Duncans in Edgar Co. IL


Duncan research files of
Mary Ann (Duncan) Dobson
the Genealogy Bug

Last revised August 18, 2007

Formed 1823 from Clark
Vermilion formed 1826 from Unorganized Territory, Edgar
Coles formed 1830 from Clark, Edgar


1830-1840 Edgar Co. IL Census
      No Duncan indexed

1850 Edgar Co. IL Census
Pg.156, #565-565, Eli DUNCAN 52 Newberry Co. SC farmer $600
                  Rebecca 49 Shelby Co. KY
                  George W. 22 Green Co. IN laborer
                  Joshua A. 20 Green Co. IN laborer
                  Eli M. 18, Obediah W. 15 Green Co. IN laborers
                  Louisa J. 13, Elizabeth P. 11 Edgar Co. IL
                  Polly A. 7 Edgar Co. IL
                  (MAD: Obediah W. in Civil War from Champaign Co. IL)
P.O. Paris
Pg.203, #1176-1199, James HANNAH 31 Schenectady NY tanner $1500
                  Caroline 25 Schenectady NY
                  Mary 10/12 Edgar IL
                  Nancy 69 Princeton NY
                  Archibald A. 41 Schenectady NY tanner
                  Sarah J. 17 Delaware NY
                  Joshua A. DUNCAN 20 IN laborer
Pg.213, #1303-1338, Phebe McCUBBINS (f) 50 Granger TN (blank) $1200
                  Robert G. 23 Granger TN laborer
                  Zach H. 21 Granger TN
                  (MAD: all households had county & state of birth)
                  (MAD: Benton Co. AR biog. of Z.H. McCubbins named his mother as "Thebe" Duncan, mar. in TN, to IL ca 1834.)

1860 Edgar Co. IL Census
      No Duncan indexed

1870 Edgar Co. IL Census
Town of Grandview, P.O. Dudley Station
Pg.109, #366-366, DUNCON, Adam 45 VA BLACK farm laborer
                  Ellen 32 KY BLACK keeping house
                  Lucy 10 KY BLACK at home
                  David 8 KY BLACK at home
                  Lee (m) 6 KY BLACK
                  James 3 IL BLACK


Edgar Co. IL Deed Indexes 1827-1873 (grantees on FHL film 1,301,929; grantors on FHL film 1,301,930)
      MAD: Land description given on right-hand page in grantor index, mostly not copied.
      2-476: James M. Duncan to John Tillson, Jr., "2 C Deed", Feb. 27, 1835, $40.
      3-496: Robert Duncan to Christopher Hunter, Sept. 5, 1837, $300, NW 1/4 NW 1/4 Sec.17 T14 R10, filed April 19, 1838.
      8-602: William G. Culbertson to Eli and William S. Duncan, Jan. 22, 1848, $600.
      8-603: Eli and William S. Duncan to William G. Culbertson, mortgage, Jan. 22, 1848, $300.
      12-105: Thomas M. Powell to Mary Duncan, Dec. 28, 1851, $400.
      12-258: Mary Duncan to James Clark, March 26, 1852, $400.
      12-590: Eli and William S. Duncan to Samuel Walls, Dec. 29, 1851, $400.
      13-132: Eli and William S. Duncan to James Prather, Dec. 29, 1851, $200.
      14-93: Francis Seals to Charles L. Duncan, Sept. 20, 1853, $200.
      14-95: Charles L. Duncan to Frederick Sopie? and Peter Cook, Dec. 24, 1853, $400, NE 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec.15 T12 R12.

Edgar Co. IL Deeds
      3-496: 25 April 1837, William Hunter and wife Emily, Hiram (X) Crabtree and wife Elizabeth (X), John Crabtree and wife Nancy (X), Mel Murphy and wife Jane (X), Andrew Hunter and wife Margaret, Peter Hunter and wife Nancy (X), Robert Duncan and wife Mary (X), George W. Hunter and wife Sarah (X), S.K. Hunter (later Spencer K. Hunter) and wife Hannah (X), all of Edgar Co. IL, to Christopher Hunter, for $300 paid, their undivided right, title and interest in NW 1/4 NW 1/4 Sec.17 Twp 14N Range 10W, 41 acres; proved 3 Sept. 1837, rec. 19 April 1838. (FHL film 1,301,935) (MAD: Robert Duncan mar. 7/10/1837 Polly Hunter, possibly to Menard then 1850 Sangamon Co. IL census, 2nd wife Priscilla Cross)
      8-602: 22 Jan. 1848, William G. Culbertson of Clark Co. IL to Eli Duncan and William S. Duncan of Edgar Co. IL, $600, E 1/2 SE 1/4 Sec.2 and NW 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec.1, all Twp 12N Range 12W, containing 120 acres; no wit.; Culbertson appeared in Edgar Co. IL; rec. 22 Jan. 1848. (FHL film 1,302,556)
      8-603: 22 Jan. 1848, mortgage, Eli Duncan and William S. Duncan of Edgar Co. IL to William G. Culbertson of Clark Co. IL, $300, E 1/2 SE 1/4 Sec.2 and NW 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec.1 Twp.12N R12W, 120 acres; Duncans to pay $50 each on 25 Dec. 1848, 1849, 1850, 1851, 1852, and 1853, and interest; no wit. In margin: 26 June 1874, satisfied, /s/ Wm. G. Culbertson, wit. James A. Dickenson. (FHL film 1,302,556)
      12-105: 28 Nov. 1851, Thomas M. Powell and wife Lucretia to Mary Duncan, both Edgar Co. IL, $400, E 1/2 lot 17 in town of Paris; no wit. (FHL film 1,302,558 item 3)
      12-258: 26 March 1852, Mary Duncan to James Clark, both Edgar Co. IL, $400, E 1/2 lot 17 in town of Paris; no wit. (FHL film 1,302,558 item 3)
      12-590: 29 Dec. 1851, Eli Duncan and "Willias" S. Duncan (/s/ William) and Rebecca and Charlotte their wives, for $400, to Lemuel Walls, SE 1/4 SE 1/4 Sec.2 and NW 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec.1, all Twp.12N Range 12W, 80 acres more or less; /s/ William S. Duncan, Charlotte (X) Duncan, Eli (X) Duncan, Rebecca (X) Duncan; no wit.; no locality given but they appeared in Edgar Co. IL; rec. 14 March 1853. (FHL film 1,302,559 item 1)
      13-132: 29 Dec. 1851, Eli Duncan and William S. Duncan and Rebecca Duncan and Charlotte Duncan their "wifes" for $200 to James Prather, NE 1/4 of SE 1/4 Sec.2 Twp.12N Range 12W, 40 acres; /s/ Eli (X) Duncan, Rebecca (X) Duncan, William S. Duncan, Charlottee (X) Duncan; no locality given but they appeared in Edgar Co. IL. (FHL film 1,302,559 item 2)
      14-93: 12 Sept. 1853, Francis Seals and wife Nancy (X) of Edgar Co. IL to Samuel McClure and Charles Duncan of Clark Co. IL, $200, NE 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec.15 T12N R12W, 40 acres; wit. John Storwell. (FHL film 1,302,559 item 3)
      14-95: 24 Dec. 1853, Samuel McClure and wife Caroline and Charles L. Duncan and wife Hannah J. of Clark Co. IL to Frederick Soher? (Sober?) and Peter Cook of Edgar Co. IL, $400, NE 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec.15 T12N R12W, 40 acres; wit. Wm. P. Bennet (Clerk of Clark Co. IL Circuit Court). (FHL film 1,302,559 item 3)


Pension Index Card File, alphabetical; of the Veterans Administrative Contact and Administration Services, Admin. Operations Services, 1861-1934; Duff to A-J Duncan (negative FHL film 540,888, some cards very faint); Joseph Duncan to Dunn (positive FHL film 540,889, some cards very dark)
      Cataloged under Civil War, 1861-1865, pensions, indexes; does not say if Confederate or Federal, but probably Federal. Negative film, some cards much too faint or dark to read, some cards blurred or faded, particularly the service unit and the dates of application. Most of the very faint or dark cards were in a slightly different format, with space for years enlisted and discharged which were sometimes filled in. Many of these were for service in later years, although one or two were for service ca 1866.
      Name of soldier, alias, name of dependent widow or minor, service (military unit or units), date of filing, class (invalid or widow or minor or other), Application #, Certificate #, state from which filed (sometimes blank), attorney (sometimes blank, MAD: did not usually copy), remarks. Sometimes the "Invalid" or "Widow" class had an "s" added to it before the application #; occasionally the area for the service information included a circled "S". The minor's name was frequently that of the guardian rather than the minor.
      The military unit was frequently the Company Letter, the Regiment Number, sometimes US Vet Vol Inf. (US Veteran Volunteer Infantry), L.A. (Light Artillery), H.A. (Heavy Artillery), US C Inf (US Colored? Infantry), Cav. (Cavalry), Mil. Guards, V.R.C. (?Volunteer Reserve Corps?), etc. Sometimes there were several service units given.
      Cards appear to be arranged by the last name, first name, middle initial if any, and state (including "US") of service.
      Duncan, Obediah W.; B 76 Ill. Inf.; 1874 Jan. 31, Invalid Appl. #189614, Cert. #132402. (MAD: 1850 Edgar Co. IL census; see Champaign Co. IL)

HISTORIES before 1923

"The History of Edgar County, Illinois : containing a history of the county, its cities, towns, &c., directory of its tax-payers, war record of its volunteers in the late rebellion, portraits of early settlers and prominent men, general and local statistics, map of Edgar County, history of Illinois, illustrated, Constitution of the United States, miscellaneous matters, &c., &c." (anonymous); pub. Chicago: W. Le Baron Jr. & Co., 1879, 773 pgs. (LH5034, HeritageQuest images 4/2007)
      Pg.757: Taxpayers of Edgar Co. (no date), Paris Twp: Duncan Jacob, laborer

1887 "Portrait and Biographical Album of Coles Co. IL" by Chapman Bros. (FHL film 825,562)
      Pg.221: DR. W.S. DUNCAN, of Hutton Twp., spent his childhood and youth in Greene Co. IN, where he was born Feb. 26, 1825; his grandfather having been Isaiah Duncan, an enterprising Southern farmer who was born, reared and spent his entire life in SC (MAD: Newberry Co. per Eli's 1850 census); he married and became the father of a family, including five sons and two daughters. The sons were Isaiah, George, John, Eli and Joshua. Of these, the father of our subject was next to the youngest. He received a common school education and remained with his father on the farm until reaching manhood. He then migrated North and, locating in Greene Co. IN, was married to Miss Rebecca Stevens in the spring of 1822. Mrs. Duncan was born Feb. 28, 1801, in KY, and was the dau. of William Stevens, who emigrated from the Blue Grass regions to Harrison Co. IN. After marriage, Mr. Duncan rented a tract of land and farmed until the spring of 1835; he then came to Edgar Co., this State, secured possession of 40 acres of timber land, part of which he cleared and occupied until spring of 1853; he then removed with his family to Laclede Co. MO and died there in 1856, leaving a family of seven children. While a resident of IN he and his wife had become members of the Dunkard Church, but after coming to IL united with the Christian Church. The mother survived her husband about 23 years, making her home with her children, and died Dec. 10, 1881. The parental family included the following children: Isaiah who died in infancy; W.S. of our sketch; John who died in infancy; George now a minister of the Christian Church at AR; Joshua; Marion who died when 20 years of age; Obadiah a resident of Piatt Co. IL; Jane; Elizabeth a widow, now residing in Marion Co., and Polly A. who has carried on a millinery establishment in Bement [Piatt Co.], IL, for the last 20 years.
            Dr. Duncan was the 2nd child of his parents and received but a common-school education; when 18, he commenced working in a tanyard for 3 years, then enlisted in Co. H, 4th IL Vol. Inf., started on 16 June 1846 by wagon to Springfield, IL, bound for Mexico; after reaching the seat of war, he found that the precarious state of his health would prevent him from continuing in the ranks, and in Dec. received his discharge on account of disability, the result of measels contracted at Matamoras, Mex. Upon returning to Edgar Co., he began teaching school, ... worked on farm, ... in about 1853 began practicing (as doctor) in Coles Co. The marriage of Dr. Duncan and Miss Charlotte W. Elsbury was celebrated at the home of the bride, Dec. 3, 1847; Mrs. Duncan was born March 13, 1826, and is the dau. of John and Charlotte (Winters) Elsbury, natives of IN. Dr. Duncan continued teaching for about 3 years after his marriage, ... located at Strington, ... until 1860, that spring he took up residence at Sidney, Champaign Co. In Jan. 1864 during progress of Civil War, he enlisted in Co. I, 10th IL Vol. Cav., and was appointed Assistant Surgeon, receiving his commission 18 March ... until Oct. 13 following, when he resigned, returned to Sidney, continued practice until 1868. Health compelled him to leave prairie country so he moved to Farmersburg [Sullivan Co.], IN; until Aug. 1884, then returned to Sidney, then to Hutton Twp. in Oct. 1886, where still lives. Mrs. Charlotte Duncan died at Farmersburg, IN, in Oct. 1874; member of Christian Church; bore nine children, recorded as follows: Minerva P. born Oct. 3, 1848, is the wife of John W. Payne, of Evansville, IN; Melissa C. born June 11, 1850, is the wife of Alfred Duncan of Fulton Co. MO; Mary E. born Sept. 12, 1852, died 13 days later; Minnie C. born May 10, 1854, is the wife of Joab Patton of IN; Laura B. born Jan. 14, 1857, died when 18 months old; Josephine F.P. born May 15, 1860, is the wife of Dr. George H. Bogart, of IN; Rebecca D. born July 12, 1863, died Aug. 15 following; her twin brother, William M., died Aug. 5 following. Nora, born July 10, 1865, became the wife of Lester E. Foulke and is a resident of Champaign Co.
            The present wife of our subject, whom he married Jan. 5, 1875, was formerly Miss Elizabeth Johns, a native of Boone Co. IN, and born June 29, 1846; she is the dau. of Hardin W. and Charlotte T. Johns, natives of KY; two children: William O. born Sept. 25, 1875, died Sept. 15, 1878; and Blach G. (MAD: sic) born April 16, 1883; the Dr. and Mrs. Duncan members of 7th Day Adventist Church; while resident of IN, Dr. Duncan identified himself with the Sullivan Co. Medical Assn, ... Fairbanks IN Lodge A.F.&A.M., Terre Haute Chap.; Republican.

19-- "History of Piatt County [Illinois]: together with a brief history of Illinois from the discovery of the upper Mississippi to the present time" by Emma C. Piatt; pub. Evansville, Ind. (HeritageQuest image 2/2007, Local History Reel/Fiche Number 12207; FHL book 977.367 D3p and film 1,000,510 item 1)
      Pg.352. Miss P.A. Duncan is president of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, organized at Bement, November 27, 1879, by Frances E. Willard, with 21 charter members. At present there are about 57 members.
      Pg.366: Miss P.A. DUNCAN, milliner and dress-maker, Bement, is a native of Paris, Edgar county, Illinois. Her mother was born in Kentucky, in 1801, and moved from Indiana to Illinois about 1834, moving to Piatt county about 1869. Mrs. Duncan was a pioneer settler of Indiana and Illinois, and up to the time of her death her memory, which was remarkably good, was rife with scenes of her pioneer life. She died in Bement, December 18, 1881. Miss Duncan bought the milliner-shop in 1868, and has been in the same business ever since. For three years she had a partner, but since that time has been in business alone. She has lately built a residence of seven rooms on Main street, and uses a part for business room. She also owns a house and two lots in another part of town. Miss Duncan began with little, but business has made an increase since, so that all her property was made in Bement. She taught school two terms in the county.

1889 "Biographical & Historical Memoirs of Northwest Arkansas; Benton, Washington, Carroll, Madison, Crawford, Franklin & Sebastian Cos." by Goodspeed (Los Angeles Public Library book 976.71 W317Go; also from Evelyn Sigler 9/1983)
      Pg.862, Benton Co.: Z.H. McCubbins of Rogers, AR, one of four children, two of whom are living, born to William and Thebe (Duncan) McCubbins. William and Thebe were born and married in TN; about 1834 they moved to IL, where they spent remainder of their days. Z.H. McCubbins reared in IL, there married Miss Mary F. Clemmons, b. IL of KY stock; had 4 children, 2 living, Churchill & Orila, wife of Asa Hayes. In 1879 Mr. McCubbins to AR for 2 years, then KS where still owns a ranch, then 1885 to Rogers, AR. ME Church, Republican, Civil War, member G.A.R. (MAD: see Edgar Co. IL)
            MAD: 1830 Claiborne Co. TN Census, pg.123, William McCubbin, 1 male 0-5, 1 male 5-10, 1 male 30-40; one female 30-40. No other William McCubbin(s) in TN 1830.


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