All libraries have a copy of Burke's "General Armory" and in it you will find a description of the above in terms of heraldry. For a history and record you may contact The College of Arms, London; a government agency 800 years old..... Each family had its own emblem in the 11th and 12th centuries, the idea being popular in Great Britain and on the Continent as well.
The shield, or Armorial Coat, has shepherd's crooks crossed on a screenlike dark background. Black for constancy, croziers for church authority.... The upper one-third is The Chief and the curved line the Chevron. So placed and illuminated in silver it signifies authority granted as a special reward for prudence, also successful command in great emergencies.
In The Crest the crook and sword repeat the St. Andrew's cross design and indicate both church responsibility and same success in scaling the walls of towns...."In Deo Confido," I Trust in God."
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