Elias Garard

Elias Garard

Proof has not been found to establish the relationship between Elias and Rev. John. The families were together in Frederick Co. Virginia, Washington Co. Pennsylvania, Hamilton, Clermont and Miami Counties in Ohio, and the same areas of Indiana as they migrated West. Because they were found together so often it is felt that there had to be some relationship between them. Elias' son John also named a daughter Mehetable, the name of Rev. John's first wife.

The earliest record found that pertains to Elias is the letter from Major James Livingston of Fort Cumberland Maryland to Col. Henry Bouquet dated 1 Aug 1763. "We have mustered up 14 of the best men in this Place besides Capt. Barrett. One, Richardson, a good woodsman has left a Wife and Eight children and one Elias Jarrett a Wife and Six children which I promised to take care of until you arrive at Ft. Pitt. Capt. Field I expect this day, he informed me when he came from Bedford, that they these Scouts were to have double Rations, if so, those that have families here, purpose to draw but one, as their Families must draw here."

In this successful campaign and the Battle of Bushy Run Elias Gerard received a wound in the shoulder which made him incapable of supporting his family. The "Memorial" written by his grandson states that Elias was wounded with a ball that passed through his shoulder, the breech of his gun and through his jaws carrying away four of his teeth and severing his tongue almost in two. No doubt it was from his bravery and the result of such act that the House of Burgesses granted him recompense and relief. Because Virginia granted this compensation, Elias and his family must have been residents of Virginia and not Maryland at this time. Elias was a witness for a deed, Frederick Co. Deed Book 6, p.54, when John Hays sold the 200 acres where Gerrardstown would be established, dated 2 Aug 1760, and it assumed he was a resident of Frederick County Virginia at that time also.

From a petition filed by his son John after his death, Elias received an annual allowance of twelve pounds until 1787. An estate claim for the amount due up until the date of death 31 Dec 1797 was paid by the state of Virginia as found in the Virginia State Archives.

In 1774 Elias and his son Moses fought in the Indian War called Lord Dunmore's War and they were paid off at Fort Pitt.

According to the "Memorial" (Petition) written by William, Elias took part in the Revolutionary War but no documents have been found to establish proof of this. As the petition states, Elias was at Quebec in 1775 and returned home the spring of 1776. He and his sons William and Moses joined the American Army in the spring of 1777 and were in the battles of Brandywine, Germantown and the "taking of Cornwallis."

Elias and family left Frederick Co. (became Berkeley Co. in 1772) and went to southwestern Pennsylvania (Greene Co.) along with the families of Jacob Van Meter, John Gerrard JR, Jonah Gerrard, Rev. John Corbly and others. They built Garards Fort on Jonah's land in 1773. Elias entered and held Warrant No. 37 on 300 acres of land. The Goshen Baptist Church in Greene Co. PA which started in 1769 lists "Elias Garard and wife" on the fly leaf. Elias was named as a ruling elder of the church in 1774. He and his wife were dismissed by letter from the church 14 Feb 1789. This would indicate the time they left for the Ohio Territory.

By the end of 1782 Elias had lost three of his sons. Eli had been killed by Indians in Kentucky and this was the same fate for Mosses at a later date and Benjamin had been killed in the Revolution. A younger son, Joseph, made a scouting trip west to the Ohio land in 1785 and reported back about the beauty of the land. In the spring of 1787 Elias, John and William Gerard, William and Benjamin Smalley, Flynn, Hand and some others left Garards Fort. They floated up the Monogahela then down the

Ohio to the mouth of the Little Miami River. Heading upstream and just beyond the second bend on the east side of the river they built a stockade which became known as Gerard's Station. According to the Draper Manuscript of the Madison, Wisconsin Historical Society this trip was to have taken place in 1790.

The name of Elias' wife has never been determined and the only clues found are in the church records. The Mill Creek Baptist Church in Berkeley Co. Virginia list Elias Garard on the men's list and Rachel Garard on the women's list of the first page of members. They are the only ones with the name Garard with the exception of Rev. John Garard. The Goshen Baptist Church in southwestern Pennsylvania has the following information in their minutes. May 1784 Elias Gerrard was to be cut from the church for his contempt against the church besides other things. Sep 1784 Rachel Garard was placed under Censure for contempt against the church. It is most unlikely that this would be Rachel Corbly Garard, the daughter of Rev. John Corbly, and the only other known Rachel Gerard was the wife of Isaac and they didn't become members of the church until Sep 1785, the year they moved to that area, according to church records and tax records. Thus, it is felt that the censored Rachel was the wife of Elias. The name Rachel was used quite frequently among their descendants.