James Fulton of Augusta County, Virginia, d. 1753

Augusta Co., Virginia
Compiled by Norma Jennings 1997-2008

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July 21, 2012
Additions and corrections
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This is the line from which I am descended. Only those who are presumed deceased are published here although I do have many living descendants in my files. For the sake of privacy, the files of living relatives are considered confidential.  However, I am not adverse to collecting further information on any living relatives for my files. So don't hesitate to contact me if you have any additions or corrections. I am deeply indebted to Mrs. Katharine Bushman of Staunton and many others who have shared their research with me to make these manuscripts available for the public. It has indeed taken a village of contributors to build this family tree. Documentation for the material here is provided in end notes of this manuscript and in additions and corrections. The small superscript numbers throughout this manuscript are footnote numbers.

Generation One

    Great Wagon Road

The Great Philadelphia Wagon Road traveled by new settlers as they migrated to Virginia.
Paxtang Twp, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania is now part of Dauphin County.

Thousands of Scotsmen uprooted their families in the seventeenth century and settled in Northern Ireland searching for a better life. After 100 years of war and famine for the English Crown and the persecution of their faith, they were intrigued by the promise of a new life in America. In the eighteenth century, a few of then ventured across the ocean and as the first pioneers returned to Ireland to tell their families of the new land, a flood of unhappy settlers sailed for America. At one time, it was reported there were 30 ships in the ports waiting to sail. First in 1715 and again in 1718, thousands made the trip. In the years that followed, a constant stream of Scotsmen left their homes in Northern Ireland for the American Colonies.  What is known as he Great Migration from Ulster to America began in 1717. In some instances Ulster families had immigrated to the New World before 1717, but those instances were few and isolated.

The thing that finally led to the Great Migration came in the form of a severe drought that stretched from 1714 to 1719. The drought affected not only food crops, but also hindered the growing of flax and thereby adversely affected the linen industry. Lack of sufficient grass for grazing, and the disease known as rot, killed the sheep needed by the wool industry. It is often noted in a broad statement that the Europeans immigrated to the New World because of religious persecution, and that may well have been the reason for some of them. But the Ulster-Scots came primarily because of the droughts and the failing economy in their homeland.

The emigrants who left Ireland prior to the American Revolutionary War came solely from the province of Ulster. More than five thousand people emigrated from Ulster in 1717-1718. Those families sent back favourable reports, which helped to pave the way for future migrations. Between 1725 and 1729 there was another wave of emigration from Ulster, again induced primarily by the suffering caused by rack-renting. During that migration it was estimated that over six thousand people left Ulster in 1728 alone. In 1740 a major famine devastated Ireland and brought about the third major wave of emigration from Ulster.  By then we know that our James Fulton had already obtained land in Virginia, so we know definitively that he was from one of these early migrations.

1725-29. The second wave was so large that not merely the friends of Ireland but even the English Parliament became concerned. Parliament appointed a commission to investigate the causes of the departures, for they had reached proportions that portended a loss of the entire Protestant element in Ulster.

Letters from immigrants themselves spoke of rack-rents as a determining cause of this second wave; but the Pennsylvania Gazette mentioned these as only one of the "unhappy Circumstances of the Common People of Ireland" that had resulted in so great an exodus. An article in that journal (November 20, 1729) reported "that Poverty, Wretchedness, Misery and Want are become almost universal among them; that . . . there is not Corn enough raised for their Subsistence one Year with another; and at the same Time the Trade and Manufactures of the Nation being cramped and discouraged, the labouring People have little to do, and consequently are not able to purchase Bread at its present Rate; That the Taxes are nevertheless exceeding heavy, and Money very scarce; and add to all this, that their griping, avaricious Landlords exercise over them the most merciless Racking Tyranny and Oppression. Hence it is that such Swarms of them are driven over into America."

1740-41. Famine struck Ireland in 1740* and was certainly the principal occasion for the third large wave, which included numbers of substantial Ulstermen. An estimated 400,000 persons died in Ireland during 1740-41; for the next decade there was a tremendous exodus to America. This third wave marked, on the American side, the first movement of Scotch-Irish in any numbers beyond the confines of generous Pennsylvania to the southwest. Following the path through the Great Valley, many Ulstermen now went into the rich Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, whose southern extremity opens out toward North and South Carolina. Arthur Young, writing in 1779, estimated that between 1728 and 1750 Ulster lost a quarter of her trading cash and probably a quarter of her population that had been engaged in manufacture. His comment, if accurate, suggests the caliber of men now leaving the country.

Such were the conditions when our ancestors came to America.

First settling in New England and southeastern Pennsylvania, the cold winters and lack of land to expand drove these settlers to move southward.  The Scots-Irish tended to travel in groups. Whole families, congregations, and even entire towns traveled and settled together.  The Scots-Irish reached the outskirts of Virginia by the 1730's.  Several land grants in Orange, Augusta, and Rockbridge counties were made by the Governor.  Among these migrants was our Fulton family.  

Waddell's 1902 Second Edition of the Annals of Augusta County, Virginia, from 1726 to 1871  - Up to the time to which we have now arrived, the whole region west of the Blue Ridge constiuted a part of the county of Orange. In the year 1738, however, on November 1, the General Assembly of the colony of Virginia passed an act establishing the counties of Frederick and Augusta. The new counties were so named in honor of Frederick, Prince of Wales, son of King George II, and father of George III, and his wife, the Princess Augusta. * The act separated all the territory west of the Blue Ridge, and extending in other direction “to the uttermost limits of Virginia, from Orange county, and erected it into the two counties named. The line between them was “from the head spring of Hedgman’s river to the head spring of the river Potomack.” Augusta was much the larger of the two counties. It embraced northward, the present county of Rockingham and a part of Page; to the south, it extended to the border of Virginia; and to the west and northwest, it extended over the whole territory claimed by Great Britain in those quarters. It included nearly all of West Virginia, the States of Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and, as contended by Virginians, a part of western Pennsylvania.

[Wayland, John W. Virginia Valley Records. Baltimorel Genealogical Publishing Company, 1973, 491 p.] Page 323 The Great Road.  The "Indian Road of 1722" was followed by many early settlers who landed in Philadelphia or elsewhere in Pennsylvania then traveled southwestward.  Travelers from Great Britain often called it "The Great Road" although it was only a trail. In later years in Rockingham County it was known as Keezletown Road. Settlers usually came on horseback, with their goods on pack animals. This likely was the way James Fulton and his family came down from Pennsylvania to the Shenandoah Valley. (added Sept 6. 2003)

1. James Fulton (b. ca.1690, d. 1753) and his wife Sarah, both were born in Northern Ireland, believed to have married there,  and originally settled in the northern colonies in the early 1730's, probably Paxton Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.  A great many of the early residents in Augusta County had first settled in southeastern Pennsylvania or New England and followed the traditional pathways southward in pursuit of warmer weather and cheap land.

James Fulton mentions New England twice in his will which was filed in Augusta Co., Virginia.  Many of his neighbors were originally from Counties Antrim and Down, but we only know for a certainty that James Fulton was from Northern Ireland.  There is speculation that he was from Antrim, Ireland since many of his neighbors claimed Antrim as their homeland but this has not been proved.  James Fulton is believed to be the son of Hugh Fulton and Elinor Johnson. According to Sir Hope they were from Derriaghy but more likely it was Derryaghy.

"A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland" by Samuel
Lewis, originally published 1837 London, reprint Genealogical Publ. Co
p 451: DERRYAGHY, or DERRIAGHY, a parish, partly in the barony of
Upper Belfast, but chiefly in that of Upper Massereene, county of Antrim
and province of Ulster, 2 miles (N.) from Lisburn;...The parish is
bounded on the southeat by the Lagan Canal, and situated on the road
from Belfast to Dublin and Armagh,...

A number of the families in Augusta County can be documented as coming from the Lancaster and Chester Co., Pennsylvania area.  Some were originally from further north in the Connecticut and Massachusetts area but passed through southwestern Pennsylvania in their trek southward.  [Egle's Notes and Queries states that the Augusta County, Virginia Fultons were connected to the Paxtang Fultons. The Halls and Stuarts also had Paxtang connections.]

The map of Beverly Manor shows James Fulton's land was 3 miles south of Greenville, Virginia which is south of Staunton and located on U.S. 11. It is above Samuel Steele's(1) land (Steele's Tavern area) and not far from the Rockbridge County line. The baptismal records of Reverend John Craig show that James Fulton had a daughter Eleanor baptized 10 December 1740, at Patrick Hays, in the South Mountain settlement. This baptismal record would show that he was there at least two years before the actual deed.  During those early days, religious services were held in the home and sometimes only when a circuit rider was in the area.  This accounts for some instances where a couple declared their intentions to wed among family and friends  and began living together to be formally married at a later day when a minister was present. This explains why a birth that appears to be out of wedlock is said to have no stigma attached to it.  Often the only date for the birth we have is when they were christened which may have occurred sometime after the actual birth.

James Fulton settled in Augusta Co., Virginia on a 637 1/2 acre farm in Beverly Manor and received title to that land on 25 March 1742 after paying nineteen pounds to Beverly. He was a member of the South Mountain Presbyterian congregation and in 1742 was a member of Capt. John Christian's militia company.

The Fulton migration to Augusta County is not a complicated one to discern as they were among some of the first families to settle there and the history thereof is well-known.(2)

The first settlers of Augusta were, for the most part, the descendants, paternally or maternally, of the ancient Caledonians, who boasted that they had never been subjected to the law of any conqueror. They belonged to various Highland clans, and were strongly imbued with the prejudices, feelings, sentiments, &c., of their peculiar clans. One of the circumstances connected with their condition as followers of a chieftain was, that every clan bore the name of their hereditary chief, and were supposed to be allied to him, in different degrees, by the ties of blood. The haughty backwoodsman yielded a cheerful obedience to the head of the clan or colony, whom they regarded somewhat as a father. The clan leader in Ireland was clearly Hugh Fulton as the name Hugh appears in all of the families descended from James 1 Fulton of Augusta County, Virginia.

Many of these original immigrants came to America through the port at Boston, Massachusetts.  While we did not find James Fulton in the records that have survived, we did find the Lusks, Lyles, Kincaids and a number of other Augusta residents whose ancestors were found at Wethersfield.  In the census records we find some of the children listed as born in Connecticut so there is a definite New England flavor among these settlers including the reference in  James Fulton's will about the horse that had been bred (e.g. born) in New England.

In James Fulton's will(3) written 18 July 1752 and proved 15 August 1753, he clearly states his occupation as farmer. He first mentions his son John's riding horse and a chestnut colored pacing mare..(4) It is evident in the division of the rest of his horses among his children, that the older horses were given to the older children and the young mares or colts were left to the younger children still living at home. Hugh was to receive two of these horses, a roant mare bred in New England and one bred in Augusta County. The other four mares and the unbroken mares and colts were divided among the children with provisions that the young mares first colts be given to the younger daughters. (Correction: "to my son a roant mare bred in New England", not the black pacing mare as stated in an earlier version  Line omitted from will "Item I bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth a black pacing mare brought from New England." (5) 

James Fulton's Will

In the Name Of God Amen, I James Fulton of the County of Augusta in the Colony of Virginia, Farmer, being sick and weak of body but of perfect mind & memory. Thanks be given to Almighty God and calling to mind the Mortality of my Body knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die do make this my Last Will in manner & form following: That is to Say principally I recommend my Soul to Almighty God who gave it & my Body I commit to the dirt to be buried in a Christian like & decent manner at the discretion of my Executors; And touching on Such worldly Estates wherewithal it hath pleased God to bless me I give & bequeath as follows: Imprimis I give & bequeath to my Son Hugh two hundred & fifty acres of the Land I now live on to be taken off the upper part of my place joining Samuel Steel's line & I give & bequeath to my Son James (6) the Remainder of my land with its Improvements, and I order a good convenient place to be purchased for my Son William out of the whole Stock. Item I order my Son James to maintain & take care of my well beloved wife During her life. I also order him to take care of the two young boys David & Thomas & my three daughters Elizabeth, Eleanor, and Jane while they live together. I order of most of my moveables to be divided amongst my children at the discretion of my Executors according to the necessity of my children. Item I give & Bequeath to my son John his riding horse and a chestnut colored pacing mare with a swip & an unbroken dark coloured colt four years old. I give & bequeath to my son James two bay mares. Item I give & bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth a black pacing mare brought from New England.  Item I give & bequeath to my son Hugh a roant mare bred in New England & another Dark Coloured Mare bred here. Item I give & bequeath to my Son William a bay mare & also a sorrel mare. Item I give & bequeath to my son David a young black mare about three or four years old & I allow him to give my Daughter Eleanor the mare's first colt. Item I give & bequeath to my Son Thomas a young Bay Mare two years old & I order him to give my daughter Jane her first colt.

Lastly I constitute & appoint my Wife Sarah Executrix & my Son Hugh my Executor of this my Last Will & I do Authorize them to dispose & make Sales of any of the rest of my Goods & Chattles not here mentioned at their discretion from time to time as need Shall require & also to distribution of the rest of my Effects not here bequeathed among the Children as they Shall think fit & I do hereby revoke & disannul all other former Legacies, Wills, & Executors by me in any wise formerly made or done ratifying. Appointing, Confirming & allowing this & none other to be my last Will & Testament in Wittness whereof I have here unto Set my hand & Seal this Eighteenth Day of July 1752.

Sealed & Published &


Declared in the Presence of James (James) Fulton


Robert Ramsay


Tho. (T B) Beard


Robt. Alexander

To fulfill the terms of the will, two tracts of land were transferred to John around the time of his father's death. (7) One of these tracts was later transferred to William shortly before his marriage to Margaret Lusk (1759) according to the dictates of their father's will, presumably paid for from the sale of his father's stock.

The children of James and Sarah Fulton whose names were:

    + 2. i. Hugh Fulton born 1727 married Sarah Campbell

    + 3. ii. James Fulton, born circa 1729, died 1781-2 m. Mary Ward. (John Ward's will - to my daughter Molly Fulton)

    + 4. iii. Elizabeth Fulton born in 1732 m.23 June 1753 to Samuel McCutcheon

    + 5. iv. John Fulton born circa 1733-4; died 1789-90

    + 6. v. William Fulton born circa 1735-6; died 1802

       7. vi. Eleanor Fulton baptized 10 December 1740 m.August 1763 to  William McCutcheon. Proof that Eleanor married a McCutcheon lies in her brother David's will.

       8. vii. David(8) Fulton died 1797, unmarried. Paid his sister Eleanor McCutcheon's debt before his death.  Will dated 24 July 1797 -- names brother Thomas as executor and sister Jean as beneficiary.(9) March, 1790. (Chalkley v. 3, p. 212)

    William McCutchen, infant, by David Fulton, his next friend, vs. John McCutchen, Jr.--Slander, 16th June, 1790. (Chalkley v. 1. p. 398)

    William McCutchen, infant, by David Fulton, next friend, vs. John
    McCutchen, Jr.--A. and B. 16th June, 1790, Augusta. (Chalkley v. 2, p. 20)
    David Fulton vs. Samuel McCutchen.--Trespass writ, 14th April, 1795.
    Samuel McCutchen, Sr., deposes, 26th June, 1797: About 50 years ago,
    Benjamin Bordan showed deponent a tree as a corner of Borden's land.
    Samuel, Sr., had a son William and a son Samuel. (Chalkley v. 1, p. 411)

    Samuel McCutchen vs. David Fulton--Trespass, Writ, 23d Febnrary, 1793.
    Commonwealth vs. Daniel Link--Rockingham County (Chalkley, v. 2. p. 7)

    Page 398.--19th June, 1770. John ( ) McCutchon to Samuel
    McCutchon, £200, 442 acres in Beverley Manor; corner William McCutchon's
    land; corner James McCutchon's. Teste: David Fulton. Delivered:Samuel McCutchon, May Court, 1774.  (Chalkley, v. 3, p. 500)

    Page 104.--19th September, 1787. David Fulton, grantee, to Sampson
    Mathews, grantor, of Richmond, attorney in fact for James McCutchen,
    eldest son and heir-at-law of William McCutchen, deceased, on head waters
    of Carthie's River, house of Samuel McCutchen. Sampson is mortgagee
    of William and debt was paid by David Fulton. (Chalkley v. 3, p. 582)

    JANUARY 2, 1786.
      (273) Called Court on Thomas Torst and Sophia Torst, his wife, charged with murdering William McCutchen.--Discharged. (Chalkley v. 1, p. 244)

       9. viii. Jane Fulton (or Jean) died 1806 (10) ,still unmarried in 1797

     10. ix. Thomas Fulton, was still living in 1806 according to sister's will/estate settlement.

Generation Two

2. Hugh Fulton, (James1) was born in 1727 and died May 10, 1810, married Sarah Campbell. Hugh was twelve years old when his father came to Virginia(11) . He was executor of his father-in-law Robert Campbell's will and was a neighbor and lifelong associate of Robert Alexander, founder of the Augusta Academy.

[O. S. 250; N. S. 88--Bill, 1808. Orator's father, Hugh Fulton, was guardian or executor or otherwise responsible to heirs of Robert Campbell, and loaned the trust property to William Moore in 1800.  Hugh assigned William's bond to his son, Thomas Fulton. William gave deed of trust (to secure Thomas) to David Steele, his relation or near connexion.  [In 1803, Thomas went on a tour to the Western Country and has never been heard of since]

The children of Hugh Fulton and Sarah (Campbell) Fulton whose names were:

    + 11. i. Major Hugh Fulton, 1759-1816.

    + 12. ii. Robert Fulton born 1760.

       13. iii. Sarah Fulton married 12 January 1792, Archibald Murray. Surety: Robert Fulton, brother. Rev. John Brown officiated.

       14. iv. Martha Fulton married 16 November 1796 James Dalzel Witness: Archibald Murray, brother-in-law.

       15. v. Mary Fulton married 12 November 1795 William Brownlee. Surety: Robert Fulton. Witness: John Fulton.

       16. vi. Elizabeth Fulton married Alex Brownlee on 4 March 1800. Surety: John Fulton, brother Witnesses: Robert and John Fulton, brothers.

       17. vii. Eleanor Fulton married 22 December 1803 Robert Hunter, son of Samuel Hunter.   Minister Rev. John McCue of the Tinkling Springs Presbyterian Church.

       18. viii. Thomas Fulton went west in 1803 and was never heard from again, according to the family.

    + 19. ix. John Fulton married Jane Reid 16 January 1804. Descendants in Missouri.

3. James Fulton (James1). His widow Mary and John Ward were the administrators of his estate, 19 December 1781. Estate appraised June 9, 1782 by James Brownlee, Robert Doak and Thomas Boyd.  [Mary Fulton was daughter of John Ward. John Ward, Sr.'s will and deeds contain  two  points of interest:  1) John Ward, Sr. (Jr.) had a daughter named Molly (Mary?), married to a Fulton (James Fulton - d. Dec. 19, 1781, Mary Fulton & Jno Ward administrators of James Fulton [Annals III, pg. 390.]; and 2) as coheirs of John Ward, Sr., deceased, both David Stuart and Alexander Rodgers must have been married to Ward daughters.]

The children(12) of James Fulton and his wife Mary Ward whose names were:

    20. i. James, may have been the one that moved to Gallia Co., Ohio

    21. ii. John, died before 29 December 1843, unmarried, the administration of his estate lists his brothers and sisters as his heirs.

    22. iii. Hugh married Polly (Mary) Moore 27 April 1802, daughter of Andrew Moore. Minister John Howell. They had sons Andrew Moore Fulton and James Fulton

    23. iv. Eleanor(13) (Ellen) married John Shannon, Jr. 26 May 1801, as orphan of James Fulton. Widowed by 1843.

    24. v. Sally (Sarah)(14) married David Gunning 1 September 1807.

The Christian Magazine of the South
VI (December, 1848), 382-384.
page 27
Associate Reformed Presbyterian Death & Marriage Notices, 1843-1863, p.27
Died in Augusta County, Va., on the 29th of June, 1848, Mr. William McCutcheon, in
the 90th year of his age. A native of Virginia.… born November 27, 1758.… at the call
of his country, he took up his line of march to the defences of New York.… In 1806,
he united with the A. R. Church at Old Providence in Augusta County and was
elected to the office of ruling elder.
Virginia's Share in the Military Movements of the Revolution
page 120
McCUTCHEON, WILLIAM.--Augusta, June 20, 1833. Born Nov. 27, 1758. Went into
service in 1778, every tenth man among the militia who had not families being
required to enter the regular service for one year. Took the oath June 3, and was
ordered by Col. Sampson Mathews to drive a wagon from Staunton to Valley Forge.
The wagon brigade to which he was attached was under Wagonmaster David Steele. They crossed the Blue Ridge by Rockfish Gap and took up a supply of bacon  at Orange and Culpeper. Washington's army was met between Morristown, N. J., and the Hudson at King's Ferry. Soon after the battle of Monmouth they proceeded to White Plains. Declarant then presented to Gen. Greene a certificate from Col.   Mathews, and asked to be returned to the ranks, his duties as wagoner being very  tiresome. The request was refused. Discharged at Raritan River, June 1, 1779. Col. Thompson was wagonmaster general. Drafted, 1780, under Capt. Samuel  McCutcheon, and Lt. John McCamie. Marched from Widow Tee's (Waynesboro), Sept. 1st, with the companies of Captains Smith, Long, Dickey and Given, and served  three months at Richmond as guard, and were in no engagement. Long, the senior captain, acted as major. Declarant was Sergeant. Drafted in June, 1781, again under McCutchen, George Craig being lieutenant. The colonel was William Bowyer,     the adjutant, Thomas Bell. Declarant served twenty days as Orderly Sergeant.

"History of Southest Missouri"

George R. Paterson was born in Wayne Co. Mo. Jan. 21, 1845. His parents , William and Eliza (Fulton) Paterson, were Virginians, and came to Wayne Co. Mo. in 1835. They purchased 640 acres of land where Patterson now is, and the town was named in his honor. Four of their nine children are now living: John, George R., Finlay, and Andrew. George R. has always resided on the farm which his father purchased. In 1865 he made a trip to California, via New York and the Isthmus of Panama, and was enaged in copper-mined the three years that he was there. Since 1868 he has followed the occupation of farming, with the exception of two years spent in merchandising at Mill Spring. He own 300 acres of land, and is considered a first-class farmer. March 27, 1887, he and Martha E. Settle were united in Marriage. They are members of the Baptist Church. Fort Benton, where the Federal troops camped was on Mr. Patterson's land, and he would often go in and camp with them. In 1863 a raid was made on the camp, several persons being killed, and Mr. patterson's house was made a hospital.

Wayne Co. Cemetery book has:
George R. Patterson b. Jan. 21, 1845, d. Aug. 18, 1910
Martha E. (Settle) Patterson, b. Sept. 28, 1860. d. May 25, 1937
Buried in Patterson Cemetery
122. George Richard Fulton51 born 4 July 1855; died 6 Jan. 1901; married Mary Jane Berry a.k.a. "Jennie" (b. 22 Feb. 1859 b. Edwardsville, Ill; d. 15 Feb. 1935, Chester Co.,PA.). Photo of this family.  Their children are identified in the photo.  Lone family survivor of the burning and sinking of the SS Golden Gate. Swam to shore to Mexico and lived during drowning incident with his brothers and uncle.Scanned copy of the article "When the Golden Gate Went Down-A Semi-Centennial Reminiscence  by Jennie Berry Fulton originally from "Sine Nomine", Vol. 2, No 3, pp. 71-73 published in Chester, Pa. on March 1, 1913. Page 74; Page 75; and Page 76

Children added later and not included in document numbering system. Names and Dates provided by Robert Fathauer.

a. Blanche Evelyn b. 28 September 1877; d. 2 Jan. 1882 Chester Co. Pa.
b. Mabel Rains b. 9 February 1879, Edwardsville, Ill. m. Rev. Elisha Safford
c. Robert Berry b. 28 January 1881, m. Mary Pugh Segner
d. Frances Maria b. 4 May 1883, Chester Co., Pa. m. Robert Chester Spencer
e. Josephine Nall b. 7 Sept. 1887, Chester Co., Pa.  d. July 1889
f.  Amy Day b. 17 Sept 1893 Chester Co., Pa.; m. 12 Feb 1919 Chester Co., Pa. to Walter William Fathauer d. 21 Feb 1980-1982 Decatur, Il
g. George Richard, Jr. b. 11 Aug. 1895 Chester Co., Pa. m. Marion Emma Pinchbeck
h. John Rutledge, b. 7 Dec. 1898 Chester Co., Pa. m. Grace May Bartlett