[S108] Die Welfen (Stammtafel der Welfen 790 - Heute), online .. Hereinafter cited as Die Welfen.
[S110] ., American Ancestry (Albany, New York: Joel Munsell's Sons, 1891). Hereinafter cited as American Ancestry.
[S143] James William Foster, "Peter Rulif Smock's Descendants, one line," e-mail message from e-mail address (New Jersey) to Robert Brian Stewart, 19 Sep 1998. Hereinafter cited as "Peter R. Smock's Descendants".
[S276] Jeffrey L. Sheler, "Is the Bible True?," U.S. News and World Report - Is the Bible True?, 16, 127 (25 OCt 1999). Hereinafter cited as "Is the Bible True?".
[S288] Philosophy of History, online .. Hereinafter cited as PoH.
[S319] Cressy, Church History (.: ., .). Hereinafter cited as Church History.
[S331] John Baines & Jaromír Málek, Atlas of Ancient Egypt (Littlegate House, St. Ebbe's Street, Oxford: Phaidon Press, Ltd., 1980). Hereinafter cited as Atlas of Ancient Egypt.
[S445] Patrick J. Geary, Before France and Germany: The Creation & Transformation of the Merovingian World (198 Madison Ave., New York, New York: Oxford University Press, Inc, 1988). Hereinafter cited as Before France & Germany.
[S496] Ed. & trans. Seán Mac Airt, The Annals of Inisfallen (Dublin, Ireland: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1951, reprinted 1977). Hereinafter cited as AI.
[S579] Michael Hicks, Who's Who in Late Medieval England (1272-1485) (Suite 34, Charing Cross Road, London WC2H 0DH: Shepheard-Walwyn Publishers Ltd., 1991). Hereinafter cited as WW Late Medieval.
[S582] Mehan.com: From Ancient Persia to Contemporary Iran Selected Historical Milstones, online www.mehan.com. Hereinafter cited as Mehan.com.
[S596] LLoyd & Jenny Laing, The Picts and Scots (.: Alan Sutton, 1995). Hereinafter cited as Picts and Scots.
[S599] ., Adomnan's Life of Columba (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991). Hereinafter cited as Life of Columba.
[S664] My (Ingeborg Brigitte Gastel) line to Khshayarsha I (Xerxes), Great King of Persia, online .. Hereinafter cited as Pas on Xerxes.
[S701] P. William Filby with Mary K. Meyer, compiler, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index (Detroit, Michigan 48226: Gale Research Co., 1981). Hereinafter cited as P&I Lists.
[S703] Samuel Smith, The History of the Colony of Nova-Caesaria, or New Jersey: Containing an Account of Its First Settlement, Progressive Improvements, the Original and Present Constitution, and Other Events to the Year 1721, With Some Particulars Since, and a Short View of Its Present State (Burlington, New Jersey: James Parker, 1765). Hereinafter cited as Smith's New Jersey.
[S733] Charles Edward Banks, The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers (Who Came to Plymouth on the "Mayflower" in 1620, the "Fortune" in 1621, and the "Anne" and the "Little James" in 1623) (New York: ., 1929). Hereinafter cited as English Ancestry of the Pilgrims.
[S792] Britannica.com (including the complete, updated Encyclopædia Britannica), online http://www.britannica.com/. Hereinafter cited as Britannica.com.
[S1175] Marina Bulia and Mzia Janjalia, Old Georgian Cities and Towns: Mtskheta, Old Georgian Cities and Towns (Tbilisi: Eka Privalova Centre Betania for Scientific Research of Paintings, 2000). Hereinafter cited as Mtskheta.