Duncans in Mahaska Co. IA


Duncan research files of
Mary Ann (Duncan) Dobson
the Genealogy Bug

Last revised August 25, 2014

Formed 1843 from Fox, Sac Indian Purchase
Jasper formed 1846 from Mahaska


1850 Mahaska Co. IA Census
Oskaloosa Twp.
Pg.181, #361-366, George DUNCAN 22 IL farmer $0
                  Louiza 17 IL
                  Serrelda (f) 1 IL
                  (MAD: George C. Duncan mar. Louisa Rinehart 9/5?/1848; had an Oregon Donation Land Claim #2013 in Lane Co. OR, he born 1827 Franklin Co. IL, arrived OR 9/7/1854, settled claim 2/15/1855, mar. Louisa 9/28/1848 Mahaska Co. IA, witnesses W.T. Osburn, Geo. W. Rinehart, Peter S. Morton, John Rinehart; from "OR Donation Land Claims" books)
Pg.182, #373-379, W.S. DUNCAN (m) 51 TN farmer $300
                  Catherine 42 KY
                  Marquis ("f") 20, Julian (f) 18, Mary 14 IL
                  W.S. (m) 17 (farmer), John W. 12 IL
                  Melazina (f) 5, Louiza 4, Elizabeth 7/12 IA
                  (MAD: Warrenton S. Duncan, ? 1840 St.Charles Co. MO census; 1860 Marion Co. IA census; per Ancestral File, b.1792 Robertson Co. TN, mar. Catherine Newman in 1826 in Franklin Co. IL, d.1878 Lane Co. OR, son of John Duncan Jr. and Lydia Spiller)
Pg.226, #968-1009, George L. DUNCAN 34 VT mill proprietor $10,000
                  Hannah 27 OH
                  Thomas J. 7, Margaret A. 2 Iowa
                  (MAD: ?? one George W. Duncan mar. Hannah Peck 1/12/1841 in Van Buren Co. IA)

1860 Mahaska Co. IA Census
Oskaloosa Twp.
Pg.245, #940-949, David D. DUNCAN 45 PA carpenter $3000-$100
                  Martha M. 40 OH
                  Emma J. 5 IA
                  (MAD: ? 1850 Jefferson Co. OH census, David a carpenter)
Pg.250, #973-977, Hannah WINDSOR 36 OH housekeeper $1000-$4000
                  Thos. J. DUNCAN 17 IA laborer
                  Margaret A. 12 IA
                  Perry WINDSOR 6 IA

1870 Mahaska Co. IA Census
Des Moines Twp.
Pg.230, #64-64, INGLAND, J.N?. (m) 38 OH farmer $4400-$3150
                  A. (f) 36 MA keeping house
                  L. (f) 11, D. (m) 9, E. (m) 7 IA at home
                  DUNCAN, J. (m) 22 IA farmer $0-$0
                  DINCAL, L. (f) 15 IN housekeeper
Pg.239, #189-189, DUNCAN, W.L. (m) 45 IN farmer $600-$150
                  E. (f) 45 "Vig. New" keeping house
                  S. (f) 17 IN at home
                  L. (f) 14 IA at home
Jefferson Twp.
Pg.269, #201-199, TEMPLETON, D. (m) 24 IA farmer $2800-$800
                  A. (f) 19 IA keeping house
                  DUNCAN, J. (m) 17 IN farmer
Oskaloosa, 3rd Ward
Pg.374-5, #6-7, DUNCAN, David 58 PA carpenter $4750-$460
                  Martha M. 46 OH keeping house
                  Emma J. 15 IA at home
                  Jessie (f) 9 IA
                  Frankie (f) 6 IA
Oskaloosa, 4th Ward
Pg.378, #7-7, WINSER, Hannah 45 OH keeping house $2000-$2000
                  Pusy? (Tusy?) (m) 16 IA at home
                  DUNCAN, Marg. A. 22 IA dress maker $0-$0
                  (MAD: Indexed as Mary A. Duncan)
Richland Twp., P.O. Peoria
Pg.428, #219-216, SHIELDS, C.B. (m) 34 PA farmer $6200-$2890
                  Susannah 29 OH keeping house
                  Eva (f) 10 OH at school
                  Delia (f) 2 OH
                  DUNKEN, James J. 29 "Me" day laborer $0-$0


Cass Co. IA Deed (SLC 7/23/2014)
      D-343: Samuel Wilson deed to John H. Duncan. Filed for record June 8, 1858. Samuel Wilson of Mahaska Co. IA for $800 paid, sell to John H. Duncan of afsd, land in Cass Co. IA, SE 1/4 Sec.22 Twp.75N Range 36W containing according to the US surveys 160 acres more or less, and warrant title. 3 May 1858. /s/ Samuel Wilson. Wit. P. Meyers, E.W. Rice. Ack. 3 May 1858 before Elliott W. Rice, Notary Public, Mahaska Co. IA. Recorded June 10, 1858. (FHL film 1,547,780)


Pension Index Card File, alphabetical; of the Veterans Administrative Contact and Administration Services, Admin. Operations Services, 1861-1934; Duff to A-J Duncan (negative FHL film 540,888, some cards very faint); Joseph Duncan to Dunn (positive FHL film 540,889, some cards very dark)
      Cataloged under Civil War, 1861-1865, pensions, indexes; does not say if Confederate or Federal, but probably Federal. Negative film, some cards much too faint or dark to read, some cards blurred or faded, particularly the service unit and the dates of application. Most of the very faint or dark cards were in a slightly different format, with space for years enlisted and discharged which were sometimes filled in. Many of these were for service in later years, although one or two were for service ca 1866.
      Name of soldier, alias, name of dependent widow or minor, service (military unit or units), date of filing, class (invalid or widow or minor or other), Application #, Certificate #, state from which filed (sometimes blank), attorney (sometimes blank, MAD: did not usually copy), remarks. Sometimes the "Invalid" or "Widow" class had an "s" added to it before the application #; occasionally the area for the service information included a circled "S". The minor's name was frequently that of the guardian rather than the minor.
      The military unit was frequently the Company Letter, the Regiment Number, sometimes US Vet Vol Inf. (US Veteran Volunteer Infantry), L.A. (Light Artillery), H.A. (Heavy Artillery), US C Inf (US Colored? Infantry), Cav. (Cavalry), Mil. Guards, V.R.C. (?Volunteer Reserve Corps?), etc. Sometimes there were several service units given.
      Cards appear to be arranged by the last name, first name, middle initial if any, and state (including "US") of service.
      Duncan, Alexander, widow Duncan, Nancy G.; B 120 Ind. Inf.; filed 1890 June 16, Invalid Appl. #781876, Cert. #860423, S. Dak.; filed 1902 Oct. 10, Widow Appl. #771605, Cert. #547848, IND. (MAD: 1850 Clark Co. MO, 1870 Wayne Co. IA, 1880 Mahaska Co. IA, 1900 Montgomery Co. IN, not identified 1860; b.1838 OH; enlisted Montgomery Co. IN)

HISTORIES before 1923

"The History of Mahaska County, Iowa : containing a history of the county, its cities, towns, &c., a biographical directory of citizens, war record of its volunteers in the late rebellion, general and local statistics, portraits of early settlers and prominent men, history of the Northwest, history of Iowa, map of Mahaska County, Constitution of the United States, miscellaneous matters, etc." by Joseph Bailey, G.W.S.; pub. Des Moines: Union Historical Co., 1878, 725 pgs. (LH10744, HeritageQuest images 4/2007; FHL film 962,274 item 1 and 934,953 item 1)
      Pg.283: The parties mentioned [in the marriage license 30 May 1844] lived west of the present boundaries of Mahaska county, and ... [another couple] George Lienrance and Amanda Jared, [were married] through the offices of George N. Duncan, justice of the peace, on June 6, 1844.
      Pg.293: Session April 12, 1847, ... Geo. N. Duncan should receive a certificate (as justice of the peace) for Madison township.
      Pg.300: In the spring of '43, a family by the name of Peck came to a point on Skunk river, about four miles from Oskaloosa, where Russell Peck with his son-in-law, Geo. N. Duncan, built a grist mill. Johnson and his daughter, so-called, lived for a time with the Pecks and Duncans. ... (MAD: more not copied; see similar in 1880 Keokuk Co. IA History)
      Pg.565: Oskaloosa City. Duncan, David, carpenter. (no date)

1887 "Portrait and biographical album of Mahaska County, Iowa : containing full page portraits and biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens of the county, together with portraits and biographies of all the Governors of Iowa, and of the Presidents of the United States" pub. by Chapman Bros. (Los Angeles Public Library book R977.71 M21Po; FHL film 934,953 item 2)
      Pg.477: GEORGE N. DUNCAN, deceased, one of the pioneers of Oskaloosa, was born in Barnard [Windsor Co.], VT, in April, 1815. When a young man he came West and settled in Van Buren Co. IA, where he became acquainted with Hannah Peck, who was born in Ohio, Aug. 18, 1823, and to whom he was married in Van Buren County in 1840. .... In 1850 they moved to Oskaloosa, where Mr. Duncan died the following year. .... Mr. and Mrs. Duncan were the parents of five children, only one of whom is living, Thomas J., at Leadville, CO. In 1856 Mrs. Duncan married Perry Windsor, who died within a year of their marriage. Mrs. Windsor is the oldest but one of any settler in this county, having been identified with the county for 43 years.


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