August 3-8, 1846
August 3-8, 1846
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Hi, all. Here are excerpts from letters written by Dr. Kalley immediately following the attack at the Quinta das Angustias (described in the Aug 2 article), as well as misc eyewitness accounts of the events leading up to the riot of August 9th. (August 9th was a Sunday, an important religious day celebrating "Our Lady of the Mount.")

If anyone is confused by all these events, check the 'Summary of Events' for an overview...

What a fascinating family history.

Best regards,
Deb Kleber

From "The Exiles of Madeira", W. M. Blackburn, 1860, Chapter VIII:

...beginning of excerpts...

Through the week, after the attack on the Quinta das Angustias, [Dr. Kalley] was often insulted. His name was called aloud in the streets, and he was threatened. The cries of "Calvinistas" and "Kallistas" were very loud in reproach of the Protestants. Large companies of men marched through the city declaring that all Protestants, foreign and native, should be destroyed.

Miss Rutherford, before leaving the island, asked such protection... But it was refused. From the head of the police she received the following message:
"That he (the police magistrate) would not continue to protect Miss Rutherford's house so long as Portuguese were admitted to hold divine worship, or any that had been known to assemble themselves were permitted to frequent the place." And he further required from her a promise in writing "that no meeting should be held in her house." ... Miss Rutherford replied by stating to the consul her thorough conviction that no Portuguese law prohibited such meetings, in which nothing was said against the religion of the state. ...No such protection was granted, but she was ordered to remove as soon as possible. The threats against these innocent ladies, and the kind-hearted Dr. Kalley, became more fierce during the week.

... [Dr. Kalley sent a letter to the governor]... He recited the events of the previous Sabbath [Aug 2], and said: "The authorities are not ignorant of the facts. They are notorious to your excellency, to the public prosecutor, to the British consul, and to the whole population of Funchal. The actual state of the house speaks volumes, but not one of the authorities, either British or Portuguese, has yet looked near it. The criminals are not unknown -- two of them were in the power of the authorities -- actually in prison -- AND WERE SET AT LIBERTY! Why does the public prosecutor not raise an action against those guilty of so public an outrage, unless it be true that the authorities do not choose to repress the disturbances by the punishment of the offenders?

"Houses have been broken into, and the inmates beaten nearly to death. Other houses have been set on fire at midnight, and burned to the ground, and the authorities have not given any public demonstration of disapproval. Not one of the criminals have been punished; and when ruffians are arrested by the police "in flagrante," in a British subject's house, they are forthwith set at liberty. The assailants are released -- the assailed are imprisoned and condemend in virtue of laws, respecting which the judge, in the very sentence, declared that they are abolished.

"Further the master of police dares to refuse protection to British life, and British property, except on condition of British subjects making promises which no law and no treaty conveyed to him any right to exact; and for the want of energetic interference, the residence of British citizens is actually placed in a state of siege...

"My aim has uniformly been to promote the health, comfort and happiness of Madeirans, as far as in my power. I have never taught anything at variance with the doctrines, that men have one Father, the living and true God, that we are all brethen, and that our common Father commands all his children to love one another, not in word only but in deed and truth.

"I have never taught a syllable at variance with the glorious truth, that when we had all offended that most gracious Father, and deserved the doom he had denounced, a Friend from heaven -- a partner with the Father in his throne -- loved us, died for us, redeemed us with his blood, and thus laid us under still more powerful obligation to love our Lord -- to love one another -- to love all men, even our enemies; and such doctrines are diametrically opposed to all disturbance, injustice, and crime.

"I am bold to say, that my conduct, and that of those who hold similar religious sentiments, has never been such as to give any reason to suppose that, in my creed, I approve of any kind of moral evil. No one has ever dared to charge me with teaching any man to defraud or injure his fellow man. Amid all the disturbances that ever occurred at Madeira, there never was an instance in which those who agree with me in my religious views, were the aggressors; and among innumberable cases of unprovoked, atrocious cruelty practised against them, they have never, with one exception been charged with striking a blow, even in self-defence; for they have learned of Him, who was meek and lowly of heart -- who, when he was reviled, reviled not again -- when he suffered, he threatened not, but committed himself to Him who judgeth righteously. I feel, therefore, most fully born out in repudiating the charge which your excellency has brought against me- as the cause of the disturbances referred to; and am convinced that, on an extensive, unprejudiced investigation of the facts, your excellency will exonerate me from the charge."

The governor was as silent as the police magistrate had been. Dr. Kalley then wrote the British consul..."The rioters must feel that the conduct of all the authorities implies an approbation of their proceedings, inferior only to the issuing of an edict, or the offering of a reward for their perpetation; and they are accordingly becoming daily bolder, so that on the night of the 5th instant, and last night, their threats were such that from 60-80 individuals felt themselves obliged to flee from their houses for their lives, and spend the nights in the mountains.

"I have received warning from various Portuguese gentlemen, that the rioters threaten to attack my house, and two or more other British houses within the next eight days; and as your inattention with respect to Miss Rutherford's case has favored the presumption that our government will not interfere, whatever atrocities be committed upon us, it seems highly probable that an attack will be made.

"From the conduct displayed towards the Misses Rutherford, (who had broken no laws, and, if they had, should have been tried by the law, and not left to the mercy of an infuriated mob,) and towards the rioters; it is impossible to regard the authorities otherwise than as, at the very least, conniving at the outrage, and therefore responsible for all the results.

"If you, in your official capacity, do not demand the adoption of such measures as shall effectually secure British subjects against the repetition of such atrocities, I am convinced that my life and property will be in danger; and if, from your non-interference, similar atrocities be again perpetrated, our country will justly look to you as responsible for them all.

"I believe it is intended that an attack shall be made on other places, at the same time as upon my house, so as to afford a pretence for no aid, under the plea that the police were occupied elsewhere."

Saturday came [August 8th], and the signs were plenty, that the mob intended to attack on Sabbath, just one week after the exploits of Canon Telles in attacking the house of some innocent ladies. Dr. Kalley sent this message to the consul:

"8th of August -- For several days the vociferations, threats, and abuse uttered by the lower orders, when passing my house, have been incessant; and of such a nature as to be disgraceful to a country professing to be civilized. They are never interfered with. Every one who goes out, or in to my house, is assailed with a volley of abuse, whatever be their religious opinions; and during the last night my family was repeatedly alarmed by parties battering at my door with sticks. PS--Noon. I enclose an anonymous letter just put into my hands, which I beg you will return to me. I must repeat that I am fully convinced that this comes of liberating the prisoners, and other conduct of the authorities; and if energetic measures be not instantly adopted, I shall feel myself obliged to deliver up the key of my property to you for protection, as I cannot, with a couple of servants, defend it against a mob."

Dr. Kalley began the work of turning his dwelling into a fort. Two ruffians disguised as townsmen came and stationed themselves at the door, watching all that passed. About six o'clock on Saturday evening, ten or twelve soldiers marched up as a guard to the house, and were posted in a cottage at the entrance of the grounds. Dr. Kalley asked them if they knew why these threats were made against him. They replied that "they fancied it was because he was opposed to the saints." He told them that this was a great mistake, for instead of being opposed to them, it was his greatest aim and wish to be one of the happy number. The person in charge of the guard then added, "Well, I don't know, but the authorities think these things have lasted long enough."

From these ominous words, and from preceding events, the doctor felt assured, writes an eye witness, that the authorities would be in no hurry to come to his protection, and therefore, returned to finish the barricading of his house by every additional means that he could contrive. In the meantime five or six of the soldiers kept watch at the gates, whilst their comrades remained in the cottage.

At ten o'clock, a friend of Dr. Kalley's accidentally met a boy returning from Santa Luzia, with a load of iron bolts, which he knew had been ordered for the barricading of his house. He accordingly stopped the lad, and on enquiring the reason of his not delivering them at the doctor's house, was told, 'that he could not gain admittance, and that the soldiers had said they were not required.' The doctor's friend then accompanied the boy back to the house, and assisted the doctor in completing his work.

About two in the morning, all had been done that seemed possible in the way of defence, and as Dr. Kalley's friend was leaving, the doctor accompanied him to the outer gate. Providentially, on reaching it, they overheard the guard in a familiar conversation with men, either masked, or with their faces blackened; one of whom was sharpening a large knife on the door lintel, preparatory, as he said in Portuguese, to the 'killing on the morrow.' When several had gathered together, they further heard them consulting as to whether they should go in then -- the soldiers being still in their company. One said, "No, there will be plenty of time for all to-morrow." Another, "Nay, but let us go in now" and the gate moved a little on its hinges. ... Convinced of the treachery of his guard, and that he had now no longer any security to his life, he returned with his friend into the house, to consult as to what should be done. After committing themselves to God in prayer, and casting all their care upon Him who careth for this people, they felt satisfied that the most prudent course was to withdraw from the house. Dr. Kalley therefore, disguised himself, as hurriedly as possible in the country dress of a peasant, and stealthily and silently withdrew...

An old and faithful servant buried the silver plate -- a few important documents were secured, and they left the dwelling... While the family escaped by the back way, through vineyards and fields, as the doctor had done before, the friend who had been with them during the night returned through the front door, leaving, as it would seem to the treacherous guard, the whole party quiety within. It was now near the break of day, and the crowds were pouring up the mount road to the Festa, which had just began.

...end of excerpts...

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