|I have assembled some references to Conococheague that I have located
in various places on the Web. These are in addition to those previously
mentioned in the thread. I hope this helps answer the question "Where
is Conococheague?" and furthers our endeavor to trace the Crago tree.
What I have gleaned from these citations is that Conococheague is a
valley in the area of present day Franklin Co., PA. The second citation
from the history of Franklin Co is most interesting.
Cumberland and Conococheague valleys. As the hills beyond were much higher, settlement started heading down the great Appalachian ridge and valley system which is a natural highway with no real natural barriers leading
into the Shenandoah Valley of VA and eventually the Holston/Tennessee Valleys of Tennessee.
erected a separate county, January 27, 1750. Franklin County, the then southwestern part of Cumberland, and known as the "Conococheague Settlement," was established September 9, 1784. To understand the early history of this country, the reader will need therefore, to bear in mind two facts:
1. Prior to January 27, 1750, its territory (with the exception of Warren township) was found in the county of Lancaster.
2. From January 27, 1750 to September 9, 1784, it belonged to Cumberland County. Since the latter date (September 9, 1784) it has had a distinct organization of its own.
At that time the settlement in the county were known in the aggregate
as the "Conococheague Settlement." Owing to the peculiar condition of land
arrangements, settlers occupied certain tracts by virtue of a sort of "squatter
possession," each one choosing a site according to his taste. Hence, families
lived, often for a series ofyears on tracts before they
In 1735, Jacob Snively, James Johnston, Joseph Crunkleton, and James
Rody, made their "Conococheague settlement," a few miles away from the
present site of Greencastle. Other people soon followed them, and in 1741,
Antrim contains one borough, Greencastle, and six villages. Greencastle
is discussed elsewhere in the archive. The villages are: Shady Grove, Wingerton,
Middleburg, Brown's Mills, and South Pennsylvania Junction. M. Snively
platted the village of Shady Grove in 1840. Its only church was German
Baptist or Dunkard. Middleburg, founded in 1812, took its name from
the fact that it lies exactly between Greencastle and Hagerstown, Maryland.
It was home to the Middleburg Reformed Church.