Scots-Irish

Scots-Irish
Home Up Families Email List Signup

 

The Scots-Irish

THE SCOTCH-IRISH OR THE SCOT IN NORTH BRITAIN, NORTH IRELAND, AND NORTH AMERICA
CHAPTER I THE SCOTCH-IRISH AND THE REVOLUTION
page 13

In 1779, and thereafter, of the sixteen additional regiments raised under resolution of Congress of 27th December, 1776, the 2d and 3d (Virginia) were united under Nathaniel Gist; the 4th (Pennsylvania) was designated as the 11th Pennsylvania; the 5th, 6th, and 7th (Massachusetts) were united under Henry Jackson, and became the 16th Massachusetts in 1780; the 8th and 12th (New Jersey) were united under Oliver Spencer, and the remainder seem mostly to have been continued by their respective States as additional regiments until 1781. The Massachusetts Line (fifteen regiments) remained substantially intact until 1781; as did those of New Hampshire (three regiments), Rhode Island (two regiments), and Connecticut (eight regiments), until the end of 1780. Lieutenant-Colonel Isaac Sherman succeeded Giles Russell in command of the 8th Connecticut in October, 1779; and the names of John Bailey (in 1780), Ichabod Allen (in 1778), Samuel Carlton (in 1778), and Edward Wigglesworth (in 1779) disappear as commanders of regiments from Massachusetts. There was no change in the number or commanders of the five regiments of New York from 1778 to 1781, excepting in the case of the 5th, where Marinus Willet succeeded Lewis Dubois in December, 1779. In New Jersey, the 4th was probably incorporated with one of the additional regiments after 1778. In Pennsylvania, Morgan Connor succeeded William Irvine as commander of the 7th in May, 1779, and he was succeeded in January, 1780, by Josiah Harmar; the 12th and 13th were disbanded before the close of 1778. In Delaware, Joseph Vaughan continued in command of the one regiment from that State to the close of the war. In [p.13] Maryland, Otho H. Williams was transferred to the command of the 1st and John Gunby to that of the 2d, in January, 1781; Lieutenant-Colonels John E.Howard and Thomas Woolford serving successively in the 5th up to October, 1779, under Colonel William Richardson; and Lieutenant-Colonel N. Ramsay succeeding Mordecai Gist as commander of the 3d at the beginning of 1779. In Virginia, the 12th, 13th, 14th, and 15th regiments were disbanded towards the close of 1778; William Davies became colonel of the 1st, Abraham Buford of the 2d, and John Gibson of the 7th, in February, 1781; the 9th, 10th, and 11th having also been disbanded. In North Carolina there are no returns from the 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, after 1778. In South Carolina, the 2d regiment seems to have been under command of Major Isaac Harleston after December, 1778, the 1st and 3d remaining unchanged to 1781; there are no returns, lists, or rolls of the 4th to be found, but Isaac Huger continued as colonel of the 5th to June, 1779, and the regiment remained in service until 1781. The names of Colonels Francis Marion and David Hopkins also appear in orders. In Georgia, the 1st, 2d, and 3d regiments remained in service to the close of the war; the 4th probably not later than 1779.

THE SCOTCH-IRISH OR THE SCOT IN NORTH BRITAIN, NORTH IRELAND, AND NORTH AMERICA
CHAPTER I THE SCOTCH-IRISH AND THE REVOLUTION

Colonel, Stephen Moylan; Captains, Moore, Plunket, Hopkins, Heard, Pike, Gray; commissioned officers, 15; staff, 5; non-commissioned and privates, 187.

THE SCOTCH-IRISH OR THE SCOT IN NORTH BRITAIN, NORTH IRELAND, AND NORTH AMERICA
CHAPTER II THE SCOTCH-IRISH AND THE CONSTITUTION

LET us now examine the composition of the Continental Congress of 1776, the fifty-six members of which were the signers of the Declaration. So far as can at this time be ascertained, that body consisted of thirty-four of English descent, as follows: John Adams (Mass.), Samuel Adams (Mass.), Josiah Bartlett (N. H.), Carter Braxton (Va.), Samuel Chase (Md.), George Clymer (Pa.), William Ellery (R. I.), Benjamin Franklin (Pa.), Elbridge Gerry (Mass.), Lyman Hall (Ga.), John Hancock (Mass.), Benjamin Harrison (Va.), Thomas Heyward, Jr. (S. C.), Joseph Hewes (N. C.), Stephen Hopkins (R. I.), Francis Hopkinson (N. J.), Samuel Huntington (Conn.), F. L. Lee (Va.), R. H. Lee (Va.), Arthur Middleton (S. C.), Robert Morris (Pa.), Lewis Morris (N. Y.), William Paca (Md.), Robert Treat Paine (Mass.), John Penn (N. C.), Caesar Rodney (Del.), Benjamin Rush (Pa.), Roger Sherman (Conn.), Richard Stockton (?) (N. J.), Thomas Stone (Md.), George Walton (Ga.), William Whipple (N. H.), Oliver Wolcott (Conn.), George Wythe (Va.); eleven of Scottish: William Hooper (N. C.), Philip Livingston (N. Y.), Thomas McKean (Pa.), Thomas Nelson, Jr. (Va.), George Ross (Del.), Edward Rutledge (S. C.), James Smith (Pa.), George Taylor (Pa.), Matthew Thornton (N. H.), James Wilson (Pa.), John Witherspoon (N. J.); five of Welsh: William Floyd (N. Y.), Button Gwinnett (7) (Ga.), Thomas Jefferson (Va.), Francis Lewis (N. Y.), William Williams (Conn.); one of Swedish: John Morton (Pa.); two of Irish: Charles Carroll (Md.), Thomas Lynch, Jr. (S. C.). The father of George Read (Del.) was born in Ireland and his mother in Wales; Abraham Clark, of Elizabethtown, and John Hart, of Hunterdon County, both from strong Scottish settlements in New Jersey, are difficult to place.

THE SCOTCH-IRISH OR THE SCOT IN NORTH BRITAIN, NORTH IRELAND, AND NORTH AMERICA
CHAPTER XIII SCOTLAND OF TO-DAY

Of the twenty.nine names given above, the bearers of seven were of Scottish descent in the male line--Webster, Grant, Fulton, Irving, Cooper, Stuart, and Gray; Marshall was Welsh and Scotch; Morse, English and Scotch; Jefferson, Welsh, English, and Scotch; Farragut, Spanish; Audubon, French and Spanish: Clay, uncertain; Edwards, Welsh; Adams, English and Welsh; and the remaining fourteen English. Of the other names voted on by the jury, the fifteen receiving the most votes under the number necessary to elect (fifty-one) were as follows, the names of those of Scottish descent (six out of fifteen) being printed in italics: John C. Calhouh (49), Andrew Jackson (49), John Quincy Adams (48), William Cullen Bryant (48), James Madison (48), Rufus Choate (47), Mark Hopkins (47), Elias Howe

THE SCOTCH-IRISH OR THE SCOT IN NORTH BRITAIN, NORTH IRELAND, AND NORTH AMERICA
CHAPTER XXXVIII LONDONDERRY AND ENNISKILLEN
page 583

[p.583]Early in December, the inhabitants of Derry were alarmed to hear that a Catholic regiment under Lord Antrim was about to be placed in their town as a garrison, and that these troops were actually on their march. This alarm was strengthened by a sermon preached to the Roman Catholics of Derry, showing how dangerous it was to spare even one of those whom God had devoted to destruction. On the 7th of December, when a copy of the letter addressed to Lord Mount-Alexander was received by Alderman Tom-kins, the people concluded that Lord Antrim was coming to murder the inhabitants. A fearful scene of excitement ensued, and many determined to fight rather than admit the king's forces. Dr. Hopkins, the Episcopalian bishop of Derry, pointed out the sin of disobeying James, the "Anointed of the Lord," but the people could not comprehend that it was "a crime to shut the gates against those whom they believed sent thither to cut their throats." Nine out of every ten being Presbyterians, they were the more inclined to reject a policy they condemned, because it was advocated by a man whose office they despised. But when the Rev. James Gordon, Presbyterian minister of Glendermot, strongly advised resistance, they were easily persuaded to adopt the course they desired, when urged by one who held the same religious principles as themselves. The spirit of the Derry Presbyterians now rose high. Lord Antrim's soldiers were drawing near. No time was to be lost. Thirteen young men, since known to history as the "'Prentice Boys of Derry," drew their swords, ran to the gate, and locked it, when the Irish were only sixty yards distant. Their names were: William Cairns, Henry Campsie, William Crookshanks, Alexander Cunningham, John Cunningham, Samuel Harvey, Samuel Hunt, Alexander Irwin, Robert Morrison, Daniel Sherrard, Robert Sherrard, James Spike, James Steward. The other gates were secured and the magazine seized. The Irish soldiers remained outside until they heard a man named James Morrison shouting, "Bring about a great gun here," when they retired in haste and recrossed the river. Bishop Hopkins now addressed the multitude, telling them that in resisting James, who was their lawful king, they were resisting God Himself. But this speech had no effect, and he soon left the town to those whom he called "the disloyal Whigs."

THE SCOTCH-IRISH OR THE SCOT IN NORTH BRITAIN, NORTH IRELAND, AND NORTH AMERICA
CHAPTER XXXVIII LONDONDERRY AND ENNISKILLEN
page 611

[p.611]~ENACTED, that the Persons hereafter named, viz. :--Hugh Montgomery, Earl of Mount Alexander; John Skeffington, Viscount Massareene; William Caulfield, Viscount Charlemont; William Stewart, Viscount Mountjoy; Ezekiel Hopkins, Lord Bishop of Derry; Henry Lord Blaney, of Monaghan; Sir Arthur Royden, of Moyra, Bart.; Sir Francis Hamilton, of Castlehamilton, Bart.; Sir William Franckiln, of Belfast, Bart.; Sir Tristrum Beresford, of Ballykally, Bart.; Sir John Mugill, of Gill-Hall, Knt.; Samuel Morrison, Gent.; all late of the CITY OF DUBLIN. Robert Rochford, Esq., of WESTMEATH. Henry Baker, of Dumagan, Esq; James Brabazon, of Carrstown, Gent.; Christopher Fortescue, of Dromiskin, Esq.; all of the COUNTY OF LOWTH. George Vaughan, of Buncrana, Esq.; John Forward, of Coolemackiltraine, Esq.; Hugh Hamill, of Lifford, Esq; William Groves, of Castles-hannaghan, Esq.; Kilmer Braizier, of Rath, Esq.; Major Gustavus Hamilton, of Rusogile; John Wigton, of Raphoe, Gent.; John Cowen, of St. Johnstown, Gent.; Chas. Calhoone, of Letterkenny, Gent.; James Fisher, of Derry, Gent.; and Captain Jervis Squire, of Donagh-more, all of the COUNTY OF DONEGAL AND LONDONDERRY. David Kearnes, of Askragh, Esq.; Audley Meryn, of Trilick, Gent.; George Walker, of Donoughmore, Clerk; William Stewart of Killemoon, Gent.; all of the COUNTY OF TYRONE. John Knox, of Glasslogh, Clerk, of the COUNTY OF MONAGHAN. Clotworthy Skeffington, of Antrim, Esq.; Col. Robt. Adaire, of Ballymena; Arthur Upton of Templepatrick, Esq.; Lieutenant-Colonel William Shaw, of Gemeway; Captain William Shaw, of Bash; Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Hueston, of Cregg; Captain William Adare of Ballymena; all of the COUNTY OF ANTRIM. Daniel Mac Neale, of Dundrum, Gent., of the COUNTY OF DOWN. Major Joseph Strowde, of Lisburne, in the COUNTY OF ARMAGH. Alex. Stewart, Esq., son of the Lord Mountjoy; Warham Jemett, Collector; Capt. Alexander Lecky, Capt. Samuel Norman, Capt. Matthew Cockins, Capt. Alex. Tomkins, Capt. John Tomkins, Capt. Thomas Mon-crieff, Capt. James Lennox, Capt. Horace Kennedy, Lieut. Wm. Crookshanks, Lieut. Jas. Spicke, Lieut. Danl. Sherrard, Lieut. Edward Brooks, Lieut. Henry Long, Lieut. William Macky, Lieut. Robert Morrison, Lieut. Wm. Newton, Lieut. Henry Campsy, Lieut. Henry Thompson, Col. George Philips, of Newtownlimavady: Lieut.-Col. Edward Carry, of Dungivin; Capt. Stephen Heard, Capt. James Strong, Capt. Thomas Ash, Capt. Samuel Hobson, Captain Abraham Hilhouse, of Ballycastle; Col. George Canning, of Garvagh; Capt. Wm. Church, Capt. Miller, Capt. Adam Downing, of Bellaghy; Captain Samuel Wright, Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Lundy, and David Rosse, of Londonderry, Gent.; all of the COUNTY OF LONDONDERRY. Capt. Chidley Coote, of Voughtershire, ROSCOMMON. Henry Nickleson, of Ballanagargine, Gent.; Adam Ormsby, of Comine, Gent.; Francis Gore, of Sligo, Gent.; Charles Nicleson, of Larrass, Gent.; all of the COUNTY OF SLIGO. Major Owen Vaughan of Carrowmore, MAYO, whether dead or alive, or killed in open rebellion, or now in arms against your Majesty, and every one of them shall be deemed, and are hereby declared and adjudged traitors, convicted and attainted of high treason, and shall suffer such pains of death, penalties, and forfeitures respectively, as in cases of high treason are accustomed. And whereas Robert Lindsay, of Manor Lindsay, Esq., of TYRONE, and Francis Annesley, jun., of Cloghmagherycatt, Gent., of DOWN, have absented themselves from this Kingdom, since the Fifth of November last, they shal1 suffer such pains of death, and other forfeitures and penalties as in cases of high treason are accustomed."

  

This Page is Copyrighted by "Hopkins List"

 

Please send broken links to: kee46@msn.com email.GIF (14954 bytes)