Charlick, Oliver 105
- Born: 6 Feb 1813 105
- Marriage: Jane M. 105
- Died: 30 Apr 1875 at age 62 105
- Buried: Green-Wood Cemet, Brooklyn, Kings Co, NY 105
!BIRTH: Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, Kings Co, NY
!DEATH: Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, Kings Co, NY
LVG: Ferry St (Borden Ave), Hunter's Point (now Long Island City), Queens Co, NY
LVG: owned land on the eastern edge of Flushing and in Bayside, Queens Co, NY
OCCU: President of the Long Island Railroad
!BURIAL: Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, Kings Co, NY
WILL: filed at Queens Co, NY
PLAC Police Commissioner of New York City
SOUR "Flushing Daily Times," Friday April 30, 1875
PLAC In the 1860s, Oliver maintained a house on 34th Street near 8th Avenue in NYC
SOUR "The Long Island Railroad, a Comprehensive History," by Vincent F. Seyfried
PLAC Purchased country home on Northern Blvd. & 165th St., Flushing, NY SOUR "The Long Island Railroad, a Comprehensive History," by Vincent F. Seyfried
Curtin's Brooklyn Business Directory, 1872-1873
"Charlick Oliver, pres. L. I. R. R. Ferry"
Curtin's Brooklyn Business Directory, 1874-1875
"Charlick Oliver, pres. L. I. R. R. Borden av" ________________________________________
According to "A History of the Long Island Railroad," distributed by The Long Island Railroad, May 1982:
Repeated attempts were made to re-establish the rail-ship-rail line. After the first attempt in 1857, "the next try was made by that hard-headed manager, Oliver Charlick, following an announcement at a dinner in his honor in Riverhead in July 1871."
"The first strong president to put his indelible mark on the Long Island was Oliver Charlick, prominent in the 1840s and 50s as a New York politician and horse car railroad operator, who took over the Long Island in concert with Henry Havemeyer, a three-term mayor of New York. While a capable administrator, Charlick had a great capacity for rubbing people the wrong way; his autocratic ways created trouble for the Long Island and he effected the trackage we use today by expressing his dissatisfaction with the attitudes of local communities by routing lines and placing stations to punish them. It was generally conceded that Charlick was a hardheaded business man and some of his policies have been the right ones; his road avoided many of the financial difficulties which plagued his rivals who expanded rapidly, and perhaps recklessly, into areas Charlick had avoided.
Nevertheless it was Charlick's policies which led to the formation of the rival South Side Railroad and its seizure of the south shore villages, to the formation of a strong Flushing based system and, because he refused the initial overtures for Long Island operation of the Central Railroad of Long Island, drove that parallel, competitive, line into the camp of the North Shore group." ________________________________________
According to "History of The Long Island Railroad Company, 1834-1898," by E. B. Hinsdale, 1898:
"On April 14, 1863...Oliver Charlick and his associates were elected Directors. They were a new set of Directors, with new ideas and new policy. Their policy was characterized with considerable vigor, but they seemed to be actuated solely by the desire to make money, rather that to conserve the convenience of the citizens of the Island, or to promote their interests. This policy nearly ruined the Long Island Railroad Company."
From the "HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS OF THE BOROUGH OF QUEENS"
Volume 1, p. 148: "History Map No. 1462 - Ridgewood [source: Mr. Kaiser]:
"Miller's Hotel: The Hotel for years had been one of the most popular gathering places for politicians of both parties, and, most of the important meetings were held there. Across the street from the Long Island Railroad Station of the pre-tunnel days, it occupied the most strategic points in Queens. "Tony Miller's", place, was occupying its second building when it closed in 1915. The original building had been erected in 1861 by "Oliver Charlick", then president of the Long Island Railroad..."
Volume 5, p. 52: "History Map No. 30:
"Tony Miller's Hotel - Hunter's Point: Oliver Charlick built the hotel on the north side of Borden Avenue, corner of Front Street for Tony Miller. Charlick was the General Manager of the Long Island Railroad then and Tony Miller was the Manager of the hotel at Willets Point, which became Garrison's Hotel. Miller's Hotel on Borden Avenue was the rendezvous for sports in the olden days. Richard Croker and Tim Sullivan often were guests of the house. In 1919 the building was sold and altered into a phonograph factory."
Volume 6, pp. 145, 147-148, 175:
"Willet Bowne House - Flushing: The Willet Bowne House in 1827, stood on the northside of Broadway (Northern Boulevard) at the junction of Sanford Avenue, Flushing. This was in later times the home of Oliver Charlick, born near Hempstead in 1813, the President of the Long Island Railroad Company. He died here in April 1875."
"Dr. William F. Halloran, Sr., says: Dr. Charles B. Reynolds' son-in-law, Oliver Charlick, tore down the Oliver Charlick residence on Broadway, Flushing, and erected a new mansion on the site. This burned down."
"The Oliver Charlick Farm of 137 acres at Flushing, extended from Bayside Avenue to Queens Avenue and from Broadway Depot eastward to Jamaica Avenue (in the Murray Hill Section). Broadway cut through the centre of the tract and Sanford Avenue joined Broadway at the western end of the tract. Mrs. Oliver Charlick's residence stood in 1887 on the north side of Broadway at the junction of Sanford Avenue. The Oliver Charlick Residence stood in 1873 on the north side of Broadway at the junction of Sanford Avenue."
Volume 7, pp. 59, 60, 113, 131:
"History Map No. 1257 - Flushing (General): Oliver Charlick one of the early Presidents of the Long Island Railroad, who died at his home in April 1875, was one of the most colorful in the history of New York. Charlick was born in Manhattan about 1810, the son of a liquor dealer. He went into the same business at an early age. In 1843 young Charlick was elected an assistant Alderman from the first ward, and in 1845 was elected Alderman and chosen President of the Board. At that time W.F. Havemeyer was then serving his first term as Mayor. A friendship began which continued until the death of Havemeyer.
Failing to secure a renomination for Alderman, Charlick withdrew from politics and entered the service of George Law, and managed a line of California Steamships. He later became connected with the Eighth Avenue Railroad. By his energy he succeeded in making the road a success. In 1861 he became connected with the Long Island Railroad, and the Hunter's Point Ferry, as Superintendent. He was elected President of the LIRR in 1862, and re-elected every year in the 70's. He was replaced by Henry Havemeyer as son of the Mayor. In 1871 Charlick again entered politics running as a Democratic Candidate for State Senator from the Seventh District. Charlick opposed the Tweed faction. After the overturn of the Tweed ring, and the reorganization of Tammany Hall by John Kelly, Charlick became a member of the General Committee from the 13th Assembly District. In May 1873 Havemeyer, then Mayor, appointed him Police Commissioner.
After his retirement, Charlick moved to his country estate at Bayside, where he remained until his death in 1875.
Oliver Charlick was the President of the Long Island Railroad Company about 1860. He established the White Line in opposition to the Poppenhusens. His residence stood on the north side of Broadway, Flushing, just east of the Broadway station. He had a fine orchard. After Charlick's death his daughter Clara married Dr. William M. Reynold of New York, who tore down the house and erected his mansion on the site. This was destroyed by fire in 1887." ___________________________________________
From "A Short History of Railroading on Long Island" http://www.bitnik.com/RMLI/history.htm
"In 1863, Oliver Charlick became the President of the LIRR and so began the worst 12 years of the railroad's history. Charlick refused to build branch lines to the coastal towns. This only moved those villages to try to build their own rail lines. Charlick fought these upstarts and even built branches in the middle of nowhere to cut off the other rail lines advances. Charlick fought with town officials constantly. To show who had the power, he ordered the nearly completed grade from Syosset to Cold Spring Harbor abandoned and a new route constructed several miles south of the village. As additional punishment, he refused to allow any train to stop there. The towns of Huntington Station and Port Jefferson Station exist today because of similar battles with the towns of Huntington and Port Jefferson. Even after the failure of the Boston route, the Long Island could have been built to serve the Island. Charlick made sure that it didn't. No greater disaster has befallen the LIRR than Charlick's tenure." ___________________________________________
From a series of articles found in the "Flushing Daily Times":
Wednesday April 28, 1875
"It was not expected that Oliver Charlick would live through Tuesday night, but he was still alive this Wednesday morning."
Friday April 30, 1875
"Mr. Oliver Charlick, ex-President of the Long Island Railroad, and a former Police Commissioner of New York city, died at 6 o'clock this Friday morning, at his residence near Broadway station, in this village, after a long and lingering illness."
Saturday, May 1, 1875
"The New York 'Times' gives the following interesting sketch of the life of Oliver Charlick: Mr. Oliver Charlick died at his residence at Bay View, near Flushing, Long Island, at 5 o'clock yesterday morning, of Bright's disease of the kidneys...All the members of his family, two daughters and a son...were at his bedside at the time. Mr. Charlick was about sixty-five years old, and was born in this City, at No. 17 Vesey street. In his early life he kept a liquor store in South street, near Bond, from which place he removed to Roslyn, Long Island. He afterward returned to New York, and in 1843 was elected Assistant Alderman from the First Ward on the Democratic ticket. Two years afterward he was returned by the Democrats of the same ward as their representative in the Board of Alderman by a plurality vote, and served as the President of that body under Mayor Havemeyer's administration...he became connected with George Law's line of steam-ships between New York and California...he became President of the [Long Island Rail] road, which position he held until about two weeks ago, when, in consequence of his declining health, he was succeeded by Mr. H. Havemeyer, son of the late Mayor...Since his election as Assistant Alderman in 1843 he has been an active member in the Democratic Party, and in 1861 was the regular Tammany nominee for State Senator for the Eighth District...In May, 1873, he was appointed Police Commissioner by Mayor Hevemeyer, which position he filled until his removal in 1874."
"The funeral services of Oliver Charlick will not take place until Tuesday of Wednesday of next week, and are in charge of Undertaker S. J. Hallett, of this village. The remains will probably be interred in Greenwood Cemetery."
Monday, May 3, 1875
"The funeral services of Mr. Oliver Charlick will take place tomorrow afternoon, at 3 1/2 o'clock, at his residence near the Broadway station. The remains will be taken to Greenwood on Wednesday."
Tuesday, May 4, 1875
"Oliver Charlick...He and Mr. Law were the originators of the 8th Ave. road; they coined money out of it, dividing between them $800,000 clear gains. Mr. Charlick was the life and soul of that marvelous enterprise, the Panama R. R., unlocking and opening to New York, the wealth and treasure of the Golden Gate; foremost was he also with the Pacific Mail Steamship Co..."
Wednesday, May 5, 1875
"Funeral of Oliver Charlick...the pall-bearers were...Hugh Gardner...'Oliver Charlick: born Feb, 6, 1813; Died April 30, 1875.'...They were taken privately this morning to Greenwood Cemetery and interred in the family burying place."
Saturday, May 8, 1875
"The wealth of the late Oliver Charlick is variously estimated at from $1,500,000 to $2,500,000. Henry O. Havemeyer, President of the Long Island Railroad, had brought two suits against him just prior to his death, amounting in the aggregate to $340,000."
Tuesday, May 11, 1875
"It is said that during the thirteen years that Oliver Charlick was the President of the Long Island Railroad he never drew any part of his salary, although it had been fixed by the Board of Directors at $10,000 a year. This makes $130,000 which his estate will, of course, call upon the company to pay up."
From "History of Long Island," by Peter Ross, Vol. 1, 1902:
Oliver Charlick, for many years a most potent figure in the stormy sea of New York City's politics, was born near Hepmstead in 1813. He received his business training in the establishment of Gardiner & Howell, wholesale grocers, New York, and when that firm failed he went into business on his own account. The great fire of 1835 wiped out his store, but he soon re-established himself, and as a grocer and shipchandler built up a large and profitable business.
In 1843 he made his first prominent entry into politics, when he was nominated and elected Assistant Alderman of New York’s First Ward, on an independent ticket, and he afterward became Alderman. As president of the board during the latter part of his term he frequently acted as Mayor of the city, during the absence of Mayor Havemeyer. In 1849 he went to California and engaged in business there for some eighteen months.
Returning to New York he entered upon the work of constructing the Eighth Avenue street-car line and ran it successfully for seven years, recouping the stockholders their original capital and paying regularly a dividend of twelve per cent. In 1860 he gave up his street car interests and devoted himself to steam railroading and became active in the management of several lines in and around New York. It is with the management of the Long Island Railroad, however, that he is best remembered, in this connection. In later life Mr. Charlick again became prominent in New York City's politics, and as a member of the Board of Police Commissioners his name was actively bandied about at a time when deals and dickers formed the professional politician's stock and trade in New York. He had hosts of enemies and troops of friends; by the former he was denounced for having committed practically every crime in the calendar; by the latter he was credited with brains, smartness and inflexible honesty.
However, all that may be, it is certain that his career as a politician did not add to his personal reputation, nor has it won for his memory the regard which is paid even to that of a respectable mechanic. 105
Oliver married Jane M..105 (Jane M. was born on 18 Sep 1829 105 and died on 23 Feb 1880 105.)