Duncan research files of
1850 Laclede Co. MO Census (also from Vivian Biddle 1982)
Pg.120, #61, William H. SMITH 50 VA farmer $2000
Lucy 43 VA
George J. 24, William B. 19 TN
Mary B.W. 14 TN
E.H. DUNCAN 25 TN tanner $0
Oliver 23 TN tanner $0
(MAD: Elijah Hall Duncan, 1860 Mendocino Co. CA census; Elijah Duncan mar. Lucy S. Craddock 1/9/1854; Elijah H. Duncan mar. Elizabeth Craddock 4/14/1856)
1860 Laclede Co. MO Census
Pg.272, #331-3, William H. SMITH 54 VA farmer $6000-$10,000
Lucy 55 VA
Sophia PEARCY 81 VA
Martha DUNCAN 16 MO
Andrew F. SMITH 20 TN (blank) $0-$6300
(MAD: one William H. Smith mar. Sarah F. Dunkin 12/10/1873 in McDonald or Warren Co. MO)
1870 Laclede Co. MO Census
Pg.31, #74-74, DUNCAN, William R. 22 MO repairing R.Road $0-$0
Nancy 28 MO keeping house
(no children, not mar/in/year, ages as given)
Pg.78, #120-120, DUNKAN, Nancy 34 TN (blank) $0-$0
Sarah E. 11 MO
Davis S. (m) 6 MO
(MAD: 1860 Miller Co. MO census, with Joshua J. Duncan)
Laclede Co. MO Index to deed records, v.A-B 1849-1871 (FHL film 944,611; SLC 5/9/2013)
No Duncan to 1860, quit
1894 "A Reminiscent history of the Ozark region : comprising a brief descriptive history of each county and numerous biographical sketches of prominent citizens of each county" pub. by Goodspeed Brothers (FHL book 973 D3oz and film 1,000,278 item 3)
Pg.25: Laclede County was organized February 24, 1849, and named in honor of the founder of St. Louis, while Lebanon, the county seat, was suggested by a town of that name in Tennessee, from which a number of the pioneers came. It is one of the 26 counties of the Ozark Region in MO, possessing fine physical features and not wanting in natural curiosities. Sulphuret of lead and zinc, hematite and good building stone abound. The original occupants were Osage Indians, a powerful tribe that began to fall the moment commercial civilization touched their customs. In 1817 James Harrison, John B. Harrison, John Duncan and William E. Hawkins settled on the banks of the Gasconade, but Jesse Ballew is said to have been the first English-speaking pioneer of the county. In 1825 a number of immigrants came in, mills were established and material advances made. Between 1835 and 1840 the public lands were surveyed and in the forties the beginnings of true development were made. (MAD: see Crawford Co. MO)
1889 "History of Laclede, Camden, Dallas, Webster, Wright, Texas, Pulaski, Phelps and Dent Cos. MO" by Goodspeed (FHL film 599,833 item 1 & 2)
Pg.19-20: Laclede Co., Early Settlement. Extracts taken from an article prepared for the Centennial Historical Committee by Hon. George W. Bradfield, and published in one of the Lebanon papers in 1876: Laclede County's early history is closely interwoven with that of the whole territory southwest of St.Louis. Sixty years ago St.Louis was the nearest organized city, and not one single white settler resided within the territorial limits of this city. ... In 1817 James Harrison, father of our fellow countrymen, Dr. James P. and B.B. Harrison and the late John B. Harrison, removed from SC and settled on the Little Piney, near its mouth. His son, Thomas C., owns and resides on the old homestead. It is believed that he and his brother-in-law, John Duncan, and William E. Hawkins, were the first white men that made a permanent settlement in the upper valley of the Gasconade, and his son, Dr. James P. Harrison, is the oldest citizen of MO residing in the southwest part of the State, and B.B. Harrison the oldest native citizen in this territory. (Footnote: since the above was written both of these gentlemen have died.)
By act of the Legislature passed at the session of 1828-29 the county of Crawford was created. Its county seat was established at the residence of James Harrison. ...
1880 "History of Mendocino Co. CA" pub. by Alley, Bowen & Co. (FHL film 468,737 item 1; perhaps CA State Library book c979.415 P417, by Palmer)
Pg.610: Sanel (town). Elijah H. Duncan, whose portrait appears in this work, is a native of TN, born December 8, 1824. When about 8 years of age his parents moved to MO, where the subject of this memoir received his early education. At the age of 18 he was bereft of father and mother, and was then thrown upon his own resources. He at once found employment in a tannery, where he labored for 12 years. In 1856 he started across the plains for CA ... arrived in Sonoma Co. Sept. 7, 1856, locating 6 miles east of Healdsburg, and engaged in stock business for nearly 2 years. In July 1858 became resident of this county ... in 1879 purchased 460 acres. Two of his sons, Samuel and Elijah, are working the original farm, and have 18 acres of hops. Mr. Duncan married, April 15, 1856, Elizabeth Craddock, a native of TN. By this union they have nine living children: Samuel, Ellen, Lucy, Elijah, Thomas, Robert, William, Frank and Alice.
1914 "History of Mendocino and Lake counties California : with biographical sketches of the leading men and women of the counties .." by Aurelius O. Carpenter and Percy H. Millberry, pub. by Historic Record Co. (book qc979.415 C2, CA State Library; FHL film 1,000,113 item 1)
Pg.368: WILLIAM DUNCAN. Elijah Hall Duncan came to Mendocino Co. in July, 1858. Duncan land, Duncan's Peak, and Duncan springs named after him. Elijah born Tennessee 8 Dec. 1824, died 23 July 1889. Parents died when he was age 8. Family had previously moved to Missouri. Elijah worked as tanner. Married 15 April 1856 Elizabeth Craddock of Virginia. Crossed plains, arrived Sonoma County 7 Sept. 1856. Original location six miles east of Healdsburg in 1858, ranching. Elizabeth died 28 April 1905, they had ten children, 6 still living. Youngest is William, b. 31 July 1872. William married 1895 Jennie A. Barker, native Mendocino Co. William had brother E.J. Duncan. William has three children: Neva, Terrel LeRoy, and William H. (MAD: from LaClede Co. MO; ?? one Talitha Duncan mar. Elijah Hall 7/26/1866 Marshall Co. TN)
1887 "Portrait and Biographical Album of Coles Co. IL" by Chapman Bros. (FHL film 825,562; pgs.221-2 also from Lois Cruitt 5/1994 to the Duncan Surname Assn.)
Pg.221: DR. W.S. DUNCAN, of Hutton Twp., spent his childhood and youth in Greene Co. IN, where he was born Feb. 26, 1825; his grandfather having been Isaiah Duncan, an enterprising Southern farmer who was born, reared and spent his entire life in SC (MAD: Newberry Co. per Eli's 1850 census); he married and became the father of a family, including five sons and two daughters. The sons were Isaiah, George, John, Eli and Joshua. Of these, the father of our subject was next to the youngest. He received a common school education and remained with his father on the farm until reaching manhood. He then migrated North and, locating in Greene Co. IN, was married to Miss Rebecca Stevens in the spring of 1822. Mrs. Duncan was born Feb. 28, 1801, in KY, and was the dau. of William Stevens, who emigrated from the Blue Grass regions to Harrison Co. IN. After marriage, Mr. Duncan rented a tract of land and farmed until the spring of 1835; he then came to Edgar Co., this State, secured possession of 40 acres of timber land, part of which he cleared and occupied until spring of 1853; he then removed with his family to Laclede Co. MO and died there in 1856, leaving a family of seven children. While a resident of IN he and his wife had become members of the Dunkard Church, but after coming to IL united with the Christian Church. The mother survived her husband about 23 years, making her home with her children, and died Dec. 10, 1881. The parental family included the following children: Isaiah who died in infancy; W.S. of our sketch; John who died in infancy; George now a minister of the Christian Church at AR; Joshua; Marion who died when 20 years of age; Obadiah a resident of Piatt Co. IL; Jane; Elizabeth a widow, now residing in Marion Co., and Polly A. who has carried on a millinery establishment in Bement [Piatt Co.], IL, for the last 20 years.
Dr. Duncan was the 2nd child of his parents and received but a common-school education; when 18, he commenced working in a tanyard for 3 years, then enlisted in Co. H, 4th IL Vol. Inf., started on 16 June 1846 by wagon to Springfield, IL, bound for Mexico; after reaching the seat of war, he found that the precarious state of his health would prevent him from continuing in the ranks, and in Dec. received his discharge on account of disability, the result of measels contracted at Matamoras, Mex. Upon returning to Edgar Co., he began teaching school, ... worked on farm, ... in about 1853 began practicing (as doctor) in Coles Co. The marriage of Dr. Duncan and Miss Charlotte W. Elsbury was celebrated at the home of the bride, Dec. 3, 1847; Mrs. Duncan was born March 13, 1826, and is the dau. of John and Charlotte (Winters) Elsbury, natives of IN. Dr. Duncan continued teaching for about 3 years after his marriage, ... located at Strington, ... until 1860, that spring he took up residence at Sidney, Champaign Co. In Jan. 1864 during progress of Civil War, he enlisted in Co. I, 10th IL Vol. Cav., and was appointed Assistant Surgeon, receiving his commission 18 March ... until Oct. 13 following, when he resigned, returned to Sidney, continued practice until 1868. Health compelled him to leave prairie country so he moved to Farmersburg [Sullivan Co.], IN; until Aug. 1884, then returned to Sidney, then to Hutton Twp. in Oct. 1886, where still lives. Mrs. Charlotte Duncan died at Farmersburg, IN, in Oct. 1874; member of Christian Church; bore nine children, recorded as follows: Minerva P. born Oct. 3, 1848, is the wife of John W. Payne, of Evansville, IN; Melissa C. born June 11, 1850, is the wife of Alfred Duncan of Fulton Co. MO; Mary E. born Sept. 12, 1852, died 13 days later; Minnie C. born May 10, 1854, is the wife of Joab Patton of IN; Laura B. born Jan. 14, 1857, died when 18 months old; Josephine F.P. born May 15, 1860, is the wife of Dr. George H. Bogart, of IN; Rebecca D. born July 12, 1863, died Aug. 15 following; her twin brother, William M., died Aug. 5 following. Nora, born July 10, 1865, became the wife of Lester E. Foulke and is a resident of Champaign Co.
The present wife of our subject, whom he married Jan. 5, 1875, was formerly Miss Elizabeth Johns, a native of Boone Co. IN, and born June 29, 1846; she is the dau. of Hardin W. and Charlotte T. Johns, natives of KY; two children: William O. born Sept. 25, 1875, died Sept. 15, 1878; and Blach G. (MAD: sic) born April 16, 1883; the Dr. and Mrs. Duncan members of 7th Day Adventist Church; while resident of IN, Dr. Duncan identified himself with the Sullivan Co. Medical Assn, ... Fairbanks IN Lodge A.F.&A.M., Terre Haute Chap.; Republican.
Some early Duncans in Laclede Co. MO:
Betsy Dunkin, 11 Dec. 1852, mar. A.A. Biggs.
Elizabeth Duncan, 2 July 1857, mar. J.D. Fogerson.
William P. Duncan, 15 Jan. 1894, died at his residence 6 miles NW of Lebanon [Laclede Co. MO], aged 63 years, to be buried in Maries Co. near his old home; from "Rolla Herald," issue of 25 Jan. 1894 (Vol.9 #1, Winter 1989, "MO State Genealogical Assn. Journal" FHL book 977.8 D25m, from Dorothy Franks 4/1989)
Return to Index to Duncan Research Files in Missouri
Return to The Genealogy Bug's Home Page