SAIL AND STEAM NAVIGATION
OF EASTERN CAROLINA
by F. ROY JOHNSON
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Additional Illustrations and Steamboat List
Screw Steamer Lady of the Lake on the Dismal Swamp Canal
Side Wheel Steamer Nanticoke on the Chowan River
filling in for the capsized Olive, 1903-1907
Freighter Richard Jordan Gatling, U.S.C.G.
The Calumet, James Hill's Mail Boat at Murfreesboro
Stern Wheel A. P. Hurt in action
Courtest Hill Corbett
Tracking a Boat Load of Railroad Ties
The Calumet at Murfreesboro Wharf (1918)
Cotton Bales at Murfreesboro Wharf (1895)
Barge on Jericho Canal - Porte Crayon
Stern Wheel Steamer The Old North State (1866)
The Carolina, Albemarle Steam Navigation Steamer (1911)
The Steamer Harby of the Elizabeth City Boat Line
Photo Courtesy of University of Baltimore Library
The Keystone, A.S.N. Steamer operated on the Meherrin,
Blackwater, Wiccacon Rivers and Bennetts Creek, 1905
The Screw Steamer Washtub on the Meherrin River, 1885
The Carrie Engles, perhaps privately owned like Worrell's Ark
The Screw Steamer Ocracoke, built in 1898
Photo Courtesy of the Mariner's Museum
The Steamer Olive calls at Tunis
Photo Courtesy of K. R. Israel
The Accomac - In May of 1892 the Newberne's running mates were the Accomac (1877), the R. L. Myers (1885), the Virginia Dare (1888), the Kinston (1890), and the Albemarle II.
The Albemarle - Confederate iron clad ram built on the Roanoke River during the Civil War and sunk at Plymouth.
The Albemarle II - "A homely looking boat with a smoke stack that resembles a bean-pole." She served as the Newberne's running mate, built in 1891.
The Appomattox - a Confederate gunboat burned by them to prevent her from falling into enemy hands.
The Arrow - 60-ton propeller steamer operating as U. S. mail boat.
The Astoria - (1870), iron steamer placed on the Roanoke River.
The Beaufort - originally 85 ton, 1854-built steam tug of Edenton, converted to gunboat during Civil War.
The Bette - 140-ton side-wheel steamer built in 1866 and put into service between Norfolk and New Bern.
The Bonito - 85-ton Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal steamer.
The Calumet - small steamer owned and operated in late 1920s and early 1930s by James Hill carrying mail and passengers between Murfreesboro and Edenton.
The Calypso - Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal dispatch boat. She was 51-foot, nine wide with oscillating steam engine and had side paddle wheels. She was given the honor of making the initial transit of the canal.
The Carolina with the Virginia built in Newport News in 1911 for the Albemarle Steam Navigation. Company.
The Carolina - owned and operated in 1877 by Captain Zacharias Gilliam in trade between Carolina and New England. She was described as "a pretty schooner."
The Clio - l00-foot steamer built in 1909 for the Bennet Line.
The Chowan - 56-ton tug built at Philadelphia in 1862.
The Coinjock - Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal tug. Her boiler exploded November 11,1865, killing all on board.
The Conestoga (1844) - iron canal steamer, which with the Pio-neer and the Albemarle pulled barges from the Albemarle region.
The Corinthia - Chesapeake-Camp tug towing pulpwood barges upon the Blackwater River to Franklin, Virginia.
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The Steamer Calumet
The Cotton Plant - operating on the Roanoke River in 1866.
In 1866 Albemarle and Chesapeake President Parke listed these steamers trading on the Roanoke River: Pocosin, Orient, Cotton Plant, Fairy, Roanoke, J. D. Coleman, Currituck, Hackensask; Trading on the Chowan River: stern wheeler Weyenoke, screw steamers Maria, Our Flag, and Emma: steam tugs Kate and Bertie.
The Currituck - 105-foot wood hull steamer, built in Norfolk in 1916, laid up in 1931.
The Curlew - (in 1859 visit to Roanoke Island patronized by Bruce), one of Albemarle Steam Navigation Company's pioneer steamers.
The Cygnet - iron paddle wheel plying Currituck Sound. Advertised as being well suited for "picnics and private ex-cursions." Mentioned as sailing "frequently for all points of Currituck Sound and the duck area."
The C. W. Pettit - a steamer built at Norfolk, Virginia, in 1895.
The Dauntless - 45-foot steam tug on the Dismal Swamp Canal with the 52-foot Nellie.
The Elsie - Richmond Cadar Works diesel tug, 1893, regularly employed. from 1947 to 1860 towing log barges.
Ellen S. Terry - (Zodiac and Louisa Moore) - Old Dominion Company in 1869, running between New Bern and New York by way of Hatteras Inlet. These latter vessels ran from the close of the Civil War until 1878.
The Emily - sailing sidewheel steamer. See the Arrow.
The Emma K - 59-foot tug, built in 1890 with enclosed upper deck for convenience of passengers.
The Fairy - This steamer together with the Pocosin, Orient, Cotton Plant, Roanoke, J. D. Coleman, Currituck and Hackensack engaged in towing barges on the Roanoke River; Serving on the Chowan River were the stern-wheel Weyenoke, the screw steamers Maria, Our Flag and Emma, and the steam tugs Kate and Bertie.
The Gazelle - canal steamer serving from Norfolk to the Currituck Sound.
The General Burnside - 540-ton steamer using the Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal in 1866.
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The Majestic, some companies operated their own tugs,
like Camp Manufacturing Company's Corinthia
George H. Stout - propeller steamer of the Clyde Line between The Greensborough - 1l7-foot Bennett Line steamer built in 1892.
The Harby - 113-foot Bennett Line steamer built in 1919.
The Haven Belle - Albemarle and Pantego Railroad steamer operating out of Belhaven.
The Helen Smith - a little passenger steamer operated by the Clyde Line out of Franklin, Virginia.
J. D. Coleman - operating on the R.oanoke River in 1866.
J. L. Caffee - 207-ton side-wheel passenger boat - first vessel acquired by North Carolina - 1861, renamed Winslow after Warren Winslow. She was given authority of a 32 pound cannon and a smaller six-pound brass rifle.
The Kate - a steam tug which was serving on the Chowan River in 1866.
The Keystone - Albemarle Steam Navigatian steamer built in 1905, operating on the Meherrin, Chowan, Blackwater and Wiccacon rivers and Bennetts Creek.
The Kinston - (1890) - the Newbern's running mate; Accamac 1877; R. L. Myers 1885; Albemarle II 1891.
The Lady of the Lake - stem wheel, sixty-three feet long, built in 1830 to ply the Dismal Swamp Canal, navigated it regularly.
The Loper - a prapeller canal steamer built in 1845.
Louisa Moore - with the Ellen S. Terry and Zodiac formed a line running between New Bern and New York from after the Civil War until 1870.
The Helen Smith - little passenger propeller steamer built 1857, ran between Norfolk and the Currituck Sound by way of the Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal.
The Hertford - originally the Olive - 987-ton, Albemarle Steam Navigation steamer built at Philadelphia in 1869.
The Manteo - 190-foot Old Dominion Line steamer, ultimately joined the Ward Line and proceeded to Cuba.
The Margaret Kimble - 1844 built iron clad steam canal boat, operating with the Pioneer and Conestaga.
The Marie Roberts - Norfolk and Southern tug which rescued survivors of the Olive in 1903.
The Nellie Raberts - 10-ton Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal steamer viewed by Stanton 1892.
The Newberne - built in 1876 for the Old Dominion's North Carolina line.
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Oil Barge at Murfreesboro - E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
The Neuse - In 1891 the Wilmington, Delaware, Steamoat Company built the iron clad steamboat in order to offer stiff competition to the Old Dominion Line.
The Norfolk - 222-ton steamer built in 1817, the first steamboat to run in northeastern North Carolina.
The North Carolina - 70-ton steamer built in Norfolk, Virginia in 1830 and owned by the Virginia and North Carolina Transportation Company.
The Old North State - 135-foot, 252-ton iron stem wheel steamer built in 1866 at Wilmington, Delaware.
The Olive - 987-ton Albemarle Steam Navigation steamer built at Philadelphia in 1869.
The Raleigh - screw propelled steamer running between Washington, N. C. and New Bern, after 1870 on the Hudson.
The Reindeer - built in 1859 to run on the Albemarle and Chesa-peake Canal. August 1860 the 44-ton Currituck also was designed to run the canal.
The Shenandoah - an early Old Dominion Line steamer along with the Olive, Pamlico and Manteo.
The Thomas Newton - 96-foot Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal packet built in 1881.
The R. L. Myers - built 1885, with the Accomac running mate of the Newberne.
The Roanoke - Roanoke River tow boat purchased by the Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal.
The Southern Star - 450-ton screw propelled steamer built by a stock company in 1857 at Murfreesboro, N. C.. later renamed the Crusader and the Kalorama.
The Thomas Kelso - 1872 built stem-wheeler sold to the north.
The Undine - stem-wheel Currituck steamer built at Norfolk in 1872.
The Vineland - 540-ton steamer using the Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal.
The Virginia and Carolina - built at Newport News in 1911, last boats constructed for the Albemarle Steam Navigtion Company.
The Younglaska - 79-ton tug bought new at Philadelpbio in 1860.
The W. B. Rogers - 96-foot Albemarle and Chesapeake Cana1 packet built in 1880.
The Zodiac - with the Ellen S. Terry and the Louisa Moore ran from the close of the Civil War to 1870.
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Long Steamer in the Murfreesboro turn basin.
Prepared by John McGowan and Other Descendants of Carolina Watermen
Carolina Work Boats Project
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