were booked ‘in order to proclamation of bands’ in parish of Old Greenock
on July 11th.
only printed documents in which I have at present found John mentioned are in
Hugh Scotts “Fasti Ecclesia Scoticanoe in which “one MacGilchrist is named
as signing the call of the Rev Daniel Campbell (whose daughter his son
afterwards married) in 1691 to the Parish of Kilmichael Glassay and in ….
MacGilchrist had , as a paper sent by Daniel Gilchrist to his brother Major
Dugald of Ospisdale about 1798 informs us, 6 sons. He had only 2 daughters as far as I can learn.
One was married to somebody Lindsay.
She had been dead for over 10 years in 1765, she had a daughter Jean
who was married to a James Cadzowan (spelling ?? could be Cadgowan - Lori)
Lanark and left a daughter Mary who married a Duncan Campbell.
These were persons in apparently a very humble walk of life.
had children but there is nothing further known about them.
other daughter was named Helen – by which mother these daughters were does
believe the mother of the girls to be Miss Lamont - Lori)
his first wife Joan Bannatyne:
his 2nd wife Miss Lamont:
his 3rd wife Elizabeth Kelburn
known if any
in 1719 Jean Campbell ( 3rd daughter of Rev Daniel Campbell of
Duchenan and Graycrook and Minister of Kilmichael Glassary and Head of the
McIvor branch of the Campbells)
her the blood of the Campbells of Torblaren (a younger branch of the
Auchinbrecks) and of Pennymore, of Maxwell of Newark, of Baynes of Clyth and
others, ran in the veins of his children.
little we know of Daniel is from letters from himself to his stepbrother
(actually half brother Lori) Dugald and a few incidental remarks from Robert
Mackay (who was by profession a merchant in Glasgow)
by family one of the bighouses and for the rest Dugald’s (1st
of Ospisdale) special correspondence in many matters.
first example of Donald’s script is dated 1742 and is a receipt from Daniel
MacGilchrist (writer in Kilmichael) “to Old Dugald for money received from
than one of the letters are addressed to Dugald MacGilchrist and all of the
‘Macs’ are crossed out by a sharp short line which is unmistakably old
is in the Parish of Glassary and formerly was a village or town of much larger
dimensions than at present. It is
not far from Lochgilphead.
old Daniel lived and as he tells old Dugald in 1762 “I was necessitated to
take the house I live in, and our predecessors before us, for this year
and promised £20 of rent which we never paid before.
The end of the house fell in and I am obliged to rear it up myself
being so long possessor and not having paid rent “.
is therefore evident his family had lived there for some time. In 1759 he writes “my wife continues in a very melancholy
condition – wants the whole power of her body and cannot speak nor stir in
bed”. In 1762 he again alludes
to her “I have not been 3 weeks out of town since my wife died”.
December 1762 he says Mr Patrick Pollock died last year. Mr Duncan Campbell’s relict, my sister in law, died also
about 2 months past. I have none
of my sisters in law left except Mr Pollock’s relict.
his first letters extant 1742 until his death, he complains of ill health and
want of money – once he says he shall never get a farthing of 2600 merks due
me by Auchinbreck of pound and rent thereof.
died a painfull illness common to his sex.
The nearest notice of his death is through Robert McKay “I have paid
your brother’s funeral expences to his friend Mr Campbell of Kilmichael”
and the date of this is December 1769.
left 3 children whom we know of: John,
Patrick and Jean.
also had children: Daniel and
1691 . The paper which mentions
him adds ‘died without issue’
did have issue but their fate is not known.
was a Minister of Knapdale afterwards North Knapdale 1715 – his father and
grandfather were of the family of Northbarr Renfrewshire and factors to the
Campbells of Auchinbreck.
obtained his degree at the University of Glasgow 23/4/1711.
married Henrietta daughter of Dugald Campbell of Torbhlaren near Kilmichael
and Kilmory. His wife was a
cousin of his brother Donald/Daniel’s wife Jean.
died 7/2/1723 aged 32.
son has the outer framework of his life thus chronicled in Hugh Scott’s
Fasti Ecclescaux Scoticanae.
of Kilmalie Lochaber
he was presented “jure devolute by the presbytery of Tongue and called to
that Parish but the presbytery refused his translation 14th April
was appointed by the assembly 16th May following, to supply the
garrison at Fort William as frequently as possible.
He was translated to Loth Feb 1732.
1732 he was translated from Kilmallie called by the Presbytery jure devolute
admited in 1732. He received a
commission as Sheriff Depute within his own Parish in 1734.
This appointment being expressly contrary to the Act of Parliament 1584
was brought under notice of the Presbytery and a visitation of the Parish was
held in 1735 when it was enquired if he accepted and kept a commission to be
Sheriff Depute in his own Parish: answered
that he did but not with a view to exerce that office personally but that
thereby he might be empowered to nominate a substitute and more effectually
curb vice and immoralities in his parish and further declared that how soon he
heard offence was taken he gave up and dropt the said commission.
which the presbytery having heard and considered Mr Gilchrists answer “Doe
hereby discharge Mr Gilchrist and all of their brethren to accept any such
commissions or exerce either by themselves or substitutes in the capacity of a
civil judge being contrary to the constitution of our church.”
was transferred to Thurso 7 June 1738.
first letters to his step brother (half brother. Lori) old Dugald are dated
from London and are somewhere about 1742-6.
He was trying to get a government chaplaincy from the Ministry with
whom he evidently had some interest and was engaged along with the Earl of
Sutherland, a Mr Williams, in arranging for the trade in Highland cattle which
was for some time a prominent feature in connection with that uncivilized and
unproductive county Sutherland.
1744 he complains of pecuniary losses by his father-in-law and
brother-in-law’s executoty. In
the Culloden papers pg 433 stands the following letter regarding him:
Sutherland to the Lord President
Lord – the bearer is on his way to London.
I have sent him thither with letters to the Dukes of Argyll and
Newcastle and others of the Ministry of State wherein I apply for a certain
commission. Your Lordship will
know what it is from the memorials which Mr Gilchrist will show you.
I hope your Lordship will be so good to second my application by writing to
some of your friends who have most interest at Court.
I will hope this my Lord since what I propose is manifestly expedient
for the service of our King and country in the present conjuncture and it will
be an effectual measure for keeping the north Highlands in better order for
bearer Mr James Gilchrist of Thurso had made some discoveries relating to the
rebellion both before and after it broke out.
Lordship may entirely rely on his veracity in answering any questions he is
asked either on that or any other subject. It would be absolutely unsafe for
him to return any more to Caithness.
shall hope your Lordship will interpose your good offices that something may
be got done for him since it were extreme harm he should meet with nothing but
ruin to himself and numerous family for doing his duty to his King and
your Lordship recommend him to the Captain of the Saltash sloop by which I
want he should take his passage.
am with great regard
26 October 1745
and Sussanah had children whom we know of:
had more children than these – Lori)
December 1751 he talks of trying to raise money on his house in Fort William
and in a letter from Alexander Pope minister of Reay (and a kinsman of the
poet) to old Dugald December 26 1751, he says James departed on the 24th
current and was interred yesterday. (Thus differing from Hugh Scott who makes
his death to take place on 14th instead of 24th.
Myles his widow died 14/9/1766
– son of James and Susannah – embraced a military career. The Scots Magazine of July 1747 informs the world that Daniel
Gilchrist, son of the Minister of Thurso, has become one of the Officers of a
regiment now raising in Scotland for the service of the States General.
In March 1753 Alexander Pope Minister of Reay (a relation of the poet
and who courageously made a journey on a Highland ……. to Twickenham)
writes to old Dugald (I think) that Lieutenant Daniel was with Drumlanrigs
regiment (in the Dutch service) at Thurso.
Elsewhere he is spoken of as in London’s Highlanders.
brother William writing from Hay River (in Jamaice I presume) in 1758 says Dan
got into the British service in 1752 and on account of a reduction was put on
half pay in 1763 (these dates are certainly wrong)
the Army list for 1763 page 119, he stands as 2nd Lieut date of 27th
Feb 1757 he writes from Litchfield to old Dugald on his way home from London
where he had been buying a commission in the 3rd Foot (Col Howard
his death, Dan’s widow in a Power of Attorney to Mr Russell their London
lawyer, styles him “my late husband was a Lieutenant on half pay in Hulls
one period he is adjutant to …… 61st
Foot and as such he is usually designated
Regt if I recollect aright, in Yorkshire.
He is uniformly well spoken of. One
little disagreement with his old bachelor UncleDugald about his marriage,
being the sole strife on record.
wife was Miss Margaret Robertson daughter of the Rev Frances Robertson
Minister of Clyne in Sutherlandshire .
marriage took place at Creich (county Sutherland) on 7th January
1757 at five o’clock in the morning, being celebrated by the Rev Robert Kirk
Minister of Dornoch. This
unseemly hour itself gives the wedding an unusual appearance and from one or
two letters of excuse to his Uncle, it appears that the young soldiers heart
had been affected for some time prior to it and, as he puts it “ what could
he do knowing that he had won in return the affection of an amiable and
virtuous young lady.
Dugalds objections had been on the score of ……but love overcame prudence
and George McKay of Thurso aiding and abetting Daniel and the virtuous young
lady were united. Dugald being
ultimately reconciled and at Dan’s death nearly supporting the whole family
of 6 who in their turn died without issue.
– the eldest born at Clyne 2/8/1760 baptized 11th of the same month by his
grandfather Mr Robertson. Some of
his fathers Yorkshire friends got him an ensigncy in the 31st Foot
and there are copious and wearisome letters from his mother to Lord Barrington
and others upon the subject.
was in this regiment for certainly 212 days as in one of old Dugald’s
account books is the entry of a £ balance account for Jamie Gilchrist
subsistence for 212 days as ensign in 1772.
those days commissions were obtained by those who had interest for the very
young boys and it seems as if Jamie drew pay without having joined or served
or whatever the technical word may be. He
died at Cumbraes 24/3/1775 and lies buried at Bothwell.
McKay of Glasgow tells old Dugald that he died on the 23rd and is
to be buried at the church of Bothwell.
– 2nd son of Dan and Margaret
born at Clyne 3 June 1763 and baptized the same day by Mr Martin McPherson
Minister of Golspie. He
merchandized in Glasgow under the direction of Mr Robert McKay (a bighouse)
formerly one of old Dugald’s clerks and died before he was eight and twenty
(on 3/2/1791) He too was an
amiable and virtuous young man (as indeed all the children of his mother the
amiable and virtuous young lady are said to have been!!)
– 3rd son of Dan and Margaret
at Kilmote a farm in the parish of……..county of Sutherland 21/4/1765 and
baptized the next day by Mr George McCulloch Minister of Loth.
He also spent part of his youth in Glasgow and was then shipped to
Jamaica (I believe0 and died on 23 July 1786.
am uncertain if he went abroad.
note) He wrote from Montpelier Jamaica.
– 4th son of Dan and Margaret
4 Feb 1767, baptized on 10th by G McCulloch Loth, died on the 20th
March. Buried at Loth.
– 5th child & 1st daughter of Dan and Margaret
at Kilmote 15/12/1769 and baptized on the 22nd by Mr Martin
Golspie and she is unremarkable as the rest (except of course for their
amiability and virtue)
Dugald and her mother had a mild dispute as to whether she should learn the
spinnet, he maintaining it to be unnecessary, she it to be necessary but
epislolary record recordeth not of this woman.
notion seems to have gone around her kindred that she would be a good wife for
her cousin Major Dugald but he must have thought otherwise and on the 28th
February 1798 she died at Edinburgh.
Janet Gilchrist, daughter of the late Captain Daniel Gilchrist.
her mother’s death, who too had removed to Edinburgh, she lived with her
Aunt Mrs Jean Robertson (who died on 2 Oct 1819 at her house in Queensferry St
Edinburgh) (Blackwoods Magazine)
Mackay acknowledges 10th July 1798 to Major Dugald his draft in
favour of younger brother Edinburgh for £25.10.7 amount of Janet Gilchrists
was buried in the Canongate Churchyard.
– youngest child of Dan and Margaret
15/12/1769 at Kilmote, baptized on the 19th by Mr Geo McCulloch of
was named after a relative on his mothers side – a Mackay of Tarboll, Rogart,
was a planter (or a kin) in one of the West Indian Islands. There for some time he prospered but from what couse is not
known, he sold the property he had acquired there and returned to Britain.
the death of his grand uncle old Dugald of Ospisdale, he was much incensed
that he was not the heir and talked of overturning the will, getting up a plea
that old Dugald at the time of making it was of unsound mind, saying that the
property had always been intended for him and the legacy of £ which was left
to him was meant for his cousin Dugald and Ospisdale and Ardens meant for him.
this time it is not easy to see what he would have gained by trying to
overturn the will for had there been no will, Dugald was undoubtedly head of
the family and the estate would
have come to him.
Dugald (later Major) was advised to give him an annuity of £100 per year for
life and so settle the difficulty for although George at this time was clearly
fatuous (or mad) yet it would be
difficult to prove that a man who for a term of years had carried on business
own his own account was so.
accepted the annuity but both before and after he was a great annoyance.
the Major first possessed Ospisdale he did not live at it and George used to
come prowling about …… the place especially at nightfall and frighten the
servants out of their little wits. There
are most plaintive and minute letters from a certain George Herkies who was
manager over the farm. George
Gilchrist had commanded him to leave the place and, I think,
threatened to shoot him and his wife.
He, in his raving, named it Golden Grove which was the name of his
property in the Island of ……
as Geo Herkies says “he is always sending me letters full of foolish ….
his life advanced he got more nuisance and Major Dugald was solicited by Mrs
Esther McKay of Torboll to have him seen to as he wandered about the country
desolate and unable to take care of himself and in 1800 or 1801 he was boarded
at the Preston Pans with an Alexander Walker and latterly with a Joseph
died (letter from Hislop, Jero ? and Fowler to Major Dugald) on Sunday 12 or
14th November 1819.
Geo Mackay of Glasgow tells the Major he was put into a place of confinement
at Musselburgh in 1802.
Daniel, after her husbands death, took up her residence in Edinburgh.
In 1783 she lived in Todrick Wynd, Weir’s Lane Edinburgh for a time
and she resided at the village of Ormiston again at Preston Pans.
And 30th August 1793 Janet (often called Jessie) writes from
Preston Pans that her mother died yesterday.
who was known as Captain, died himself in August 1770.
All his effects were sold soon after; some of his plate, French and
English books, farm stock and riding horses.
Margaret attempted amateur farming with old Dugald as guide but it did
not suit so she went somewhere. Let
up hope she was permitted to have Janet taught the spinnet.
priority of Rev James Gilchrist children does not appear but we will take
George next and the only note I at present find regarding him is in a letter
from William to old Dugald where he mentions his death as that of our dear and
only brother in 1779..
with William and his wife Frances enter we a land of …, honey, summer roses.
William walks on rather under a cloud.
His father dies and Alexander Pope of Reay says “the great hardship
of the case is William Gilchrist (now grown to manhood); he cannot now propose
to be idle any longer. (1751/2 Xmas)
20 years afterwards Oct 1771, he arrives at Bristol (from Jamaica I suppose)
and went to Bath where he was told he would get rid of a complaint he had.
In February 1773 reports say he contemplates matrimony and by the 10th
April he has been married to a very agreeable young lady of whom he is very
lady takes great pleasure in her wifely duties.
In June 1774 she has just had a daughter – she herself says later on
“I have just presented my best love with a 2nd little girl named
Susan after his mother” then she has a “dear infant which she takes great
pleasure in suckling”.
March 28th 1777 William writing from Albion Place Surrey London,
says his two little girls are sweet tempered, names his boy Fanny and expects
has apparently settled in London and erected sugar mills but he soon returns
to Jamaica leving his wife in England. She
resides at Lynington (spelling?? - Lori) in Hampshire where she has 3 sisters
– one married to a Captain William Sutherland from the North.
At that time she has 3 girls and a boy named Dugald.
On the 22 Nov 1778 she writes, she intends going in January to join her
husband and she sends a picture of her eldest daughter Mary to old Dugald.
Painting is her favourite art and she has done it herself.
Old Dugald thanks her with money calling the young Mary Frances,
November 1782 William chronicles the birth of a daughter in December last
“but it pleased God to take her from us soon after.
Dugald was the finest child of the whole and the most promising.
is instructive to notice how many name children this old bachelor had
and how promising they are and what a resemblance they had to himself!
alas me! The adored husband dies
on the 10th April 1785. In
the June following his grief stricken widow talks of our Dugald not yet five
and on the 27th August of the same year she dies at the birth of
the last pledge of so much wedded love.
Daniel’s son William gives a flourishing account of Mrs Gilchrist, his
Aunt’s charm and what a leader she was in the society of that place which
seems to have been of a grade far above contempt.
12th December 1784 Willie says she has 6 children:
Mary aged 12 (she can only have been 10), Susan, Phoebe, Dugald, Fanny
and Willie 8 months old. Dugald
the image of our worthy friend in Sutherlandshire 5 years old!
Mrs Gilchrist’s maiden nowhere appears.
A Captain and Mrs Scott of Forge are frequently named in her letters
and Dugald William her son, who writes on the 19/2/1796 to Dugald in
Sutherlandshire, tells him to direct to his Uncle
Palace St near Buckingham Gate London.
he says, and his 3 sisters were left orphans in Jamaica and only 2 sisters are
now surviving – they are brought up by his mother’s family.
I have made one voyage as midshipman to the East Indies on board the
Lord Macartney and will soon sail again in the same ship.
further history is unknown – also those of his sisters.
or Sally – daughter of James and Susannah
daughter calls herself 52 in 1784 so she was probably born in 1732.
She visits about between her married sisters Mrs Waters and Mrs Baikie
and does not seem to be much loved by any one.
or Peggy – another of James and Susannah’s daughters was
married in 1751 (so says Mrs Pope) and the marriage which was bought about by
Lady Janet Sinclair and was to be kept secret just then.
Why, we do not know.
Thomas Baikie, was one of those
Baikies of Hall of Tankern…..in ……..and had property of his own. Sometimes he is called Breckings or Brakings and
at other times of Burness – perhaps they are different forms of the same
had at least one child – it died early if not at birth.
Hugh Baikie of Burness Orkney is mentioned in the Acts of Parliament in 1696
Baikie, like all small Scotch proprietors, got into debt.
A Mr William Watt or Wall then merchant in Thurso and who was not at
all liked by Mrs Thomas Baikie’s kinfolk, was in great part his creditor.
in December 1758, begs old Dugald to show some attention to Mr Honeyman and
his sister Miss Peggy who are passing through Sutherland.
Thomas Baikie was finally supposed to be lost at sea.
He and another gentleman from Kirkwall had taken a boat and a crew of
12 men to attend the cargo of a Danish ship wrecked on North Bondashay.
They put off from Kirkwall on 28th December.
In the evening a storm broke out and it is supposed they all perished.
A strict search has been made through the north Isles but not one body
has been found. Presumed to be in
Baikie’s will was written on stampt paper dated 1770.
Mr William Watt or Wall dating Burness 3 November 1787 says “I
effected the purchase of the estate of the Brakneys.
I was a principal creditor and he had effected previously what was very
distressing to Mrs Thomas Baikie’s friends; he had married her.
She died on 6th June 1788.
Stat account (Vol 16 page 18) mentions William Wall Esq first residing heritor
parishes of Sandwick and Stromness county of Orkney. This may have been him.
– another daughter of James and Susannah,
Mr David Waters in Caithness. He
seems to have had a farm called Brins.
Gilchrist predeceased him and he married a second time.
His own death took place in the end of 1787 and by his will he left his
sons William, Benjamin, Rose (? Lori) and James £200 each and the 3 girls £
100 each and an annuity to his widow.
tutors and Curators were Mr George Sinclair “Gicse”, Mr Miller at
……and Baillie Paterson. He
had a debt to Mr Sinclair of Holburnhead and Mr William Wall Esq of Brokings
or Brakings at Burness purchased it as he was the principal creditor.
daughter married a Mr Sinclair.
G G Gilchrist (born 1811) remembers
either a Sinclair or Waters being at Ospisdale early in the century “a funny
creature whose head had been shaved from illness and wore his grandmothers
(Son of John MacGilchrist and Miss Lamont)
far as I can gather Alexander the next brother who wrote from Lucca in Hanover
in the Island of Jamaica in 1762 was a sugar planter and owned some estates in
land and in human flesh.
had an illness in 1746 and to recover from it’s bad effects he went over to
North America where at Middleton in Connecticut he saw his brother Robert.
returned to England and still in ill health, he lived in lodgings near London
and died on the 10th or 14th May 1776 his little estate
apparently in money, or most of it, falling to his brother Dugald who was the
5th son of John - and who to Alexander and who writes of himself
thus: ( old Dugald wrote to Alexander – Lori)
a brief account of myself I left Kilmichael in October 1731 and came to our
brother James at Fort William from whence he was transported in May 1732 to a
parish in this county (Sutherland). From
that period until 1737 I got employment for two or three years in teaching
gentlemen’s children at their own homes.
1737 I entered into the Earl of Sutherland’s service in which I still
continue. My business until 1741
was to keep accounts and have the charge of the granary etc.
In 1741 I commenced Factor on part of the Estate which was enlarged at
several periods until in 1750 I got the management of the whole estate.
Thank God………and in a bachelor condition”
1737 until 1771 he lived in the House of Dunrobin.
Then he retired and took the farm of Lothbeg some 8 miles from Golspie
and died there on the 1st January 1797. He had a wadset. It
commenced 1757 and was ‘of the town and lands Grubeg Dinachkary grubmore and
Hudle with the …… and pertinents lying in the parish of Farr County
Sutherland. He was infest in
there on the 25th and his scism entered in the register of scisms
kept at Inverness on the 1st October.
All which he disponed on the 20th February 1767.
must have half supported most of his brothers and sisters and nephews and
nieces and the others I should say he wholly supported.
He was regarded as a man of great shrewdness and of the highest
personal integrity and most of the inhabitants of Sutherland and many of Ross
shire appear to have had his advice and pecuniary assistance in their
up there in those days had money difficulties.
Coin was so scarse and labour mostly paid in kind and rent most often
by what was termed ‘victuals’ that was corn and as there was very little
cultivated ground so it followed there was not much corn to pay.
Potatoes were only introduced into the county in the end of the 18th
century. Most of the trade then consisted in black cattle.
Some of them were driven South but a quantity of them were slaughtered,
salted and packed into barrels and sent by sea to London.
This trading was in full force about the rebellion of 1745 and during a
ruptiore (spelling ? Lori) of the rebels into the county there was a forcible
seizure of which they were accused of a “kettle with a cock from one of the
boiling grounds at Cyderhall (Sidera or Southera).
(Dugald) purchased the estates of Ospisdale and Ardens from Robert Gray who
was much in debt to him about 1783 for the sum of £1945 and left it to the
grandson of his oldest step brother (should be half brother.
Lori) – to Dugald Gilchrist afterwards Major.
was buried at Loth in Sutherland where his tombstone existed in 1872.
GILCHRIST – the youngest son of this family (John and Miss Lamont - Lori)
Is said to have emigrated to America from Argyll and Patrick (old
Daniels son) says that his father set him out in life.
However it may be he went to America and then made himself a house.
His calling was not among the mighty of the earth but in it such as he
was, he flourished.
married a girl from Boston. In
1770 or 1771 he had a son about 17 years old.
Gilchrist (son of Rev James Gilchrist) got
him over to Jamaica. (At that
time Robert had also 3 daughters - Lori).
(Robert) was born 1720 or 1721 and when his brother Alexander visited him he
lived at Middleton in Connecticut; he died
July 16th at Port Royal
in the state of Virginia in his 69th year.
Gilchrist Esq a native of Scotland – so says the Scots Magazine of 1790.
McKay of Glasgow writes (to) the Major (Major Dugald Gilchrist of Ospisdale -
Lori) in 1800 the following
extract from a letter which he had received ament Robert’s son at the time
some relatives thought of disputing old Dugalds will.
writer says “I knew Gilchrist well. He
was an American by birth – he died about 10 years ago or more.
I underdstand his father died before him and that he had no brothers as
his property in Jamaica was passed to his sister.
This is all the information I can at resently give you.
of the sister who got his property in Jamaica we know no more.
GILCHRIST – Old Johns
daughter and the sister of these men, was
the wife of John Wodrow who was at one time Master of the Grammar school at
Greenock. Wodrow removed to
Tarbert in October 1762.
1765 we have a letter from her son John; he styles himself a poor parson with
a farm and is in Islay. At one
time he became minister of Kildalon (properly Kildaton Islay).
mother Helen (who wrote to old Dugald as your loving sister Helen) lived with
him and died about 1775. In 1769
his father being then about 70, became insane.
the son, married and somewhere I found that he died comparatively early and
left his wife with some children, the daughters of whom were described as
hansomer that any girls in the country or some such phrase.
find the following in Blackwood’s Magazine 21st April 1818.
Glasgow Robert Raeburn Esq Surgeon Glasgow to Marion youngest daughter of the
Rev John Woodrow late minister of Islay Argyllshire.
Wodrows term of Ministery and his work are thus noticed in Hugh Scotts Fasti.
John Wodrow a Mord 1758 9th May 1788.
married 13 October 1768 Alice Campbell who died 2 October 1823.
Ofoians Carthon and Darthula (spellings ? Lori)
into English verse 1768. Fingal
of Opian into English heroic 1771.
are all the facts I have been able to glean about this generaion of the
family. They are meagre but are
better than less. I shall now go
to the issue of the six sons already noticed.
DANIEL who lived at Kilmichael had 3 children whom we find notice of:
John, Patrick and Jean.
talks of herself as an only sister. She
was married to a Daniel Gilchrist whom I fancy I saw called her cousin.
She is first introduced by Robert Mackay in June 1763 who says he has
been called upon by one Mrs Gilchrist who calls herself your niece, daughter
to your brother Daniel; her husband Daniel has eloped to London for debt; she
supports herself and her boy, her only surviving child”.
course she asks for money and of course she gets it.
In the same year she tells Old Dugald that her husband is in a low
condition in London and not expected to live.
the Register of the County of Lanark parish of Glasgow, I find the following
which I write out in form:
& Jean Gilchrist
b 1751 Archibald b 1753
John b 1754 Patrick b 1757
the same register there is a James Gilchrist and his wife Isobel Thomson who
have the following children: James
b 1722, George b 1725, Daniel b 1727, David b 1731 Isobel b 1736
to age Daniel, Jeans spouse, may have been the son of this James.
The register calls Daniel ‘merchant in Glasgow’ and I suppose he
was a little merchant for there is an heriditary bond amongst the letters,
which is given by him over a shop in Glasgow to John his brother in law and
part of which Major Gilchrist recovered about 1800.
herself says I have one child living and one child dead but probably if her
children died infants, like many parents she may only have counted those who
lived to some age. In some
letters she says her remaining son ran off to sea but she does not say when or
Argyllshire tradition regarding the Gilchrists of Glassary is that the last
member perished with the Royal George off Spithead.
This is of course incorrect for there were branches flourishing in
various parts of the country at that time and we also concluded it to be
incorrect that any members (of the family) perished along with that ill fated
Campbell of Aberdeen has the following note in his possession.
It is written by his grandfather Peter Campbell to Jean Gilchrist.
They were full cousins – his father being brother of her mother Mrs
Manse 16th October 1774
Cousin the enclosed came under cover to me from London.
It is from your son. As I
daresay he says the same to you as to his situation and news which he does to
me, it will be needless to me to mention anything.
rejoice with you that he is well and I hope that if he behaves right, he will
not want friends.
am but recovering slowly of a lingering fever I had.
I have not been downstairs these few weeks but I have reason to thank
God that I am alive and in a way of doing well. My wife joins me in good wishes to you and I am your very
Mrs Jean Gilchrist of Tarbert
the Public Record Office in London as unearthed for me by the courteous Mr
Kingston in 1873, it is stated there were two John Gilchrists on board the
Royal George. One was born at
Reoll or Revell (spelling? - Lori) Armadale who was of course not our
own and he died on the day in which the ship foundered.
was also a John Gilchrist born at Glasgow No 397 – entered Hull Queen 1
January 1778 aged 23, a volunteer from the George and Molly and discharged 28
798 entered Hulls Royal George 1st March 1779 and discharged 29
August 1782 (the day the ship foundered at Spithead)
490 entered Hulls Vengeance (from the Diligent late Royal George) 29 August 1782 and served until the ship was paid off at
Plymouth on 8th April 1783
as Jean’s son John was born on the 22nd May 1754, he would be 23
by 1st Jan 1778 and as he was also born at Glasgow and as she had a
son who ran off to sea and as the tradition is that the last McGilchrist
either in the male or female line perished with the Royal George, this is most
probably her son. From his only
being discharged the morning she foundered there is good colouring for the
report of his death arising.
20th September 1781 Robert McKay writes to Old Dugald “I found
the enclosed letter from Donald Henderson at Tarbert advising me of the death
of your niece Mrs Jean Gilchrist. Her
son may of course have left issue…………
GILCHRIST – Daniel and Jean Campbell’s elder son – he was born 21 March
1725 was an Excise Officer and also had a farm at Ferintosh, Cullbrockie.
married in 1754 Margaret Graham daughter of Mungo Graham brewer of
Auchterarder. She was born 5th
May 1738 and died 6 July 1769.
was in the Excise and at that period as far as I can glean from contemporary
writings and records, it was not beneath the dignity of a gentleman to take
such a post.
write from Inverbroacky on 15th June 1770 and says that he has been
in the Excise since 1742; he was in the Rothes division in 1748; was in
Zetland for 5 years and was for a time Supervisor of Excise to Ross and
following dates of his letters to old Dugald of Ospisdale give the only
outline I can find of his wandering life:
Zetland 1763 and 1764
November 1768 and 1769
the Register of Dunning County of Perth, which is much interspersed with
Session minutes, I’ve learnt that on Sept 22 1754 ‘The Session resolving
to meet on Thursday next appointed the Officer to summons to that meeting John
Gilchrist Officer of Excise in this place and Margaret Graham daughter to
Mungo Graham in Achterarder, who are said to have been lately irregularly
married. On Thursday the 26th
the Session having met and John
and Margaret having been called appeared and at the Sessions desire, having
produced documents of their marriage and having promised to live together as
man and wife during their ……life and admonished to a conscientious
performance of the requisite duties of that station, which they also promised
1755 on Monday Sept 29th the following rather amusing record is in
the name register ‘ The session upon a report that Anna Crerar, servant to
Mrs John Gilchrist Officer of Excise in this place, is with child.
Had her examined by Matron and according to the old form, who declared
she was far advanced in pregnancy, she denied it.
Minister decided to ask the advice of the Presbytery and the Officer was
directed to ask Mr Gilchrist for his wife to keep a strict eye upon the said
is only one letter of Margaret’s at Ospisdale dated Dunning 1763.
It is to old Dugald and if I recollect aright thanks him for money.
this marriage John had 6 daughters:
born 16/11/1755 between 8 and 9 of the clock being Sabbath, at Ochterarder.
Baptized on the 19th, married
Mr Davidson, left 2 daughters Mary and Margaret.
Davidson had, at one time, a farm at Early Vale.
Their daughters lived and died as spinsters and had a flat in a house
in Forres St Edinburgh. They were
strong Free Church women and lived in odour (?) of great sanctity with their
born 25/8/1757, alive in 1777
born 8/7/1759 Sabbath at Dunning, baptized 12th July, married Mr
William Penman aged 31 years Surgeon
in Glasgow 7/7/1790 at Edinburgh. Two
sons John and William. William sr.
was an excellent woman and seemed from her letters to entertain the common but
erroneous idea that we should love and respect those whom we know to be vile
not less than those whom we know to be holy.
born Dunning 26/6/1761, baptized 3 July,
born 8 June 1766 died 19 June 1769
born June 1768 died 12 Feb 1769.
Graham died 6 July 1769 and then John married Margaret Ross of Priesthill
and/or Auchnacloich and Tollie on 7th December 1770.
She was born 15/4/1750. She
was the last of these Ross’s who were a branch of the Ross family of
was the sister of Capt John Ross of the 71st Foot (whose will was
proved at Doctor’s Commons in 1785) whose father died in 1757. Their mother was the youngest daughter of John McKenzie of
Hyfield (a younger branch of the Kintails) and Margaret McLean whose sisters
were married to McKenzie of Kilcoy and McKenzie of Ard and of whose younger
brother Colin owned Meckle Scatwell and William Strathgarve.
Auchnacloich’s themselves were no mean race being founded by Hugh 3rd
son of Sir David Ross of Balnagowan, representatives of the Earls of Ross but
my notes regarding them I shall write out separately.
marriage took place at Rhives in the parish of Parkhill a property now (1874)
in possession of Sir Charles Ross of Balnagowan.
had 7 children:
born 1772 died 1789 at Edinburgh
b 1775 at Culbockie, married somebody Lyon
b 1777 at Culbockie d 1777
b 1778 at Drumaniach
b 1781 married Mr Leckie who was in some business in Liverpool and had a
family whom the present Mrs Gilchrist says are all dead.
b 1784 d 29/3/1784.
died 22/12/1784 at Ferintosh. Margaret
nee Ross died 11/11/1786.
both parents deceased the children were left destitute and had it not been for
old Dugald, would have had a sad battle with poverty but that worthy old man
lent the same helping hand to them that he had done to nearly every member of
children were removed to Glasgow.
They had relations there although it does not clearly appear who they
were. After 1790 their sister Mrs
Penman came there.
those days poor ladies supported themselves by ‘threadmaking’ and Joanna
and Henrietta turned to this but it does not seem to have succeeded from their
reports of it and from Joanna’s making a bad marriage with a Mr Lyon, a
Glasgow tradesman or merchant. Three
of her children by him were alive in 1850 and are so still 1874.
believe Margaret and 2 sons who are dissenting ministers; one was very popular
among his order and drew great crowds about Islington. Margaret is a spinster and the brothers are: ……….
studied medicine and died unmarried early in this century (19th)
GILCHRIST was the brother of Jean and John whom we have just treated of.
He was born in April 1732. He,
like John, was in the Excise.
writes to old Dugald in 1763 “Peter has married a girl from Dunning.
She further intimates that she has no money; her name is Isobel”
little we know of him is from a few letters to Major Dugald. He mentions 6 children.
His 2 daughters were named Mary and Jean.
31st March 1801, his eldest son Dugald was on board Hulls
Foudrogant (spelling?? - Lori) and in the Mediterranean.
His station is on Quarterdeck.
same month it was in Aboukir Bay Egypt and received on board the mortally
wounded. Sir Ralph Abercrombie.
It is called Lord Keiths ship.
son Patrick went off 2 years ago we don’t know where.
was born 1764 and John who was born 1779 was ‘incapable
) dated 1797 “my younger
son wants the use of his reason”
lived at Bromfield near Glasgow
whence they write in 1797, 1800 and 1801 and after these dates they disappear
altogether from our horizon.
may have left families which I shall presently discover but in what rank of
life they are, remains to be seen. They
were in great poverty and his letters to his nephew Dugald are all begging or
thanking him for money.
his sister Jean notifies his marriage in 1763, it must have taken place rather
before for his 2nd son was born in 1764.
now return to the eldest branch:
GILCHRIST born 27th July 1773, son of John Gilchrist and
Margaret nee Ross.
his grand uncle Dugald as 2nd of Ospisdale and Ardens both in the
parish of Creich Sutherlandshire.
first saw the suns light in Ross Shire in or near Dingwall, probably at the
farm of Culbockie. He was his
fathers 2nd child by his 2nd wife and he was also the
first son who had been born to John.
Dugald lives in the glorious obscurity of childhood as far as our history is
concerned until (and forever as far as the world goes) in a letter, to his
father from his mothers only brother, dated 1st September 1784 at
London he says “Be assured that so soon as I am able to settle these matters
regarding Regimental business I will purchase an ensigncy for Dugald on half
pay for his education or something else.
You must know that I have none so near related to me as my sister and
by God, none so dear” but he
died next year and the ensigncy was unpurchased.
The year after Margaret Ross died also so the children stood nearly
alone in the world.
Patrick Hay at Dingwall corresponds on their behalf with old Dugald of
Ospisdale. He says the principal
relations they have in this neighbourhood by the mothers side is Mr McKenzie
of Ord and Mr McKenzie at Corel brother to Applecross.
went to London to learn a business with a McKenzie of Lentran, a cousin of his
mothers. His grand uncle Dugald
dying 1st January 1797, young Dugald at the age of 23 before he had
committed himself to any line of life, succeeded to his small estates and
adopted another line of life.
was appointed Captain in the late 2nd or Rosshire Regiment of North
British Militia – commission dated 22 May 1798 and continued so until it was
embodied in May 1802. In the
August following he was requested to accept a commission in the 5th
British Militia which he agreed to.
married on the 25th February 1800 Catherine, daughter of Captain or
Lieut. Alexander Rose once of the Artillery and at another time of the 42nd.
Again he figures at of HGJCS – he was the only surviving son of Dr
Alex Rose of Aberdeen who studied at Lynden under the great and good Boerheave
and his wife who was a descendant of the Middletons of Middleton Coldhouse..
was the son of Rev Francis Rose the well known and beloved Jacobite parson (by
his wife……Keith, daughter of Rev Dr John Keith minister of Echtbirse and
Old Macher) who was a
younger son of Alexander Rose of Tillesnaught – the Tillesnaughts being the
oldest cadet family of Kelraooch (spelling ?? - Lori)
mother was a daughter of a younger branch of the Roses of Shandwick and by
blood she was also descended from the Campbells of Delmie (near Hairu) , the
Ferns of Tarlogie and many other well known families.
Rose was one of those fair creatures who was so fondly and tenderly nurtured
that the wind was never allowed to blow upon her cheek – she was of a tall,
slightly swaying figure. Delicately fair and with a beautiful face excepting a
slight redness in the eyelids – like Leah; tender eyed.
mother died on the 16th June the year of Catherine’s marriage.
Captain Gilchrist had by that time been ordered off with his regiment.
eldest child Margaret was born 20th May 1801 at half past nine pm.
Rose was the next child. She
married Mr William Lyon of London afterwards of Rushill county of Surrey – a
son of one of the Lyon’s of Glamis in Forfarshire who had settled at one
time in Cornwall. By him she had
born 1839, Dugald , Alfred, Reburra (?) married Mr William Wallace Dunlop son
of General Dunlop.
marriage did not turn out at all happily.
In 1814 he and his wife agreed to a separation and it gave place to a
divorce. The remainder of Mrs
Gilchrists life is too sad to tell. She
died and was buried in England
Major, which title he retained after the Militia was disbanded, lived for the
remainder of his days at Ospisdale where he died.
was genial, hospitable and charitable and a popular man in his day and