Re: Information wanted-Stuart Town 1684 - Gail Moore
Subject: Re: Information wanted-Stuart Town 1684
From: Gail Moore
Date: August 05, 1999

I too would like to know this.  I have never heard of this place before and
so thanks for posting this to the list.
I am begining to think that a man known by the name of
Hezikiah Cockrum/Cockerham may have been born someplace in the Carolinas in
the year 1762.
We can find no records to show where he came from or who he was born to.
I am begining to feel that he may be from some earlier line of this name who
in fact came stright into the Carolinas and had been in this area for years
before his birth.
That maybe some of these records are now in fact missing or gone forever.
I therefore would like to know if someone does have a listing of these
settlers for this long ago place, to see if maybe this surname did show at
that time in this area.

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Gail Moore
-----Original Message-----
From: [email protected] 
To: [email protected] 
Date: Tuesday, August 03, 1999 12:09 AM
Subject: Information wanted-Stuart Town 1684

>I have been reading several books on South Carolina History. In my
>reading, I have found the mention of Stuart Town, which was located on
>Port Royal Island from November 1684 until August 17, 1686.
>This town was formed by Scottish colonists, who followed Henry Erskine,
>third Lord Cardross. They sailed to South Carolina on the ship Carolina
>Merchant from Gourock Bay on the Clyde in Scotland  on July 21, 1684.
>The ship was commanded by Captain James Gibson. There were 148 colonists.
>None of the colonists died at sea however one died when they first
>arrived in SC. Several colonists deserted their group.
>The end of this town came on August 17, 1686 when the Spanish sent a
>force of 100 Spainards under Thomas de Leon and a force of Indians(total
>number between the two groups was 200 men) to destroy the town. The
>Spanish considered this as part of their territory. For three days the
>town was ransacked and burned and animals slaughtered. Two men and a boy
>were captured and held as prisoners. Other settlers hid in the woods. The
>Spanairds then went on to plunder surrounding islands, including Edisto
>Island on which the home of Paul Grimball, Secretary of the Providence
>was burned.
>On August 26, 1686 a hurricane hit the area. What was left of Stuart Town
>was completely destroyed along with Port Royal Island.
>In a letter to the Lord Proprietors and other leaders of the Carolina
>province, Rev. William Dunlop, an associate of Lord Cardross, told of the
>destruction caused by both the Spainards and the hurricane. He wrote "In
>some places for 3 or 4 miles together there is scarce one great tree
>standing, all pathes being so impassable that there is no traveling on
>horseback and scarce any on foot". He further writes "We have too great
>reason to fear the near approach of famin to compleat our miseryes".
>The governmental seal  for Stuart Town is suppose to be located at the
>Charleston Museum.
>Does anyone know anything else about Stuart Town and its colonists? What
>happened to the survivors? Where did they go? Was any help given to them
>by the government in, such as protection, five cannons had been ordered
>to be delivered and mounted at Stuart Town in November 1685, were they
>there? At the time of the Spanish raid did others come to the aid of
>Stuart Town? Does anyone know of a passenger list for the Carolina
>Merchant or where I might locate it?
>Any help is appreciated,

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