Duncan lived in TN until 1870. That year Mr. and Mrs. Duncan removed by team to Jefferson Co. IL, and there the latter died in 1879, aged 56 years, having been the mother of 13 children, 7 sons and six daughters, one of whom died when an infant. Landon R. who was a volunteer in the 2nd TN Infantry of the Federal army, died in KY in the spring of 1862, in his 21st year. Mary Saphrona died in IL at about the age of 28; Sarah M., wife of William Secrest, died in IL; Hiram H. died at his parents' home in 1884; and Ellen E., a single lady, died also at home, in 1892. The names of the living are as follows: Margaret E. in AL; Francis M., the subject of this sketch; Charles Polk, a farmer of Pope Co.; John A., a farmer of Jefferson Co.; William E., also a farmer of Jefferson Co.; Vesta E., wife of Henry Miner, of Jefferson Co.; and Adeline, wife of David Mooney.
      Francis M. Duncan, who was the 2nd child and 2nd son, and is the eldest of the family living, was reared to farm life ... enlisted in 20th year in KY in 5th TN Infantry of Union army, served in ranks over 3 years except when sick in hospital for a short time. His brothers Charles Polk and John A. were also volunteers in the Federal army. These men in TN who entered the Union army knew something of what it cost to be loyal to the Old Flag, and they also knew something of the cost of war. At first Mr. Duncan volunteered at home, but the regiment was soon disbanded and each member of it fled for safety. For some time he was secreted in the mountains with his father and brother; but one night went home to sleep in his bed, and was captured by the rebels and held a prisoner, but only for 2 hours, when he made his escape. The next spring he was one of 33 to cross the mountains and volunteer in KY, and came out of the war without being wounded.
      In April, 1866, our subject was married to Miss Sarah Jane Robbs, of Pope Co., and a daughter of J.L. Robbs. He and his wife then went to MO for a few months, but later returned to this county, and in 1876 bought 40 acres ... Built part of his present dwelling house in fall of 1892. Mr. and Mrs. Duncan have buried one infant daughter, Mary L., and have 6 children living, viz: Amanda S., wife of Joseph Gossage, a farmer of Pope Co.; Vesta I., wife of William Gossage, and who has 3 children; William A., a young man of 19 at home; Minnie, a young lady of 18; Elmina, a miss of 14; and Thomas L., 12 years old. Mr. Duncan is a Master Mason, a Simon-pure Republican; he and wife members of Social Brethren Church. ...

1878 "History of Jackson County, Illinois : with illustrations descriptive of its scenery and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers" by R. Allyn, pub. by Brink, McDonald & Co. (FHL book Q 977.3994 H2b and FHL film 962,314 item 1)
      Pg.86: William Montgomery Duncan was born in Lancaster Dist. SC, 1 Nov. 1815, 8th of 10 children of Pierson and Sarah Duncan. Family to Jackson Co. GA when William age about 8, in fall of 1827 to IL with wife and children, arriving Christmas day in Jefferson Co. Fall of 1829 to Randolph Co., about 8 miles above Kaskaskia; spring 1831 to Jackson Co. about 1/2 mile from home place of William Duncan. Father died about 1843, widow survived him 3 or 4 years. Wm. M. Duncan married June 22, 1835, to Sarah Atkins of Randolph Co.; 10 children, 5 yet living; she died 25 Nov. 1854, and he mar. 8 July 1855 to Caroline Tyndall; 4 children, 3 yet living. Mrs. Duncan died 30 April 1865, he married on 5 Sept. following to Mrs. Marilla Hobbs; 4 children, two boys yet living. Mrs. D. died 6 Sept. 1875, and on 28 Jan. 1876, he m. a sister to his former wife, Mrs. N. Hobbs, who is still living. Democrat, enjoying good health, is among the old residents of his township.


"Bible and Family Records, Vol.43, by CA DAR, 1979-1980 (SUTRO book E202.5 C15 V5 v.43, CA State Library, Sutro Branch)
      Pg.116-7: DUNCAN FAMILY BIBLE. MAD: This is the Bible of Green B. Duncan, b. 5/19/1842 Gibson Co. IN, married Tabitha L. Ewing 8/29/1866 Champaign Co. IL, and gives their children, who were born in 1867 in Otoe Co. NE, and in 1875 in Atchison Co. MO. From other information, he was in 1850 Jefferson Co. IL census, son of James Floyd Duncan and Rosilia Lucas from Gibson Co. IN; 1860 Logan Co. IL census.


Return to Index to Duncan Research Files in Illinois

Return to The Genealogy Bug's Home Page