Comments in brackets [ ] are those of the web page author.
Dawson, Thomas, 1860-1945, husband of Sarah Rebecca Russell
REF: Barnesboro Star, 29 Nov 1945, page 1 (available on microfilm at Barnesboro, PA, library).
"Aged Barnesboro Man Expires at Park Ave. Home"
"Thomas Dawson, 85, died at 2:45 am yesterday in his home 1302? [partially obscured by an overprint] Park Ave, Barnesboro, following an extended illness."
"Mr Dawson was born Nov 20, 1860, in England, a son of John and Elizabeth (Smith) Dawson and came to this country 40 years ago."
"He had resided in Barnesboro 36 years. His wife, the former Hannah Matha, preceded him in death. Surviving are 12 children- Thomas, England; Mrs Sarah R Sipe, New Cumberland; Mrs.Thomas Watson and John Dawson, Galt, Canada; Mrs. Thomas Thornton, Mrs Clyde Brubaker and Richard H.Dawson, all of Barnesboro; James Dawson, Altoona; Mrs. Philip Stock, Spangler; Mrs. David Henninger, Akron, OH, and Fred Dawson, Daytona, OH.
Thirty grandchildren also survive. The deceased was a brother of Richard Dawson, Mrs. Stephen Willis, Mrs. Mary Charlton and Mrs. Florence Cole, all to England."
"Friends are being received in the residence where funeral servces will be conducted at 2 PM Saturday by Rev. J. Earl Bassler, pastor of the Barnesboro Methodist Church. Interment will be in the North Barnesboro Cemetery." Return to Obit.Index or go Home.
Forsyth, Alexander Dickson, 1864-1944, husband of Alma Emma Russell
REF: From Syracuse Post Standard, 1 Sep 1944. (photocopy obtained at Onondaga Historical Soc, 311 Montgomery St, Syracuse, NY 13202).
"A.D. Forsythe, 80, Dead at Camillus"
"Alexander D. Forsythe, 80, of 502 Tennyson Ave, a resident of Syracuse since 1910, died yesterday at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Ralph Whedon of Camillus. He was the father of one daughter and seven sons including Clellan S Forsythe, automobile dealer and councilman."
"Custodian at Edward Smith shool for more than 25 years, Mr. Forsythe remained active until the close of the last school term, despite injuries which he suffered in a fall three years ago. His last illness was of short duration."
"The son of David and Elizabeth Forsythe, he was born in Glasgow, Scotland, March 9, 1864. He came to America with his parents at the age of 11. In 1910, with this wife and family, he moved to Syracuse from PA."
"He was a member of W. Genesee St. Methodist Church."
"Mr Forsythe is survived by his wife, Mrs. Emma Russell Forsythe; a daughter, Mrs. Ralph Whedon of Camillus; seven sons, Robert R. Forsythe, of Central Square, Thomas R., Clellan S., Det. John R., Alexander D., James L, and William A. Forsythe; nine grandchildren, two great-grandchildren and two sisters, Mrs. Charles Henderson [nee Jean Forsyth] of Houtzdale, PA, and Mrs Harry Taylor [nee. ?] of Rossiter, PA."
"Services will be at the home at 2 P.M. Monday, with burial in Woodlawn cemetery."
Go to obituary of Alexander Forsyth's son, Clellan Forsythe. Return to Obit.Index or go Home.
Heseltine, Robert, 1872-1950, Coal mine operator; noted choir singer.
REF: Barnesboro Star, Thursday, 14 Dec 1950, front page (available at Barnesboro library; Photocopy IHO author):
"Robert Heseltine Funeral Held Here Sunday"
"Funeral services for Robert Heseltine Sr, 78, who died at his home in Barnesboro on Dec 7, were held in the Long Funeral Home Sunday afternoon. Officiating at the funeral were Rev. Leonard F Thomas, pastor of the Christian and Missionary Alliance Church; Rev Walter F. Glenn, pastor of St John's Methodist Church and Rev Gustave Edwin Anderson, pastor of the first Baptist Church. Interment was in the North Barnesboro Cemetery."
"Mr. Heseltine was born in England March 31, 1872, a son of William and Mary Ann (Hartley) Heseltine, and had been a resident of Barnesboro for 56 years. He began work in the mines at an early age and followed that occupation all his life. At the time of his death he was operating a mine in North Barnesboro."
"While coal mining was his occupation, he found time to engage in music and at the age of 15 years was singing in a choir in England. Just before coming to America, he was presented with a copy of Handel's "Messiah" by the choir. He bought the copy with him to America and kept it well preserved in his home. He sang in choirs in Philipsburg and Barnesboro and engaged in solo work in the various churches of Barnesboro."
"Besides his widow, the former Elizabeth West, he is survived by these children: William and Robert Jr, both of Barnesboro; Mrs Chester Sykes, Long Island, NY; Levia Ruth and Grace, both at home; also six grandchildren. He was a brother of Thomas Heseltine, Morrisdale Mines, and Mrs Jennie Dressler and Mrs Harry Smith, both of Curwensville." Return to Obit.Index or go Home.
Hohnke, Lewis Campbell, 1919-1984, civic leader of Philipsburg, PA
REF: From The Progress, Wednesday, 8 Aug 1984, page 18 (available on microfilm at Progress office in Clearfield):
"Philipsburg Civic Leader Dies at 65"
"Philipsburg- Services for Lewis C. Hohnka, 65, of [private] Street, Philipsburg, past president of Philipsburg Borough Council and the Philipsburg-Osceola Area School Board, who died Tuesday, Aug 7, will be at the Beezer Funeral Home, Philipsburg, tomorrow at 2 pm with the Rev Robert H LaForce officiating.
"A military gravesite service and interment will be in Philipsburg Cemetery. Friends will be received at funeral home today from 2-4,and 7-9 where as Elks memorial service will ber hild at 7 PM."
"He was born in Philipsburg, Apr 13 1919, the son of Lewis and Agnes (Campbell) Hohnka."
"He was a retired accountant for the Robert Bailey Coal Co of Morrisdale. He was a member of the First Presbyterian Church, Philipsburg, and a WW II veteran who served as First Leutenant of the Army Air Corps. He was a member and past exalted ruler of the BPOE of Philipsburg. He initiated the sports program for WPHB radio and served as its sports announcer for many years."
"He was a Justice of the Peace for the Philipsburg area; was executive secretery of the Central PA Open Pit Mining Association; and a life member of Reliance Fire Co, no 1"
"He was married to the former Margaret Mehallow, who survives with these children; Lewis J of State College; Michael J of Laurel, MD; Mrs Allen (Peggy) Webster and Ms Jacqueline Hohnka, both of Philipsburg; and Mrs. Robert (JoAnn) Palmer of Clearfield, and 7 grandchildren."
"He was preceded in death by his parents, a son, and a daughter. The family suggests donations be made to the Intensive Care Unit of Philipsburg State General Hospital."
Note: Go to Lewis C Hohnke's father, Lewis H. Hohnke. Return to Obit.Index or go Home.
Kramp, Robert Carl, 1918-1974, son of Otto Streich and Emily, nee. Russell
REF: Washington Star (Death Notices), ca June, 1974:
"Kramp, Robert C. On Thursday, June 27, 1974. Robert C. Kramp of Rockville, MD, beloved husband of Mary Margaret Kramp, father of Robert C. Kramp, Geneva, Switzerland; Russell W. Kramp, Calverton, MD. Beverly R. Kramp, Rockville, MD, and brother of Russell Stryke. Mr. Kramp is also survived be six sisters and three grandchildren. Friends will be received at Humphrey's Bethesda- Chevy Chase Funeral Home, 7557 Wisconsin Ave. Bethesda, MD, on Saturday and Sunday, between 3-5 pm where the service will be held on Monday July 1 at 9 am. Contributions may be made to the Mayland School for the Deaf, 101 Clark Pl. Fredeick MD. Interment Parklawn Memorial Cemetery, Rockville, MD."
"Member of Columbia Typographical Union, No. 101 (GPO). Robert E. Peterson, Sec'y Treasurer."
Go to the obituary of Robert C. Kramp's adopted father, Robert W. Kramp, or is biological father, Otto K. Strike, or his biological brother, Russell O. Stryke. Return to Obit.Index or go Home.
Kramp, Robert William, 1873-1963, son of Johann and Hannah, nee. Marsh
REF: from ?
"Ramey- Robert W. Kramp, 90, former resident of Ramey, died yesterday at 5:10 am in the home of his daughter, Mrs. Gordon Henderson, at Edinburg, PA."
"He was born in Germany, April 23, 1873. He was a retired coal miner and a member of the St. John's Lutheran Church of Houtzdale."
"He is survived by the following sons and daughters: Richard, Smithmill; Robert, Bethesda, MD; Mrs. Gordon (Florence) Henderson, Edinburg; and Mrs. Orville (Bernice) Shugart, Plymouth, PA."
"He was preceded in death by his wife, Martha and one son [Julius] and one daughter [Dorothy]."
"He also leaves behind 12 grandchildren, 12 great-grandchildren; and one brother, Paul who resides in Michigan."
"Funeral Sevices will be Monday at 2 pm from the Buranovsky Funeral Home at Ramey with the Rev. Adolph Kammath [sic, should be Kammrath] officiating. Burial will be made in the Odd Fellows Cemetery at Brisbin." Go to obituary of Robert W. Kramp's adopted son, Robert Carl Kramp. Return to Obit.Index or go Home.
Russell, Andrew Burt, 1877-1941, Primitive Methodist Minister
REF: Wilkes Barre Record, date ? [obituary included photograph of Andrew]
"Local Pastor is Dead at 63"
"Rev. Andrew Burt Russell Served Heights Church for past 16 Years."
"Rev. Andrew Burt Russell, 63, pastor of First Primitive Methodist Church of this city for the past 16 years, died at 5:30 Saturday morning at the family home, 130 South Sherman Street, after a prolonged illness."
"Funeral services will be conducted at 2 Tuesday afternoon in the church with interment in Oaklawn Cemetery. The body will lie in state from 11 A.M. until funeral time. A committee of valley pastors assisting in arrangements for the service is headed by Herbert Hoyes of Plymouth. Born in England Rev. Mr. Russell came to this country with his parents at the age of 3, the family settling at Houtzdale, PA. He received his early ... [obscured by newspaper fold] ... schools of Houtzdale, and was a graduate of the theological course of Taylor University, Upland, Indiana."
"A few months after his graduation Rev. Mr. Russell entered the ministry as pastor of Laurel Run Primitive Methodist Church, and after was assigned to Morris Run church in Tioga County, where he remained for 10 years. From Morris Run he returned to this community and served as pastor of Plains P.M. Church for six years, after which he assumed charge of First P.M. Church on Sherman Street."
"Rev. Mr. Russell was twice president of the Primitive Methodist conference of PA. He was a past president of the Wyoming Valley Ministerium and at the time of his death was president of the Heights Ministerium. He was affiliated with Landmark Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons. Willimsport Consistory and Irem Temple."
"Surviving are his widow, the former Margaret Walker; a daughter, Mrs Paul Hilburt, Wilkes-Barre; an adopted daughter, Mrs. William Pariseau of Springfield, MA, a brother, G.T. Russell of Altoona, and a nephew, Russell Samuels of this city. Rev. Mr. Russell's father, Robert Russell, died in this city November 6, 1940 [newspaper error, should be October 6, 1940] at the age of 91." Go to obituary of Andrew Russell's father, Robert Russell. Return to Obit.Index or go Home.
Russell, James Irven, 1908-1926, Artist, Architect and Adventurer
OBITUARY No. 1. REF: unknown date and source, but probably Jacksonville, FL newspaper, about Oct 15-20, 1991. This copy mailed to me by James' widow:
"James I. Russell, 83, died October 15, 1991. He was born in Barnesboro, PA, July 19, 1908, son of Niklos [sic, should be Nicholson] and Emma Russell [nee. Yingling], and had lived in Jacksonville since 1945. He was a theatrical and commercial artist. His portraits of notable persons include those of George Washington Carver and Booker T Washington commissioned by the Forida State Tuberculosis Board and hung in the Lantana Sanitorium; and Bishops Weed, West, and Juhan, which are in the offices of St. Johns Cathedral where he was a member. He also designed and constructed the coquina and flagstone community of Coquina Gates and the Corpus Christi Chapel at San Jose Episcopal Church. He was a member of Cummer Gallery, the Jacksonville Historical Society, Friends of the Library and Coast Guard Auxillary."
"In 1984, after completion of nine solo explorations of the Amazon river from its headwaters on the upper Apurimac to the ocean, he was elected to membership in the Explorers Club."
"He is survived by his wife, Anna Mathews Russell; daughters and sons-in-law, Deborah Russell and Douglas Brower, Salisbury, NC, and Randee Russell and Peter Bieler, Los Angeles; a granddaughter, Holly Russell Bieler; a sister, Helen Spohn, Johnsontown, PA; and several nieces and nephews."
"Services will be held at 1 PM Friday in the Corpus Christi Chapel at San Jose Episcopal Church. Pallbearers will be Don Tredinick, James Crane, ND, Johns S Talyor, Douglas Brower, Peter Bieler and Matt Yakovich. Interment will be in Oaklawn Cemetery. Contributions may be made to: Holy Trinity Episcopal Shcool, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, c/o Agape Flights, Inc, 7900-15th Street E, Sarasota, FL 34243. Family will receive friends from 6 until 8 PM Thursday at Hardage- Giddens Funeral Home, 4115 Hendricks Ave."
OBITUARY, No 2: The Florida Times Union, Jacksonville, Thurs, 17 Oct 1991, page B-6:
"Architect-Adventurer James Russell dies at 83"
"James Russell, a Jacksonville architect who went solo on his first trip down the Amazon River when he was 63, died Tuesday at his home. He was 83."
"Services will be 1 PM tomorrow at San Jose Episcopal Church. Burial will be at Oaklawn Cemetery."
"Mr. Russell was an architect who was known for the homes he built. He built a group of seven houses called Coquina Gates, off Atlantic Boulavard behind the former Nemours clinic building."
"But, Mr Russell was probably more well known for his excursions into the jungles of South America by way of the Amazon River. He made eight trips, mostly alone, down the Amazon starting when he was 63, hitchhiking in dugouts, canoes, barges and other semi-primitive ways of river travel. He made his last trip down the Amazon in 1979, when he was 72 years old." Return to Obit.Index or go Home.
Russell, John Owen, 1894-1963, son of James F. and Mary Ellen, nee. Hughes
REF: From Post Standard, Syracuse, 4 Feb 1963. (Photocopy of obit obtained at Syracuse City Library).
"John O. Russell, 69, of West Monroe died Saturday after a short Illness at North Miami Beach, FL."
"He was born in Houtzdale, PA, and was a resident of Syracuse 44 yrs."
"A Navy veteran of World War I, he belonged to Veterans of Foreign War Post 3146. He was a Syracuse fireman, retiring in 1950 after 24 yrs of sevice. Mr Russell belonged to the Central City Bodies AASR, and to the Tigris Shrine. He was a member of Woodlawn Methodist Church."
"Surviving are his wife, Mrs. Mona Wood Russell; two daughters, Mrs. Marian R. Kline and Mrs. Mona M. Ranger; a son, John B. Russell; two sisters, Mrs. Sarah Bottrill and Mrs. Elizabeth Rapp; a brother, James F. Russell; 12 grandchildren and several nieces and nephews."
"Services will be at 2 P.M. Wednesday at the Frasier Funeral Home, the Reverend Gary Hakes officiating. Burial will be in Woodlawn Cem." Return to Obit.Index or go Home.
Russell, Robert, 1849-1940, son of Thomas and Jane, nee. McNally
REF: from Wilkes-Barre Record, Monday, 7 Oct 1940: (Article included three-quarter height portrait of Robert)
"Father of City Minister Dies. Robert Russell, 91, Native of England was Active in Lodge Affairs."
"Robert Russell, 91, father of Rev A.B. [Andrew Burt] Russell, pastor of First Primitive Methodist Church, died at 4:30 yesterday afternoon at the home of his son, 130 South Sherman Street, after a lingering illness of general debility."
"Born in Windgate [sic, there is a Wingate in Durham], Durham, England, Mr. Russell came to the U. S. in 1881, settling at Houtzdale, PA, where he lived for many years. He also resided at Spangler, PA, where he was engaged as an electrical engineer for the Watkins Coal Mining Company. On his retirement 12 years ago he came to Wilkes-Barre to make his home with his son, Rev. Mr. Russell."
"Mr. Russelll was a member of St. George's Episcopal Church of Houtzdale; Osceola Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons; Williamsport Consistory and Jaffa Shrine of Altoona."
"Surviving are two sons, T. [Thomas] Garfield Russell, Altoona, and Rev Mr. Russell of this city; a brother, James Russell and a sister, Mrs. Alexander Forsythe, both of Syracuse, NY, seven grandchildren among them being Russell Samuels and Mrs. P. Hilburt, both of Wilkes-Barre, and one great grandchild."
"Funeral services will be held Tuesday night at 7:30 in First Primitive
Methodist Church, South Sherman Street. The body will be taken to the church
Tuesday afernoon to lie in state from 4 P.M. until the time of services.
Interment will be on Wed afternoon at 2 in Odd Fellows Cemetery at Brisbin,
PA. Arrangements by Harold C. Snowdon." Go
to obituary of Robert Russell's son, Andrew B. Russell. Return to Obit.Index
or go Home.
Russell, Thomas W., 1847-1928, son of Thomas and Jane, nee. McNally
REF: From The Barnesboro Star, Thursday, 10 Jan 1929, page 7 (Available on microfilm at Barnesboro, PA, public library):
"Death of Thomas Russell, Sr."
"Thomas Russell, one of the best known citizens of Barnesboro died on Thursday, December 27th at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Janet Sherwin."
"Mr Russell had been bedfast for over a year, but up to the time he took to his bed was remarkably robust for a man of his age."
"Born in Napier Square, near Holytown, [Bothwell parish] Lanarkshire Scotland, and when but a small boy his parents moved to the north of England where he resided until 1880. In that year he emigrated to the U.S. settling at Houtzdale, Clearfield County. He came to Barnesboro in 1900 and lived here up until his death."
"Married at the age of 20 to Ellen Hartley, who died at Houtzdale. Two children, June Ann and Alma Emma, died when quite young, and a married daughter, Mrs. Otto Strike, in 1918 at Detroit, MI."
"The following children survive him: Nicholson of Johnstown, PA; Thomas Jr. Philadelphia; Mrs. Jennie Gruelling [sic], Pittsburgh; and Mrs. Janet Sherwin, Barnesboro, at whose home he died."
"He was one of the oldest members of Masonic Lodge 515 Osceola Mills, of Williamsport Consistory, and of Jaffa Shrine, Altoona."
"He was a great student and lover of Bobby Burns, memorizing many of his poems. 'The Cotters Saturday Night', 'The Two Dogs', 'Man was Made to Mourn", "The Wee Mouse", and Burns' "Letters to his young friend" were always at his tongue's end. He often said that when a small boy, his father who was somewhat of a poet himself, used to gather him, and the other children around his knee, and recite to them Burns' poems. All through his life, Burns was his constant friend and companion. Another of his favorites was the poem often quoted by Abraham Lincoln: "Why should the Spirits of the Mortals be Proud" [by Robert Burns] and only a short time before he went to his bed, he surprized his friends by reciting this entire poem. Coming from a man of his years, a typical Scotchman with hoary head and of venerable appearance it created an impression on the minds of his hearers that they will never forget."
"Intensely democratic in his views on life, and a great lover of the common people his passing leaves a vacant place that will be hard to fill."
"The funeral arrangements at Barnesboro were in charge of the Merit Club, and the grave at Houtzdale. The Oseola Lodge took charge."
"From men like him, old Scotio's grandeur springs,
That make her lord at home, rever'd abroad,
Princes and Lords are but the breath of Kings,
An honest man's the noblest work of God"
Go to obituary of Thomas Russell's brother, Robert Russell. Return to Obit.Index or go Home.
Sherwin, Matthew H., 1847-1921, of Barnesboro, PA, patriarch of Sherwin family
REF: Barnsboro Star, 22 Sep 1921 (available on microfilm, Barnesboro Library):
"Death Claims Two Aged Local Men" [I only recorded one of the two] "Matthew H. Sherwin of 2508 Chestnut Ave died Saturday morning at 2 o'clock"
"Saturday morning at 2 o'clock death came to the relief of Matthew H. Sherwin of 2508 Chestnut Avenue. Mr. Sherwin had been in ill health for a number of years and for the past year or more was confined to his bed and suffered great pain all the time until his relief came in death. He was born in Stratfordshire, England, in 1847. He came with his family to this country about 30 years ago and lived in Philipsburg for about 10 years and has spent the remainder of his time in Barnesboro where he had been widely known and greatly loved. Mr. Sherwin was a Christian gentleman in every sense of the term. He was practically all his life a member of the Methodist Church and was a devout worshipper, mighty in prayer, apt in the word of God, rich in religious experience, and triumphant in death."
"Funeral services were held in the Methodist Church [St John's] Tuesday aftenoon at 2 o'clock conducted by the pastor, the Rev. George A. Duvall and were largely attended which showed the high esteem in which the aged gentleman was held. The services were exceptionally impressive; the pastor called it a victory service."
"The deceased was 74 years, 3 months, and 8 days old. Interment was
made in North Barnesboro Cemetery. Besides the widow, 13 children survive,
and there are 44 grandchildren and 10 great grandchildren. The surviving
sons and daughters are as follows: Mrs. Albert Philips of Klymer, Mrs Claire
Fryklund of Hastings, Mrs Charles Spense of Hastings, Mrs. John Makepeace,
Bloomer, Matthew Sherwin, Windber, Mrs. John Noonan, Patton, Ernest Sherwin
of Veronica, and Mrs. Paul Quick, Mrs. Harry Park, Joseph, William, and
Albert Sherwin, all of Barnesboro." Return to Obit.Index
or go Home.
Stryke, Russell Otto, 1907-1996, son of Otto Streich and Emily Russell
REF: From the Washington Post on Saturday, January 13, 1996
"Russell Otto Stryke, Production Manager"
"Russell Otto Stryke, 88, who retired in 1973 as production manager of the Alexandria Gazette, died of pneumonia Jan. 8 at a nursing home in Virginia Beach. A former resident of Alexandria, he lived in the Washington area from 1927 to 1993."
"Mr. Stryke was at the Gazette for 46 years, starting as a printer and later working as composing room foreman. After he retired, he worked part time at The Washington Post."
"Mr. Stryke, a native of Barnsboro, Pa., was a Shriner and Mason and a member of the Scottish Rite and Second Presbyterian Church in Alexandria."
"Survivors include his wife of 66 years, Ruth Wolgamot Stryke of Virginia Beach; three children, Phyllis Moomaw of Alexandria, Donna Jarrell of Virginia Beach and Emily Hurlocker of Montclair, VA.; 10 grandchildren; and nine great-grandchildren."
Go to obituaries of Russell Stryke's father, Otto K. Strike, or his brother, Robert Carl Kramp, nee. Robert Strike. Return to Obit.Index or go Home.
Wagner, Charles Michael, second husband of Henrietta Streich, nee. Hohnke
REF: from The Houtzdale Citizen, Thursday, July 1, 1926, page 8 (available on microfilm, Clearfield Historical Society):
"Death Claims Chas. Wagner"
"Was Splendid Type of Christian Man who was Loved by All who Knew Him"
"Charles M. Wagner, died at his home at West Houtzdale on Monday night, June 28, 1926, at 10 o'clock following an illness of three years, developing into cancer of the stomach. He was confined to his bed the past four months."
"Mr Wagner was born in Berlin, Germany, Sep 29, 1849 [Berlin was the capital city of Prussia until 1861], making his age at death 76 years, 8 months, and 29 days. He came from Germany over forty years ago and located where he died. His brother, August Wagner, died at West Moshannon nine months ago. Mr. Wagner was three times married. He was the last member of his family. He is survived by three children, Mrs. Millie [Amilia] Hillock, of Chicago; William, of West Moshannon and Miss Bertha, at home. He is also survived by two step children, Mrs. Robert Kramp [nee Martha Strike] of Ramey, and Otto Strike, of Barnesboro, and surviving him also are nine grandchildren and three great grandchildren."
"Mr. Wagner was a lifelong member of the German Lutheran Church; a kind hearted husband and father and a charitable inclined neighbor who will be missed by many for his kindly words and acts."
"The services were brief at the home and followed by regular services at the German Lutheran Church on Wednesday afternoon, Rev. Adolf Kammrath officiating and interment was made in the Brisbin cemetery."
"We miss thee form thy home, dear father,
A shadow o'er on life is cast
We miss the sunshine of thy face,
We miss thy kind and willing hand
Thy fond and earnest care
Our home is dark without thee --
We miss thee everywhere."