Melungeon Source Page
Sources for Melungeon Researchers
The following sources are presented for further Melungeon
information and research. I do not have copies of all of these
sources nor have I reviewed all of them. Therefore, I do not make
any endorsement of content of any of these sources. In closing, I
encourage each of you to continue research and consideration of
all theories of Melungeon origin so that you can draw your own
conclusions on the mysterious Melungeons. If you have any
questions, comments, or would like to submit a source or a review
of any of these works, please email me.
- Addington, L. F. "Mountain Melungeons Let the
World Go By." Baltimore Sun, Sunday, July 29, 1945,
Section A. p. 3.
- Aswell, James. "Lost Tribes of Tennessee's
Mountains." Nashville Banner, August 22, 1937.
- Ball, Bonnie S. "America's Mysterious Race."
Read, Vol. 16, May, 1944, pp. 64-67.
- Ball, Bonnie. "The Melungeons." Historical
Sketches by Historical Society of Southwest Virginia. No.
- Ball, Bonnie S. "Mystery Men of the
Mountains." Negro Digest, Vol. 3, January, 1945, pp.
- Ball, Bonnie. The Melungeons [Notes on the Origin of a
Race]. Revised. The Overmountain Press. Johnson City,
- Bonnie Ball, "Virginia's Mystery Race,"
Virginia State Highway Bulletin 2, No. 6, Apr 1945, pp.
- Bonnie Ball, "Who Are the Melungeons?"
Southern Literary Messenger, 3, No. 2, June 1945, pp.
- Barr, Phyllis Cox. "The Melungeons of Newman's
Ridge." Graduate thesis presented to the Department
of English Faculty, East Tennessee State University,
- Bernstein, Carl. "Maryland's Brandywine People
(We Sorts)." Washington Post, November 29, 1979.
- Berry, Brewton. Almost White. New York: Macmillan
- Bible, Jean. "A People With an Unknown
Past." Baltimore Sunday Sun Magazine, June 13, 1971.
- Bible, Jean Patterson. Melungeons Yesterday and Today.
Sixth Printing, Mountain Press, Signal Mountain,
- Burnett, Swan M. "Note on the Melungeons."
American Anthropologist, Vol. 2, 1889.
- Converse, Paul D. "The Melungeons." December
1912, pp. 59-69.
- Davis, Louise. "The Mystery of the
Melungeons." Nashville Tennessean Sunday Magazine,
September 22, 1963.
- Davis, Louise. "Are They Vanishing?"
Nashville Tennessean Sunday Magazine, September 29, 1963.
- DeMarce, Virginia Easley. "Looking at Legends -
Lumbee and Melungeon," National Genealogical Society
Quarterly, Vol. I, #I, March 1993.
- DeMarce, Virginia Easley. "Very Slitly Mixt:
Tri-Racial Isolate Families of the Upper South - A
Genealogical Study," National Genealogical Society
Quarterly, Vol. 80, #I, March 1992.
- Dromgoole, Will Allen. "The Malungeons." The
Arena, Vol. 3, March, 1891.
- Dromgoole, Will Allen. "The Malungeon Tree and
Its Four Branches." The Arena, Vol. 3, June, 1891.
- East Tennessee Historical Society Bulletin. No. 32,
- Elder, Pat Spurlock. "Melungeons: Examining An
Appalachian Legend." Continuity Press,
Blountville, TN, 1999.
- Faulkner, Charles. The Old Stone Fort. Knoxville: The
University of Tennessee Press, 1968.
- Fetterman, John. "The Melungeons."
Louisville Courier-Journal Magazine, March 30, 1969.
- Fetterman, John. "The Mystery of Newman's
Ridge." Life Magazine, June 26, 1970.
- Fisher, George P. "The So-Called Moors of
Delaware." Milford Herald, Milford, Delaware, June
- Gallegos, Eloy J. The Spanish Pioneers in United
States History, The Melungeons: The Pioneers of the
Interior Southeastern United States, 1526-1997. Villagra
Press. Knoxville, Tennessee, 1997.
- Gamble, John. "Melungeon Line Almost
Extinct." Kingsport Times-News, Kingsport,
Tennessee, Thursday, November 26, 1964.
- Gamble, John. "Mysterious E-T Mountain Clan
Becoming Extinct." Raleigh News and Observer, July
- Gilbert, William Harlen, Jr. , "Red Bones of
Louisiana." Social Forces, May, 1946.
- Gordon, Cyrus H. "Theory That Melungeons Came
From Jewish Origin." Argosy Magazine, January, 1971.
- Grant, Sandra. "They Work Here, But Their Ties
Are Elsewhere." Baltimore Evening Sun, September 28,
- Grohse, William. "The Land of Mystery,"
Hancock County Post, July 2, 1970.
- Grohse, William Paul. "Grohse Papers."
Tennessee State Library and Archives, Microfilm #501.
Melungeon family data collected by Grohse prior to 1989.
- Hale, W. T. and D. L. Merritt. A History of Tennessee
and the Tennesseans. Two volumes, Chicago 1913, Vol. I
Chapter 16 -- The Melungeons of East Tennessee, pp.
- Haun, Mildred. The Hawk's Done Gone. Edited by
Herschel Gower. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press.
- Herberman, Maryann. "The Melungeon
Mystique," Mountaineer Times, Vol. 9 No. 2, Early
- Hunter, David. "Dark Mystery: Who are the
Melungeons, and where did they come from?" (no
further information available)
- Ivey, Saundra Keyes. "Aunt Mahala Mullins in
Folklore, Fakelore, and Other Literature." Tennessee
Folklore Society Bulletin, Vol. XLI, No. 1, March, 1975.
- Kennedy, Brent. "The Melungeon Mystery Solved:
Unraveling a Family's Heritage," Blue Ridge Country,
July/August 1992, pp. 16-19.
- Kennedy, N. Brent with Robyn Vaughan Kennedy. The
Melungeons The Resurrection of a Proud People An Untold
Story of Ethnic Cleansing in America. Mercer University
Press, Macon, GA, 1994.
- King, Lucy. "The Melungeons." The Boston
Traveler, April 13, 1889, p. 6.
- Lewis, Thomas M. N., and Madeline Kneberg. Tribes That
Slumber, Indians of the Tennessee Region. Knoxville:
University of Tennessee Press, 1966.
- Mira, Manuel. The
Forgotten Portuguese The Melungeons and Other Groups The
Portuguese Making of America. The
Portuguese-American Historical Research Foundation, Inc.
- Morgan, James. "The Melungeons: Exotic Theories
'explain' the Origin of a Mysterious, Dwindling Hill
Clan." Printed in the National Observer (published
by the Wall Street Journal), April 9, 1977.
- Nassau, Michael Edward (originally published under the
name of Michael Edward McGlothlen). "Melungeons
and Other Mestee Groups." 1994.
- New York Times News Service. "Melungeon Colony
Fading Away." Chicago Tribune, August 19, 1971.
- Nordheimer, Jon. "Mysterious Hill Folk
Vanishing." New York Times, Tuesday, August 10,
- Osborne, Hampton. "Mysterious People." In
"Echoes of the Hills," a column published in
the Cumberland Times, Clintwood, Virginia, June 4, 1956.
- Pollitzer, W. S. and W. H. Brown. "Survey of
Demography, Anthropometry, and Genetics in the Melungeons
of Tennessee: An Isolate of Hybrid Origin in Process of
Dissolution," Human Biology, September 1969, pp.
- Pollitzer, William S. "The Physical Anthropology
and Genetics of Marginal People of the Southeastern
United States," American Anthropologist, June 1972,
- Price, Edward T. "The Melungeons: A Mixed-Blood
Strain of the Southern Appalachians." The
Geographical Review, Vol. 41, No. 2, April, 1951.
- Price, Edward T. "A Geographic Analysis of
White-Negro-Indian Racial Mixtures in Eastern United
States." Annals of the Association of American
Geographers, Vol. XLIII, June, 1953, No. 2.
- Price, Edward T. "Mixed-Blood Strain of the
Southern Appalachians as to Origins, Localizations, and
Persistence," PhD dissertation, University of
- Price, Henry R. "Melungeons: The Vanishing Colony
of Newman's Ridge." Paper presented to the American
Studies Association of Kentucky and Tennessee, Tennessee
Technological University, Cookeville, TN, March 1966.
- Rawlins, Bill. "East Tennessee Melungeons Have
Past Clouded in Myth." Knoxville News-Sentinel,
October 10, 1958.
- Stuart, Jesse. Daughter of the Legend. New York:
- Thomas, Zachary. "The Melungeons."
Undergraduate Thesis, Department of Education, University
- Wairaven, O. N., "The Melungeons of
Oakdale," Manuscript G. O8 from WPA Federal Writers'
Guide, McClung Historical Collection, Lawson-McGhee
Library, Knoxville, TN.
- Williamson, Joel. "The New People: Miscegenation
and Mulattoes in the United States," New York: Free
- Worden, William L. "Sons of the Legend."
Saturday Evening Post. October 18, 1947.
- Zachary, Thomas. "The Melungeons,"
undergraduate thesis, Department of Education, University
- Zuber, Leo. "The Melungeons," typewritten
manuscript, #G.08, WPA Federal Writers' Guide, McClung
Historical Collection, Lawson-McGhee Library, Knoxville,
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