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Duncans in Mercer Co. NJ


Duncan research files of
Mary Ann (Duncan) Dobson
the Genealogy Bug

Last revised June 23, 2010

Formed 1838 from Somerset, Middlesex, Hunterdon, Burlington


1840 Mercer Co. NJ Census
Pg.117  Phebe Duncan      Free colored

1850 Mercer Co. NJ Census
Pg.3, #28-29, John DUNKIN 44 IRE gardner
                  Mary 30 IRE
                  David 9, Elisabeth 7 NJ
                  Henry 1 NJ
W. Windsor
Pg.46, #567-620, Wm. L. JEWELL & family
                  Usilon DUNKIN (m) 14 NJ
                  & others
Pg.49, #620-674, James D. DUNKIN 43 NJ carpenter $1000
                  Gertrude 33 NJ
                  Anny E. 13, George T. 10 NJ
                  Matilda 6, Charles H. 2 NJ
Pg.131, #3, Isaac DUNCAN 27 NJ laborer BLACK
                  Henriett 29 NJ BLACK
                  Wm. S. 1 NJ BLACK
                  Phillis (f) 85 NJ BLACK $500
                  & others
Pg.142, #135-146, Samuel DUNCAN 35 NJ BLACK laborer
                  Mary 30 NJ BLACK
                  Abraham 10, George 6 NJ BLACK
                  Matthiason (m) 1 NJ BLACK
Pg.145, #179-195, Wosley DANCAN 38 NJ farmer $4000
                  Sarah 37 NJ
                  Peter 14 NJ
                  Emily DANCER 11, Phebe A. 9 NJ
                  Adison 7 NJ
                  Alfred DANSER 4 NJ
                  Mary DANCER 1 NJ
Pg.161, #113-117, Peter HOWELL & family
                  Ann DUNCAN 18 IRE

1860 Mercer Co. NJ Census
E. Windsor
Pg.199, #342-360, Thomas DUNCAN 33 NJ farmer $5400-$500
                  Elizabeth 33 NJ
                  Anna M. 8, Emeline 6 NJ
                  Marsalus SPINIRE? (m) 19 NJ BLACK farm laborer
W. Windsor
Pg.265, #824-844, James DUNCAN 53 NJ farmer $2000-$500
                  Gertrude 43 NJ
                  Elizabeth A. 23 NJ (blank) $0-$300
                  George F. 21 NJ farm laborer $0-$50
                  Matilda 16, Charles H. 11 NJ
                  Isabella 10, Spafford L. (m) 8 NJ
                  William Francis (m) 6 NJ
Pg.265, #825-845, Margaret VANHISE 83 NJ (blank) $3360-$1500
                  Deborah 30 NJ
                  Adaline DUNCAN 18 NJ
Pg.575, #87-89, Maria LYTLE 64 NY (blank) $650-$0
                  William J. 35 NJ physician $0-$600
                  Mary E. 30 NJ
                  Thomas G. 28 NJ lawyer
                  Mary DUNCAN 12 NJ BLACK servant
Pg.606, #301-364, Elizabeth DUNCAN 58 NJ (blank) $0-$0
Pg.606, #301-365, William WARREN 28 NJ butcher $0-$0
                  Mary E. 26 NY
                  Mary E. 2, Jenna F. (f) 4/12 NJ
Lawrence Twp.
Pg.729, #89-90, Isaac DUNCAN 40 NJ BLACK farm laborer $0-$0
                  William 12 NJ BLACK
                  Harriet DURENS? (DEEVERS?) 31 NJ BLACK
                  Alexander 2 NJ BLACK
Pg.730, #100-101, Samuel DUNCAN 45 NJ BLACK labourer $800-$0
                  Mary L. 35 NJ BLACK
                  Abram 18, George 13 NJ BLACK
                  Mathias 10, Samuel 8 NJ BLACK
                  Elmore (m) 5 NJ BLACK
Pg.741, #180-184, William GROVER 71 IRE farmer $16,000-$2,000
                  Mary 35, James 32 NJ
                  Catharine 25 NJ
                  Elizabeth 74 IRE lady $0-$4000
                  Cornelia UPDIKE 28 NJ lady $0-$0
                  Eliza SHREVE 28 NJ BLACK servant
                  George DUNCAN 12 NJ BLACK
Trenton Ward 1
Pg.60, #443-455, Gresham? M. ELY (m) 29 PA mason $0-$0
                  Mary E. 28 PA
                  Sarah 6 PA
                  Jonathan 4 NJ
                  Edward 2 PA
                  Rebecca DUNCAN 4 NJ
                  Andrew 2 PA
Trenton Ward 2
Pg.825, #451-452, William BIER 35 PA railroad conductor $1000-$200
                  Anna L. 9, Roxanna (f) 6 NJ
                  Anna L. DUNCAN 23 PA house keeper
Pg.833, #473-521, William STEVENS 29 NJ shoe maker $0-$150
                  Anna 28 NJ
                  Elizabeth DUNCAN 13 NJ
Trenton Ward 6
Pg.948, #79-86, Andrew ENNES 48 NJ BLACK laborer $0-$30
                  Alice 51 NJ BLACK
                  Josephine (f) 18 NJ BLACK housework
                  Philis DUNCAN (f) 80 NJ BLACK

1870 Mercer Co. NJ Census
Pg.19, #72-72, DUNCAN, Thos. 41 NJ carter $0-$400
                  Elizabeth S. 41 NJ keeping house
                  Anna M. 17 NJ no occupation
                  Emma A. 16 NJ at school
                  McMANUS, James 31 IRE farmer $5160-4535, parents of foreign birth
                  Anne 20 NJ keeping house
                  Elizabeth 19 NJ house keeping, parents of foreign birth
                  KELLY, Michael 14 NY farm laborer, parents of foreign birth
Pg.30, #291-291, WOODWARD, Chs. H. 32 NJ miller $4000-$600
                  Elisabeth 28 NJ keepig house
                  Anna 9, Carrie (f) 7 NJ goes to school
                  Collin H. (m) 4 NJ at home
                  DUNCAN, Ada 18 NJ school teacher
                  SILVERS?, Susan F. 18 NJ dress maker
Hamilton Twp.
Pg.132, #1095-1090, HOOPER, Moses A. 49 NJ dry goods & groceries $3000-$8000
                  Susan 46 NJ keeping house
                  Albert 28 NJ clerk in store
                  Elizabeth 19 NJ
                  DUNCAN, William 15 NJ clerk in store
                  SHAW, Ellijah (m) 40 ENG tailor, parents of foreign birth
Hopewell Twp.
Pg.139, #65-68, DUNCAN, George 30 NJ farmer $3000-$500
                  Adaline 28 NJ (blank)
                  DUNCAN, Henry 9, Mary A. 5, Francis (f) 3 NJ
                  Stafford (m) 17 NJ laborer
Lawrence Twp.
Pg.191, #55-56, WARREN?, Rhoda H. 54 NJ farming & $12,000-$2100
                  Robert D. 23 NJ farmers $0-$400
                  George L. 13 NJ
                  DUNCAN, Matthias 21 NJ BLACK farm hand
Pg.193, #79-82, MERSHON, Caleb S. 32 NJ farmer $0-$2500
                  Mary 26 NJ (blank)
                  Elizabeth 1 NJ
                  DUNCAN, Samuel 19 NJ farm hand
                  DILLON, Ellen 18 NJ
                  (MAD: also indexed as Daniel Duncan)
Pg.196, #135-139, DUNCAN, Samuel 55 NJ BLACK farm huckster $1400-$200
                  Mary 43 NJ BLACK (blank)
                  Elinor 15 NJ BLACK
                  DUNCAN, James 6 NJ BLACK
Princeton Twp.
Pg.231, #168-177, SHAY, Patrick 37 IRE farm hand $0-$100, parents of foreign birth
                  Catherine 38 IRE, parents of foreign birth
                  Mary 8, Ellen 4, John 1 NJ, parents of foreign birth
                  DUNCAN, Jacob 13 NJ BLACK farm hand
Trenton, Ward 3
Pg.351, #157-171, REED, Elizabeth 46 IRE keeps house $8500-$500, parents of foreign birth
                  John 20 PA stone mason, parents of foreign birth
                  Alex C. 18 NJ appt. to brick, parents of foreign birth
                  Mary E. 15 NJ at school, parents of foreign birth
                  DUNCAN Andrew 13 PA "no occupation," father of foreign birth
Trenton, Ward 7 (first name first)
Pg.521, #81-90, Maria HEETH 52 NJ keeps house $0-$0
                  Susan 19 NJ tailoress
                  Emma 16 NJ at home
                  William DUNCAN 8/12 NJ at home b.Sept.
West Windsor Twp.
Pg.588, #168-168, DUNCAN, James D. 63 NJ farmer & carpenter $1400-$340
                  Getty A. (f) 53 NJ keeping house
                  Josephine 8 NJ goes to school
                  Spafford L. (m) 16 NJ farm laborer


Go to the Mercer Co. NJ Court Records


Pension Index Card File, alphabetical; of the Veterans Administrative Contact and Administration Services, Admin. Operations Services, 1861-1934; Duff to A-J Duncan (negative FHL film 540,888, some cards very faint); Joseph Duncan to Dunn (positive FHL film 540,889, some cards very dark)
      Cataloged under Civil War, 1861-1865, pensions, indexes; does not say if Confederate or Federal, but probably Federal. Negative film, some cards much too faint or dark to read, some cards blurred or faded, particularly the service unit and the dates of application. Most of the very faint or dark cards were in a slightly different format, with space for years enlisted and discharged which were sometimes filled in. Many of these were for service in later years, although one or two were for service ca 1866.
      Name of soldier, alias, name of dependent widow or minor, service (military unit or units), date of filing, class (invalid or widow or minor or other), Application #, Certificate #, state from which filed (sometimes blank), attorney (sometimes blank, MAD: did not usually copy), remarks. Sometimes the "Invalid" or "Widow" class had an "s" added to it before the application #; occasionally the area for the service information included a circled "S". The minor's name was frequently that of the guardian rather than the minor.
      The military unit was frequently the Company Letter, the Regiment Number, sometimes US Vet Vol Inf. (US Veteran Volunteer Infantry), L.A. (Light Artillery), H.A. (Heavy Artillery), US C Inf (US Colored? Infantry), Cav. (Cavalry), Mil. Guards, V.R.C. (?Volunteer Reserve Corps?), etc. Sometimes there were several service units given.
      Cards appear to be arranged by the last name, first name, middle initial if any, and state (including "US") of service.
      Duncan, Francis H. alias Franks, Henry; F 7 Maine Inf., F 1 Maine Vet. Inf.; 1882 Oct. 11, Invalid Appl. #462204, Cert. #414572, NJ. (MAD: 1880 Mercer Co. NJ, 48 VT; ?? 1870 Cumberland Co. NJ)

"Records of officers and men of New Jersey in wars, 1791-1815" by George Washington; Edm. Randolph, Anth. White; pub. Trenton, N.J.: New Jersey Legislature?, 1909, 403 pgs. (HeritageQuest book LH1254; 4/16/2010)
   War With Great Britain, 1812-1815
      Pg.190: Fifteenth Regiment, Infantry, United States Army. Duncan, Coleman - Private, Capt. Joseph L. Barton's Company; enlisted at Trenton, N.J., Aug. 3, '14, for five years; Sergt., April 30, '15; transferred to Capt. Armstrong Irvine's Company H, Light Artillery, Oct. 1, '15; Corp., Feb. 21, '16; Sergt., July 27, '16; Matross, Jan. 30, '17; Corp., June 1, '18; Matross, Dec. 30, '18; discharged at Fort Warren, Boston, Mass., Aug. 3, '19, expiration of service. (MAD: Trenton, Mercer Co. NJ)

HISTORIES before 1923

"The judicial and civil history of New Jersey" by John Whitehead; pub. Boston: Boston History Company, 1897, 1300 pgs. (LH 1232, HeritageQuest images 5/2007; FHL book 974.9 H2wj)
      Pg.60: S. Duncan Oliphant, Trenton, born at Franklin Forges, on the Youghiogheny (MAD: sic) River, Fayette county, Pa., in 1824, graduated from Jefferson College in Washington county, Pa., in September, 1844, ... admitted to the bar in Fayette Co. PA, ... spring of 1867 Mr. Oliphant moved to Princeton, N.J. ... (MAD: Trenton, Mercer Co. NJ)

"The courts and lawyers of New Jersey, 1661-1912" by Edward Q. Keasbey; pub. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1912, 1574 pgs. (LH 1240, HeritageQuest images 5/2007; FHL book 974.9 U2k v.1-3)
      Vol.3, pg.254-255: DUNCAN OLIPHANT SR., late resident of Trenton, New Jersey, ... was born at Franklin Forges, Fayette county, Pennsylvania, in 1824, died in Trenton, New Jersey, in October, 1904. ... (MAD: nothing said of marriage or family, more legal work not copied here) (MAD: Trenton, Mercer Co. NJ)
      Vol.3, pg.256: SAMUEL DUNCAN OLIPHANT, engaged in a general practice of his profession in the City of Trenton, was born January 4, 1862, in Uniontown, Fayette county, Pennsylvania, son of Samuel Duncan and Mary (Campbell) Oliphant. ... Mr. Oliphant married, in 1892, Margaret S. McKennan, daughter of Dr. Thomas McKennan, of Washington, Pennsylvania. Children: Mary Campbell, Margaret Stockton, Anne McKennan. (MAD: Trenton, Mercer Co. NJ)


"Detroit (MI) Society for Genealogical Research Magazine" Vol.36#4 Summer 1973 (FHL book 977.4 C4de)
      Pg.198 and following includes the Bible record of Elison E. Duncan, b. 11/12/1817, and information on his family and descendants who lived in Wayne Co. MI, as well as brief information about William Duncan, b. 1782, married in Highstown, "Monmouth Co." (perhaps Hightstown, present Mercer Co.) NJ to Elizabeth Chamberlain. The Bible was owned by Mrs. Elizabeth D. Lee in 1973. MAD: see also Wayne Co. NY.

"John Duncan of Cranbury [Middlesex Co.], NJ" by Elizabeth Duncan Lee, 1982 (FHL booklet 929.273 A1 #4774)
      MAD: This booklet should be consulted for information about the ancestors and descendants of John Duncan, son of Thomas Duncan and wife Jane, born 1727/8 near Cranbury, Middlesex Co. NJ, d. 5/21/1794, mar. (1) 2/23/1753 to Violet Newell, mar. (2) 1/20/1773 Ann Dey.


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