Duncans in TX


Duncan research files of
Mary Ann (Duncan) Dobson
the Genealogy Bug

Last revised August 10, 2002



"Bounty and Donation Land Grants of Texas 1835-1888" by Thomas Lloyd Miller, 1967, for service between 1835 and 1846, from records of the TX General Land Office.
      The name index is available on the web at:


"James Duncan Papers" (Mexican War) File 85947, O?.B. 502.1 A3, 1834/49 (copy of all 38 pages from Dept. of Army, US Army Military Hist. Institute, Carlisle Barracks, PA 17013-5008, to Laura Jones 3/1984, MAD's extract)
      (MAD: Brevet= acting at a higher rank without higher pay)
      Special Order No. 4; May 25, 1835; Headquarters 2nd Reg. Artillery, Augusta Arsenal, Geo. Agreeable to the division made at the Adjutant General's Office on the proposed exchange of companies between Lieutenants Henderson and Duncan, Lieutenant Duncan will immediately report to Fort Brooke, Tampa Bay, Florida, and join his company "H" in which he was promoted, as announced in Regimental Order No. 33 of the present (?).
      Order No. 134 Extract; 23 Dec. 1835; Fort Booke. ... for the purpose of enabling Lieut. Duncan to (something about receiving items for the fort; handwriting difficult to read).
      Special Order No. 11; 12 Oct. 1836; Fort Brooke, Texas. In consequence of a certificate of disability and recommendation from the Apt. Surgeon of this Post a leave of absence for 40 days from this date is granted to 2nd Lieut. James Duncan, 2nd Arty.
      Order No. 35/45?; 20 March 1838; Headquarters, 2nd Div., Army of the South, Gareys Ferry Flo. Part 7. Lieut. Duncan on being relieved will proceed with his detachment to Fort Hileman.
      Order No. 5; 20 Aug. 1845; HeadQrs. New ??, Fort Hamilton. ... the transport ship will be ready to receive on board Company "A" .. ? Battery Ammunitions?, ... on tomorrow ...
      Order No. 6; 7 Oct. 1845; Head Quarters, Batallion Field Artillery, Camp Corpus Chriso, Texas. On the application of 1st Lieut. Duncan, commanding Light Company A, 2nd Artillery, ...
      Order No. 28; 7 March 1846; (same). (instructions for a march) Also: Order No. 35, 22 March 1846, Camp near the Colorado; Orders, 24 March 1846, 12 miles from Matamoras
      Orders No. 41, 8 April 1846, Camp near Matamoras. ... Belonging to a different arm of service, the undesigned begs permission to offer to the acceptance of Lt. Col. Childs, the tribute of his appreciation of the ability and zeal with which he has instructed, and the ready gallantry with which he has always headed his command; and he would ask of Lieut. Duncan, commanding the Light Arty. of the Brigade, a like and equally sincere expression of public appreciation and personal respect. ... /s/ W.J. West?, Bt? (3d?) Lut.
      Special Orders No. 45; 22 April 1846; Headqs. Army of Mexico, Mexico. Brevit Lt. Coll. J. Duncan 2d Art. Reg. having been admitted by the Court of Inquiry of which Bryr.? Genl. Gorden is President is ... (handwritting difficult to read)
      Orders No. 55, 1 May 1846; Headqrts Army of Occupation, camp near Matamoras. (marching orders)
      Special Orders No. 119, extract; 11 Aug. 1846, Headqrs. Army of Occupation, Camargo. A reconnaisance of the Nier(?) Route as far as Seralvo will be made by Cap. Duncan 2nd Artillery ...
      Special Order No. 5; 28 Jan. 1847, Brasis, Santiago. A General Court Martial will assemble at the mouth of the Rio Grande at 12 o'clock on the 30th instant ... Detail of the Court. Lt. Col. Jas. Duncan, U.S. Army (others from various infantry units.) (apparently to serve on a jury)
      Gen. Orders No. 69; 25 March 1847, Headqrs. of the Army, Camp Washington, before Vera Cruz. Bvt. Lieut. Coll. Duncan U.S. Army is assigned to duty according to his brevit? rank & will report to Genl. Head quarters for orders.
      General Orders No. 111, 17 April 1847, Plane Del Rio (marching orders)
      Orders No. 123, 2/21 Nov. 1847; Headquarters, Mexico; Bvt?. Lieut. Col. Duncan Senior Officer of Light Artillery will assume command of the ba.. of the division ...
      General Orders No. 2; 13 January 1848; War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington. ... a court of inquiry to consist of Brevet. Brigadier General N. Towson, Paymaster General, Brigadier General Caleb Cushing, and Colonel E.G.M. Butler, 3 Dragoons, members, will assemble in Mexico to enquire and examine into the charges and allegations professed by Major General Winfield Scott against Major General Gideon J. Pillow and Brevet Lieutenant- Colonel James Duncan, Captain of 2 Regiment of Artillery, and the charges or matters of complaint, presented by way of appeal by Brevet Major General W.J. North, Colonel of the 8th Regiment of Infantry, against Major General Winfield Scott; and also, into any other matters ... The court will convene on the 18th day of February next, or as soon thereafter ...
      Orders No. 2; 11 Feb. 1848; Headquarters of the Army of Mexico, Mexico. II. In accordance with instructions received from the President of the United States, Major General G.I. Pillow, Brevet. Major General W.I. North, and Brevet Lieut. Colonel J. Duncan are released from arrest. ... Major Generals North and Pillow will be assigned to appropriate command hereafter. Brevet Lieut. Colonel Duncan will take command of his company.
      Special Orders No. 23; 22 April 1848; Headquarters Army of Mexico, Mexico. Extract. 1. Brvt. Lieut. Col. Duncan, 2 Artillery having been admitted by the court of inquiry of which Brigadier General Towson is President as military adviser and counsel for Major General Pillow, in consequence of the adjournment of the Court ... the Lieut. Colonel will report to Major General Pillow for orders.
      Special Orders No. 8; 23 Sept. 1848; Head Quarters Eastern Division, New York. Extract. Leave of absence having been approved by his commanding officer, is granted to the following officer for the period opposite his name - Bvt. Colonel Jas. Duncan, 2 Arty, 3 months.
      Special Orders No. 39; 22 Dec. 1848; Head Quarters Eastern Division, New York. 3. The leave of absence granted to Brevet Colonel J. Duncan, Captain 2d Artillery by Special Orders No. 8, is extended three months.

Texas Rangers records have been abstracted and published (information from Lucille Mehrkam 1985):
      "Texas Rangers Service Records 1830-1846" by Frances T. Ingmire; FHL book 976.4 M2if Vol.1
      "TX Rangers and Minute Men 1847-1900" D-G, Vol.3, by Frances T. Ingmire; FHL book 976.4 M2if Vol.4


Warren Co. KY Will
      D-134: Nov. 24, 1838, will of James Duncan, now of Bowling Green late of Natches Miss.; 4 lots or parcels of ground being in Pontatoc in Miss.; note on Robert J. Walker endorsed by Thos. Bamard in possession of Marsha and Shields of Nashville; certificate of deposit of the Bank of Orleans, New Orleans, My annuity of 800 payable Jan. and July received by deed from Dr. Duncan, Natches, now deposited in Bowling Green Branch Bank; my land in Texas; to Maria and Henry P. Duncan children of Dr. Stephen Duncan. To Wm. S. Walker now a student in Georgetown college. Execs. Joseph P. Brown of Nashville and A.R. Macey of Bowling Green. Mentions Duncan S. Walker. Witnesses, Richard Curd, E.T. Duncan. Codicile Jan. 6, 1839, appoints Warner L. Underwood Esq. of Bowling and John Marshall merchant executors in place of Joseph P. Brown Nashville, witnesses, P. Donaldson, Jona Hobson, Recorded July court 1839. (FHL film 339,885; from pg.14, "Record of Abstract of Wills in Warren Co. KY, v.1 1798-1823; v.2 1823-1847" by Annie W. Bell; FHL book 976.974 S2w; and from "Miscellaneous Notes on Duncans in Kentucky" in "The Duncans of Bourbon Co. KY" by Julia Hoge Spencer Ardery, FHL fiche 6,018,102)

Lowndes Co. AL County Court Estate Papers, Dulany, A.B. to Evans, Peter (FHL film 1,544,208)
      DUNCAN, ANDERSON. Inventory 25 Oct. 1866, admin. John A. Duncan. J.B. Duncan bought Anderson Duncan's land. (MAD: see also estate in Montgomery Co. AL)
            Petition of John A. Duncan, that Anderson Duncan died intestate on or about 11 April 1862 in said county, being a citizen of said county, and left property consisting of land and personal effects at about the value of $1650, that the heirs at law of Anderson Duncan are petitioner John A. Duncan, and Lydia W. Douglass wife of F.M. Douglass, over the age of 21 residing in Lowndes Co., M. Martha E.J. Mason wife of E.P.J. Mason over the age of 21 of Lowndes Co., Frances E.A. Duncan under 21 residing in Montgomery Co. AL, Julius B. Duncan in Butler Co. AL over 21, Charles B. Duncan over 21 in AR ("Arkansas"), James M. Duncan over 21 who when last heard from resided in Louisiania, and Wm. W. Duncan over 21 who when last heard from resided in Texas, all children of said decd, and (blank) Smith and (blank) Smith over age 21 children of Jane Elizabeth a dau. of decd. now decd. who married first John S. Smith and afterwards Willm. Page, and the following named minor ch. of said Jane Elizabeth under age 21 years (6 children, first names blank, surname Page), all ch. of said Jane Elizabeth, all of whose children reside in MS; 23 July 1869. (frame 121-122)
            Deposition of William Martin (Maslin?) 17 Nov. 1866, that he knows the heirs at law of Anderson Duncan decd. are J.B. Duncan res. AL, Jane (blank) mar. woman res. LA, J.A. Duncan res. AL, Thomas Duncan LA, Wm. Duncan LA, Martha Johnson AL mar. woman, Charles Duncan AL, Lydia Douglas mar. woman AL, Francis Duncan single woman AL; he knew the lands belonging to the estate of said Anderson Duncan decd; that the land could not be equally divided but should be sold. (frame 123)
            Interrogation of B.R. Ingram, 17 Nov. 1866, that he knows the heirs at law of Anderson Duncan decd. are J.B. Duncan, Jane "I do not know her other name" married woman & resides in LA, J.A. Duncan AL, Thos. Duncan LA, Wm. Duncan LA, Martha Johnson married woman AL, Charles Duncan AL, Lydia Douglas married woman AL, and Frances Duncan AL, all of full age; he knows the land belonging to the estate of Anderson Duncan decd, that it could not be equally divided and should be sold.

Montgomery Co. AL Estate Papers 1817-1949, Dreher, Anna C. - Dunham, Bradford; no Dunkin (FHL film 1,711,406)
      DUNCAN, GEORGE W. Administrator Edwin Johnson, receipts 1850 incl. bill of Anderson A. Duncan for 4 months board, and 1860. (frame 2333). List by Edwin P. Johnson of heirs of George W. Duncan decd, 10 Dec. 1861, were (1) Martha Johnson, wife of Edwin P. Johnson, (2) Charles Duncan; (3) Lydia Duncan a minor; (4) Frances Duncan a minor; (5) the children of Jane Smith alias Page who was decd at the time of the death of decd and who left living some children, supposed to be minors whose names are unknown and residence not known; (6) Bennet Duncan, Lowndes Co. AL; (7) John Duncan, Lowndes Co. AL; (8) James Duncan, Texas or LA; (9) Thomas Duncan, Texas or LA; (1) William Duncan, Texas or LA. (frame 2371) Petition by Edwin P. Johnson, 6 March 1860, admin. of estate of George W. Duncan decd, that decd. left real estate: SW 1/4 NW 1/4 Sec.15 R19 T13, 40 acres; and left living at his death the following heirs at law: (1) Martha Johnson wife of Edwin Johnson admin; (2) Charles Duncan a minor; (3) Lidia Duncan a minor; (4) Frances Duncan a minor; all brothers and sisters of the decd by father's side and also by the mother's side; (5) children of Jane Smith alias Page who was dead at the time of the death of decd and who left living some children supposed to be minors whose names are unknown to admin and reside in Texas; (6) Bennett Duncan Lowndes Co. AL minor; (7) John Duncan Lowndes Co. AL minor; (8) James Duncan Texas or LA minor; (9) Thomas Duncan Texas or LA minor; (10) William Duncan Texas or LA; all over the age of 21 years, and the said Jane, Bennett, John, Thomas, William are m?others of the decd. only by the fathers side, petition to sell real estate to pay debts. (frame 2372-3)

HISTORIES before 1923

1889 "Biographical souvenir of the state of Texas : containing biographical sketches of the representative public and many early settled families" by F. Battey (FHL book 976.4 D3bs and films 547,587 and 599,230 and 1,000,596 item 2; and from Lucille Mehrkam and Evelyn Sigler; sketches alphabetical, good index)
      Pg.111: Aaron Brian, native of LA, b. Jan. 22, 1856, to TX with parents when a child; son of Jack H. Brian, b. SC, resided some time in MS, then moved to LA where engaged in grocery & saloon business, finally settled in TX where farming. Jack's first wife was Miss Margaret Berry, dau. of Hugh Barry of SC, 5 children: James L., Joseph L., Aaron, Hugh B. and Dora. Second wife had maiden name of Betty Alexander, they had one child John. Third wife was Miss Molly Bruce, they had one child Dan. Fourth wife was Mattie Duncan, they had three children: David, Pearl & Aquilla. Aaron Brian mar. Jan. 22, 1889, Miss Dora Cornish, dau. of James H. Cornish, res. of AR ... (MAD: no TX county given)
      Pg.276: George W. Eller, b. 1850 Wayne Co. KY, age 9 years with parents to Barren Co. KY, then to TX. Father was Harrison Eller, also b. KY; Harrison was son of George Eller b. VA but d. 1851 in KY where he emigrated 1807. Harrison Eller to TX 1859, died Dec. 6, 1885, was a farmer and 46 years a preacher in ME Church South. His wife, mother of George W., was Margaret J. Allen, a dau. of James Allen of KY, a county surveyor. Harrison Eller & wife had following children: Mary F. married Thomas Duncan, Julia A. married George Dumfield, George W. above, Linda married W.M. Crutchfield, Florence G. married George Eller, Nancy married Clayton Rogers but died 1868. George W. Eller ... 1875 married Harriet R. Stimpson, 4 children. (MAD: no TX county mentioned)

1890 "Biographical and historical memoirs of eastern Arkansas : comprising a condensed history of the state, a number of biographies of distinguished citizens of the same, a brief descriptive history of each of the counties named herein, and numerous biographical sketches of the prominent citizens of such counties" White, Woodruff, Cross, Ciittenden, St. Francis, Monroe, Lee, Arkansas, Prairie, and Phillips counties; by Goodspeed (FHL book 976.7 H2bhm and film 934,823 item 3, and from Evelyn Sigler 11/1983 and index cards of Kit Smith 8/1983)
      Pg.155, White Co.: T.A. DUNCAN, farmer, b. Jackson Co. AL 1830, oldest of eight children of Jesse and Nancy E. (White) Duncan who were born in TN. The father [Jesse] reared at Nashville [Davidson Co.] and mother near Winchester, married in TN. Moved shortly after marriage to Alabama, was a millwright, he d. 1884, his wife d. 1883. Children: T.A. of White Co. AR; W.R. of Texas; James H. of AL; J.C., married, of Kansas; Mary, Mrs. Selby, living near Iuka, [Tishomingo Co.] MS; Elizabeth of Iuka, MS.
      T.A. Duncan married Jan. 1849 to S.B. Pace in AL, was in Confederate Army, Berry's Artillery; prisoner; 1865 paroled and returned to Jackson Co. AL; in 1872 moved to White Co. AR; Democrat. Mrs. Duncan's parents, Wm. and Elizabeth (Wininger) Pace, VA to AL 1827. Wm. Pace d. 1870, Eliz. d. 1871.
      Children of T.A. Duncan: William F.; Cassie, m. A.J. Holleman, d. 1885 at 28; B.E.; J.J., married and living in Cleburne Co.; Minta, m. A.J. Holleman after Cassie d., of White Co.; Nancy (Mrs. J.F. Lawrence); C.A. married F.W. Raney; and Mila and Jo still at home.
      (MAD: 1860 Jackson Co. AL census, 1870 Greene Co. AR census)


"Papers Concerning Robertson's Colony in TX" by Malcolm D. McLean, 1974 (Memphis Public Library book 976.4 M163p, from Evelyn Sigler 9/1984)
      This book contains references to Abner L. Duncan, financier of New Orleans, LA, ca 1822, and other Duncans.

"List of private claims presented to the House of Representatives of the US from the 1st to the 31st Congress, inclusive" (copy of pgs.552-3 from Joe Hammond 8/1984)
      Name of Claimants; nature or object of the claim; congress; session; how brought before the House of Rep.; Page of journal; to what committee of the House referred; No. or date of the report; nature of the report; No. of the bill; how disposed of by the House of Reps.; how disposed of by the Senate; Date of the act of Congress and remarks.
      Duncan, William C.; Remuneration for money expended, and release from certain liabilities, war with Mexico; 31st; 1st; Petition; pg. 956; Military Affairs Committee (other columns blank)

Index to Republic Claims on Microfilm; TX State Library and Archives Commission (from Internet site from Angela Loy and Mick Duncan 3/2000)
      The Republic Claims series includes claims for payment, reimbursement, or restitution submitted by citizens to the Republic of Texas government from 1835 through 1846. It also includes files relating to Republic pensions and claims against the Republic submitted as public debt claims after 1846. The records include supporting documents such as vouchers, financial accounts, military records, receipts, notes, or letters.
      http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/lobby/arcfirst.htm (readme)
      http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/lobby/rc (records index)
      http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/lobby/rc/rcintro.htm (introduction)

Some early Duncans in TX:
      William Duncan, 9 March 1826, with Col. Elijah Stapp in letter of introduction from Green DeWitt of Ralls Co. MO to Stephen F. Austin: "permit me to introduce to your attention Col. Elijah Stapp and Mr. William Duncan, who come to Texas for the purpose of selecting lands for a number of families who intend to migrate from this county to that country." (from pg.326, "The Signers of the TX Declaration of Independence" by Louis Wiltz Kemp, 1944, from Evelyn Sigler and Lucille Mehrkam 1984; and from pg.294, "War of 1812 Veterans in TX," by Mary Smith Fay, FHL book 976.4 M2f, from Lucille Mehrkam 1984) (MAD: Elijah Stapp died 21 Aug. 1842 Indianola, Victoria later Calhoun Co. TX.)
      John C. Duncan, 3 March 1887, applied in TX for Mexican War Pension SA-1860 for service in Co.C 13th US Inf. ("Index to Mexican War Pension Files" by Virgil D. White; FHL book 973 M22mw)
      Mary Duncan, 29 March 1887, applied in TX for Mexican War Pension WC-2141 as widow of John R. Duncan for his service in Roberts' Co., Hays TX Mounted Vols. ("Index to Mexican War Pension Files" by Virgil D. White; FHL book 973 M22mw)
      Green Duncan, 1 May 1889, deceased; alias Peter Narboe, widow Jane Narboe, applied in TX, WA-7979, for a pension based on his service in the Mexican War in Wyman's Co., Hays' TX Mounted Vols., OW WA-20603 Rej. & IF-46241 ("Index to Mexican War Pension Files" by Virgil D. White; FHL book 973 M22mw) (MAD: not? 1850 Limestone Co. TX)
      Elizabeth Ann Duncan, 12 June 1903, applied in TX for Mexican War Pension WC-14062 and SC-4074, as widow of John W. Duncan for his service in Co.I 4th TN Volunteers, Old War file IA-21534R. ("Index to Mexican War Pension Files" by Virgil D. White; FHL book 973 M22mw)
      Andrew Duncan, 24 April 1917, alias Andrew Jackson, applied in TX for Indian Wars Pension, SA-11560, served 1867-1870. ("Index to Indian Wars Pension Files, 1892-1926" by Virgil D. White, FHL book 973 M22whi)
      Hiram T. Duncan, 7 Aug. 1917, applied in TX for Indian Wars Pension, SC-13914, served 1872-1873, died 16 Dec. 1932 at Llano, TX; widow Harriet C. applied on 27 Jan. 1933 in TX for pension WA-1730759. ("Index to Indian Wars Pension Files, 1892-1926" by Virgil D. White, FHL book 973 M22whi)
      Lavina A. Duncan, 20 Dec. 1920, applied in TX for Indian Wars Pension WC-9974 as widow of Robert J. Duncan, served 1873-1874, died 29 April 1917 at Richland Springs, TX. ("Index to Indian Wars Pension Files, 1892-1926" by Virgil D. White, FHL book 973 M22whi)
      George W. Duncan, 19 April 1927, applied in TX for Indian Wars Pension, SA-1577728, served 1873-1874. ("Index to Indian Wars Pension Files, 1892-1926" by Virgil D. White, FHL book 973 M22whi)


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