The Ahern Family - Newspaper Reports 1850-1860

Mention of Aherns
in Newspaper Stories

SHIP LETTERS.—The following is a list of ship letters detained in the General Post Office, Sydney, in consequence of the sea postage required thereon not having been paid ; Andrew Ahern, 97th Regt., Jamaica ;
The Sydney Morning Herald 4 February 1850
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John Keeffe and Patrick Ahern, for breaking into the house of Daniel Sullivan, sentenced to transportation for ten years.
Limerick Reporter & Tipperary Vindicator 12 March 1850
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DEATH FROM DROWNING.—An inquest was held at Mr. Patrick Finnigan's, Farmer's Arms, near Duck River Bridge, on the Parramatta Road, on Friday last, before Mr. C. B. Lyons, coroner for the district, on view of the body of John O'Hearn, aged eight years. Mrs. Judith O'Hearn deposed : the deceased was my nephew , the parents of the child live back in the bush, yesterday, the deceased and my child John, his cousin, were coming from school, and had obtained a ride in a cart belonging to Mr. Luke Hughes ; after getting out of the cart, the children ran into the house, and threw their bags down, and went out to play. In about ten minutes after, my boy, who is seven years old, returned, and said that deceased had fallen into the water, I immediately went down and found that a man had gone into the water, but could not find the child. Mr. Finnigan dragged him out, he was quite dead. John O'Hearn deposed, that he was seven years old ; that whilst at play with his cousin, on Thursday, he (the witness) threw a stick into the water, and Johnny trying to catch it fell in ; the week before last my little sister, two years and a-half old, fell into the water. Mr. Roche's evening coach was passing about the time, and some person jumped off the coach and plunged into the water, but could not find the child. The Jury found a verdict of accidentally drowned.
The Sydney Morning Herald 3 September 1850
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Philadelphia, Thursday, Sept. 26.   
 . . . I have now to tell you something which will gratify you. Mr. Eugene Ahern recently delivered Senator Walker's speech upon Land Reform, to a crowded house in the lecture room of the Chinese Museum. He did such justice to the subject that his friends are about to take the large saloon of the Museum, to have him deliver it to an audience of 5,000 persons. I will apprise you of it when it comes off— perhaps in about three weeks.
Yours truly, JOHN CAMPBELL.   
New-York Tribune 28 September 1850
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The Lord Lieutenant, in pursuance of the power vested in him by the Act 11 Victoria, cap. 2, is pleased by this Order, under the hand of his Under Secretary, to revoke any License or Licenses granted to carry or to have Arms under the said Act, to John Carmody, of Island M'Navin, in the County of Clare ; also to Maurice Ahearn, of Kildanouge, in the County of Tipperary.
Given at Her Majesty's Castle of Dublin, this 20th day of February 1851
               By His Excellency's Command.
               T. N. REDINGTON
The Edinburgh Gazette 25 February 1851
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THE TRIAL OF MARY ROAN.—The jury which tried Mary Roan for the murder of Bridget Ahern, being unable to agree upon a verdict, at 10 o'clock yesterday morning, was discharged. The jury stood eleven for acquittal and one for conviction. The prisoner was remanded for another trial.
New-Orleans Commercial Bulletin 26 February 1851
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List of Letters
Remaining in the Post Office, Newport, R. I., Mar 1st, 1851, when called for please say "advertised".
 . . . 
Ahern, Martin
 . . . 
Newport Daily News 3 March 1851
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ANOTHER MITCHELSTOWN TRAGEDY.—On last week an awful occurrence took place in this town. A poor man named Terence Ahern, and his only child, took refuge in a desolate house, when, melancholy to relate, he died there without a human being to relieve him in his last moments. The rats ate a large portion of the body ; the child, unable to move, clung with filial affection to the cold remains of the father, and when discovered presented a frightful spectacle, as the rats had feasted alternately on the father and child. The child is still living. —Correspondent of Nation.
The True Witness and Catholic Chronicle 7 March 1851
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United States District Court
By Hon. Judge Betts
Samuel Shrath and Horatio Coffin, vs. Edward W. Kimball, Michael P. O'Hearn, and Thomas Dunkin.—The libel was filed against the defendants as composing the late firm of E. W. Kimball and Co., to recover damages for breach of charter party, made to them of the ship Alabama, for a voyage to Liverpool and back to New York. Schauder was employed as agent or broker, by O'Hearn, to negotiate the charter party, and execute it for the defendants in the name of the firm. It was dated May 17th, 1849. On the 23d of August, the defendant, Dunkin, withdrew from the partnership. It was dissolved, and a new partnership, consisting of Kimball and O'Hearn, was formed, under the same name as the former one. The ship returned to New York after the dissolution of the partnership, and the libellants claiming $3854 damages for the nonfulfilment of the charter party, the defendant O'Hearn, on the 25th of October, 1849, came to settlement with them of the claim, and the parties adjusted the damages at $2850, for which O'Hearn gave two promissory notes in the name of E. W. Kimball and Co., one for $1,850, payable in thirty days, and one for $1,000 payable in sixty days. The answer alleges those notes were given and accepted in satisfaction of the demand against the firm upon the charter contract. Dunkin, for himself, besides denying all knowledge of a participation in the transaction, and that O'Hearn had authority to make the charter party in the name of the partnership, asserts that he was a minor, under age, and did not attain his majority until October 30th 1849.

The court held it clearly proved that Dinkin did not arrive at full age till the month of October, 1849, and that the weight of evidence was that his birth day was the 30th of that month and that not having ratified or approved of the charter contract after he became of age, he was not bound by it. Also held, that the notes given October 25, 1849, not being approved or affirmed by him since he became of age were not binding upon him, even if O'Hearn had authority to give notes in the name of the firm after its dissolution. But held that if Dunkin was of age the 25th of October, he was not bound by the notes executed then by O'Hearn, in the name of the partnership, solely on his authority as a member of the former copartnership, although to settle partnership debts. Held that Kimball and O'Hearn being alone liable on the charter contract, their own notes given in the name of the new firm, composed only of themselves did not discharge the prior debt or merge it in the notes, unless there be express proof that the notes were accepted in satisfaction of the old debt. Held that the charter contract was of a maritime character, and as such, suable in admiralty; and if the notes given superceded the right of action for the time, on the original agreement of the libellant by surrendering, those notes became re-integrated to their right of action on the original contract and the surrender need not be made before suit brought, but may be in court on trial. Held, that the adjustment of claims on the 25th of October must be regarded definitive as to the amount due to the libellants, and they are entitled to a decree against Kimball and O'Hearn for $2,860, with interest from that date and costs. Ordered, that the libel as to Dunkins, be dismissed, without costs. Costs would be awarded against him had he been guilty of any deception or act misleading the libellants to deal with him as an adult. Decree accordingly.

The New York Herald 8 April 1851
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Yesterday morning, at nine o'clock, the wretched man William Hayes, convicted at the Maitland Circuit Court, in March, of the murder of Benjamin Cott on the 13th November last, was executed, at the new drop, erected over the gates of the Maitland gaol.

Our readers are aware that on the 9th instant, Hayes made a confession (taken down in writing, and signed by him) in the presence of Major Crummer, P.M., the Rev. Dean Lynch, Mr. Cox, and others. The confession was to the effect that the two Stauntons, father and son, killed Cott in Hayes's cabbage ground, in consequence of Cott having threatened to bring John Staunton (the son) before the magistrates about some money Cott had lent him ; that he (Hayes) was coming up to the spot at the time, but was not close to them ; that the two Stauntons carried away Cott's body, and put it in the drain ; that John A'Hearn, alias Bothered Shawn, came up suddenly and unexpectedly at the moment they were so carrying away Cott's body, and remained talking with Hayes till old Staunton came back from the drain and chipped the ground where the blood was ; that Hayes then returned to his hut, Shawn following close behind him, but that Shawn was struck down by old Staunton with a hoe, and killed by repeated blows, this last murder taking place in the presence of Ellen Staunton, and close to the hut ; and that during the same night the two Stauntons buried Shawn in the yard in a place Hayes described. In consequence of this statement the ground at that spot was dug up by the police, and the body of a murdered man, agreeing in all respects with the description of Shawn and his dress, was found there, the right-hand pocket of the trousers being cut off.

Since making this confession Hayes had continued quiet, and been very attentive to his religious duties, the Rev. Dean Lynch having before and since been constant in his attendance on the wretched man.

It was generally stated in town on Wednesday and Thursday that Hayes intended to make another confession on the scaffold, and this and the mysterious nature of the murders themselves, caused great excitement to be felt on the subject ; and the number of spectators consequently at the execution was very great, and has been variously estimated at from one thousand to three thousand. Hayes looked pale and worn when he appeared on the scaffold; and, apparently from physical weakness, he requested the Rev. Dean Lynch, who was in attendance on him to the last moment, to make a statement of confession for him to the people, which the rev. gentleman did, to the effect given below. After the statement was concluded, the necessary preparations were made, and the bolt being drawn,

Hayes fell, and died without a struggle. The necessary officials were of course present, including Mr. Prout, the Under Sheriff, Mr. Cox, &c. The body hung the usual time, and was then taken down, and delivered over to Hayes's relatives, and the funeral procession immediately took its course to the Catholic Burying-ground, East Maitland, where the body was interred.

The following was the dying confession made by Hayes, as spoken for him by the Rev. Dean Lynch. Hayes solemnly protested that on some day (he could not fix the precise date) previous to the arrival of the Stauntons, his wife and Owen Courtenay went into Maitland for flour, leaving him and John A'Hearn in company ; during their absence he sent A'Hearn to cut barley ; A'Hearn, he added, cut it in the wrong place, which led (he asserted) to a dispute between them during their dinner, both being nearly drunk. John A'Hearn then flung a bone at him, and he picked up a hoe, and hit him in the head ; he did not intend to kill him ; A'Hearn lived for half an hour, and then he put him in the place described by himself to Major Crummer, and where the chief constable found his remains. He had completed the burial before his wife and Courtenay returned from Maitland. He assured Mr. Lynch that no person had any knowledge of this act or concealment. He did not owe A'Hearn, at his death, more than £1. With regard to Benjamin Cott's murder he stated that he did not strike Ben Cott, nor in any way interfere with his remains till Saturday, when he then went and filled up the drain ; he declared that John Staunton struck him with the wood-axe (not the axe produced in court), and when down old Staunton gave him a blow with another hoe ; then the father and son brought him to the drain ; John Staunton remained at the drain filling it in, and the old man came back and chipped the ground where the blood was. Ellen Staunton was standing at the corner of her hut ; he could not say whether she saw the murder or not, but when her father (who was returning from the ground) saw her, he said if she did not go in he would whip the head off her ; she put at daylight into a tub of cold water her brother's trousers, which were all bloody. When asked why he before charged the Stauntons with the murder of A'Hearn, Hayes replied that he thought they would be thus brought to justice and punishment. He declared that the money spoken of at Cott's trial was money which he lent to Cott ; that Cott owed him (Hayes) at the time of his murder £2 19s. 9d., thus : 2 gallons brandy from Mr. Austin's, £1 4s. ; rum, at Ryan's inn, 3s. 9d. ; silver lent by his wife to Cott to pay his men, £1 12s. ; total, £2 19s. 9d. He requested Mr. Lynch to express publicly his grateful acknowledgments to Mr. Cox for his unvarying kindness to him during his confinement ; and to all the gaol officials for their humanity. He said that he forgave all his enemies, and was reconciled to his fate.

Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser 26 April 1851
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THE MAITLAND MURDERS.—Hayes, the murderer of Benjamin Cott, has been executed at Maitland. The Coroner's jury, in the case of John Ahearn, alias "Bothered Shawn," had found that this victim also was murdered by Hayes. In a confession made in gaol, Hayes had accused some of the witnesses on the trial of both these murders. On the scaffold he exonerated them from that of Ahearn, but persisted in accusing them in regard to Cott. So much for the dying statements of murderers.
The Moreton Bay Courier 17 May 1851
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William Hayes, who was convicted at the Maitland Circuit Court, in March, for the murder of Benjamin Cott, on the 13th of November last, was executed at Maitland on the 25th of April. The wretched man made a fall confession of his crime, whilst under sentence of death ; which was to the effect, that he had first murdered John A'Hearn, but had taken his life unintentionally ; the deceased first threw a bone at him, upon which he, in anger, struck him on the head with a hoe. A'Hearn lived for half an hour after the blow was struck, when he removed his body, and placed it, unknown to any other person, where it was found by the police ; he then charged two brothers, named Staunton, with the murder, hoping, by this means, to bring them to punishment. Benjamin Cott, he said, was murdered on his own farm by the Stauntons, father and son ; the former struck him with the wood axe, and the other (when he fell) with a hoe. He, himself, had neither act or part in the murder, nor did he in any way interfere with his remains till the following Saturday, when he filled up the drain in which the body had been buried by the two Stauntons. On the scaffold he thanked all the officials for their kindness to him during his confinement, said he forgave all his enemies, and was reconciled to his fate.
Colonial Times 27 May 1851
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(From our Dungarvan Correspondent.)
Dungarvan, Oct. 28, 1851.
On the night of the 27th instant, a man of the name of James Troy, bailiff and driver, was on his way home from Ardmore, and at a place called Killingford, within two miles of this town, was way-laid by some persons, who most brutally murdered him. The unfortunate man's head was literally broken with stones, so much so, that it was impossible to recognise him by his features, as the head was divided into four parts, which was tossed about the road, together with the brains. I understand the principal cause of this most awful murder was, that Troy was to give some evidence against some parties at the present Quarter Sessions, which would prove most injurious to them, and be instrumental in having them shipped off from this unfortunate country. Thomas Dennehy, Esq., Coroner, held an inquest on the body of the deceased this day, and the verdict of the jury was, "That James Troy was wilfully murdered by some person or persons at present unknown." On this morning (the 28th) the police were ordered out, under the command of their most efficient and excellent officer, Charles M. Kierns, Esq., and most providentially he succeeded in apprehending the supposed murderers, five in number, three men and two women, who were lodged in our Bridewell to await the investigation of the magistrates this day. I shall send you the result of this important examination, and would have done so this day, but not having been concluded up to the time of post hour.
Waterford News 31 October 1851
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At West Maitland, on 5th November, from Maitland—One red and white poley heifer, branded on the off side ribs JA ; also a red and white cow, branded on the off side ribs ; supposed to belong to John Ahern near Maitland ; damages 2s. each. Will be sold if not released.
                                            John Ledsam, Poundkeeper.
Maitland Mercury 8 November 1851
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A MEETING of the City Council will be holden at the Town Hall on Thursday next, at three o'clock in the forenoon, for considering the following:
Councilor TIERNEY : That the prayer of the petition of Timothy Ryan and Edward O'Hearne, claiming exemption from city and lighting rates, on account of their poverty, be granted.
The Sydney Morning Herald 10 December 1851
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Fatal Accident.—On Sunday evening last, as a man named Mendham was on his way from the neighbourhood of Mount Macquarie to Bathurst with a load of shingles, an accident occurred which has been attended with loss of life. It seems that on the day named, when near Mr. Goldsby's farm, Mendham allowed a lad named Thomas Ahern, by whom he was accompanied, to get on the top of the load, and that, coming to a bad part of the road, the dray was capsized.

The unfortunate lad clung to the ropes which secured the loading, and fell under the load. The inequalities of the load alone saved him from being literally crushed. As it was he survived till next morning, when he was brought into Bathurst, and expired on Monday. A coroner's inquest was held at Mr. Horan's, the Traveller's Rest, before C. Sutherland, Esq., where the body lay, and a verdict returned of accidental death—Bathurst F. Press, March 3.

The Maitland Mercury 10 March 1852
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John Ahearne, conspiracy to murder, to be hanged on the 22d of April next. Patrick Brown and Maurice Ahearne, do, to abide their trial at next assizes. [see also: 9 and 10 July 1852]
Waterford News 12 March 1852
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Waterford.—Capital Conviction.
John Ahearne was indicted at Waterford for conspiracy, with others, to murder James Troy. The substance of the evidence was, that the prisoner has used threats against the deceased—that those who appeared friendly to the ill-fated man induced him to drink with them—and induced him into a lonely way at night, when all fell upon him, and murdered him. The jury convicted the prisoner. The sentence was that he should on the 22nd of April be brought to the common place of execution and hanged by the neck until he was dead.
Northern Star 13 March 1852
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Government Gazette.
TUESDAY, JUNE 1, 1852.
The deeds specified in the annexed list have been transmitted from the Colonial Secretary's office to the Supreme Court for enrolment, under the provisions of the Act of the Governor and Legislative Council, 13 Victoria, No. 45, and to be afterwards forwarded through the Surveyor General to the Colonial Treasurer, by whom notification of their receipt at his office will be made by letter to the grantees, to whom they will then be delivered on application :
Portions of Land.
Deeds dated 1st March, 1852.
75. Patrick O'Hearn, 55 acres 1 rood, ditto, lot 17.
Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser 5 June 1852
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COUNTY COURT — Wednesday.
Barron [sic] Pennefather having arrived from Wexford, entered this court at 10 o'clock, and proceeded to complete the business not entered upon by Judge Moore.
This is the case which was tried at the last Spring Assizes, as against John Ahearn, who was then found guilty of the crime, and sentenced to death, but which was afterwards commuted to transportation for life. The indictment runs to the following effect:—

John Ahearn, Maurice Ahearn, and Patrick Brown stand indicted that they, on the 27th October, in the 15th of the Queen [1851], at Killongford, in the county of Waterford, with malice propense, did conspire to murder James Troy, against the peace and statute. In consequence of the prisoners not agreeing to join in their challenges, John Ahearn was tried at alone at the last Spring Assizes, and the further hearing of the case was postponed till the present time. Mr. George, Q.C., having inquired if the two remaining traversers would now join in their challenge, and being answered in the negative, His Lordship remarked that they had the right of doing so ; but if it should turn out that the Court would be unable to go into the case of the second at this Assizes, he could not, under such circumstances, complain, if detained in prison until the next Commission. His Lordship then requested that they would consider well what they were about to do. The prisoners not being satisfied, Mr. George signified his intention on part of the Crown to proceed with the trial of Maurice Ahearn, who was then placed at the bar.

Mr. Dennehy (Clerk of Crown) commenced empaneling a jury for the purpose. [Those names marked (c) were challenged, and the names to which the numerals are affixed were sworn to try the case.] Nelson T. Foley (1), George L. Keane (c), Philip Kearney (c), Robert Backes (c), John W. Langley (c), B. W. Kielly (2), Alexander Kennedy (3), Edmond Russell (c), Mathew W. Biggs (c), James A. Merrit (c), John R. Steele (c), Stephen Gamble (4), Thomas Smith (c), Hancock Strangman (c), Henry Langly (5), John Wyse Furlong (6), Richard Barker (c), Henry Wilson (7), William Moore (8), John W. Maher (9), George Moore (c), Wm. Budd (c), Thomas Kelly (10), George Kelly (11), John Caulfield (c), Robert Carroll (c), Paul Heney (12).

Mr. George stated the case in a remarkably clear manner, and differing in no material point of view from the manner in which the like duty was performed by Mr. Scott, Q.C., at last Assizes, and with which our readers are acquainted. Richard Roberts, (C.E.,) was the first witness called, who proved the accuracy of the map, which had been prepared by him, of the neighbourhood in which the murder was committed

Thomas Sherlock sworn, and examined by Mr. Pennefather, Q.C.—I reside in Bandon ; I have been acting as agent for Mr. H. Walsh, the owner of the property of Grange, for over 10 years ; I know the prisoner—he held part of those lands, and his yearly rent is about £62—John Ahearn and Patrick Brown were also tenants on those lands ; James Troy was my bailiff on this property ; in the month of June, '52 [sic], the prisoner was indebted to me, and I took his note for the rent then due—I had made an abatement on him previously ; I subsequently ordered proceedings to be taken on that note, and upon those of other of the tenants, including John Ahearn and Patrick Brown ; Mr. Kelly was my Attorney ; the Sessions took place at Dungarvan about the 1st of October, 1851.

Court—What became of those notes?

Witness—I obtained decrees against Maurice Ahearn and others—against Ahearn for £38, 6s. 10d., exclusive of costs ; the decree against Maurice Ahearn was since paid £20—the balance—was paid about a month ago ; the first payment was made upon it about the time the case occurred.

Witness, voluntarily—I must say that up to that time I fancied that Maurice Ahearn was one of the best tenants on the lands.

Cross-examined by Mr. Meagher—I cannot say that the rent was £77 a-year, as I have not my books with me ; the amount of the note was something over the half years rent, I believe ; I thought up to that time that he was a very honest man—I never had any trouble with him.

George Keilly (Solicitor) examined by Mr. Lawson, Q.C.,—I recollect the sessions of Dungarvan, which took place in October '51 ; these are the documents [the I. O. U's.,] on which processes were issued from my office they purport to be witnessed by James Troy ; I recollect the 26th of October—the sessions were going on ; those cases were not called on, on the first day ; I know Maurice Ahearn now ; I cannot say that he had any direct communication with me ; these decrees [handed witness by counsel] were obtained at that sessions ; the handwriting of the late James Troy was proved by another party ; I cannot say that any of the parties against whom those decrees were granted were then present.

Cross-examined by Mr. Curtis—Troy was an attesting witness to the notes ; I knew him as the bailiff of Mr. Sherlock, and believe that he acted generally in that capacity ; I know of his being an attesting witness in other cases—he appeared in court on the proceeding [sic] evening to prove some handwriting—it was a defended case ; I think the defendants name was Hannigan but I do not know any more about him.

To the court—Troy was there on the first day of the sessions, the 27th ; on the 28th the decrees were obtained, that was the day on which his death was proved ; I am not aware of his having to prove against any other tenants on the 26th.

William Hally examined by Mr. George.—I live about an English mile from the lands of Grange ; I know the Ahearn's [sic] and Brown ; I saw Maurice Ahearn at my house on Sunday evening, the 26th of Oct. ; he said that he intended to defend the process against Mr. Sherlock, but I did not hear him say anything then about Troy ; I heard him say at one time that Troy was a blackguard and ought to be kicked [The foregoing evidence was not given by this witness at the former trial]—I was in Dungarvan on the 27th—I had a process against a man named Hannigan ; Troy was there also, as he was a subscribing witness ; he proved my case, which came on about night fall ; the Court broke up about six o'clock ; I believe that my case was second to last ; when we came out, he told me that he was badly off for his supper and a bed ; I went to Keane's house with him for the purpose, and did not stop long there—I settled for his bed and supper ; we went out together, and I brought him to Fitzgerald's to give him half a glass of spirits ; when we were leaving Keane's, I saw John Ahearn, brother of the prisoner, at Keans's door—he was standing I believe inside of the door ; I did not see any person with him then ; he went down the street in the same direction with us ; when we went into Fitzgerald's he stopped outside ; we did not stop but while Troy was drinking the half glass of whiskey ; we then came out and I proceeded with Troy about half way to Keane's house and took leave of him for the night ; Troy went towards Keane's house ; after I took leave of him, John Ahearn went in the same direction ; I went home then, and never saw Troy alive again afterwards ; I knew Patrick Brown, and saw him in Dungarvan that day ; I did not see Maurice Ahearn that day ; I heard that Troy was killed about eleven o'clock on the next day.

Cross-examined by Mr. Meagher—My case was one of the last in the evening ; I had only one witness ; Hannigan had witnesses against me and disputed my claim ; Hannigan was there with his brother and a number of witnesses—I cannot say how many ; Hannigan lives about a mile from Grange, and in the same direction from Dungarvan, but beyond Grange ; Hannigan and his friends would go home the same road with the Ahearns ; I was not a bit astonished at hearing Troy called a blackguard ; I cannot say how long before the murder was committed that I heard that expression used—it might be two months ; no one heard him make use of the expression but myself—it occurred in the entry ; I did not make an entry of what he said then ; I never heard anything of Maurice Ahearn but the best of good character before this occurrence.

Patrick Keane, a lad of about thirteen years of age, was next produced, and examined by Mr. Lynch—I live with my step-mother in Dungarvan ; I knew James Troy and recollect the October Sessions there ; he came to my father's house about 7 or eight o'clock—there was another man named Hally with him ; they went into the kitchen, which is opposite the shop door ; it is separated from the shop by a partition of boards, and there is a square window cut in the boards something larger than the crown of a hat—it is without glass ; a person in the shop could see into the kitchen ; while they were there a man came into the shop, and there was another outside the door ; I would know the man who came into the shop—he was here at the last Assizes ; I heard that his name was Herrn ; he asked my step-mother for milk.

Mr. Meagher objected to let in the observations of John Ahearn. The Court ruled in his favour.

Examination resumed—I saw John Ahearn look in towards the kitchen ; he left the shop shortly after that ; I saw James Troy and Hally leave the kitchen shortly after that, and he went out before them ; Ahearn turned down the street before them.

Cross-examined by Mr. Meagher—I was at the last Assizes ; I was not sure of John Ahearn in Dungarvan ; I got sure of him after I was examined in the Crown Office ; I knew him amongst other men in the jail ; I admitted in Dungarvan that I could not be sure of him there ; I saw him the night that Troy was killed ; I saw him four days after that in jail when he was taken for the murder ; I was brought to see him, and could only swear to the best of my belief ; I was brought by the police to the jail on that occasion. To the Court—I was asked if he was the man, and I said to the best of my belief that he was—I had a full opportunity of seeing him then. [This had reference to his identification at Dungarvan.]

Mr. Meagher resumed the cross-examination, but nothing more of any importance was elicited.

Ellen Keane [step-mother of the last witness] was examined by Mr. Pennefather, and corroborated the direct evidence given by the boy.

Edmond Lynch was next produced, and stated that he was a bailiff on the lands of Grange, and in the habit of assisting James Troy. He also proved to having seen Troy in the square of Dungarvan, and not far distant from the Ahearns, who were there also. [The testimony of this witness was of no importance.]

William O'Brien [examined by Mr. Lawson]—I live at Lockinagrene in this county I knew all the parties ; I live about three or four miles from them, and my sister is married to Brown ; I was at the sessions of Dungarvan on Monday and when the court was over, I went to Mrs. Maurice O'Brien's house to take my lodgings there ; I saw Pat. Brown and his wife, Maurice Ahearn and Jame [sic] Troy and to the best of my belief Troy's daughter with them—two or three of them came in together ; John Ahearn and Maurice's wife and his own wife came in afterwards ; they went into the room and called me with them ; they called for half a pint of whiskey and a shilling's worth of bread, a gallon of porter, and to the best of my belief a pint of whiskey while they were there ; we all sat down together ; I was sober at the time, as I was then and now a teetotaler ; I heard Troy say that he was going to decree the tenants of Grange to-morrow, and if they would take his advice they'd make up £3 17 [the cost of the keepers] between them that he would go home with them and not attend as a witness on the following day ; he also said that after that he would be done with Mr. Sherlocks employ ; there was a sign of liquor on him at the time, but not much ; they said that if he'd go home with them then, they with the other tenants, would make up the money for him as it would be unfair to ask them to pay it all, and when made up they would put it in the hands of one Connolly till after the sessions ; he said he would not go home with them upon that condition, but if they would then make up £3 he would trust to Dennis Flynn to make up the remaining 17s., he also said that it should be lodged with me as I was present ; I refused to take it, but his daughter and himself pressed me to take it ; I did so and I was to keep the money until after the sessions, and if he was to save them from the decrees I was to give the money to him and if not I was to return it to themselves ; when they had finished the drink we all went out together and went over opposite Maurice Duggans house in the square where Maurice Ahearns horse and cart were in the yard ; when the horse and cart were brought out Troy said he would not go home ; his daughter pressed him and after some words I heard her say that wherever he'd stop she would stop with him ; I then went away to my lodgings ; Troy was very drunk but able to walk well ; Maurice Ahearn and Patrick Brown would not be noticed as having drunk anything. John Ahearn had more sign of drink upon him than any of them ; the women were all sober.

Cross-examined by Mr. Meagher—Biddy got a fair share of what was going, I saw her first with a glass of whiskey drinking it ; I don't know whether it was porter or a dandy of punch she drank after ; I saw another glass of whiskey in her hand and she drank a part of it and spilled the remainder of it ; after all there was no sign of drink upon her ; Troy drank like the rest of them ; I saw no attempt made to make him drunk more than any one else ; I saw Brown stop him at one time, take the glass out of his hand, saying that it was not his turn and drank it himself.

Bridget Troy [daughter of deceased] examined by Mr. George—I knew of my father making a distress upon the lands of John Ahearn, about a month before his death ; on the 20th October he left home about four o'clock in the morning ; I left the house about two o'clock the same day ; our pig had been taken by the police the same day ; I went to Dungarvan, which is about eight miles from home, and reached town about half past five in the evening ; I could scarcely see any one at the time, but for the gas which was there ; Maurice Ahearn was with my father when I met him ; I saw him at the Widow O'Brien's house ; when they went in first there was but a part of the company there, but they came in afterwards ; they sat down and called for three half pints of whiskey altogether, three half gallons of beer, and a shilling's worth of bread. [The testimony of this witness coincided exactly with that of Wm. O'Brien, up to the period of his leaving them in the square] We all went towards home then, passing up by the "White Joiner's" ; there is a gate on the side of the road between the "White Joiner's" and the Sluice ; I saw the car at this side of the Sluice with the four men in it ; while my father was walking, before he got into the car, he was between Patrick Brown and Maurice Ahearn, who were supporting him ; I did not see my father get into the car ; the women remained with me ; the men in the car drove on before us, but not very fast nor very easy—the night was dark, and they were soon out of our sight ; Brown had a single horse, which was ridden by his wife ; it was at the Dungarvan side of the Sluice I saw the car for the last time ; Ellen Ahearn and I went on together, and Brown's wife was behind with the horse ; at Roche's forge, in Killongford, we met Pat Brown facing towards Dungarvan—I did not see anyone with him, nor had he a stick with him then. [The witness stated that he had a handstick with him at the public-house.] He said he came back to see what was keeping us ; he waited for his wife who had not come up at the time, and Ellen Ahearn and I went on to the short-cut. [This was described as being a pathway over a hill, to avoid a more lengthy way by the high-road which wound round it.] We sat down at the end of the pathway to remain until Brown and the two women should come up ; we were not sitting there more than three or four minutes till we heard three blows given ; they were in the direction of the high-road as I would go home from where we sat ; I cannot say how far they were from me—they could not be far—they were heavy dead blows, and did not make a sharp noise. [Instead of sharp, the witness used the word bright.] Brown was in the opposite direction at the time, not having come up with the women ; I did not go by the way I heard the blows ; after hearing the blows we went back towards the forge and remained there till Brown and his wife and John Ahearn and his wife came up to us ; we all then proceeded towards home together and went up the short cut ; when Brown came up to us with the women, himself and his wife were riding the horse ; he came a part of the way with us up the path but said that he would not get to go that way with the horse, and that he should take him by another path down in the Glynn—I don't know how he went ; all the women went over the mountain, and Brown overtook us shortly after ; his wife got up with him then and went before us—they were at home when we reached his house ; I stopped at Brown's house that night and slept on a table in the room ; it was very late in the night when we reached there, and I remained but about two hours and got up very early in the morning ; Brown's wife and I went to Maurice Ahearn's house, which is about half a mile from it ; I went in and went up in the room ; Maurice Ahearn's wife was dressing herself, Ahearn himself was in the bed ; his wife said, "Biddy, it was Maurice made the noise last night" ; Maurice was then in the room and heard her say so ; I asked him why he did it and he said he did it to know if it were you were there ; he said that he parted with the car at Killingford short cut, and that it was on before him ; I asked him then where my father was, and he said he supposed that he was with John ; he said that my father and John were in the car then—Mary Brown was in the kitchen when he said that ; I went down to John Ahearn's house then—Brown's wife was with me ; I saw two girls there ; I went to the room door and heard John Ahearn speak—The Court thought that what John Ahearn said was not admissable on the present occasion.

Examination continued—I went to my father's house, where I remained for a short time, and then went to Patrick Brown's ; all the men were there ; I said to them, you are all here now but one, and you have not given me any account of him ; the three women went out and left me—I heard nothing of my father from them ; I went towards Dungarvan shortly afterwards, about the pig that was taken the day before ; it was then I heard of my father's death from the police ; I went to the place about three weeks after that to where I heard the noise, and pointed it out to the police.

Cross-examine by Mr. Meagher—It was at the "White Joiner's" that my father got into the car, not at Hudson's Gate ; I could not say that at the last Assizes that it was at Hudson's Gate, because I knew that it was not ; Brown asked me to get into the car ; I refused to do so, because I did not like to do it and leave the other women or treat them in that way.

Nancy Curran was next examined, and stated that she was a servant at Mrs. O'Brien's in Dungarvan on the night the parties were there. Her testimony was of very little moment.

Patrick Broderick examined by Mr. Pennefather—I live two miles from Grange ; I act occasionally as bailiff I play the fiddle also ; I was acting as keeper on the lands of Grange in Sept. '51 ; I went to Brown's house about the 12th of Oct., and saw his wife on that occasion ; she asked me in Brown's presence did I hear what Troy did now—Mr. Meagher objected to this evidence.

The Court agreed with Mr. Meagher and ruled accordingly.

John Deacon (process server) was next examined as to a certain expression used by John Ahearn in his presence previous to the sessions at Dungarvan. The expression was that a man named Farrell said to him (Ahearn) that the tenants had no spirit or they would go into the house and bring out Troy and make four quarters out of him.

Mr. Meagher objected to the evidence at the commencement but His Lordship ruled against him, remarking that if it should seem objectionable to him when the witness had concluded that he would withdraw it from the jury. Mr. Meagher objected to its being at all heard by the jury and requested his lordship to take a note of the objection which he did.

Doctor W. George Clarke was examined as to the appearance of the body at the inquest.

A few Police constables were also examined, after which Counsel for the Crown intimated that they had closed.

Mr. Meagher submitted to his Lordship that leaving out the evidence of Deacon, which he had stated he would, there was not one scintilla of evidence left to go to the jury. His Lordship thought that there was.

Mr. Curtis then addressed the jury for the defence in a speech of great length, remarkable throughout for its point and ability, and which we regret not having space to insert.

His Lordship at the conclusion of Mr. Curtis's address charged the jury in as impartial a manner as it was possible for man to do. He recapitulated every particle of evidence and explained the law where he thought that they might not fully understand it, as it bore on the case under their consideration. The charge occupied nearly an hour in delivery.

The jury then retired to their room and after the elapse of about ten minutes returned into the court with a verdict of Guilty.

His Lordship then directed the clerk of the crown to ask the prisoner what he had to say why sentence of death and execution should not be passed upon him according to law. Mr. Denehy having done so, it was interpreted to him, and his reply again interpreted to the Court, to the effect, that there were several witnesses in Court not called upon who could prove that he was not near the car. His Lordship remarked that as he had confided his case to Counsel he should now abide the issue. It is of very little use (continued his Lordship) to address him before passing sentence ; but it may be very necessary to state to the country in general how very clearly the case was made out against him. The jury have no doubt whatever of his guilt, and nobody who has attended in Court through the trial but is satisfied that his and John Ahearn's hands were those that deprived that unfortunate man of his life. Nobody could doubt it, and if it had not happened that some circumstances occurred of which I am ignorant, I should have felt it my duty to pronounce sentence of death upon him of which he could not expect any remission. The circumstance to which I allude is the changing of the capital sentence of John Ahearn ; I am not aware of what led to it as the case was not tried before me ; but not being able myself to make any distinction between the guilt of John Ahearn and that of the prisoner at the bar, I shall think it right to let his case be submitted to government for their discretion and give them an opportunity of considering what ought to be done. I shall satisfy myself by directing that sentence of death be recorded against him. He may be brought up to the Queen's Bench and execution awarded, but in my opinion it is not likely that it will take place. It may be changed to transportation for life ; but if it had not been commuted in the case of John Ahearn, I should not have felt myself at liberty to recommend any change of sentence in this. I left it to the jury to find if he was actually guilty of murder and they came to the conclusion that he was so guilty ; and found a verdict accordingly on evidence which appeared to them satisfactory. Let sentence of death be recorded against Maurice Ahearn.

Patrick Brown was ordered to be put forward. He was then informed by his Lordship that time would not permit of his trial being then proceeded with, and that he should therefore remain in custody till the next Assizes.

Counsel for the Crown ; Messrs. George Lynch, Lawson and Pennefather. Agent : Mr. Kemis, Crown Solicitor. Counsel for defence : Messrs. Meagher and Curtis. Agent : Mr. Feehan, Mr. Hassard was in attendance as Counsel for Patrick Brown.

This terminated the business of the Assizes.
The Waterford News 9 July 1852
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County Rule of Court
Maurice Ahearne, murder of James Troy, Sentences of death recorded.
The long panel was called over during which there were several challenges on the part of Maurice Ahearne, who stood at the bar, charged with conspiring, with others, to murder James Troy at Killingford, on the 27th of October, 1851. The following gentlemen were then sworn as a petty jury.
Nelson Trafalgar Foley   Henry Wilson
Beverly W. Keily   William Moore
Alexander Kennedy   John Waters Maher
Stephen Gamble   Thomas Kelly
Henry Langley   George Kelly
John Wyse Furlong   Paul Heney
The prisoner was then given in charge and the first witness, Richard Robers, civil engineer, was sworn and examined by Mr. Lynch, Q.C. A map was produced of the locality of the murder, which he had drawn, and which described several points connected with it—the fatal spot was upwards of two miles from Dungarvan. Thomas Sherlock, of Bandon, was sworn and examined by Mr. Pennefather.—He deposed he had the management of the lands of Grange, near Dungarvan. The prisoner was one of the tenants on the land. The deceased, James Troy, was bailiff on the lands. The prisoner owed rent, and witness took promissory notes from him, Browne, and John Ahearne. He obtained decrees against Maurice Ahearn [sic] for £38 at Dungarvan October sessions, '51— also obtained decrees against several other tenants. Thought Maurice Ahearn was an honest man, and one of the best tenants on the land.

On his cross-examination by Mr. F. Meagher, he said he was connected with the land as agent for ten years. He never had any trouble with the prisoner, but the reverse. Witness made large allowances to the prisoners, owing to the pressure of the times. The reductions were made with the consent of Mr. Edmond Hartigan Walsh, the landlord.

George Kelly, solicitor, sworn and examined by Mr. Lawson. At last October Dungarvan sessions was employed by Mr. Sherlock to issue civil bills against the prisoner and other tenants for rent due on their promissory notes, to which the deceased James Troy was a subscribing witness. Obtained decrees on the civil bills (produced) on the proof of Troy's handwriting by a man named Edward Lynch—Troy's death was proved also to have taken place the day before.

Cross-examined by Mr. S. Curtis— Nothing material was elicited. Troy, he said, was examined by a witness against the tenants the day before, the 27th of October, and was to be examined the day after against the other parties.

William Healy examined by Mr. George—knew the Ahearns, Maurice and John, and Brown. He (Brown) is not a relation of the Ahearns to his knowledge; saw the prisoners the Sunday before the sessions, and he said he intended to defend the processes. The prisoner said Troy was a blackguard, and ought to be kicked. He, witness, had a process against one Hannigan, on a promissory note, to which Troy was a subscribing witness, and proved to it. Went with Troy to Keane's lodging house in Dungarvan, and settled for his bed and supper. Went from Keane's to Fitzgerald's public house— saw John Ahearn standing at Keane's door when coming out. John Ahearn followed them down to Fitzgerald's—witness gave Troy half a glass of whiskey, and then walked a few yards with Troy towards Keane's house, and then left him. I never saw him alive after that evening. I saw Pat Brown in Dungarvan that day, but did not see John Ahearn there. The next day Troy was killed.

Cross examined by Mr. Meagher. It was within two months of the process that he heard Maurice Ahearn call Troy a blackguard. Never heard anything against the prisoner, but that he was an honest man.

Patrick Keane (a small boy) examined by Mr. Lynch, Q.C.—Lives in Dungarvan with his father— remembers the October Sessions—saw James Troy in his father's house at that time, about 6 or 7 o'clock in the evening with a man named Healy—they went into the kitchen which is opposite the shop. There is a boarded partition in which there is a window between the shop and the kitchen. A person could see into the kitchen through the window. A man came in, John Ahearne, who was tried last Assizes.—He asked his witness's step mother for some milk. Saw John Ahearn looking through the window, after which he left the shop on seeing Troy and Healy come from the kitchen—he went out before them and passed down the street.

Cross-examined by Mr. Meagher—was examined last Assizes—said he did not well know John Ahearn—saw him in jail, and knew him—saw him in Dungarvan bridewell but was not sure of him. A policeman brought him to the jail to see John Ahearn and then he knew him. To the judge— when I saw John Ahearne in Dungarvan I said to the best of my belief it was him. I was not sure of him then. To Mr. meagher—when the man came into his father's shop was sitting on the settee in the kitchen, and was looking in the hole in the partition to the shop—there was a fire in the kitchen, and a candle in the shop. I never knew John Ahearn before I saw him in the shop.

Ellen Keane stepmother to last witness, was examined by Mr. Pennefather—She keeps a lodging house in Dungarvan and knew James Troy, who came in with Healy to her house about 7 o'clock on the evening of the first day of the sessions—there is a hole in the partition but no glass. When Healy and Troy went into the kitchen a tall man came into the shop and looked into the kitchen through the hole. A second man stood outside, and Healy and Troy went out in a few minutes. The man asked if James Troy was there, and on being told he was, the man looked in through the hole in the partition.

Edmund Lynch was examined by Mr. Pennefather—knew John and Maurice Ahearne and Pat Browne —they were tenants on the land—acted as bailiff with Troy—saw John and Maurice Ahearne and Pat Browne in Dungarvan at Mrs. Keane's house near the square the first day of the sessions—saw Troy in the square and the Ahearnes a little down from him—went to Keane's house, and he and Tom Keane went out to look for Troy—it was then about two hours after dark. Slept at Keane's that night—Troy didn't come to Keane's that night. Deposed to Troy's handwriting to promissory notes next day at the sessions. Cross-examined by Mr. Curtis—witness is a very general attendant at every sessions in Dungarvan.

William O'Brien examined by Mr. Lawson—Lives at Knockinagreena, in this county; knows John and Maurice Ahearne, and Pat Brown—Brown is married to witness' sister. Saw Pat Brown and his wife, Maurice Ahearn and James Troy and Troy's daughter came into Mr. Maurice O'Brien's public house. John Ahearne and his wife and Maurice Ahearne's wife came in after. They called for a half a pint of whiskey, a gallon of porter, and a shilling's worth of bread, and a pint of whiskey after. Troy said he was going to decree the tenants next day, and it was their own fault, for if they would make up £3 17s, the bailiff's fees, he would not decree them. They said they would if he went home with them, in order to get the other tenants to subscribe. They said they would give him £3, which was lodged in witness's hands; remained in the house while they were eating and drinking; went over with Maurice Ahearne for his horse and cart. Troy said he wouldn't go home that night, and his daughter wanted him to go — Troy was very drunk, but able to walk. John Ahearne had more sign of drink than any of them except Troy. The women were sober.

Cross-examined by Mr. Meagher — Biddy Troy began with a glass of whiskey — she took either a dandy of punch or some beer after — she took another glass of whiskey afterwards, but spilt some of it. Biddy was not the worse of the liquor she drank. Brown and John Ahearne prevented Troy from drinking more whiskey.

Bridget Troy, daughter of the deceased James Troy, was examined by Mr. George — was living with her father last October — he was driver under Mr. Sherlock — On Monday the 27th of October her father left home at 4 o'clock in the morning — witness left home at 2 o'clock that day, for Dungarvan which is eight miles from it. She reached Dungarvan after the gas was lit. She saw near O'Brien's public house, the Ahearnes, Browne, their wives, and her father. They called for three half-pints of whiskey, three half gallons of porter and a shilling's worth of bread. She drank a glass of spirits — Paddy Browne gave her father spirits and she told Browne it was a shame to give it to him, and she poured it into the jug back again. Browne filled it again and gave it to her father. They were speaking about costs and desired William Brien to take the £3, towards the costs and keepers. The Ahearnes wanted her father to go home with them to see if the balance of the costs, seventeen shillings. Saw a dark colored stick in Paddy Browne's hand in the public house. Her father had drank "his nough" (? more than enough.) [sic]

They left O'Brien's and went to Duggan's to get Morris [sic] Ahearne's horse and car. They all, except O'Brien, went to a public house at the "White Joiners". Saw her father, Maurice and John Ahearne, and Pat Browne come up on a car to a place called the sluice. Witness and the women were walking—she said she would not go in the car, and the women said she ought to see her father home. Went on with Ellen Ahearne to Killingford, and saw Paddy Browne returning towards Dungarvan—saw no one with him— he had no stick with him when he was returning. She and Ellen Ahearne were sitting at the "short cut" waiting for the other two women, when she heard three blows, "very deaf blows that made very little noise." when they heard the blows they went to the forge, where Browne and the women joined them. Browne went part of the way with them by the short cut, and had to return as he could not bring the horse that way. Witness and the two Ahearnes wives went to Browne's house that night, and remained there that night— it was very late when they arrived at Browne's house. In the morning went to Maurice Ahearne's house and his wife was dressing. She, the wife, said "Biddy, it was Maurice that made that noise last night." She asked Maurice why he made that noise and he said it was to frighten her—she asked him where was her father, and he said he believed he was at John's (Ahearne) She then went to John Ahearne's house, and saw his wife there —heard John Ahearne speak in the room; went to her father's house with Brown's wife, and then went with her to Brown's house, where she saw the two Ahearnes and Browne, and his wife there. They all went out and left her alone in the house—after Browne's wife again came in she went to Maurice Ahearne's and asked him would he go that day to Dungarvan, he said not, as he had to go to Youghal. She then went to Dungarvan and on her way was told by the police of her father's death.

Cross-examined by Mr. Meagher—She was asked by Browne to get into the car at the White Joiners to mind her father—her father was not in the car. Brown did not ask her to get into the car at Hudson's gate, or at the sluice —she did not get into the car when she saw her father in the car as she did not wish to leave the women who were walking—went next day to Dungarvan to get her father to release a pig of his which was seized the day before by the police—she did not at the time know he was killed.

Nancy Curran, servant at O'Brien's public house, examined—She corroborated the evidence as to the parties drinking in the house and the quantity of liquor drank by them—also as to the party going to Duggan's in the square, for Maurice Ahearne's horse and cart.

Patrick Broderick examined by Mr. Pennefather—Lives at Slievegrine—plays the fiddle, and acted as keeper on the lands of Grange in Sept. '51. Knows Pat Browne—was in his house about the 12th of October he his wife and two children were there. Browne's wife said—[Here Mr. Meagher objected to this line of examination.]

His lordship agreed with the objection, and the witness was desired to stand down.

John Deacon examined by Mr. Larson—Is a process server—went to the lands of Grange in October last to John and Maurice Ahearne and Patrick Browne to serve processes.

The witness was here about to detail a conversation he had with John Ahearne on that occasion, when Mr. Meagher objected to any conversation held with any of the parties previous to the date of the charge of the conspiracy. He read some extracts on the law of conspiracy in support of his arguments and objection.

The Crown Counsel argued on its admissability.

The Judge said as the counsel pressed its admissability he would receive it.

Examination resumed—John Ahearne said the process I served on his daughter was of no use as she was not of age—she was to the best of his knowledge—John Ahearne said if the tenants had any spirit they would bring out Troy and make four quarters of him, as he was a rogue or a ruffian, and that the tenants were making up money to keep him (Troy) at home from giving evidence.

Cross-examined by Mr. Meagher—Heard Mr. Kildahl was to succeed Mr. Sherlock as agent.

Subconstable William Johnson examined by Mr. George—Went to Killongford on the morning of the 28th October, and saw the body of a man at the side of the road that had been murdered—the body was lying partly on the face, within seven perches of the "short cut," near the bend of the road. Found a stick (produced) near the body—also a stone (produced)—on both of which there were marks of blood—the back of his head was broken in—there was blood also about the head.

Constable James Flanagan examined by Mr. Lynch—Arrested Maurice Ahearne on the evening of the day the body was found at the Piltown Cross. Where the prisoners lived is about three miles from Youghal.

Dr. William George Clarke examined the body of a man named James Troy who had been murdered. The bones of the head were broken—there were contused lacerated wounds, and the brain itself was broken.

To the Judge—A fall from a car could not cause such wounds, not even if the wheel of a car went over it.

Constable John Riordan proved to the identity of the body of the murdered man.

The case for the prosecution having closed Mr. Meagher argued that no conspiracy was proved, and consequently there was no case to go to the jury.

His lordship was of opinion there was.

Mr. S. Curtis addressed the jury on the part of the prisoner in a very able manner, contending that there was no conspiracy sustained by the evidence produced on the part of the crown.

There was no evidence produced for the defense.

His lordship then proceeded to charge the jury, and commented on the evidence in one of the most lucid and clear charges we ever heard delivered to a jury—it was also a voluminous one, and not a single particle of evidence given by so many witnesses as were examined, escaped his lordship's observation—and what makes this mnemonical and legal knowledge the more extraordinary is that his lordship never took a single note of the evidence himself, and which was taken by his lordship's secretary, Mr. De Moulins, and to which the learned baron, during his long charge, never had a necessity to recur.

The jury retired, and in a few minutes returned into court, with a verdict of guilty.

His lordship directed that sentence of death be recorded against the prisoner, which is tantamount to transportation for life.

Mr. Hassard, counsel for Patrick Browne, the other prisoner charged as one of the conspirators, and who would not join in his challenges with Maurice Ahearne, applied to the court to have him put on trial.

His lordship said the other jurors had been told their attendance would not be further required, and he could not, under the circumstances, fine them then if they did not answer to their names.

Mr. Hassard having persisted in his application, the county panel was called over by the clerk of the crown, but their [sic] being not a single answer, his lordship directed the prisoner to stand over for trial till next assizes.

—Mary Nugent, for concealing the birth of a child, near Lismore, was acquitted.

—Mary Hallahan was found guilty of a similar offence near Carrickbeg.

The only remaining record, one of ejectment for the tithe, in which Mr. Lynbery was plaintiff, and James Power, defendant, was settled as the jury were about being sworn.

Counsel for plaintiff—Mr. Walsh and Mr. Tandy; agent Mr. R. Smith

Counsel for defendant—Mr. Harris; agent Messrs. Elliott and Newport.

The business of the assizes which was unusually light, having terminated, the Hon. Justice Moore proceeded to Clonmel on Wednesday, and the Hon. Baron Pennefather on Thursday. The commission was opened by Judge Moore in Clonmel, on Friday (yesterday).

Waterford Mail 10 July 1852
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(Before Capt. White and the Mayor, who took his seat at a later stage in the proceedings). Information returnable to the Recorder were ordered against two women by the name of Ahern, for an outrage against Margaret Coyle by throwing stones, and using abusive language, during the excitement of the late election.
Cork Examiner 30 July 1852
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CLERKENWELL—John Aherne, aged 17, a well known convicted thief, was charged with entering the dwelling-house of Mrs. Joyce, No. 3, Caspar Villas, Islington, with intent to commit felony ; also violently assualting Mr. Charles Webber, a gentleman.
   The prisoner said nothing in his defence.
   Mr. CORRIE sentenced the prisoner to three months' imprisonment with hard labour in the House of Correction.
   The prisoner, who treated the whole matter with indifference, said, “Thank ye, Sir,”
The Times 16 March 1853
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At Columbia City, O. T. [Oregon Territory], Jan. 3, Patrick Ahern to Mrs. Nancy J. Hale.
New York Times 29 March 1853
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Abusive Language.—Yesterday Samuel Teas appeared before the bench, charged with using abusive language to Patrick Ahern on the 7th instant, in the public street, East Maitland. Ahern and his father having deposed to the language used, the defendant was convicted, and fined 10s. and costs.
Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser 13 April 1853
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Passengers Arrived
In brig Wolhonding, from Curacoa—Henry Stoddard, Mrs. Lydia Knight and 2 children, Mrs. Ellen Ahern and child.
New York Times 4 July 1853
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FATAL ACCIDENT TO A BOY—On Friday forenoon, a lad named Michael Ahern, aged 12 years, met with a fatal accident. He was playing at the foot of Thirteenth street, North River, with some other lads, about his own age and climbed to the top of a pile-driver. While in that position he lost his balance, and was precipitated to the dock-logs, striking his head, and causing injuries which terminated in his death. The remains of deceased were conveyed to the residence of his afflicted parents on Fifteenth street, near the Tenth avenue, and an inquest was held by Coroner Wilhelm.
New York Times 15 August 1853
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DESTRUCTIVE FIRE—NARROW ESCAPE—TWO HORSES BURNED.— Tuesday morning, between 3 and 4 o'clock, one of the most destructive fires which Williamsburg has witnessed for several months, broke out in a range of wooden stables in Second-street, between South Fifth and South Sixth streets, owned by J. M. Disbrow and Messrs. Davis & Young, and occupied by Messrs. Ropke, Stratton, Davis & Young, Shanderbeck, Platt, S. K. Hoggett, H. K. Hoggett and Pasly.

The buildings, together with a large quantity of hay, feed and harness, two valuable horses belonging to Mr. Platt and Mr. Stratton, were destroyed ; and thence the fire communicated to the large frame house No. 78 Second-street, owned and occupied by Capt. Nathaniel Dodge, which was destroyed, together with much valuable furniture. The flames also communicated to the rear of a row of brick houses, fronting on South-Seventh street, owned by Mr. T. Nicholls, and occupied, viz: No. 37, by Mr. Ropke as a grocery and dwelling on the first floor and Messrs. Van Nostrand, Man & Ellis, on the second and third floors. No. 39, by Mr. C. Camberson, as a lock-factory and dwelling. No. 41, by J. Alexander, as a boot and shoe store, and Mrs. Brady, as a boarding house. No. 43, by Mr. Patrick Marlow as a dwelling, and R. Ahern as a segar-store. No. 45, by Jacob Wharton as a barber's shop, and several families ; and No. 47, by Mr. Brash, tailor. These houses were damaged to the amount of $4,000. Fully insured.

New York Times 25 August 1853
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Charges of Robbery
A young man of good address, named Michael O'Hearn, was brought to the Lower Police Court, by a Fifth Ward officer, charged with abstracting a pocket-book containing $35, from the pocket of John Ahern, doing business at No. 196 Chambers-street. He was committed to answer.
New York Times 24 December 1853
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Drunkenness—On Wednesday John M'Cormack was brought before the bench, and was convicted of drunkenness ; he was fined 10s. or 48 hours in the cell. Yesterday John Ryan, Jeremiah Mahony, and John O'Hearn were brought before the bench, on the same charge, and it appeared that the apprehending constable, Kedwell, had in vain endeavoured on Thursday evening to prevail on them to leave town for their homes quietly ; O'Hearn was fined 10s. or 24 hours in the cells, and the others 5s. each, or the same penalty.
Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser
4 February 1854
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Indecent Language—Yesterday one charge of this nature was brought before the bench, John O'Hearn being charged with using obscene language, in High-street, on Monday last. Mr. Peter Green proved the language used by O'Hearn in the hearing of twenty or thirty people, when witness was called on by the bystanders to interfere. O'Hearn said he was intoxicated, and might have used the words, being greatly provoked. He was convicted, and fined 40s, or one month's imprisonment.
Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser
4 March 1854
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War-Department, 10 a.m., December 11, 1854
His Grace the Duke of Newcastle has this day received Despatches and Enclosures, of which the following are copies, addressed to his Grace by Field-Marshal the Lord Raglan, G.C.B.
                Before Sebastopol, November 23, 1854.
 . . . 
The weather is again very bad, and steady rain is constantly falling. I inclose the nominal list of killed and wounded at the battle of Inkerman, and a return of the casualties in the trenches to the 20th instant.
            I have, &c.,
Nominal Return of Non-Commissioned Officers and Men Wounded, from 2nd to6th November, 1854, both days inclusive.
95th Regiment of Foot
No. 1991, Private William Ahearn, severely
The London Gazette 11 December 1854
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(Before the Police Magistrate.)
Friday, 2nd. Feb., 1855.
Robbing a drunken man.
William A'Herne, t.l. [ticket-of-leave], and William Welder, free, were charged with robbing Arthur Millington of Sandy Bay, of some money and a pen-knife last night. Constable John Smith, stationed at the New Wharf, stated that from information which he had received he went to the reservoir, in Montpelier Road, about 7 o'clock in the evening, where he saw a man lying on the ground; the prisoner A'Herne was taking something out of his pockets which he handed to Welder : witness saw a knife and some copper money given to Welder. The man Millington was very drunk and very stupid. The prisoners told witness that they thought the man was dead. The prosecutor was not in attendance, and Constable Morley told Mr. Wilmot that he had called him out of the Waterloo Tap more than once: he supposed he had got drunk again. A constable named Currier accompanied Smith to the reservoir, and corroborated his testimony : after the prisoners were taken into custody, witness apprehended Millington, and was taking him to the station house when he was rescued from his custody. The prisoners who were severally defended by Messrs. Brewer and Knight, were remanded till to-morrow for the attendance of the prosecutor. Welder, it appeared, had been for some time in the service of Mr. Fraser, the Colonial Treasurer, but had left it the day before.
Local News
Robbing a Drunken Man.—The two men, A'Herne and Welder, who were charged on Friday with robbing a man named Millington, who was lying drunk near the reservoir, were brought up again on Saturday, when Constable Morley stated, that he had endeavoured to find the prosecutor, but was unable to do so, as he had not been home since. The men were discharged, as there was nothing to show that they intended to appropriate the trifling property taken from Millington.
The Hobarton Mercury 5 February 1855
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NOTICE OF COPARTNERSHIP.—WILLIAM YOUNG, Editor and Proprietor of the NEW-YORK ALBION, has this day associated with him S. J., AHERN, late Principal Clerk in the publication office of the New-York Daily Times. The business of the ALBION will henceforth be conducted under the name of
                              WM. YOUNG & CO.
                                       W. M. YOUNG,
                                       S. J. AHERN.
New York Times 13 February 1855
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   More than usual stir has been created in the port by the arrival of the Ocean Chief, the first of the Black Ball line of clippers despatched by Messrs. James Baines & Co., of Liverpool, under the Bounty system. The universal attention bestowed upon this noble craft has induced us to throw together the following particulars:
   She left the Mersey on the 11th January, passing the Rock Light at 2.30 p.m., the steamer having her in tow left on the 12th at 2 p.m. ; From the 11th to the 17th January she experienced very heavy gales, accompanied by rain. On the last mentioned day the Ocean Chief sighted a fleet and exchanged signals with the ship Vision at 9.30 a.m., Madeira lying then S.S. West distant 50 miles. Every ship was standing to the westward, except the Ocean Chief, but as soon as this vessel passed the fleet every one tacked and stood the same way as the Ocean Chief, lat. 33� 43' north ; long. 17� 16' west. On the 18th she spoke the clipper schooner Sverge, a private vessel belonging to Sir John Tobin, 13 days from Liverpool, on her passage to Benin. On the 26th February by the violence of the wind the mainsail was split to pieces, the gale on the 28th being most terrific and squally, and it was as much as the ship could do to stagger under double-reefed main topsails, until about ten at night, when the squalls moderated. There was no other circumstance of note to be mentioned as having occurred during the voyage, and this splendid vessel, her passengers in good health, and herself in good condition, came to anchor in the stream off Hobart Town about half-past five on Sunday night. This gives her but 72 days 7 hours from anchor to anchor.
   [The Ocean Chief sailed from Liverpool 11 January 1855, arrived 25 March, 370 adults and 114 children under 14 in steerage. 10 deaths and 8 births. Captain T. J. Tobin of Black Ball line.]
The Courier 27 March 1855
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(Before His Honor, Thos. Horne, Esq., Puslne Judge.)
Charles Marshall was placed in the dock charged for that he, on the 17th of February last, did kill and murder one George Newe, of Bagdad.

Jury: John Adams, foreman; John Atkinson, George Arnold, John Allcock, Thomas Ahern, Francis Abbott, Joseph Andrews, Edward Allan, George Abbott. John Allison, Thomas Ashton, and Philip Allen.

Colonial Times 8 June 1855
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July 6—T.S.N Co.'s steam-ship City of Hobart 206 tons, G V Bentley, from Melbourne, 4th inst. with sheep and sundries ; passengers:— . . .  Mary and James Ahern . . . 
The Hobarton Mercury 9 July 1855
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Fatal Effects of the Heat.
The intense heat of Saturday, June 30th, had a disastrous effect in N. York upon many poor laborers and others who were exposed to the sun's rays. A large number of persons were overcome by the heat, and up to Saturday afternoon ten deaths were reported at the offices of the Coroners. Among the sunstruck cases was that of James Gillen, a policeman, who after a few hours' suffering recovered. Coroners' inquests were held in the cases of—

Anthony Kohl, a German, about 52 years of age; Mary O'Brien, a native of Ireland; an unknown man who fell in Prince street, and died in about an hour; Elizabeth Ahern, a native of Ireland, aged 19; . . . 

The Jeffersonian 12 July 1855
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Corke, July 24.
Yesterday Peter Power was committed to Gaol for assaulting Mary Neal and William Ahern, and for keeping a disorderly house.
Dublin Journal 26 July 1855
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Police News
The store No. 10 Cedar-street was last night found open at about 9 o'clock, and secured by officer Ahern.
New York Times 2 August 1855
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Thursday 9th August.
The fifth order of the day was to consider an order upon the report of the Public Works Committee, no. 77, recommending that a sum of £60 be appropriated as compensation to Mr. Timothy Ahearn for the use of his yard off Lonsdale-street west, as the bed of an open drain.
Melbourne Argus 10 August 1855
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Railroad Accident—One Man Killed—Wonderful Escape of Others
From the Milwaukee Sentinel
An accident occurred on the La Crosse & Milwaukee Railroad yesterday morning, in which a brakeman named JOHN O'HEARN, a resident of the Third Ward of this city, was instantly killed—and a man named HUGH DIMON was seriously, if not fatally injured. The gravel train left Milwaukee at 6 a.m., backing out, as there is no way to turn a locomotive ; when about six miles from the city, in a dense fog, the first car came in collission with a cow, which some of the men say was lying on the track, and others that she jumped on at the moment the train struck her. Several of the cars ran off the track and three of them were smashed ; the brakeman killed and several others hurt. The man named DIMON was injured about every part of his body and limbs ; two others, one named MCLAUGHLIN, were also hurt somewhat severely, but it was thought that all would get well.

The escape of a number of the men was almost miraculous. As usual on gravel trains, the workmen, about 25 in number, were sitting on the different cars, 4 or 5 on a car, the brakeman O'HEARN was stationed at the brake of the forward car ; the conductor was going slowly, on account of the dense fog, the more dangerous on account of its coming up in masses, with clear spells between them. The trainm was checked so as to pass the spot upon which the accident occurred very slowly, from the fact that cattle are so frequently on the track. One man informs us that O'HEARN had turned to talk to some men who sat near him where he was standing, and when he turned around to look ahead, the cow was within three rods and lying down in the track. The engine instantly whistled to brake, and sut off steam, but the car struck the cow, throwing the cars from the track, they coming in colision with a large stump close to the track, piling four cars on each other, killing O'HEARN instantly, and burying at least a hundred men under the ruins. They were soon got out, some of them laughing at their narrow escape. But three, besides O'HEARN, were injured to any amount ; one very badly. We learned late in the evening that the last was recovering, and was able to sit up in bed. HUGH DIMON, with his family of seven children—whose means of support would have been completely stopped but for the prompt attention of the R. R. Company, paid to them by Mr. THOMAS—is a worthy object for any charitable-minded person to give assistance in money and food.

New York Times 21 September 1855
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SHOULD this meet the eye of MARY MILES, from Castledown, Roach, [Castletownroche] Ireland, who arrived in the colony in the year 1851, per ship Earl Grey, her friends will be glad to communicate with her. Address to JOHN AHERN, care of THOMAS WOOLASTON, Peel River.
Maitland Mercury 12 December 1855
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A party of sailors and a crowd of landsmen known as “Roughs,” got into a drunken brawl about 7 o'clock Thursday evening, near Peck- slip, in the Fourth Ward, and during the melée, Thomas Carey, a landsman, got stabbed in the side with a knife. Officer Moulton, of the Second Ward, arrested a sailor named Michael Ahern, on the charge of committing the deed. Carey was also conveyed to the Second Ward Station-house, where surgical aid was rendered. His wound is not a dangerous one.
New York Times 26 January 1856
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Before His Honor Mr. JUSTICE MILFORD.
Edmund Owens was indicted for committing a rape on the person of Mary Ahern, at Bigge's Swamp, on the 4th of January. The prisoner pleaded hot guilty. Mr. Macalister, of Ipswich, solicitor, applied to His Honor to have the trial postponed, on the ground that he had had no time to retain counsel, and that as the prisoner had been charged with the graver offence instead of the assault with intent, on which latter charge he had been committed, he did not feel himself justified, in the absence of counsel, in conducting the defence himself. His HONOR, under the circumstances of the case, granted the application.
The Sydney Morning Herald 5 February 1856
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ABOUT two months since a large quantity of books were stolen from the library of a school attached to the North Chapel, in which a number of orphans are maintained. A window was unluckily left unbolted at night, and the robbers effected an entrance through this and took a number of books, including amongst others a small but valuable Hebrew lexicon. Some of the books were found in the possession of a dealer on the Coal-quay on Saturday, on two of which a stamp was found, identifying them as the property of the North Chapel. Three parties, Wm. Ford, David Ahern and Mary Donovan, were brought before the magistrates at the Police-office, this day, and were remanded in order to obtain further evidence and so as to inculpate the parties who purchased the stolen property.
The Cork Examiner 3 March 1856
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AMONGST the consequences which have followed the Act of Parliament that gave increased powers to the Corporation may be noticed the striking improvement that has taken place in the appearance and appointments of the public cars that ply for hire through the city. We all remember the discomfort, delay, and other annoyances that were sure to befal the unlucky traveller who was obliged to have recourse to this mode of locomotion a few years since, but since that time the system, in the great majority of instances, has been completely changed, and where exceptions are occasionally seen they are caused by parties who live outside the jurisdiction of the Corporation. On the principal stands such as Patrick-street and the Parade, the horses and vehicles may readily submit to comparison with those of Dublin, or any other large city. Much of the improvement that has been effected in this matter, is no doubt owing to the activity and vigilance shewn by Ahern, the Corporation inspector, in enforcing the regulations of the Local Act.
The Cork Examiner 25 April 1856
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A man by the name of Garret Ahern, was shot, and it is thought, mortally wounded, at Grass Valley, on Saturday night last, by a Mr. John Clark. Ahern was intoxicated and wantonly abused the wife of Mr. Clark which led to the fatal result.
San Joaquin Republican 26 April 1856
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LIST of PERSONS entitled to be placed on the ELECTORAL ROLL for the return of MEMBERS of the HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY for the Electoral District of HOBART TOWN: . . . Aherne, Thomas . . . 
The Courier 30 April 1856
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CAUTION TO CARMEN.—Ahearne, inspector of hackney cars, brought before the magistrates the following car owners for breaches of the act relating to hackney carriages—John Carroll, owner of car No. 232, for having his car papered instead of lined—fined 5s. and costs. Thos. Fitzgerald, 256, convicted in a like penalty for having the wheel and shafts of his car in an unsafe condition. John Condon, 139, having the spring broken, 2s. 6d. and costs. Ahearne also charged Denis Murphy, driver of car No. 54, with having been fighting the preceding evening on Lavitt's-quay. The defendant was fined 1s. 0d. and costs.
The Cork Examiner 23 May 1856
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(Before Messrs. MORROGH, SHEA and BESNARD.)
Constable Carey charged two well-known pickpockets named David Ahern and Pat. Donovan with suspicion of having committed a robbery. The constable stated that he found a sum of money in the possession of one of the prisoners, and a coat in that of the other, for which they were unable to account.
   They were remanded.
The Cork Examiner 23 May 1856
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   THIS Court opened on Monday last, before His Honour Mr. Justice Milford. The Calendar, as far as numbers were concerned, was the heaviest that had yet been known here. Mr. J. S. Dowling appeared as Crown Prosecutor. The other barristers in attendance were Mr. Milford and Mr. Pring.
 . . . 
   Edward Owens was indicted for that he on the 4th January last, at Bigge's camp, did forcibly ravish one Mary Ahern. The prisoner pleaded not guilty, and was defended by Messrs. Pring and Milford, with Mr. Macalister as attorney.
   Fifteen jurors were challenged peremptorily on the part of the prisoner, and one was set aside by the crown.
   The Counsel for the Crown, in opening the case, expressed his intention to abandon the capital part of the charge, and only seek a conviction for assault with intent to commit a rape.
   Mary Ahern : deposed that she is more than 14 years old. Knew the prisoner when she was in Gatton nine or ten months ago. My mother is alive—my father is not. In January last I was living at Mrs. Barnes' in Ipswich. My mother was at Ned Owen's (prisoner's) place, called Bigge's Camp. My step father was groom there. Prisoner was a publican. My mother was living in one of the houses in prisoner's yard. I was walking in Ipswich one day and met the prisoner.
   He saluted me and I saluted him. He bade me good day and asked how I was. I asked him to tell my mother I was leaving, and to send for me as soon as she could. He said that he would. This was on a Thursday. On Friday again he met me. His sister and her husband were with him. He said will you come with me. I will hire you myself. The two servants he had did not do what the mistress ordered them, and he would send them away, and I could live in the house with my mother. I thanked him, and he said "meet me at Sullivan's." I accepted his offer. He told me he would have a horse and side saddle ready for me at Sullivan's. I got my clothes and went to Sullivan's. I saw prisoner there. This was before one o'clock. Sam Owens and John M'Keon were there. We all started away, on separate horses. We rode on to Prior's public house, at Little Ipswich. We did not stay there long, but rode on until we came to prisoner's father's place, about seven miles further. It was now 4 or 5 o'clock, and we remained about an hour, and had dinner. We all rode away then, until we met a bullock dray, about an hour afterwards. Prisoner got off his horse and had some grog at the dray. We then went on, and were going so easily, that Sim Owens said "I'm blowed if I am not falling asleep on the horse. We will go and lie down in the long grass, and you can call us if we are asleep." Then John M'Keon and Sam Owens rode away a head, and I said to the prisoner "we had better go with them."
    He said "Oh, no, that the two horses knocked up," and he would not have them knocked up." I said "Well, I will go with them." He said "No." I had a double-reined bridle, and he kept hold of one of the reins. It was now getting very dark. Sam Owens and John M'Keon rode out of sight. Prisoner said then that we had better get off the horses, and give them a spell, they'd be the better for it. I got off and he did also. I went over and stood by a tree, and when I saw him coming near me I thought to get hold of the tree, but it was too large. He caught hold of me with his hand, by the waist. He knocked me down with his hands.
   [Witness described the conduct of prisoner. According to her evidence, it was plain that at least the attempt was made.] As well as strength would permit I tried to prevent him. I said "Ned Owens, sir, will you destroy me—will you kill me," and he said "Yes, I will." I tore his face, and bled him—I made his face bleed. I was not tearing his face all the time. He used to put my hands under his knees. I was struggling for about half an hour, and calling on the blessed Virgin Mary. He said "the Virgin Mary belongs to me as well as to you." After this I was calling upon my father that was dead, and upon the blessed Virgin, and I thought that if he was a dog he would have feeling and listen to me. The jacket I wore was all muddy at the back, and bloody in front from his face. (The jacket and other articles of clothing were produced. The jacket was as described by the witness.)
   After this Ned Owens put me on the horse again. When he put me on my horse he got on his, and after travelling for half an hour, we met Sam Owens and M'Keon. They were returning as if to look for us. We all rode on then until we came to John M'Keon's house. Nobody was up there, and it was past one o'clock. I got a bed there and remained that night. I saw no female there that night. Next day I went away in company with Ned Owens, his brother, one of the Marks, and some bullock drivers. When we arrived at prisoner's house I made a complaint to my mother, mentioning prisoner's name. We arrived at the house on Saturday morning. I and my mother, another little girl, and a step sister, came down to Ipswich that day. On Sunday morning I went before a magistrate. What the prisoner did to me on the road was not with my own permission. It was against my will.
   (Cross-examined by Mr. Pring.) It was about 8 or 9 o'clock on the Thursday when I met the prisoner at Ipswich. I was not in a public honse with the prisoner on Thursday. I was not at the circus that night. What I said before the magistrates was taken in writing and I signed it. The Police Magistrate told me to tell all I knew of it. (Witness's deposition before the magistrates was put in and read. From this it appeared that she had sworn positively to the actual commission of the capital offence. In this deposition she further stated that she saw Mrs. M'Keon next morning, but did not tell her.]
   (Cross-examination continued.) I did not like to tell anybody until I saw my mother. Prisoner told Sam Owens when we overtook them that a man in a white coat frightened me. I said there was. So there was. As I was on horseback, I did think a man in a white coat came behind me, and afterwards went into smoke and out of sight. My mother asked how my clothes got dirty, and I told her what was the matter. I did not tell her before. I did not like to expose myself. The man in the white coat vanished away. It was after the prisoner's assault that I saw him. Prisoner told M'Keon that he did not see the man in the white coat. I was crying, but it was dark, and they might not see me. The roads were very dirty. At first I refused to come down to lpswich, as I feared I could not walk. My mother compelled me to come.
   Mary Barry, mother of last witness, deposed that Mary Ahern was her daughter. Lived at the prisoner's house. He kept a public house at Bigge's camp. When prosecutrix came up to the house she had a pink dress on, and her other clothes in a bundle. Opened the bundle, and found a frock there, all wet, and a lawn jacket very dirty at back, and bloody in front. These are the clothes now produced. I had some conversation with my daughter, who complained of something that had happend to her. She mentioned the name of Edmund Owens. I that day spoke to the prisoner and asked him why he ill-used my daughter. He said he did not. I then came down to Ipswich, with my daughter. I told prisoner I was going, and he followed me. I left the house about half an hour after my daughter arrived. I told prisoner I would go to law for what he had done to my daughter. When we were about four miles on the road, prisoner passed us on horseback. He did not speak to us, nor we to him. My daughter was weak and feeble. I next saw prisoner at M'Keon's public house, two miles further on. I went into M'Keon's and left my daughter outside. The prisoner came into the room where I was with Mrs. M'Keon. He was talking, but I could not understand what he said—I was in too much trouble. I heard M'Keon say that it was as good for me not to mind it, as prisoner would suffer nothing for my daughter, she having no witness. I said that there was no fear for my daughter, if she had no witness but the Almighty. [The prisoner's counsel, Mr. Pring, here interfered, when it appeared that this conversation occurred when prisoner was not present. It was therefore rejected.] I saw a magistrate at Ipswich next morning. My daughter was present. I did not examine my daughter's person. The distance from prisoner's house to Ipswich is eighteen miles. We travelled it in a day.
   (Cross-examined by Mr. Milford.) I was before married to a man named Ahern. My husband, Patrick Barry, was getting £26 for six months from Owens. I did not threaten to beat my daughter for her dirty clothes before she told me of the occurrence. She said she was afraid she could not walk to Ipswich. She was not five minutes in the house before she told me of this. I told prisoner I would go as far as the law would allow me. I never went back to prisoner's service.
   Henry Challiner, surgeon, of Ipswich, deposed that he examined prosecutrix, and found some bruises on her arms. The further evidence of this witness would lead to the belief that the capital offence was not committed. Witness also examined the prisoner, who had some fresh scratches on his face, and other marks upon his person.
   Mr. Pring addressed the jury, in an open speech, for the defence, and called, John McKeon, who was examined by Mr. Milford. This witness, who was one of the party on the road from Ipswich to Bigge's Camp, deposed that he and Samuel Owens were never at a greater distance than three hundred yards in advance of prisoner and prosecutrix. Recollected that between the Seven Mile Creek and the Rosewood Scrub, Owens and witness were riding slowly ahead, about a hundred yards from the girl, when he heard prisoner shouting, and on returning found that prisoner's horse had fallen down. Saw prisoner's horse on the ground, and prisoner trying to make him get up. The girl was reclining on the grass, close by. Prisoner said she had been frightened by a man in white, and the girl did not deny it. She said the man came behind, tapped her on the shoulder, and vanished in smoke. I asked her if she was hurt. She said no. She was not crying, and she was placed on her horse again. Witness never did say that he should go and have a sleep. Was sure that the girl had not called out, or he must have heard her.
   Samuel Owens, brother of the prisoner, gave evidence exactly similar to that of the last witness, and positively denied that he had used the words imputed to him about going to have a sleep. He also corroborated the statement of the girl's story about the man in white. This witness stated that he and M'Keon were not more than 50 yards a head when the horse fell.
   Mr. Dowling replied, on behalf of the Crown, commenting on the evidence, and taking occasion to refer to the girl's illusion with respect to the man in white, and which might be traced to the confusion and agitation of her mind after the occurrence.
   His Honour charged the jury, dwelling upon the strong points of the case, for and against the prisoner. One of the former was the probability that if she had consented the object of the prisoner would have been completed ; and on the other hand there was the evidence of Samuel Owens and M'Keon, which decidedly contradicted that of the girl, in some material points.
   The jury retired at a quarter past 5, and after an hour's absence, two officers were sworn to keep them in safe custody. In half an hour longer they returned with a verdict of not guilty, and the prisoner was discharged.
The Moreton Bay Courier 24 May 1856
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Friday, 23rd May.   
Edward Owens was indicted for that he on the 4th of January last, at Bigge's Camp, did forcibly ravish one Mary Ahern. The prisoner pleaded not guilty, and was defended by Messrs. Pring and Milford, with Mr. Macalister as attorney. A great amount of evidence was heard ; but it was quite unfit for publication. His Honor the Judge, in charging the jury, dwelt upon the strong points of the case, for and against the prisoner. One of the former was the probability that if she had consented the object of the prisoner would have been completed ; and on the other hand there was the evidence of Samuel Owens and M'Keon, which decidedly contradicted that of the girl in some material points. The jury retired at a quarter-past five, and after an hour's absence, two officers were sworn to keep them in safe custody. In half an hour longer they returned with a verdict of not guilty, and the prisoner was discharged.
The Sydney Morning Herald 3 June 1856
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At the Police-office, yesterday, the Mayor and Capt. White, on the bench, Inspector Ahearne preferred charges against the owners of several hackney cars for breaches of the bye law in having their horses off the proper standing, and in having the lining of the cars torn. The magistrates imposed a fine on each from 2s. 6d. to 5s., and costs.
The Cork Examiner 11 June 1856
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   We take the following particulars of the melancholy wreck of this barque from the Cape Breton News of June the 7th :—

   Captain Spillane, of the barque Pallas, 360 tons burthen, of and from Cork, bound to Quebec, reached town on Wednesday last, from St. Paul's Island, where he had suffered shipwreck, and the total loss of his vessel. We have obtained from himself the particulars of the melancholy casualty,whereby 72 lives were lost. They are, in brief, as follows :—

   The barque sailed from Cork on the 28th of April last, with 126 passengers, bound to Quebec. Nothing of moment occurred during the voyage up to the day of the catastrophe. The captain had “sighted,” during the morning of the 30th may, ult., the north eastern coast of Cape Breton, and the island of St. Paul's. In the afternoon of that day, about 6 o'clock, he discovered that the compasses in the binnacle varied, the one from the other, and both from the “Tell-tale” in the cabin— there being two points of difference between the two former, and one point between one of them and the “Tell-tale.” Two spare compasses were next tried, but they also proved incorrect. The captain next tested the Tell-tale with an azimuth compass, which he found to correspond :— and thereupon corrected the courses, steered from noon from the compass in the binnacle, and shaped a course between Cape North and St. Paul's Island. About 10 o'clock same evening heard the report of a gun, whereupon efforts were made to bring the ship to the wind ; but she had reached the breakers, and immediately struck. Every hope of getting her clear of the rock having vanished the captain ordered the life boat to be lowered from the “davits,” with the hope and expectation of landing all on board in safety, on a large rock within sight, and towards which the sea presented a favourable surface, by which it was hoped that could be effected ; but many of the panick-stricken passengers, with the thoughtlessness too often exhibited on similar occasions of danger, rushed into the boat, whilst yet in the davits, when by the pressure and violence thus used, one of the ringbolts broke and the poor souls who had thus secured a lodgment in the boat were precipitated into the sea and were drowned. By this accident every prospect of reaching land was cut off ; the boat, however, was cleared from the davits during the night, and the two mates reached the land in it. The ship being now bilged, she lay over on one side—the sea occasionally washing over her, and in its fury carrying off from the wreck many of those who were clinging to it. In the morning at day light, the Superintendent of the Island sent off the boats, which, with the one in charge of the mates, landed all those who remained. The captain had a narrow escape with his life, and lost all his property. Upon counting the number saved, seventy two souls were found to be missing— including several women and children—who had all met a watery grave. Only six bodies had been recovered when Captain Spillane left the Island—those of three seamen, and three passengers—which were buried under the direction of himself, and the Superintendent, Mr. Campbell, of the latter whose kindness those saved make honourable mention. A vessel has left this [port] for the Island to take the Master and crew, and passengers, on to Quebec.

   It would pain the hearts of the most hardened to hear from Captain Spillane even a tithe of the scenes and suffering of that dreadful night. We fervently hope that himself, his crew, and passengers, may safely reach Quebec, without further accident.

    We take the opportunity of publishing the subjoined testimonial of the passengers respecting the humane conduct of the Master of the ship, who appears to be a feeling, sensible, and upright man :—

   DEAR SIR,—We, the surviviors of the passengers in the barque Pallas, beg leave to return our sincere and heartfelt thanks to you, for your humanity and kind treatment of us all on the passage, and now beg leave to state that no blame can be attached to you for the unfortunate termination of that voyage, and the melanchly circumstances attending it ;—on the contrary, that you did everything that lay in your power to save life, and to make us comfortable after our landing.
   [Signed] Robert Jackson Edwards, Joseph Edwards, William Flint, Thomas Minihane, Patrick Flaherty, Richard Crowley, Edmund Conroy, Alfred Browning, Michael Carrol, John Larkin, Michael Flaherty, Dennis Cotter, Jeremiah Sullivan, Daniel Sullivan, John Sullivan, Daniel Murphy, Thomas Coughlin, Thomas Heffernan, Mary Heffernan, Judy Minihane, Ellen Hurley, Bridget Larkin, Mary Leahy, Mary Sullivan, Julia Scanlan, Ann Sweeny, Mary Desmond, Mary Sheehan, Mary Regan, Mary Brian, Julia Murphy, Julia Crowley, Mary Donovan, Eliza Crosby, Ellen Leary, Mary A'Hearn, Bridget Halloran, Mary Howley, Mary Ryan, Patrick Ryan, Bridget Moroney.
   St. Paul's Island, 2nd June, 1856.
   I certify that the parties whose names are above signed before me, are all correct.
JOHN CAMPBELL, J.P., Supr. of St. Pauls.    
   By the subjoined list of those who perished in this disaster which we take from the Shipping Gazette, it will be seen that instead of the loss being exaggerated in the first account it was even greater, the number drowned being 82 instead of 72 :—James Crennan, Ellen Gorman and three children ; Hannah Sullivan, Mary Barry, Ellen Barry, Johanna Crowley, Patrick Daly, Johanna Leahy and child ; John Crowley, Bridget M'Carthy, Denis Hayes, Kate Hayes, Mary Casey, Mary Gloster, Hannah Crowley, Patrick Leary, John Sullivan, Mary Kearney and three children ; John Murphy, John M'Carthy, Elicia Harnett, Denis Foley and two children ; Edward Carroll, Daniel Leary, Timothy Leary, Kate Leary, Edward Hennessy, Johanna Sheehy and two children ; Charles Foley, Daniel Lynch, Tim Reardon, J. Leary, Ellen Sheehy and four children ; Mary Lougnane, Bridget Enright, Johanna Enright, Mary leary, William Flanin, Ellen Hurley, Denis Ready, Michael Ready, Mary Molony and child ; Patrick Moriarty, Julia Keohane, Thomas Ferguson, Thomas Daly, Mary Daly and child ; John, Kate and Dora Ryan (children), Daniel Dineen, Mary Anne Farrell, Susan Stone and three children, Martin Geason, Wm. Richardson, John and Anne Flaherty ; Mary Moroney. Total 79. Of the crew, one seaman, the cook, and a boy were drowned.
The Cork Examiner 2 July 1856
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WALTER AHERN, Esq., Assistant-Surveyor G.P.O., who for the last four months has been in charge of the Bantry Post-office, has taken his departure from that town—all the necessary arrangements consequent upon the appointment of Mr. Maurice Healy, the efficient and intelligent Clerk of the Bantry Union, to the postmastership, being completed. During his stay in Bantry, Mr. Ahern, by his gentlemanly deportment and zeal for the efficiency of that branch of the public service with which he is connected, secured the respect and esteem of all capable of appreciating public virtue and private worth.
The Cork Examiner 4 July 1856
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Nelson Trafalgar Foley, appeallant ; Owen Ahern and another, respondent.
   This was an appeal from a decree made by the Recorder for £7 10s., the amount claimed by the respondent for inspecting the vessel Hull Packet, about to be purchased by the appellant. The charge was calculated at 2½ per cent on the purchase money, £300, which, on behalf of the respondent, was proved to be the customary rate. For the appellant it was contended that the charge was excessive.
   The Court affirmed the decree.
   For the appellant—Mr. Gillman.
   For the respondent—Mr. Sullivan, with Mr. Honohan as agent.
The Cork Examiner 30 July 1856
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His Lordship entered court at ten o'clock.
Ahearne v. Fielding and Others.
   Mr. Murphy opened the pleadings. It was an action for the diversion of a water-course on the lands of Knockrour. Damages were laid at £30.
   Mr. Deasy said that the action was brought by the plaintiff to establish the existence of an important right which he, and those whom he represented, had enjoyed a great number of years, but which had recently and illegally been interfered with by the defendants. The privilege which the plaintiff asserted was the right to use, for the purpose of irrigation, a stream which had taken its rise in a farm he holds, which flowed through it, and then went down to the farm of the defendant. The plaintiff made an artificial channel through his lands, through which the water was conveyed, and the embankment which enclosed this stream had, he alleged, been broken down by the defendant. The plaintiff enjoyed an uninterrupted use of the water for upwards of twenty years, and this conferred on him and indefeasible title for the continuance of that privilege.
   Evidence was then gone into on the part of the plaintiff.
   Mr. Copinger said that there had been no proof that the bank of the stream had been broken down by the defendant. He also submitted that the plaintiff did not prove his title to the use of the water for twenty years.
   His Lordship said that his view of the case was that if the jury were of the opinion that the plaintiff had proved satisfactorily his use of the water for twenty years, they should give him the verdict.
   Mr. Copinger—The evidence for the plaintiff was that he had a right to build an embankment ; if his (Mr. Copinger's) clients could show that he had no such right, and that they were entitled to the use of the water without any such bank (and this they could prove) he submitted that they were entitled to a verdict.
   His Lordship said it was a case that ought never to have been brought into court. Both parties were, he understood, very respectable, and perhaps some amicable arrangement could be come to.
   After some further discussion, the counsel on both sides said that they would endeavour to persuade their clients to follow the advice of his lordship.
   The court then adjourned.
His Lordship entered court at half-past nine o'clock, and proceeded with the hearing of
Ahearne v. Fielding and Others.
   Witnesses were examined for the defence, after which Mr. Brereton addressed the jury for the defendants, and was followed by Mr. Clarke for the plaintiff.
   His Lordship then addressed the jury ; in the course of his charge he expressed his regret that the case had not been as he had suggested, amicably settled.
   The jury retired, and after a short absence returned into court, when the foreman said that they had found it impossible to come to a verdict ; but they were willing to act as arbiters in the case.
   Counsel consented to accept the offer of the jury, and also allowed them to decide the matter of costs.
   The jury again retired, and after an absence of fifteen minutes returned into court, and said that the decision they had come to was that the defendants should have the use of the stream during the months of May, June, July, August, and September, and the excess after irrigation during the remainder of the year ; and that each party should pay his own costs.
   Counsel for the plaintiff—Messrs. Deasy, Q.C.; Clarke, Q.C., and Chatterton. Agent—Mr. O'Connor.
   For the defendant—Messrs. Copinger, Q.C.; Brereton, Q.C., and Exham. Agent—Mr. Babington.
[A Johanna Ahern is listed as an occupier in the townland of Knockrour, parish of Aghabulloge, barony of East Muskerry, in Griffith's Valuation, 1851-1853.]
The Cork Examiner 1 August 1856
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The Cork papers bring an account of the upsetting of a boat in Ballyskelligs Bay during the late storms, by which six fisherman were drowned. Five more lives were lost by a similar casualty at Barry's Cove. The following are the painful details:—It appears that a fishing-boat, containing a crew of five, put off from Barry's Cove, which lies inside Cable Island, on the townland of Knockadoon, for the purpose of drawing their nets. Of this crew, sad to relate, not one returned alive, and up to yesterday evening the bodies of two only had been found. But perhaps the most painful particular in connection with the accident is that the entire five perished within sight of the shore, and before the eyes of many of their relatives and friends, who, owing to a heavy rolling sea and a strong north-easterly wind, were unable, although three of them made a most desparate attempt, to afford any assistance. The boat and crew were seen a short distance off the shore between seven and eight o'clock on the morning named, in the act of drawing their nets, the sea rolling very high and the wind blowing stiffly from the north-east, when, unfortunately, the boat was capsised. Three of the crew gained the keel, while two were supported each by an oar. One of the men on the keel was observed to make a signal for assitance, in obedience to which three fishermen, who had only just put in, named Jeremiah M'Carthy, Michael Barry, and John Sheehan, gallantly relaunched their boat and put out again to assist their friends; but this boat was at once swamped, and the three men narrowly escaped being themselves drowned. The men on the keel were soon beaten off, while those who clung to the oars had disappeared after a short time, and the boat was shortly after driven on the rocks, when it was smashed to pieces. On the same day two of the bodies were washed ashore, and an inquest was held by Mr. Barry, when a verdict of Found Drowned was returned.

The following are the names of the unfortunate men ; William Ahern, 47 years of age, leaving three children and a wife ; Garret and Daniel Barry (brothers) 23 and 20 years of age respectively, leaving an aged father and mother ; William Barry, aged 45, leaving a wife and five children ; William Lynch, aged 50, leaving a wife and six children.

Manchester Guardian 31 August 1856
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WE, the Undersigned, having known JAMES M'HUGH for some time, feel great pleasure in testifying to his skill as an Optician :—
      Albert Callanan, M.D.,
      Richard Corbett, M.D.,
      H. A. Caesar, M.D.,
      Thomas Power, M.D., Eglinton Asylum
      J. M. Ahearne, A.B., M.D.,
      Thos. H. Justice, A.B., M.D.,
      Frederick F. Smith, Surgeon, &c.,
      Joseph Page,
      Thomas B. Justice, Apothecary.
   Spectacles, with the most Improved Lenses for preserving the Visual Organs, can be had in every style-of
J .   M ' H U G H ,
Optician, 78, Old George's-street, Cork.
The Cork Examiner 12 September 1856
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   John Murphy, Michael Murphy, Cain Mahony, Jeremiah Ahern, and John Brien, respectable farmers from Aherina, pleaded guilty to a riot and assault on another farmer named John Sullivan.
   The prosecutor stated that he did not wish them to be punished as they had paid him £6 10s. as compensation.
   The Court sentenced them to two months imprisonment each, with the exception of Cain Mahoney, who was sentenced to one month, Mr. Browne and Mr. Aylmer stating that the public peace should also be protected as well as the private injuries of individuals, and that offences of the kind were getting frequent in the country.
The Cork Examiner 1 October 1856
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   Timothy Ahearne and Jane Ahearne, his wife, were placed at the bar charged with having received, knowing them to have been stolen, several articles of silver, the property of Mr. Shaw.
   Mr. Shaw identified a silver cream ewer, a silver bread basket, several silver spoons and forks, as his property.
   Catherine Benton, an approver, proved to having sold several articles to Mrs. Ahearne, her husband was not present during the sale.
   Head-Constable Crowley was next examined. He stated that he discovered the property belonging to Sir Wm. Lyons and another gentleman, in a lumber-room to the rere of the house. He also discovered in a cheffonier, in a bed-room, the property of Mr. Shaw, and both the prisoners claimed it as their property. In a box adjoining the cheffonier, were three vests belonging to Mr. William Lyons, which were claimed by the male prisoner, and a pair of boots, also belonging to Mr. Lyons, were stated by Mrs. Ahearne to be the property of her son, by her first husband.
   Mr. Lyons identified the vests as his property.
   Miss Emily Scott, of York-terrace, identified two silver table, nine tea, and six egg spoons, together with a silver tea-pot, as her property. Her house was entered by the closet window, and the articles mentioned taken from it.
   Mr. John Thomas White also identified some articles of wearing apparel, which had been stolen from his office on the 11th of last month.
   Mrs. Catherine Kiely, publican, identified unfinished black silk dress.
   All of those articles were discovered by Head-Constable Crowley in the house of the prisoners.
   Mr. O'Hea, who with Mr. Wallis, appeared for the defence, addressed the jury in an able speech for his clients. He alluded to the witness Benton, whom he termed a profligate wench, and said that she was entirely unworthy of credit. The male prisoner stood on his trial for having claimed the property of Mr. Shaw, but there had been no evidence adduced that that property had been received by him. His claiming it was the act not of a person who had bought it, but one of those who had received it from his wife, and believed it to be obtained by her honestly. Mr. O'Hea concluded by entreating the jury not to be influenced by any statements that had appeared in the newspapers, not one of which since those robberies had been discovered that did not ring with praises of Head-Constable Crowley, and run down Ahearne and his wife—(laughter).
   His Worship then addressed the jury, who retired, and after the expiration of a few minutes returned into Court, when the foreman announced that they had found the female not guilty and her husband guilty.
   The prisoner will not be sentenced until next court-day. The other charges against them were not gone into.
The Cork Examiner 6 October 1856
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October 10. Emma, brig, 139 tons, T. J. Brown, for Sydney. Passengers—Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Dunning, Mrs. Brown, Mrs. Hollings, family, and servant, and Miss Bradley, in the cabin ; and A. Ahern, wife, and two children, D. Maslan and wife, Goo Hill, Hugh M'Kee, Thomas Wilson, Pedro Alahoe, and Thomas Withers and wife, in the steerage.
Colonial Times 11 October 1856
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Emigrants escaping from the Colony.
Andrew Aherne, Ellen Aherne, and a little boy, were brought before the Bench yesterday charged by the Emigration Officer (Mr. G. Smith) with attempting to leave the Colony in the brig Emma for Sydney without having paid the expences of their passage from home in terms of their agreement. They were remanded till this day, but were admitted to bail.
The Hobarton Mercury 15 October 1856
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[Before Francis Burgess, Esq , M. P., and E. J. Manley, Esq., Justices.]
   THIS was an information by George Smith, clerk to the immigration agent, against Andrew Aherne and Ellen Aherne, assisted immigrants to this colony by the "Ocean Chief," alleging that they entered into an agreement to remain in the colony four years after arrival, or to pay a proportion of their passage money ; notwithstanding which they were about to leave the colony without such payment, having taken their passage by the "Emma" for Sydney.
   The defendants had been apprehended by warrant, and on the previous day had been remanded on bail until this morning, when they surrendered to stand their trial on the charge. They had two nice little boys with them at the bar.
   The Crown Solicitor, Mr Rogers, attended to conduct the prosecution. Mr Loch, the immigration agent, was also present.
   The defendants pleaded guilty, but that they did not know they could not leave the colony.
   The Crown Solicitor, addressing the bench, said he thought it right to say a few words as to the course which the court would probably take in dealing with the defendants. It was necessary that this case should be prosecuted, for if persons could be allowed to leave the colony without repaying the money advanced to introduce them here, the public treasury would suffer to a large amount indeed as their worships were aware, the passages of these persons were paid for out of the taxes of the people of the colony, on the understanding that they should stay for a given period, or pay back to the revenue, the amount expended. He (Mr. Rogers) was aware there was some idea out of doors that there was an attempt to coerce the people from leaving the colony, but all that was required was that the money advanced should be returned according to engagement ; otherwise the fact would be that this colony would be introducing immigrants for Victoria and the other colonies. It was quite clear these people were about to leave the colony, and he (Mr. Rogers) thought it right to call Mr. Smith to show that these were not persons who could not get employment. He thought Mr. Smith could show them that the man was employed in the public works department, and that the woman was a laundress in the service of Captain Forster, and that, as he said from the knowledge of Mr. Smith, they had no difficulty in procuring employ. There was no manner of excuse for them. The complaint was laid under the 2nd section of the 18th Vict. No. 2 ; and the course for the court to adopt was to ask the defendants if they had property to pay the amount of the passage money; or if they had security for the amount ; if not, that then the court should inflict the punishment of hard labour not exceeding three months. The defendants arrived in March, 1855, and they were about to about to leave on the 11th Oct.
   The amount claimed was £13 9s 5d each.
   Mr Smith, the complainant, was here sworn, and deposed that defendants arrived on the 24th March, 1855, by the Ocean Chief. The man had informed him he was employed on the public works at a guinea a week : the wife was a laundress in Capt. Forster's employ. The man, on arrival, described himself as an agricultural labourer, and witness should think there was plenty of employment for him in this colony.
   In reply to the Chief Police Magistrate, the male defendant said he could not pay the £26 18s 10d, nor could he give security for the same. He also said he had got his discharge from the Public Works Department, which he produced.
   The Crown Solicitor again addressed the court, pressing them to make an example in this case. He thought the woman might be sentenced to a short imprisonment, but that the man should have the full sentence, and then if any one thought proper, he could make a representation to the government for a remission, on an undertaking to take him into service.
   The Magistrates having consulted together, Mr. Burgess, in giving judgment said, they had no wish to act harshly in any of these cases, but the colony must not be defrauded, and they should therefore sentence the man to three months' and the female to three days' imprisonment with hard labour, trusting that this would be the last case of the kind.
   The defendants were then removed to the lock-up, the children clinging to their parents, and crying in a pitiable way. It was indeed a heartrending scene ; and several persons audibly sympathised with Mr. Burgess's humane wish that this might be the last case of the kind.
    [Surely imprisonment for the husband would have been enough in this case. It seems a very hard thing to send the wife to gaol also —ED. CT.]
Colonial Times 16 October 1856
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   Emigrants Breaking their Agreement.—Andrew Aherne, and Ellen Aherne, for being about to leave the Colony, contrary to their agreement. The Solicitor-General said that some notice ought to be taken of the case. It was hard upon the people who were taxed for the purpose of paying these peoples' passages, in order to secure the advantage of their labor. Mr. Rogers further said that there was no necessity for Aherne and his wife leaving the Colony. The man had been engaged at the Public Works Department at �1 1s. per week, and the female bad been in the service of Captain Foster. Mr. Smith the Emigration Agent proved the debt due by the prisoners for their passage. Mr. Burgess fully concurred in the view of the matter adopted by the Solicitor General. He considered it ungrateful on the part of those who came out under the regulations, to endeavour to evade the repayment, and deprive the colony of the services for which it was paid. It was an act of dishonesty.
   The Solicitor-General suggested to the Bench, that a short sentence would answer the purpose as a warning to others. The male prisoner was sentenced to three months' imprisonment with hard labor ; the female to three days without hard labor. They left the Court in great distress. It was not stated what was to be done with the prisoners' children.
The Hobarton Mercury 17 October 1856
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Immigration Farce.—Andrew Ahern and Elizabeth Ahern were charged with being about to leave the island before the termination of four years, without repaying the amount of their passage money. They were remanded as the Immigration Agent was not in attendance. This is one of the instances of over legislation, in appropriating a large amount of public money, in bringing people to the colony, and then finding no employment for them. The parties so charged declared their utter ignorance of any agreement to remain any time in the colony. They were sent for, and they came, and they knew nothing more about it. They were required to find securities to appear to-morrow.—H. T. Advertiser.
The Cornwall Chronicle 18 October 1856
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ANDREW AHERNE. The sentence passed upon Aherne has been remitted.
The Courier 27 October 1856
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Liberation of Aherne.—This man, whose case has excited so much attention, was released from the House of Correction where he had been employed in breaking stones, on Saturday last. It appears that some gentlemen interfered in the case and got him to sign a petition, which the Governor was pleased to grant, Aherne undertaking not to quit the colony until the expiration of the four years, unless the sum due to the Government was first paid. The man and his wife and children are residing in Harrington-street, opposite the "Queen's Arms," and we understand, have been visited by several benevolent individuals. We are informed that it is not true, as stated, that Aherne came out under a fraudulent bounty ticket, and it was not until he had been out of work several weeks, and some relations of his wife undertook to pay their expences to Sydney, where they could make sure of work, that he conceived the idea of going away. The man states, that, as the bounty ticket was sent home to him by a relation from this colony, he had no idea that he was bound to stop here.
Colonial Times 28 October 1856
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   A numerously attended meeting for the expression of public opinion on the case of Andrew Aherne and Ellen Aherne, his wife, the assisted immigrants by the "Ocean Chief," who were sentenced on the 15th October by Mr. Francis Burgess, chief police magistrate, and Mr. E. J. Manley, Colonial Auditor, to imprisonment with hard labor, for attempting to leave the colony on the "Emma," for Sydney, without paying the proportion of their passage money from England, was held last evening at the Amphitheatre, Murray-street, having been convened by Mr. Harrison, chairman of the Working Classes Committee on the requisition of Messrs A. M. Nicol, and other citizens.
   The chair was taken by Mr. W. H. Thompson. Andrew Aherne and his two children were present, and took their seats on the platform, in view of the meeting.
   The Chairman commenced business by reading the advertisement convening the meeting, and offering a few observations on the particular object they had in view.
   Mr. C. Walker moved the first resolution, condemnatory of any system operating to deceive emigrants as to their prospects in the colony, or as to the nature of their engagements. He alluded to the services of the press in reference to the publication of the case, and made especial reference to the Colonial Times, as having, in this and other instances, given most correct reports. He also remarked on the conduct of the magistrates, and concluded by moving the resolution amid cheers.
   The motion was seconded by Mr. Russell, who contended that there must be something wrong in the administration of the Government, when immigrants were so misled in reference to their prospects in the colony.
   Mr. Lemon, in supporting the resolution, said the aim of good government should be the greatest good to the greatest number, and the greatest number were the working classes. The granting of £200,000 for immigration he characterised as a robbery, and that sum should have been spent in making roads and bridges, which would have kept the money here, and have attracted a population. The resolution was put and passed.
   Mr. Harrison, carpenter, moved the second resolution, to the effect that in the opinion of the meeting, the case of the Ahernes was cruel in the extreme, and deserving the favourable consideration of the meeting. Having referred to Mr. Chapman as the supporter of law and order, he noticed more particularly the case under discussion, held that it was cruelty of the most aggravated character to imprison a woman, and the Solicitor-General, Mr. Rogers, who advised the magistrates to pass the sentence was a modern Shylock. (A Voice-That'll stick to him as long as he lives.) And the old, white-headed, imbecile, Chief Police Magistrate was as hard-hearted as he was. (Cheers.) The speaker said a "ruffian" like himself would have had his heart melted. It was an act of cruelty and despotism to the very teeth of it—a most disgusting affair, and he called on the youth of Tasmania to stand up for their country against such doings. (Cheers.) As he was referring to Mr. Burgess, the meeting made running commentaries, which excited laughter—"It's just like old Burgess," and "It's the nature of the brute," and such-like interjectional remarks. He then alluded to the deception practiced on immigrants, and turning round to Aherne, asked the man whether he was told in the old country that if he did not fulfil the agreement he would be subject to three mouths' imprisonment.
   Aherne: No.
   Then (said Mr. Harrison), he was deceived and the document is of no force, it is illegal, (cheers.) He was brought out under a system of delusion, on statements of prospects which when he came out here he found to be false. Mr. Harrison spoke of the other colonies as offering greater inducements to immigrants than this, and instanced Victoria, where the mechanic only worked eight hours a day instead of ten as here, and got 14s a day. He then averted to a letter dated 3rd Sept., 1855, from John and C. Wallis, of Ross, published in Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper of 15th June last, in which the writers freely mentioned the treatment received by immigrants here, instancing a case of a gardener, to whom £7 10s was due for a quarter's wages, being fined £4 under the accursed Masters' and Servants' Act, on an indefinite charge of duty. The speaker said he hoped they would soon have a meeting to ring the death bell of that infernal bill the Masters and Servants' Acts, which was a brutal and savage thing (cheers).
   The motion being seconded by Mr. Richards, and supported by a Norfolk man named Spekeman, who, by his long harangue, tired the patience of the meeting, and could with difficulty be got to leave off, was put and passed.
   Mr. Walker came forward, and in reference to the liberation of Aherne by the governor-in-chief, proposed a vote of thanks to His Excellency.
   Mr. J. Moir seconded the motion, and concluded a brief speech by handing in a subscription of £1 towards the expences of the evening, and by presenting each of the two children of Aherne with a £1 note each, which elicited from the meeting three hearty rounds of applause, in appreciation of Mr. Moir's practical exemplification of sympathy.
   Mr. Lemon moved on amendment that no thanks should be given to the Governor unless the release of Aherne were communicated to that meeting.
   Mr. Sullivan seconded the amendment.
   The amendment having been put and negatived, the resolution of thanks was carried by a large majority.
   A letter from Mr. Maxwell Miller, M.P., was read by the Chairman, expressive of approval of the objects of the meeting.
   A vote of thanks having been passed to the Chairman, on the motion of Mr. Harrison, seconded by Mr. Richards, the proceedings terminated by a collection towards the expences of the meeting.
Colonial Times 28 October 1856
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   Pursuant to advertisement a Public Meeting was held at the Amphitheatre, Murray-street, on Monday evening to consider the Magisterial decision in the case of Aherne and his wife. There were about 500 persons present. Mr. Thompson was called to the chair, and briefly stated the object for which the meeting had been convened. He considered the object contemplated a most important one, and he trusted they would give to every speaker an impartial hearing.
   Mr. C. WALKER said that the information which had induced the Committee of the Working Classes to convene that meeting had been derived from a report of transactions which had taken place, which appeared in the Colonial Times. The Committee of the working classes was composed of fair and honest men—men who desired to practise honesty, and to maintain the inviolability of contracts. They had no desire to hold up an example that would induce others to break a contract fairly understood and fairly entered into. The first point in that matter which struck him was, that supposing that that agreement had been proved in court, he did not think it was right or proper for the Solicitor General to dictate to the Magistrates what punishment they were to inflict. He considered that it would have been quite sufficient for him to have pointed out the Law, leaving the Magistrates, as in England, to use their own opinions in applying it. It was wrong for any man to dictate to a Magistrate, (a voice—It's a sample of what he will do.) The next point was that it had been asserted that Aherne had contracted to remain in the colony for four years, or pay a certain sum for his passage out. That, however, the man denied—at all events he was ignorant of it ; and as he had seen nothing brought forward to show otherwise, they had a right to assume and act on the side of mercy. The committee of the working classes did not wish to encourage men in violating contracts, although they took an objection to the right of any party to dictate to the Magistrates on such a subject. But what had the wife done? She was irresponsible. What was to become of the two children?
   They were not responsible. Supposing the sentence had been carried out which, were it not for that meeting it would have been, who would have been to blame? Look at the character of those with whom Aherne would have had to associate in prison. What injury would they not do him? The sentence was altogether too severe upon the man ; the incarceration of the woman was un-English and cruel. He would move the first resolution:
   That in the opinion of this meeting any system operating in such a way as to allure Emigrants to this colony under false pretences, or without their being fully aware of the tenure of the contract, or without the Immigration association in the colony being furnished with an attested voucher of the contract between the contracting agent in Europe and the Emigrant, is unwise in policy, and ineffectual in operation.
   Mr. Russel seconded the motion. He assured them that there could be nothing worse than laws made to enable oppression to ride rampant. There was an unfortunate cause for the evil which had brought them together that evening. What was that cause ! Because they had more labor introduced into the colony by a system of kidnapping than was wanted. The case was put to the people in England by the Agent wrongfully. Was it not wrong to disappoint the emigrant-to induce him to come here under false pretences and with false expectations ? The Emigrant here could not write home such tales of happiness and prosperity as they could from the other colonies—and for why ? Because the lands were locked up. He did not advocate the breaking of a contract after the Colony had paid money to bring them here—yet when they saw a man struggling with a wife and two children, they could not but pity his situation. They could not blame Aherne for trying to get away. The Government should devise some measure for alleviating the sufferings of those who were seduced hither, and it was their duty to petition the Government to do so. Such distress does not exist in other Colonies. When a man goes to America he finds he has bettered himself because he is wanted. The climate of America, by which his opportunities are restricted, could not for a moment be compared with Tasmania. But land there is thrown open for cultivation. Here it is not so. He thought, therefore, it was not only useless, but wrong to allure men to this Colony whilst, by shutting up the lands, there was no employment for them.
   Mr. LEMON spoke in favor of the motion. He would ask who benefitted by Immigration? The Members of Council had pledged themselves to seek the greatest good of the greatest number. Who were the greatest number? The working classes. What right had any one to spend £200,000 in bringing labor to compete with them? If they wanted private servants let them send for them, and pay the money out of their own pockets. The Members of Council were their Trustees, and no Trustee had a right to expend his money to his disadvantage. Had they spent the £200,000 in opening up the lands of the colony they would have secured emigration without paying for it. (cheers.)
   The motion was then put and passed.
   Mr. HARRISON trusted they would give him a fair hearing. He believed Mr. Chapman, the pet member, had enlisted under the banner of ''Law and Order." It was the foundation of all prosperity, and he was in favour of it himself. But he should like to know what sort of laws they were to be. Were they to be laws that would tear the husband from the wife and the father from the children? Were those the laws of Law and Order they were to conform to? He would tell Mr. Chapman that he must institute such laws as the citizens will obey ; but if they pass such as the Solicitor General wanted, he for one would not conform to them, (a voice—well done Harrison) It had been said that there was a difficulty before them that evening, but he could not see it. If the sentence had been just towards the man, it had not been towards the woman. Did that meeting wish them punished? Did they think it was just? (cries of shame) He would down with such despotism—such tyranny to the utmost of his power. Look at those two children, (Aherne's two children were placed on a form) where was the feeling of the Solicitor General this modern Shylock craving for his pound of flesh (great uproar) The orphan could not soften his hard heart. And the old white headed imbecile Chief Police Magistrate was as hard hearted, as he. He had nothing to do with the children or with their shrieks. Where was his feeling? With one foot in the grave, he would ask—where was his feeling ? Even he, Mr. Harrison, ruffian as he was, could not have done that. He spoke sincerely. He doubted whether it was legal to imprison them at all—they could not, he thought make a debt criminal. It was a disgusting affair. Let them stand up and put a stop to such a curse. The Solicitor-General might crave the law—might have his bond—but did he think that had Aherne known that he would be liable lo three months' imprisonment if he broke that agreement, that he ever would have signed it ? (Cries of No, No.) Was it right—was it just to imprison him? Would it not have been sufficient to have prevented him from going away ? It was that meeting that liberated them. That old man and the Solicitor-General would have kept them there still. He would tell them so to their face. There was nothing he should like better. (The Speaker here alluded to the comparative prosperity of the emigrant in other colonies, and read a letter from one Wallace, of Ross, published in Lloyd's weekly paper) It was time that they rung the death-knell of that infernal, brutal, savage Bill—the Masters' and Servant's Act, and he hoped they would do it soon. They, the aristocracy, would like to keep men at work on 6d. a day, and feed them from the leavings of their tables, and to have their noses always at the grindstone, they would pass obnoxious measures to crush one class and elevate another. But they should not do it. He would read the resolution:—
   That in the opinion of this meeting the case of Andrew Aherne and wife immigrants is cruel in the extreme and deserving the favourable consideration of the meeting.
   If Her Majesty had thought that her subjects were sent here to be imprisoned for a mere debt she never would have sanctioned the infernal emigration system.
   MR. RICHARDS moved the second resolution.
   He trusted they would give him credit for already [missing text?] Champ and Smith were always for coercion. Every disease must be cured by that. It was their one grand remedy. The jail would break a man down—that would curb his spirit, and then he would be fit to be governed. It was with them, jail first, jail second, jail all through the piece. It was the case, too, with that old man who had one foot in the grave—he still looked for everything to his constables. Now, if two people, he said, entered into a mutual obligation and one failed, that obligation was null and void. If an apprentice failed to perform his articles they were cancelled, and, vice versa. When the man found that his anticipations—founded upon false premises—had not been realized, he was entitled to be released from his obligation. Instead of that he had been sent to jail, and his hair had been cut off. He feared the New Council would not look at that proposition. They, the people, had now to contend against Chapman, who had leagued himself with the jailors—there was three of them. He should like to know what they meant by law and order. In his opinion there was a conspiracy against liberty, and in order to successfully resist it, they must all combine together. (cheers.)
   A Mr. Speakman attempted to address the meeting, but the meeting showed no disposition, as he said, "to get understanding by listening to him."
   The second resolution was then put and carried by acclamation.
   MR. WALKER said, that in consequence of the presence of the prisoner, Aherne, it was evident that His Excellency had liberated him ; and he thought the least they could do would be to pass a vote of thanks to the Governor for that act.
   Mr. RICHARDS seconded the proposition. MR. LEMON opposed.
   MR. SULLIVAN seconded the amendment.
   MR. MOIR said that none but the Governor could have liberated Aherne. As an act of justice, he thought they should thank him. Mr. Moir expressed his sympathy with Aherne and his children, and to give practical effect to that sympathy, he handed to each of the boys a £1 note, amidst a monsoon of applause.
   The amendment and resolution were then put, and the vote of thanks to His Excellency carried, by a large majority.
   A letter was read from Mr. M. Miller, attributing his absence to illness, and the necessity of husbanding his strength to fight the battle for them in the Council.
   A vote of thanks to the Chairman terminated the business of the evening.
The Hobarton Mercury 29 October 1856
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   A meeting, convened by the Standing Committee of the Working Classes, was held at the Ampitheatre on Monday evening, to take into consideration the recent magisterial decision concerning the immigrants Andrew Aherne and his wife, who were sentenced to imprisonment for a breach of the Immigration Regulations in attempting to leave the colony without fullfilling the engagement printed on the back of the bounty ticket, by which he and she agrees not to leave Tasmania within four years of arrival ; or otherwise, before leaving the colony, to make repayment towards his or her passage money at the rate of one-fourth for every year wanting to complete the four years' residence. Aherne, Whose sentence had been remitted by the Governor, was on the platform with his two children. The following resolutions were passed:—
   "1. That in the opinion of this meeting any system operating in such a way as to allure emigrants to this colony under false pretences, or without their being fully aware of the tenure of the contract, or without the Immigration agent in this colony being furnished with an attested voucher of the contract between the contracting agent in Europe and the emigrant, is unwise in policy and ineffectual in operation."
   "2. That in the opinion of this meeting the case of Andrew Aherne and wife, immigrants, is cruel in the extreme, and deserving the favourable consideration of this meeting."
   A vote of thanks to the Governor was passed, and a collection made to defray expenses. Mr. J. Moir presented each of Aherne's children with a £1 note.
   Liberation of Aherne.—This man, whose case has excited so much attention, was released from the House of Correction, where he had been employed in breaking stones, on Saturday last. It appears that some gentleman interfered in the case and got him to sign a petition, which the Governor was pleased to grant. Aherne undertaking not to quit the colony until the expiration of the four years, unless the sum due to the government was first paid. The man and his wife and children are residing in Harrington-street, opposite the "Queen's Arms," and we understand, have been visited by several benevolent individuals. We are informed that it is not trite, as stated, that Aherne came out under a fraudulent bounty ticket, and it was not until he had been out of work several weeks, and some relations of his wife undertook to pay their expenses to Sydney, where they could make sure of work, that he conceived the idea of going away. The man states, that, as the bounty ticket was sent home to him by a relation from this colony, he had no idea that he was bound to stop here. —Col. Times.
The Launceston Examiner 30 October 1856
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A meeting, convened by the Standing Committee of the Working Classes, was held at the Amphitheatre on Monday evening, to take into consideration the recent magisterial decision concerning the immigrants Andrew Aherne and his wife, who were sentenced to imprisonment for a breach of the Immigration Regulations, in attempting to leave the colony without fulfilling the engagement printed on the back of the bounty ticket, by which he or she agrees not to leave Tasmania within four years of arrival ; or otherwise, before leaving the colony, to make repayment. towards his or her passage money at the rate of one fourth for every year wanting to complete the four years' residence. Aherne, whose sentence had been remitted by the Governor, was on the platform with his two children.

The following resolutions were passed :— "1. That in the opinion this meeting any system operating in such a way as to allure emigrants to this colony under false pretences, or without their being fully aware of the tenure of the contract, or without the Immigration agent in this colony being furnished with an attested voucher of the contract between the contracting agent in Europe and the emigrant, is unwise in policy and ineffectual in operation." "2. That in the opinion of this meeting the case of Andrew Aherne and wife, immigrants, is cruel in the extreme, and deserving the favourable consideration of this meeting. A vote of thanks to the Governor, was passed, and a collection made to defray expenses. Mr. J. Moir presented each of Aherne's children with a �1 note.

LIBERATION OF AHERNE.—This man, whose case has excited so much attention, was released from the House of Correction, where he had been employed in breaking stones on Saturday last. It appears that some gentleman interfered in the case and got him to sign a petition, which the Governor was pleased to grant. Aherne undertaking not to quit the colony until the expiration of the four years, unless the sum due to the government was first paid. The man and his wife and children are residing in Harrington-street, opposite the "Queen's Arm's" and we understand, have been visited by several benevolent individuals. We are informed that it is not true, as stated, that Aherne came out under a fraudulent bounty ticket, and it was not until he had been out of work several weeks, and some relations of his wife undertook to pay their expences to Sydney, where they could make sure of work, that he conceived the idea of going away. The man states that, as the bounty ticket was sent home to him by a relation from this colony, he had no idea that he was bound to stop here—Col. Times.

Portland Guardian 7 November 1856
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(Before Sir WM. HACKETT and Mr. DONEGAN.)
Informations were ordered against David M'Namara and David Ahearne, on a charge preferred against them by Sub-Constable Connolly, of having stolen a large quantity of clothes from a washerwoman named Mahony.
The Cork Examiner 7 November 1856
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(From the Border Post.) Billy the Puntman.—This individual was tried at Beechworth on Saturday last, before his Honor Mr. Justice Forbes, and the jury found him guilty of robbing the mail near Wangaratta. Sentence, twelve years' imprisonment with hard labour.

Mitta Mitta Jack.—John Ahern, better known as 'Mitta Mitta Jack,' was also convicted of stealing a horse belonging to William Hedley, of the Woolshed, and was awarded eight years' imprisonment with hard labour. Prisoner was also charged with stealing a horse belonging to Abraham Willis, but the jury returned a verdict of acquittal.

Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal 8 November 1856
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Alleged New Gold-Field.—During the week we have received intelligence of the discovery of new diggings fifty eight miles from Albury, on the station of Mitta Mitta Jack, formerly belonging to Mr. William Wise. About one hundred miners are stated to be actively employed and doing well, whilst several more are about rushing the spot. A well-known storekeeper in this town has started off a dray-load of goods, and another of our fellow-citizens intends opening a butcher's shop at the new diggings. The gold is said to be tolerably plentiful, although the quality is not so fine as that of the Ovens gold. —Albury Border Post.
Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser
27 November 1856
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Court for Relief of Insolvent Debtors in Ireland
The following PRISONER, whose Estate and Effects have been vested in the Provisional Assignee by order of the Court, having filed his Schedule, is ordered to be brought up before the Assistant Barrister for the East Riding of the County of Cork, at the Court of Quarter Sessions to be holden at the Court House of Cork, in said County, on Monday the 12th day of January, 1857, at Eleven o'Clock in the Forenoon precisely, to be dealt with according to the Statutes:

William Ahern, late of Pine-street, in the City of Cork, Coal Dealer, a Prisoner in the Gaol of the City of Cork.

The London Gazette 23 December 1856
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SPENCE—AHERN—In Brooklyn, on Monday, Feb. 2, by Rev. Francis McKinny, Mr. Oscar Spence of this City, to Jane B., daughter of John Ahern.
New York Times 3 February 1857
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In this city [Brooklyn], on the 2nd of February, by the Rev. Francis McKinney, Oscar Spence to Jane B. Ahern.
Long Island Star 4 February 1857
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(From the Border Post, March 7.)
DISAPPEARANCE OF MR. GRIFFITHS.—During the week a rumour has been circulated at Wodonga, to the effect that John Ahern, alias "Mitta Mitta Jack," now undergoing sentence for horsestealing, had confessed himself to be the murderer of poor Griffiths, who disappeared so mysteriously about six months ago, and who was last seen in company with "Mitta Mitta Jack." The police are not in possession of any information on the subject, and the truth of the report is of a very doubtful nature.
Empire 17 March 1857
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Appointments by the Governor
Notaries Public—Kings—J. L. Douglas, F. H. Dikeman. New York—James A. Lowe, William H. Brown, J. B. Williams, J. T. Ruggles, John Ahearn, Israel Russell.
New York Times 21 April 1857
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(Before Mr. PASHLEY, Q.C., Assistant-Judge)
Cornelius Aherne was indicted for having stolen a waistcoat and some silk handkerchiefs.
   Mr. Polan prosecuted ; Mr. Metcalfe appeared for the prisoner.
   The prosecutor was the mate of a ship called the Spirit of the North, lying in the West India Dock, and the charge against the prisoner, who is what is termed a “lumper,” was that he had while in care of the ship stolen the articles from a drawer in the cabin.
   Mr. Metcalfe having addressed the jury, they said they were of opinion that there was a doubt in the case, and therefore Acquitted the prisoner.
   A gentleman who had attended to speak to the prisoner's previous good character gave him some money, and sent him back to his work.
The Times 24 June 1857
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On the 26th ult, a tenant-farmer named Richard Lonergan was found dead in bed. On the previous day, the deceased and a number of others were assisting to draw turf from the mountain for Mr. Samuel Clutterbuck of Kilgrogy; and he, when the business of the day had terminated, regaled themselves with some porter. In the course of the evening, James Ahern and Richard Lonergan were placed in bed drunk; and in the morning the latter was found lying dead in his bed.
New York Irish-American 22 August 1857
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Before His Worship the Mayor, Thomas Giblin, Esq., and Alderman Rheuben.
Absconding.—Mary Rowe, p.h., was charged with absconding from the service of Mr. A'Herne, Harrington-street, on the 25th of January, and remaining at large until the 18th instant. She was sentenced to 12 months imprisonment with hard labor.
The Hobart Town Daily Mercury 20 February 1858
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WANTED—By a respectable young Woman, a situation as a WET NURSE, in a respectable private family in New York or vicinity. Good city references. Call or address MARY AHERN, for one week, at No. 167 East 16th st., New York.
New-York Tribune 4 May 1858
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Nominal Roll of Europeans Killed, Wounded, and Missing, in the Army under the command of his Excellency the Commander-in-Chief.
Head-Quarters, Camp before Lucknow,
            March 15, 1858
Naval Brigade, Her Majesty's ship Shannon.
A. B. Seaman John Ahearn, wounded severely.
The London Gazette 18 May 1858
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LIST OF LETTERS REMAINING IN the Post Office at Sacramento for the month of July, 1858.
Officially published in the paper having the Largest Circulation. Persons asking for these letters will please say—ADVERTISED July 15, 1858.
Ladies' List.
O'Hearn, Margaret
Sacramento Daily Union 14 July 1858
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The Deaf and Dumb Institution—Large Graduating Class.
Yesterday was Commencement Day at the Institution for the Deaf and Dumb; for the new establishments is of imposing dimensions and may as well rank among the Colleges, and enjoy its Commencements as well as they, The occasion was peculiarly interesting because it was the first performance of the kind in the new establishment on Washington Heights. The splendid building in which the mutes learn to do anything but hear and speak, is at last completed. . . . 
The graduating class, numbering some thirty-five, received diplomas as follows:
Males—Michael Ahern, . . . 
New York Times 15 July 1858
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The Annual Commencement of the city Normal Schools was held last evening at the Academy of Music, which was as usual packed from parquet to dome with the friends of the schools long before the hour of beginning. Dr. Wm. B. Eager presided. The girls of the schools, who, dressed in white, were beautifully arranged on the stage, were obscured by a range of ugly black coats, belonging principally to the members of the Board of Education. . . . 

The following is a list of the graduates:
Female Normal School.—Ellen T. Ahern, . . . 

New-York Tribune 23 July 1858
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David O'Hearn, a young man employed in the iron foundry of Woodruff & Beach, in Hartford, was crushed to death by the falling upon him of a heavy iron plate, which he and others were removing from the shop.
The National Era 12 August 1858
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David O'Hearn, a laborer at the Woodruff & Beach Iron Works, in Hartford, was crushed to death beneath a heavy plate of iron on Saturday, July 30th. They had cast a plate of iron weighing 1,200 pounds, and rolled it as far as the door sill, when it canted towards O'Hearn, and, strange enough, every man except O'Hearn let go their hold, and the plate fell directly on him, crushing him to death.
Sacramento Daily Union 31 August 1858
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FATAL ACCIDENT TO A POLICEMAN.—Yesterday afternoon officer John O'Hearn accidentally fell backward into the area in front of the third precinct station house, a distance of ten feet, and sustained injuries of a fatal character. He died a few hours after the melancholy occurrence at his residence No. 333 Douglass street. An inquest was held by the Coroner and a verdict of accidental death was rendered.
Brooklyn Daily Eagle 10 June 1859
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Wm. O'Hearne was driving a cart on Shelby street at noon ; he fell in the street and was taken to his house on Linden street and soon died. He belonged to fire company No. 7.
Memphis Daily Appeal 21 July 1859
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Capel-Street Office — Wednesday
A man named Cornelius [AKA Michael] Ahern was brought up by Sergeants Campbell and Clarke of the G division, charged with being implicated in the robbery of gas-fittings from Mr. Daniel's establishment in Mary-street, on account of which two men, named Sheehan had been remanded on the previous day. Michael Nolan, a witness, deposed that he had been in the employment of Mr. Sheehan, and knew the prisoner Cornelius Ahern for upwards of twelve months. Within the last four or five months, the prisoner had been in the habit of going to Sheehan's shop every day, and sometimes twice a day, with a quantity of brass gas-fittings in his possession, which were bought from him by or for Sheehan. The articles identified by Mr. Daniel as his property were sold by the prisoner to Sheehan. The magistrate remanded the case until Friday.
The Irish Times 25 August 1859
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   THE LATE ROBBERY OF GAS FITTINGS.—Two men named Sheehan, father and son, keepers of a marine store in Cole's-lane, were brought up in custody of Sergeants Clarkson, Rice, and Campbell, of the G division, charged with illegal possession of gas-fittings, value £5, which had been stolen from Mr. Daniel, ironmonger in Mary-street. The particulars of the case have already appeared in our police reports. A man named Michael [AKA Cornelius] Ahearn, a porter in Mr. Daniel's employment, earning fourteen shillings a week, was placed in the dock yesterday, and charged with the robbery. It appeared that one of the Sheehans informed Sergeant Clarkson that he thought he could identify the man in Mr. Daniel's establishment who sold him the property ; he was taken to Mr. Daniel's and there identified the prisoner Ahearn.
   The Sheehans were discharged on paying a penalty of £3, and £2 costs, to Mr. Daniel, the property also to be returned ; and the Magistrate (Mr. Porter) stated that he intended to recommend that £2 also should be given to the detective officers for the manner in which they investigated the case, if the Police Commissioners should sanction it. The prisoner, Ahearn, consented to be dealt with summarily, and his Worship sentenced him to four months' imprisonment, with hard labour.
   Mr. J. A. Curran appeared on behalf of the Sheehans, and Mr. Sidney for Mr. Daniel.
The Irish Times 31 August 1859
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   Dr. Candler, the district coroner, held two inquests on Saturday, the 20th ult., at Preston, on the bodies of Bridget Nihill, and her illegitimate infant, Norah Nihill, who were found on Friday morning floating in a water-hole. The jury having viewed the bodies, the following evidence was adduced as regards the death of the child :—
   Mary Moore, the wife of Daniel Moore, a labourer, living in North Melbourne, deposed that she could not identify the features of the infant which had been shown her as the child of her sister, Bridget Nihill, who left her house about a month ago, and of whom she had never since heard. She did not know what became of the deceased Bridget Nihill.
   Richard Soult, a police-constable, stationed at Preston, deposed having gone with Mr. Motherwell, a farmer, to a water-hole on his farm, and finding the deceased infant floating by the side of the body of a woman. At first he thought it was merely a bundle of clothes floating in the waterbut ; on removing it from the water, he found it to be a female child, dressed in light coloured under-clothing, and having a long light-coloured bonnet, or hood, and a long light-coloured cape, trimmed with braid. The clothes had not been torn, and there was no appearance of blood.
   Dr. Crook deposed having made a post-mortem examination of the deceased infant, which had the appearance of being from seven weeks to two months old. Externally he found that wherever the body had been exposed it was denuded of its skin, and presented the appearance of having been from 10 days to a fortnight in the water. The head was free from bruise or fracture. The tongue protruded. There were no external marks of violence whatever. The whole of the internal organs were much decomposed. He considered that, from the appearances manifested, the cause of death was asphyxia from drowning. He saw Bridget Nihill with a female infant about a month since, and had delivered her of a female child on the 29th of June last.
   With respect to the cause of the death of Bridget Nihill, the following evidence was adduced. Abraham Motherwell, a farmer, residing at Merrilands, near Preston, stated that on Friday morning his dairyman informed him that a body was floating in a water-hole on the farm. Witness went at once and gave information to the police at Preston, and returned to the spot with a police-constable. He saw two bodies taken out of the water. The body of an infant was taken out first, and then that of the deceased. He saw the constable examine her pockets. He did not know the deceased. When she was removed from the water, she was in a state that induced him to believe that she had been, together with her infant, in the water 10 or 12 days. The water-hole was about 24 feet in diameter, and 4 feet deep. A man in witness's employ lived within half a mile of the spot. The man who discovered the bodies lived about a mile from the spot. Witness recently knew a girl named Bridget, who was, some time since a servant to one Thomas Ahearn. He had not seen her for some time. The water-hole was about 30 roods from his (witness's) boundary-fence, and quite a mile from any road. There was no thoroughfare at all in the direction of the water-hole.
   Richard Soult, as in the previous case, deposed to having removed the body of the deceased from the water, having first taken out the child. She was dressed in a light straw bonnet with a black veil, and had on a light coloured dress, a black cloth cape, and leather boots. In her pockets he found the purse now produced, containing 1s. 4½d. He also found the ring and certificate, both of which he produced. There were no marks of blood on her clothes. The water-hole was not deep at the sides, but about four feet deep in the centre. He thought that a person could get out of it easily. He had not been, as yet, able to trace in which direction the deceased had gone on leaving her sister, Mrs. Moore.
   Mary Moore stated, that she could not recognise the features of the deceased, but identified the clothes positively as being those of her sister Bridget Nihill, an unmarried woman. She had seen her about a month previously, when she left the house with the intention of going to the Melbourne Police Court. Deceased was confined of a female child about two months ago in North Melbourne, and Dr. Crook attended her. Witness believed the father of the child to be a man named Dalharty. He never came to see the deceased after her confinement. Witness never saw or heard of deceased after her leaving to go to the Melbourne Police Court, and taking the child with her. Witness did not know whether the deceased had much money, and could not say where she had been previous to her confinement. Witness did not inform the police of the continued absence of the deceased, who was at the time of her leaving in a sound state of mind. Witness did not know what the deceased summoned Dalharty to the Melbourne Police Court for, but believed it was with the view of seeing whether he would maintain the child. She had that day heard that the case was dismissed. She was on good terms with the deceased when she left. The child was healthy. Witness identified the purse and ring produced, as belonging to her sister, Bridget Nihill.
   Alexander Jones, a dairyman, employed on Mr. Motherwell's farm, deposed that whilst looking for a cow that had strayed, he passed a water-hole in a large paddock, and there noticed the body of a female floating on the surface. He then informed Mr. Motherwell of the circumstance. He had frequently of late passed the water-hole in question. A body might have been there without his becoming aware of the fact, unless his attention was in some way directed to it. He did not know any one of the name of Bridget Nihill. He was not present when deceased was removed from the water-hole.
   Thomas Ahearn, a farmer, stated that he resided in the Epping District. He could not identify the body which had been shown him. He knew one Bridget Nihill. He saw her last alive at his house about six weeks ago. She was then in the family way. She had been living with him as a servant, but left his service about ten months ago. He believed that Bridget Nihill went to see his wife, with a view to her obtaining some money for her from a man named Dalharty, who was also with the deceased in witness's employment about 10 months ago.
   Witness heard that the deceased was seen in the neighbourhood of Preston after some trial which had taken place in the Melbourne Police Court, in which she was an interested party, but he did not see her, and knew nothing further about her.
   Dr. Crook deposed having made a post-mortem examination of the deceased. Externally he found the face black, and very much swollen. A portion of the hair and skin was rubbed off on the right side. The body was decomposed, and also the brain. He could not detect any marks of violence. The skull was not in any way fractured. He was of opinion that the cause of death was asphyxia from drowning. He had recently attended a person named Bridget Nihill in her confinement, but he could not identify the body he had just examined as being that of Bridget Nihill. The certificate produced was in his handwriting. Bridget Nihill was delivered of a healthy female child on the 29th of June. She did well after her confinement, and was able to go about a week after it took place. She called at his house three weeks or a month after her confinement to ascertain whether any answer had been received by him to a letter which he had written, by her desire, to a man named John Dalharty, requesting him to see her, and make some arrangement as regarded the maintenance of her child. Witness received no reply from Dalharty. The deceased seemed to be rather depressed in spirits. He considered the body he had seen had been from 10 days to a fortnight in the water.
   At this stage of the proceedings, the Coroner adjourned the inquest.
   On Wednesday last, the inquiry was resumed, and the following evidence taken :—
   Michael Hennessy deposed that he was a servant to Mr. Lynch, a farmer at Springfield, and had been in his employment for two years and three months. He knew the deceased Bridget Nihill. She was living at Mr. Ahearn's when he first knew her. He saw her last alive about ten weeks ago. He had never seen her since. He had not heard that the deceased woman had been in the neighbourhood since the serving of the summons on Dalharty. Witness was living in the same house with him and his wife. Dalharty was a married man, and had been so for the last eight or nine months. My wife cooked for the workmen. Dalharty had never been absent from the house any night, to witness's knowledge, since the trial in the Melbourne District Court. He had been living with Dalharty for three weeks or a month.
   Richard Soult re-examined, stated he had been to Springfield, and made inquiries with regard to the deceased. He had ascertained from one Catherine Toohy that she had seen the deceased, Bridget Nihill, last alive in the neighbourhood about three weeks ago, with a child in her arms. He had summoned her to appear at the inquest that day. The summons now handed in was the original document. Witness, read the copy to her. She was not present. He had also been to the District Court in Melbourne since the previous inquiry, and had seen the clerk who referred to the records of the Court, and found that one Bridget Nihill had summoned one John Dalharty on the 23rd for the 26th of July and that there was no appearance. A clerk told that to him at the office, after examining the books.
   John Dalharty, on being sworn, stated that he was a labourer living with Mr. Lynch, of Springfield. He knew the deceased Bridget Nihill. He had known her for more than a year. She was living at Mr. Ahearn's, on the Darebin Creek, when he first knew her. He saw her last alive on the 28th of July, to the best of his recollection, in the Court House at Melbourne. He had been summoned to appear there by her to obtain from him maintenance money for her child, she having accused him of being its father. The case was heard, and was dismissed by the Bench. He left the court before 4 o'olock, and went out of Melbourne on his way home. He did not see the deceased Bridget Nihill after leaving the court on that day, nor did he ever see her afterwards. He had never heard of her subsequently coming up to Mr. Ahearn's. Mrs. Ahearn asked him for some money for the deceased, if he was the father of the child, but he refused to give any, not being the father of it. He never received any letter from the deceased after the trial. He did not see the deceased before going into the court-house. He had never received any letter from Dr. Crook, at North Melbourne, about the deceased.
   The inquest was then adjourned until next Wednesday, the Coroner issuing a warrant for the apprehension of the witness who was not present, although summoned to attend.
Melbourne Argus 2 September 1859
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The inquiry into the case of Bridget Nihil and her infant daughter, whose bodies were discovered in a waterhole in a paddock on the property of Mr. Ahearn, near Preston, was resumed yesterday, by Dr. Candler, the District Coroner. It having been supposed that the deaths of the deceased were caused by some foul treatment, a large mass of evidence was taken, and the investigation was very much prolonged, owing to the difficulty of procuring the attendance of several important witnesses. At the conclusion of the proceedings the jury returned a verdict of "Found drowned, without any marks of violence on the bodies."
Melbourne Argus 8 September 1859
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   Dr. Candler resumed yesterday, at Preston, the investigation into the circumstances attending the mysterious death, of Bridget Nihil and her infant daughter, whose bodies, it will be remembered, were found in a waterhole in the parish of Kilmodora. The inquest was adjourned on the 31st ult. for the evidence of Catherine Toohey, a warrant for her apprehension being issued by the Coroner. This witness, on being brought up by Police-constable Soult for examination, stated that she had received the summons to attend the previous inquiry, but lost her way in endeavouring to be present, and did not arrive in time to give her evidence. She said she was servant to Mr. Ahearn, a farmer residing at Mount Pleasant, near Springfield. She knew the deceased, Bridget Nihil, about two months before she had a child. It was about a month ago that she saw the deceased in Mr. Ahearn's paddock. She had then in her arms a child, which appeared to be alive and well. She spoke to witness, who asked her up to the house. Witness did not take the child in her arms. Deceased said she was ashamed of seeing the mistress. Witness replied that it was too late for her to go anywhere. but she (deceased) expressed her intention of going towards Springfield. It wanted about an hour and a half from being dark at the time when witness saw the deceased. She was then about two miles from Mr. Ahearn's house. Witness was out fetching home the cows to milk at the time. She saw deceased going in an opposite direction to that of Mr. Ahearn's house. She (deceased) then looked very miserable, but was not crying and seemed in her right senses. Witness did not see any other person on her way home. She did not know on what day of the week it was that this took place, and never saw the deceased afterwards. When she left her the deceased went out of one paddock into another.
   By the Coroner.—She did not complain of being in distress, nor did she say anything about Dulharty. She did not complain of hunger. She did not state why she did not like to see Mrs. Ahearn, nor did she assign any reason for being in that neighbourhood. Witness thought it was on a Wednesday that she last saw the deceased.
   Did not tell anybody when she came home to Mr. Ahearn's that she had seen Bridget Nihil. The deceased told her not to tell Mrs. Ahearn that she had seen her. Witness could not say why. Mr. Ahearn had not cautioned her before coming to the inquest as to what she should say. He never spoke to her at all about the evidence she was to give. She saw Mr. Ahearn when she went home with the cows. He remained at home that night.
   Deceased did not say that she expected to meet anybody. Witness had not heard any one say they knew how the deceased was drowned.
   Richard Soult, a police constable, stated that since the previous investigation he had made every inquiry in the neighbourhood where the deceased was last seen alive by the witness Toohey, but he was unable to find any one who saw her after that. The house in which Dalharty lived was about a mile from the spot where the last witness alleged having seen the deceased, and in the direction taken by her, according to that witness's evidence. The water hole in which the bodies were found was about six miles from the spot where the last witness stated she had seen the deceased, in the direction of Melbourne. Deceased had been living in that neighbourhood several years ago. He had also made every inquiry in that neighbourhood, but could hear nothing whatever about her.
   Bridget Ahearn said the deceased lived with her as a servant for two years and four months. She left witness's service on the 28th October last, and witness had not, with one exception, seen her since. She saw her on the 4th June last, when she came to her house in company with Dalharty. She was then within a month of her confinement. Dalharty admitted, in witness's presence, that the deceased was with child by him, and said that he would be able to give her some means of living in a short time. Deceased went out soon afterwards, and conversed with Dalharty in private. She then left the house ; and came back on the 14th of the same month, to know whether Dalharty had left any money for her. He had not done so. The deceased then said that she would go and acquaint his wife of the matter. She left witness to go to Dalharty's wife and shortly after returned and said she had seen Mrs. Dalharty, who told her that if she came there again after her husband she would half scald her. Deceased remained at witness's house that night, and left in the morning to go to her sister in Melbourne. Witness never saw her after that time. She had been told by her servant, Catherine Toohey, that she had seen the deceased the day that she (witness) heard of her death. Witness had never heard of any threatening language being made use of by Dalharty towards the deceased.
   This evidence concluded the inquiry, and the Coroner summed up at some length, explaining to the jury the facts which had been elicited in the examination of the various witnesses. The jury ultimately returned, in each case, an open verdict of "Found drowned, without any marks of violence on either of the bodies."
Melbourne Argus 8 September 1859
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CASUALTIES.—The corpse of an unknown man was found, on Sunday afternoon, in the water at Pier No. 1 North River. Deceased appeared to be of middle age. On his person were found three letters, written in California, and addressed to James Ahern, of Edgar, Keene County, Ill., bearing the signature of Martin Ahern. There were also passage tickets for California ; a seal bearing the initials "J.P.A.;" a temperance medal ; a porte-monnaie, and a pair of spectracles. He was a stout man, about five feet seven inches in height, and was dressed respectably, in a black cloth coat, light spotted vest, plaid pants, black silk neck-tie and heavy boots. The body had been in the water apparently about five or six days.
New York Times 28 September 1859
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Wind in the Gulf Yesterday.
8 a.m., N.E. | 4 p.m., W.
High Water on the Bar This Day.
5. a.m. | 5.30 p.m.
Saturday, October 1—Peregrine Oliver, barque, 374 tons, J. Rippon, master, from Bluff Harbor, New Zealand. J. W. Smith, agent. In ballast. No passengers.
Same day—Lady Ann, ship, 745 tons, A. Sinclair, master, from London June 17 ; Plymouth, July 8. Elder, Stirling, and Co., agents, Town and Port.
Passengers— . . . Margaret Ahern . . . Martin Ahern . . . 
[According to The Ships List, Martin, aged 21 and Margaret, aged 15, are brother and sister from County Clare.]
THE SHIP LADY ANN.—The boats left the Semaphore station before daybreak on Saturday morning, the 1st inst., for the purpose of boarding a barque which had been signalled on the evening previous, but the vessel did not reach the anchorage in time for the Press to board her owing to a strong adverse wind and ebb tide ; this vessel was found, to be the Peregrine Oliver (particulars of which are elsewhere reported). From her deck, by the aid of a telescope was observed an object far to the south, previously considered to be two sloops sailing in company, but afterwards perceived to be a vessel of considerable tonnage, presenting a most distressing appearance, with signals of distress flying on her ensign halyards at the peak, indicating the words "send a steam-tug immediately." This signal was answered with the utmost dispatch, the tug getting up steam as soon as the bunting could be made out ashore. The reporter's boat immediately bore down from the Peregrine Oliver and after the crew had pulled for two hours, got alongside the ship, which turned out to be the Lady Ann, with nearly 300 souls on board, from London and Plymouth, and under the command of Captain Alexander Sinclair, a gentleman who had several times made this port with emigrants. His last two vessels were the David Malcolm and the Nile.

On being boarded, the Lady Ann presented a crippled and singular appearance, the waist being perfectly clear of spars, masts, both standing and running rigging, and the only indication of the vessel ever having had a mainmast being a short stump showing above the main deck. The immigrants crowded along the bulwark, and such indications of a catastrophe having transpired, caused the almost immediate enquiry whether loss of life had occurred, which providentially was answered in the negative.

The following was reported by the captain to our shipping reporter:—The Blackwall liner, Lady Ann, sailed from the London Docks on June 17, with emigrants, and on her way down Channel put into Plymouth Sound for the purpose of taking in her complement of remittance passengers; sailing from thence on July 8, having made, when the trying circumstances which retarded her progress are considered, one of the quickest voyages for the antipodes that has been accomplished for some time ; and although under jury rig from the longitude of St. Paul's Island, has accomplished her voyage in 85 days from Plymouth. Nothing transpired worthy of notice until Sunday, September 11, at 9 o'clock in the evening latitude 45° 30' south; longitude 70° 7' east. The captain was promenading the poop. The ship had all canvas set together with fore and maintopmast studding-sails. The weather was cloudy but fine, with a fresh breeze blowing from W.N.W. The single females had providentially gone from the poop to their berths. The ship was noticed to give a sudden lurch to leeward, when the mainmast was most unexpectedly carried away about 15 feet from the deck, dragging with it in its fall the foretopgallantmast, mizentopmast, top-sail-yard, and cross-jack-yard, breaking the mizentop, starboard bulkwards, poop rail, and quarter boat hanging to the starboard davit. The wreck beat heavily against the ship's side, and it was found impossible to secure it, and preparations were speedily made and carried out reluctantly, but of necessity, to cut adrift the whole of the wreck of the mainmast and mizentopmast, together with all the yards, booms, and sails, the running and standing rigging attached in order to prevent danger to the hull of the ship. The foretopgallant and royal yards, together with their respective sails, were saved. The crash is reported as being instantaneous and tremendous, but resulting in injury to no one ; and although three boats were lashed to the skids, viz., the gig, jolly, and a lifeboat, close to the mainmast, not one of them was injured, all the wreck being blown over the side and striking in its fall the quarter-boat (before mentioned). The total loss is very severe, and it is the wonder of all on board that no life was lost. The loss consists of mainmast, maintopmast, topgallant and royal masts, with all their respective yards ; also the crossjackyard and sails, maintopmast, and two topgallant studdingsails with booms and yards, and the entire standing and running rigging ; also the main and mizen topmaststaysail. No damage was done to the hull. On the steam-tug getting out to sea she proceeded down to the Lady Ann, but the chief pilot, Mr. Creer, found he did not require steam until yesterday morning, owing to the tides not permitting her to cross the bar that day. The emigrants appear clean and healthy, and when the ship was boarded, despite the disaster that had occurred, she presented the appearance of being under the supervision of competent officers, and her 'tween decks were remarkably clean.

The industrial list gives the following various artificers and laborers:—Females—2 nurses, 1 cook, 79 domestic servants, 2 dairy-maids, 1 dress-maker, 2 sempstresses ; Males-57 laborers (various, both farm, bricklayers and others), 4 ploughmen, 1 mechanic, 1 smith, 1 wheelwright, 1 shoemaker, 1 shepherd, 1 miner, 1 gardener, 1 miller, 1 porter, 1 bootmaker, 1 tailor, 2 coach painters, 1 frame maker, 1 brush maker, 1 moulder. Two-thirds of the emigrants are Irish, the remainder English and Scotch. The number of English being—Adults, 50 ; children between one and twelve years of age, 13 ; infants, none ; total English, 63. Scotch-Adult, 8 ; children from one to twelve years, 4 ; infant 1 ; total Scotch, 13. Irish-Adults, 177 ; children from one to twelve years of age, 8 ; infants 1 ; total Irish, 186 ; being a grand total of 262. During the voyage neither births nor deaths occurred, and the only complaint prevailing the whole time were three cases of hooping cough. The number of married couples, 36 ; single men, 95 ; single women, 108 ; children from one to twelve years of age-males, 15 ; females 2 ; infants-males 10 ; females, none ; total, equal to 247 1/2 statute adults. The aggregate number of superficial feet in the several compartments set apart for passengers other than cabin passengers in this ship is 3,825. The following vessels were spoken :—On July 30, lat. 9° N., long. 27° W., the British ship Avon, from Victoria, bound to London, 71 days out ; August 10, the barque Lord Palmerston, bound to Buenos Ayres, port of departure unknown.

The South Australian Advertiser 3 October 1859
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Collections per C. W. Scott, Esq., Yankalilla.
Ahern, Thomas . . . £0 2 6
The South Australian Advertiser 11 October 1859
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Sad Accident.—A little girl, nine years old, named Eliza O'Hearn, was burned to death at Lost Hill, Nevada county, Oct. 29th, by her clothes taking fire.
Sacramento Daily Union 3 November 1859
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Remaining in the Post-Office, November 15, 1859:
Ahern, Margaret
Milwaukee Daily Sentinel 15 November 1859
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