Indian Chiefs Index


Kindly Contributed by William C. Bell

Captain Aleck

Timpoochee Barnard

Jim Boy, or Tustenaggee Emathla

Big Warrior, Creek chief

William Colbert, Chickasaw Indian chief

Efa Hadjo, Efau Haujo, or Mad Dog, Creek Chief

Francis, Josiah, or Hillis Hadjo, Creek Chief

Milly, daughter of Hillis Hadjo

Gun Merchant, Creek Chief

Captain Isaacs of Tourcoula, Coosada chief

Ledagie, an Upper Creek Chief

Little Prince, or Tustenuggee Hopqui, Creek chief

Malatchee, Malahchee or Malachi, Creek chief

Chilly McIntosh, a Creek Chief

George Lowery

Alexander McGillivray, diplomat and merchant

Peter McQueen, Creek Chief

William McIntosh, Creek chief

Menawa, Creek Chief


Great Mortar, Yah-Yah Tustenugegee, Yahatatastenake, or Otis Micco, Creek chief

Mushalatubbee, a Choctaw chief

Nehemathla Micco, or Neamathla Micco, Creek Chief

Opothleyaholo, Creek chief


Paddy Carr.--A Coweta Creek leader

Pushmataha' Apushim-alhtaha

John Ross, a Cherokee Chief


Tenskwatawa (Ten-skaa-ta-wa-skwate 'door', thenui 'to be open') The Open Door, Shawnee Prophet

Togulki, Tugulkey, or Young Twin

William Weatherford, Indian chief and planter

Wolf King, Creek Chief

Yoholomicco, Creek Chief


Marie Bankhead Owen, Editor
Emmett Kilpatrick, Co-Editor
Published by the State Department of Archives and History
Vol. 13, Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4, 1951

(Note from Carol: To facillitate easier online reading, I have taken the liberty of reaking up the really long passges into multiple paragraphs, and also boldfacing buzzwords. Additionally, where some material was scrambling in the scanning process I hve tried to make restoration. If that was not possible, I have inserted hash marks -- "///". Nothing seems lost as to the sense of the information.)


In 1844, Thomas L. McKenney, late of the Indian Department at Washington and James Hall, Esq., of Cincinnati, student of Indian character and life, prepared and published three volumes entitled "History of the Indian Tribes of North America," the work being published by Daniel Rice and James G. Clark, of Philadelphia, Pa. This set of Indian books is a very rare item in the collector's field but is of fundamental importance in a study of the life of the leaders among the Indians of North America. There are many sketches and portraits in the publication of Alabama Indians and some of the sketches presented herewith are attributed to that work as one of the sources of information.

Another source of Indian biography used here was the two volume book, "Handbook of American Indians," issued by the Bureau of American Ethnology of the Smithsonian Institution at Washington, in 1907. Numerous Alabama historians have also written much on the subject. The sketches presented here unless otherwise indicated are taken from the four volume work of the late Thomas M. Owen, entitled, "History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography". Dr. Owen, with that meticulous integrity characteristic of the real historian and with boundless zeal for research work, cited the sources of his information at the end of each sketch. The student of Alabama history will observe that many of these Indian leaders were possessed of qualities of mind and character of the highest order, comparable to that of any other race. Others, whether by instinct or necessity, exhibited less admirable qualities at crucial moments, yet each and every one played his part in the early history of this State and should not be overlooked or forgotten. They are here presented in alphabetical order rather than in the order of their importance or the time of their appearance upon the scene in our history and the history of their own people. -- M.B.O. (Marie Bankhead Owen)

Your comments are welcome. Send them to me Carol Middleton.

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